Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Management of Drought and Water Scarcity

Author: Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351851136

Category: Science

Page: 782

View: 8092

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines numerous management strategies for dealing with drought and scarcity. These strategies include management approaches for different regions, such as coastal, urban, rural, and agricultural areas. It offers multiple strategies for monitoring, assessing, and forcasting drought through the use of remote sensing and GIS tools. It also presents drought mitigation management strategies, such as groundwater management, rainwater harvesting, conservations practices, and more.

Climate and Global Environmental Change

Author: Danny Harvey

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 6889

Climatic change, now more than ever in this age of global warming, is seen as fundamental to the study of the environment. This text examines the importance of climate as one of the major forcing functions in the global environmental change process. It emphasizes both human-induced climatic change and natural climatic change, providing a comprehensive historical context and important projections for the future. It offers a thorough, up-to-date, critical overview of the physical science behind global warming concerns. *Provides a comprehensive discussion of the components of the climate system and the relationship between climate and weather *Looks at the factors, both natural and anthropogenic, driving climate change *Discusses how climate change will be affected in the future by human activity *Examines the factors involved in projected sea level rise *Case studies and boxed material within chapters illustrate key points *Each chapter begins with a synopsis and ends with a list of topics for discussion and an annotated further reading section *Climate and Global Environmental Change is the second book to be published within the Understanding Global Environmental Change series, des

Hydrology and Global Environmental Change

Author: Nigel W. Arnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317878248

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 1605

Hydrology and Global Environmental Change presents the hydrological contribution to, and consequences of, global environmental change. Assuming little or no prior knowledge on the part of the reader, the book looks at the main processes of global environmental change - global scale processes, large regional processes, repetitive processes - and how the hydrological cycle, processes and regimes impact on GEC and vice-versa.

The Terrestrial Biosphere

Environmental Change, Ecosystem Science, Attitudes and Values

Author: Steve Trudgill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317884698

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2757

Terrestrial Biosphere tries to pose the questions which underlie the many-sided debate of how to respond to and influence change: How should we view nature? What do we do for the best - how should we act - what are we trying to achieve and what should we be guided by?In doing so the book introduces and attempts to analyse not only scientific aspects of the debate but also cultural attitudes and values: the notions of ecosystem stability are now challenged and it is also clear that ecosystems are renewable but not repeatable. It finds that prescriptive 'solutions' based on current constructs may not be adequate. Feeling that analysis should lead to advocacy, the author believes that if we can't improve predictability, we have to increase adaptability which means that ecological and social capacity building should be advocated. This is seen in terms of concepts, institutions, attitudes and values which allow for a plurality of meanings and which can cope with surprise and unforeseen change - and which also facilitates responses to change.

Policy Making in an Era of Global Environmental Change

Author: R.E. Munn,J.W.M. la Rivière,N. van Lookeren Campagne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792338727

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 4628

Major international, interdisciplinary research programmes are now underway to increase our understanding of how the Earth System operates and how it is changing through the effects of human activities. Although understanding and predictive capacity are still limited, scientists already agree that significant global changes must be expected in the next 50 years that will affect the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. Governments, business and industry have, therefore, come to recognize that scientific knowledge about the changing global environment - as yet incomplete but rapidly evolving - is becoming indispensable for wise long-term policy making, the goal being to design preventive, adaptive and remedial measures. Thus global change science and policy making are engaged in a process of forming a new partnership that is taking shape as further insights evolve. Effective continuous interactions between the partners requires mutual understanding: decision-makers need to understand the unique potential but also the limitations of the results of scientific research in progress while scientists must take into account the priorities and constraints of policy-makers in designing and implementing policies that will promote long-term sustainability of life on this planet. This book contributes in a unique manner to this mutual understanding: It gives an overview of the ongoing relevant research focusing on the two major international programmes, the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and the World Climate Research Programme. These are described in terms understandable to the interested lay reader. The results of the latest review of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are included. This is followed by an analysis of the response process that is in progress with respect to governments - singly and multilaterally - by business and industry and by public interest groups. This process is leading to interactive structures, assessment procedures and legislation, nationally and internationally. Business and industry are changing from mere watchfulness to recognition of new opportunities for products and processes. Six interviews with prominent figures from business and government circles in the Netherlands provide a vivid illustration of the questions at issue. The appendices provide overviews of methods for incorporating the results of global change science into policy-making and development of long lasting projects. Adaptation to climate change serves as an example. Thus, for the first time, one book describes both ongoing research work in global change and the response processes that the research results are evoking. It is of interest to all stake-holders in the scientific community as well as to decision-makers in industry, business and government.

An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment

Author: Joseph Holden

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131753044

Category: Science

Page: 762

View: 8732

The second edition of this best-selling and highly respected textbook provides an accessible and engaging introduction to the major topics within physical geography. An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment is designed with a range of in-text features such as case studies and reflective questions to aid study. As well as this, students have access to a rich and extensive range of online support resources such as extra weblinks, fieldwork worksheets, interactive models and new video clips of physical processes in action, all of which will help them achieve success in their Physical Geography course.

Rethinking Environmental History

World-system History and Global Environmental Change

Author: Alf Hornborg,John Robert McNeill,Juan Martínez Alier

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759110281

Category: Nature

Page: 408

View: 1726

This exciting new reader in environmental history provides a framework for understanding the relations between ecosystems and world systems over time. Alf Hornborg has brought together a group of the foremost writers from the social, historical and geographical sciences to provide an overview of the ecological dimension of global, economic processes, with a long-term, historical perspective. Readers are challenged to integrate studies of the Earth system with studies of the World system, and to reconceptualize human-environmental relations and the challenges of global sustainability. Immanuel Wallerstein, renowned Yale sociologist and originator of the world-system concept, closes the volume with his reflections on the intellectual, moral, and political implications of global environmental change.

Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Understanding the Contributions to Infectious Disease Emergence: Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309177757

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 4392

Long before the "germ theory" of disease was described, late in the nineteenth century, humans knew that climatic conditions influence the appearance and spread of epidemic diseases. Ancient notions about the effects of weather and climate on disease remain embedded in our collective consciousness-through expressions such as "cold" for rhinovirus infections; "malaria," derived from the Latin for "bad air;" and the common complaint of feeling "under the weather." Today, evidence is mounting that earth's climate is changing at a faster rate than previously appreciated, leading researchers to view the longstanding relationships between climate and disease with new urgency and from a global perspective. On December 4 and 5, 2007, the Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC to consider the possible infectious disease impacts of global climate change and extreme weather events on human, animal, and plant health, as well as their expected implications for global and national security.

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, The Earth System

Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change

Author: Harold A. Mooney,Josep G. Canadell

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470853610

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 5829

Volume 2 of the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change deals with the fundamental science that underpins the understanding of quantities and processes that control the basic biogeochemical cycles, and the associated changes in ecosystem physiology and structure under current and predicted human-driven global environmental change. These changes also include the dramatic loss of species, and the world's reorganization of biota towards higher homogenization. Main themes covered includes: spatial scales of the biosphere including species, populations, communities, ecosystems, biomes, and the Earth system as a whole a description of the most important efforts of a number of international programs, fundamental in the development of thinking in this new field of science The new understanding provided in this volume forms the basic building blocks allowing: integration of the biospheric processes and quantities with the Earth's physical system into one single Earth system detection of changes in the world's ecosystems' function and structure, both as already visible impacts of global change and also as indicators of change development of the capability to predict impacts on the biosphere brought about by global environmental changes over the next few decades to century. The information within this volume will enable scientists to develop the technical capabilities and policy tools to mitigate and adapt to undesirable changes.

The Science of Regional and Global Change

Putting Knowledge to Work

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Policy Division,Committee on Global Change Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309183499

Category: Science

Page: 32

View: 7723

This report is intended to promote a dialogue between the scientific community and the government officials who will lead our nation in the coming years on global change research. The first section of the report is a brief description of the challenges and proposed responses needed from the highest levels of the government and the second provides more detailed discussion and is directed to agency-level issues and responses. The last section is a detailed bibliography that lists many of the specific reports on which the views outlined here are ultimately based.

A Political Ecology of Women, Water and Global Environmental Change

Author: Stephanie Buechler,Anne-Marie S. Hanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317749820

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 2483

This edited volume explores how a feminist political ecology framework can bring fresh insights to the study of rural and urban livelihoods dependent on vulnerable rivers, lakes, watersheds, wetlands and coastal environments. Bringing together political ecologists and feminist scholars from multiple disciplines, the book develops solution-oriented advances to theory, policy and planning to tackle the complexity of these global environmental changes. Using applied research on the contemporary management of groundwater, springs, rivers, lakes, watersheds and coastal wetlands in Central and South Asia, Northern, Central and Southern Africa, and South and North America, the authors draw on a variety of methodological perspectives and new theoretical approaches to demonstrate the importance of considering multiple layers of social difference as produced by and central to the effective governance and local management of water resources. This unique collection employs a unifying feminist political ecology framework that emphasizes the ways that gender interacts with other social and geographical locations of water resource users. In doing so, the book further questions the normative gender discourses that underlie policies and practices surrounding rural and urban water management and climate change, water pollution, large-scale development and dams, water for crop and livestock production and processing, resource knowledge and expertise, and critical livelihood studies. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of environmental studies, development studies, feminist and environmental geography, anthropology, sociology, environmental philosophy, public policy, planning, media studies, Latin American and other area studies, as well as women’s and gender studies.

Planning Climate and Global Change Research

A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Author: Board on Environmental Change and Society,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309657660

Category: Science

Page: 79

View: 1871


Global Environment Change: Remote Sensing and GIS Perspectives

Author: R.B. Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789054107040

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 8818

Geosphere-biosphere interaction of certain elements and compounds is a major factor in global environmental change. This guide to the role of geographical monitoring in ecosystem modelling contains papers presented at the International Geographical Union Seminar on monitoring geosystems.

Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics

Author: Sarah E. Metcalfe,David J. Nash

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118336178

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 8447

The global climate changes that led to the expansion and contraction of high latitude ice sheets during the Quaternary period were associated with equally dramatic changes in tropical environments. These included shifts in vegetation zones, changes in the hydrology and ecology of lakes and rivers, and fluctuations in the size of mountain glaciers and sandy deserts. Until recently it was thought that such changes were triggered by fluctuations in the distribution of polar ice cover. Now there is increasing recognition that the tropics themselves have acted as drivers of global climate change over a range of timescales. The aim of Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics is to provide a synthesis of the changes that occurred in tropical terrestrial and marine systems during the Pleistocene and Holocene, complementing data-derived reconstructions with output from state-of-the-art climate models. It is targeted at final-year undergraduate students and research specialists, but will provide an introduction to tropical Quaternary research for a variety of other readers.

Issues in Global Environment—Globalization and Global Change Research: 2013 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1490109676

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 4875

Issues in Global Environment—Globalization and Global Change Research: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Dendrochronologia. The editors have built Issues in Global Environment—Globalization and Global Change Research: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Dendrochronologia in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Global Environment—Globalization and Global Change Research: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Review of NOAA's Plan for the Scientific Data Stewardship Program

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate Data Records from NOAA Operational Satellites

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309182034

Category: Science

Page: 38

View: 853

To better understand our climate system, it is important that we have climate data records (CDRs)--time series of measurements of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to determine climate variability and change--that possess the accuracy, longevity, and stability to facilitate credible climate monitoring. In 2004, the National Research Council (NRC) published Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites to provide the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) with initial guidelines on how to develop and implement an effective CDR program. NOAA used this book to draft a plan for a new Scientific Data Stewardship (SDS) program, and then asked NRC to review it. The new program will be responsible for processing, archiving, and distributing observations from satellite and supporting ground-based platforms for monitoring, diagnosing, understanding, predicting, modeling, and assessing climate variation and change. The NRC review outlines several ways in which to improve NOAA's draft plan, most importantly by clarifying advisory mechanisms, providing more detail about how NOAA will coordinate with important partners in generating CDRs, articulating how the program will prioritize its activities, and developing ways to realistically project future costs. However, the draft plan is sound overall and NOAA should immediately begin implementing the SDS program while revising the plan as recommended in the book.

Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Author: Robin Leichenko,Karen O'Brien

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884269

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 8822

This book explores the connections between two of the most transformative processes of the twenty-first century, namely climate change and globalization. In this book, Leichenko and O'Brien present a conceptual framework for analyzing the interactions between these two processes, and illustrate, through case studies, how these interactions create situations of "double exposure." Drawing upon prominent recent and current climate-related events -- Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, recurring droughts in India, and the melting of Arctic sea ice -- the case studies each demonstrate a different pathway of interaction between globalization and global environmental change. Through exploration of these pathways of double exposure, the book also shows how broader human security concerns including growing inequalities, growing vulnerabilities, and unsustainable rates of development are integrally connected to both processes of global change. The double exposure framework not only sheds light on the challenges raised by these two global processes, but also reveals possibilities for using the interactions to generate positive opportunities for action.