Perovskites

Structure-Property Relationships

Author: Richard J. D. Tilley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118935667

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 2354

Uniquely describes both the crystallography and properties of perovskite related materials. Practical applications in solar cells, microelectronics and telecommunications Interdisciplinary topic drawing on materials science, chemistry, physics, and geology Contains problems and answers to enhance knowledge retention

Organic-Inorganic Halide Perovskite Photovoltaics

From Fundamentals to Device Architectures

Author: Nam-Gyu Park,Michael Grätzel,Tsutomu Miyasaka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319351141

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 9886

This book covers fundamentals of organometal perovskite materials and their photovoltaics, including materials preparation and device fabrications. Special emphasis is given to halide perovskites. The opto-electronic properties of perovskite materials and recent progress in perovskite solar cells are described. In addition, comments on the issues to current and future challenges are mentioned.

Properties of Perovskites and Other Oxides

Author: Karl A. Mller,Tom W. Kool

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814317691

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 3261

In this book some 50 papers published by K A Mšller as author or co-author over several decades, amplified by more recent work mainly by T W Kool with collaborators, are reproduced. The main subject is Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) applied to the study of perovskites and other oxides with related subjects. This wealth of papers is organized into eleven chapters, each with an introductory text written in the light of current understanding. The contributions of the first editor on structural phase transitions have been immense, and because K A Mšller and J C Fayet have published a review paper on the subject, the latter is reproduced in chapter VII. Not related to EPR is a part of chapter VIII on the dipolar and quantum paraelectric behavior with dielectric studies. in chapter X two papers proving the existence of Fermi glasses are reproduced. The year 1986 bears some significance: early in this year the paper by Bednorz and Mšller on the possible observation of superconductivity was published. This resulted in a substantial shift in the paradigm of condensed matter physics, to which the present first editor has contributed scientifically with others and which will be reviewed in a second volume.

Perovskite Photovoltaics

Basic to Advanced Concepts and Implementation

Author: Aparna Thankappan,Sabu Thomas

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128129166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 518

View: 9176

Perovskite Photovoltaics: Basic to Advanced Concepts and Implementation examines the emergence of perovskite photovoltaics, associated challenges and opportunities, and how to achieve broader development. Consolidating developments in perovskite photovoltaics, including recent progress solar cells, this text also highlights advances and the research necessary for sustaining energy. Addressing different photovoltaics fields with tailored content for what makes perovskite solar cells suitable, and including commercialization examples of large-scale perovskite solar technology. The book also contains a detailed analysis of the implementation and economic viability of perovskite solar cells, highlighting what photovoltaic devices need to be generated by low cost, non-toxic, earth abundant materials using environmentally scalable processes. This book is a valuable resource engineers, scientists and researchers, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge on flexible perovskite solar cells. Includes contributions by leading solar cell academics, industrialists, researchers and institutions across the globe Addresses different photovoltaics fields with tailored content for what makes perovskite solar cells different Provides commercialization examples of large-scale perovskite solar technology, giving users detailed analysis on the implementation, technical challenges and economic viability of perovskite solar cells

The Physics of Solar Cells

Perovskites, Organics, and Photovoltaic Fundamentals

Author: Juan Bisquert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351395572

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 928

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.

Perovskites and Related Mixed Oxides

Concepts and Applications

Author: Pascal Granger,Vasile I. Parvulescu,Serge Kaliaguine,Wilfrid Prellier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527337636

Category: Science

Page: 944

View: 1084

This comprehensive handbook and ready reference details all the main achievements in the field of perovskite-based and related mixed-oxide materials. The authors discuss, in an unbiased manner, the potentials as well as the challenges related to their use, thus offering new perspectives for research and development on both an academic and industrial level. The first volume begins by summarizing the different synthesis routes from molten salts at high temperatures to colloidal crystal template methods, before going on to focus on the physical properties of the resulting materials and their related applications in the fields of electronics, energy harvesting, and storage as well as electromechanics and superconductivity. The second volume is dedicated to the catalytic applications of perovskites and related mixed oxides, including, but not limited to total oxidation of hydrocarbons, dry reforming of methane and denitrogenation. The concluding section deals with the development of chemical reactors and novel perovskite-based applications, such as fuel cells and high-performance ceramic membranes. Throughout, the contributions clearly point out the intimate links between structure, properties and applications of these materials, making this an invaluable tool for materials scientists and for catalytic and physical chemists.

Perovskites and High Tc Superconductors

Author: Francis S. Galasso

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9782881243912

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 7695

This is a compendium of research on perovskite-type compounds, ranging from the discovery of barium titanate's ferroelectric properties in 1945 to recent developments and modern applications. A working knowledge of these compounds is essential for research and development in such areas as thermistors, infrared windows, laser technology, and several important emerging fields that rely upon superconductors. Students and researchers involved in the preparation of solid-state materials will benefit from the insightful data given here, including information on structure, x-ray diffraction, conductivity, ferroelectricity, phase transitions, ferromagnetism, optical and other properties, and oxide preparation, as well as new information on high T c superconductors.

Perovskites

Structure, Properties, and Uses

Author: Maxim Borowski

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781616685256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 571

View: 6051

Perovskite is a calcium titanium oxide mineral species composed of calcium titanate. This book discusses perovskite thin films, which are widely employed in today's advanced technology. The broad range of physical properties in such category of materials has offered various functionalities in devices ranging from dynamic random access memories and ferroelectric nonvolatile memories to piezoelectric and optical devices. The structural, magnetic and electron transport properties of ordered-disordered perskovite cobaltites is discussed as is perovskite-type oxides, ferroelectric PbTiO3 from a single-domain state to composite components, and others.

Mixed Ionic Electronic Conducting Perovskites for Advanced Energy Systems

Author: Nina Orlovskaya,Nigel Browning

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402023499

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 314

View: 7693

Advanced mixed ionic electronic conducting (MIEC) perovskites play an important role in many electrochemical systems for advanced energy technologies. They are major components in such devices as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), oxygen separation membranes, chemical sensors and catalysts. In addition to energy technology, the development of these multifunctional materials is of crucial importance for transportation, aerospace engineering, and electronics. The use of these materials as chemical sensors is also important for anti-terrorism initiatives. The present book discusses progress and problems in the development of ionic, electronic, and MIEC materials as active materials in advanced energy systems; the development and design of solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for next-generation vehicles, chemical sensors and oxygen separation membranes; and identifies directions for future research, such as conducting mechanisms, stability and reliability of devices, degradation problems, crystal structure, classification of phase transitions exhibited by the materials.

Theoretical Modeling of Organohalide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications

Author: Giacomo Giorgi,Koichi Yamashita

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351648462

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 3056

Perovskites are a class of recently discovered crystals with a multitude of innovative applications. In particular, a lead role is played by organic-inorganic halide perovskites (OIHPs) in solar devices. In 2013 Science and Nature selected perovskite solar cells as one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs of that year. This book provides the first comprehensive account of theoretical aspects of perovskite solar cells, starting at an introductory level but covering the latest cutting-edge research. Theoretical Modeling of Organohalide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications aims to provide a theoretical standpoint on OIHPs and on their photovoltaic applications, with particular focus on the issues that are still limiting their usage in solar cells. This book explores the role that organic cations and defects play in the material properties of OIHPs and their effects on the final device, in addition to discussing the electric properties of OIHPs; the environmentally friendly alternatives to the use of lead in their structural and electronic properties; theoretical screening for OIHP-related material for solar-to-energy conversion; and the nature and the behavior of quasiparticles in OIHPs.

Electronic and Optical Properties of d-Band Perovskites

Author: Thomas Wolfram,Sinasi Ellialtioglu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9144

The perovskite family of oxides includes a vast array of insulators, metals, and semiconductors. Current intense scientific interest stems from the large number of diverse phenomena exhibited by these materials including pseudo two-dimensional electronic energy bands, high temperature superconductivity, metal-insulator transitions, piezoelectricity, magnetism, photochromic, and catalytic activity. This book is the first text devoted to a comprehensive theory of the solid-state properties of these fascinating materials. The text includes complete descriptions of the important energy bands, photoemission, surface states, and the chapter on high-temperature superconductors explores the electronic states in typical copper-oxide materials. Theoretical results are compared to experiment and discussed throughout the book. With problem sets included, this is a unified, logical treatment of fundamental perovskite solid-state chemistry which will appeal to graduate students and researchers alike.

Structure, Properties and Preparation of Perovskite-Type Compounds

International Series of Monographs in Solid State Physics

Author: Francis S. Galasso

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146022

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 4040

Structure, Properties and Preparation of Perovskite-Type Compounds, Volume 5 presents the various methods of preparing powders, single crystals, and thin films of perovskite-type compounds. This book discusses the structure of perovskite-type compounds and their properties. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the structure, properties, and preparation of perovskite-type compounds. This text then examines how X-ray diffraction can be used to determine unit cell data and to orient single crystals. Other chapters consider the effect of nuclear radiation on the properties of ferroelectric materials. This book discusses as well the phase transitions in perovskite-type compounds, which are often associated with a change in ferroelectric properties. The final chapter explores the two techniques in the preparation of the ternary carbides with the perovskite structure, which involves melting the appropriate proportions of the two metals and carbon under argon. This book is a valuable resource for solid-state chemists.

Defects and Surface-Induced Effects in Advanced Perovskites

Author: Gunnar Borstel,Andris Krumins,Donats Millers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401140308

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 8961

Complex oxide materials, especially the ABO3-type perovskite materials, have been attracting growing scientific interest due to their unique electro-optical properties, leading to photorefractive effects that form the basis for such devices as holographic storage, optical data processing and phase conjugation. The optical and mechanical properties of non-metals are strongly affected by the defects and impurities that are unavoidable in any real material. Nanoscopically sized surface effects play an important role, especially in multi-layered ABO3 structures, which are good candidates for high capacity memory cells. The 51 papers presented here report the latest developments and new results and will greatly stimulate progress in high-tech technologies using perovskite materials.

Hole Conductor Free Perovskite-based Solar Cells

Author: Lioz Etgar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331932991X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 59

View: 3909

This book discusses the promising area of perovskite-based solar cells. It places particular emphasis on a highly unique perovskite solar cell structure, focusing on the special properties of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites. As such, it offers readers sound essentials, serving as building blocks for the future development of this rapidly evolving field.

Halide Perovskites

Photovoltaics, Light Emitting Devices, and Beyond

Author: Tze-Chien Sum,Nripan Mathews

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 3527341110

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 1332

Real insight from leading experts in the field into the causes of the unique photovoltaic performance of perovskite solar cells, describing the fundamentals of perovskite materials and device architectures. The authors cover materials research and development, device fabrication and engineering methodologies, as well as current knowledge extending beyond perovskite photovoltaics, such as the novel spin physics and multiferroic properties of this family of materials. Aimed at a better and clearer understanding of the latest developments in the hybrid perovskite field, this is a must-have for material scientists, chemists, physicists and engineers entering or already working in this booming field.

Morphotropic Phase Boundary Perovskites, High Strain Piezoelectrics, and Dielectric Ceramics

Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, April 28-May1, 2002 in MO, & 103rd Meeting, April 22-25, 2001, in IN, Ceramic Transactions

Author: Ruyan Guo,K. M. Nair,Winnie K. Wong-Ng,Amar S. Bhalla,Dwight Vieland,D. Suvorov,Carl Wu,S.-I. Hirano

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118405749

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 584

View: 6675

Proceedings of the Symposium on Dielectric Materials and Multilayer Electronic Devices and the Symposium on Morphotropic Phase Boundary Phenomena and Perovskite Materials, held April 28 - May 1, 2002, in St. Louis, Missouri, during the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society, and the Focused Session on High Strain Piezoelectrics, held April 22-25, 2001, in Indianapolis, Indiana, during the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society.

Properties and Applications of Perovskite-Type Oxides

Author: L.G. Tejuca,J.L.G. Fierro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439855225

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 8486

This reference offers an overview of the bulk and surface properties of perovskite-like structures, and provides the latest discussions on the applications of these materials and processes. It also introduces ceramic methods for the processing of perovskite-derived high Tc cuprates.;Examining every available procedure for synthesizing high-surface-area perovskite oxides, this book: delineates processing techniques for preparing perovskite-derived high-critical-temperature superconductors; illustrates the relevance of physiochemical methods to investigate bulk and surface structures of perovskite compounds; explicates the importance of surface composition in the context of catalytic behaviour; summarizes methods of changing stoichiometry; shows how to design perovskite oxides for a given purpose; reviews key solid-state properties; and presents the major applications.