Over Here

How the G.I. Bill Transformed the American Dream

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Diversion Books

ISBN: 1626812578

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 5473

Inspiring war stories are familiar. But what about the after-the-war stories? From a Pulitzer Prize-winning author, OVER HERE is the Greatest Generation’s after-the-war story—vivid portraits of how the original G.I. Bill empowered an entire generation and reinvented the nation. The G.I. Bill opened college education to the masses, transformed America from a nation of renters into a nation of homeowners, and enabled an era of prosperity never before seen in the world. Doctors, teachers, engineers, researchers and Nobel Prize winners who had never considered college an option rewrote the American Dream thanks to this most visionary legislation. “Vivid… Humes’ rich tapestry captures the complexity and contradictions of American society in the midst of dramatic change (which) Humes retells with such warmth and enthusiasm in his inspiring book. Deeply moving, alive with the thrill of people from modest backgrounds discovering that the opportunities available to them were far greater than anything they had dreamed of.” —LOS ANGELES TIMES “Poignant... The human dramas scattered throughout the narrative are irresistible. The book will provide nostalgia for the World War II generation, and a well-rounded education for readers born later.” —DENVER POST “A profound book… brilliant at explaining world–changing events in simple terms that any reader can understand. Humes… tells stories of global consequence through the eyes of individual people.” —LONG BEACH PRESS TELEGRAM “What Mr. Humes has done especially well is to capture... the “accidental greatness” of the G.I. Bill.” —WASHINGTON TIMES “Fascinating... The book's statistics are eye-opening, but it's the numerous personal vignettes that bring this account to life. Over Here shows how the G.I. Bill opened doors for millions. At its best, these passages are reminiscent of Studs Terkel's Depression-era and World War II oral histories.” —CLEVELAND PLAIN DEALER “Edward Humes has given us a superb description of one of the marvels of American history—the G.I. Bill, which educated, enlightened, and inspired the veterans of World War II. If we were "the greatest generation," the key factor was the mind-and-heart-expanding G.I. Bill. It transformed the American Dream, including my own dreams, ambitions and abilities.” —George McGovern

Over Here

How the G.I. Bill Transformed the American Dream

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780151007103

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 2851

An analysis of the purpose and legacy of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 profiles it as the twentieth century's most transformative bill, discussing how it provided a wealth of veteran benefits, from home loans and health care to job counseling and educational funding, while proving pivotal to the careers to such figures as Norman Mailer, JFK, and Paul Newman.

Soldiers to Citizens

The G.I. Bill and the Making of the Greatest Generation

Author: Suzanne Mettler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199887098

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 9669

"A hell of a gift, an opportunity." "Magnanimous." "One of the greatest advantages I ever experienced." These are the voices of World War II veterans, lavishing praise on their beloved G.I. Bill. Transcending boundaries of class and race, the Bill enabled a sizable portion of the hallowed "greatest generation" to gain vocational training or to attend college or graduate school at government expense. Its beneficiaries had grown up during the Depression, living in tenements and cold-water flats, on farms and in small towns across the nation, most of them expecting that they would one day work in the same kinds of jobs as their fathers. Then the G.I. Bill came along, and changed everything. They experienced its provisions as inclusive, fair, and tremendously effective in providing the deeply held American value of social opportunity, the chance to improve one's circumstances. They become chefs and custom builders, teachers and electricians, engineers and college professors. But the G.I. Bill fueled not only the development of the middle class: it also revitalized American democracy. Americans who came of age during World War II joined fraternal groups and neighborhood and community organizations and took part in politics at rates that made the postwar era the twentieth century's civic "golden age." Drawing on extensive interviews and surveys with hundreds of members of the "greatest generation," Suzanne Mettler finds that by treating veterans as first-class citizens and in granting advanced education, the Bill inspired them to become the active participants thanks to whom memberships in civic organizations soared and levels of political activity peaked. Mettler probes how this landmark law produced such a civic renaissance. Most fundamentally, she discovers, it communicated to veterans that government was for and about people like them, and they responded in turn. In our current age of rising inequality and declining civic engagement, Soldiers to Citizens offers critical lessons about how public programs can make a difference.

Degrees of Inequality

How the Politics of Higher Education Sabotaged the American Dream

Author: Suzanne Mettler

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 0465044964

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 509

America’s higher education system is failing its students. In the space of a generation, we have gone from being the best-educated society in the world to one surpassed by eleven other nations in college graduation rates. Higher education is evolving into a caste system with separate and unequal tiers that take in students from different socio-economic backgrounds and leave them more unequal than when they first enrolled. Until the 1970s, the United States had a proud history of promoting higher education for its citizens. The Morrill Act, the G.I. Bill and Pell Grants enabled Americans from across the income spectrum to attend college and the nation led the world in the percentage of young adults with baccalaureate degrees. Yet since 1980, progress has stalled. Young adults from low to middle income families are not much more likely to graduate from college than four decades ago. When less advantaged students do attend, they are largely sequestered into inferior and often profit-driven institutions, from which many emerge without degrees—and shouldering crushing levels of debt. In Degrees of Inequality, acclaimed political scientist Suzanne Mettler explains why the system has gone so horribly wrong and why the American Dream is increasingly out of reach for so many. In her eye-opening account, she illuminates how political partisanship has overshadowed America’s commitment to equal access to higher education. As politicians capitulate to corporate interests, owners of for-profit colleges benefit, but for far too many students, higher education leaves them with little besides crippling student loan debt. Meanwhile, the nation’s public universities have shifted the burden of rising costs onto students. In an era when a college degree is more linked than ever before to individual—and societal—well-being, these pressures conspire to make it increasingly difficult for students to stay in school long enough to graduate. By abandoning their commitment to students, politicians are imperiling our highest ideals as a nation. Degrees of Inequality offers an impassioned call to reform a higher education system that has come to exacerbate, rather than mitigate, socioeconomic inequality in America.

America's Wars

Author: Alan Axelrod

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 550

View: 9044

In America's Wars, one of the nation's leading authors of popular history provides a unique one-stop resource for essential information on every military action involving the United States and its precursor colonies. Comprehensive coverage includes: * Capsule histories of every recorded conflict that occurred in North America or involved the United States through the present day * Engagingly written accounts of more than 100 wars, skirmishes, and military expeditions * More than 100 illustrations, including period photos and depictions * Compelling firsthand accounts of major engagements * Timelines and primary-source documents * Fresh insights into the underlying causes and consequences of each conflict Wiley Desk References are comprehensive, generously illustrated reference works on major historical, cultural, and scientific topics. Their easy-to-use format helps you quickly find just the information you need, while first-person accounts and excerpts from official documents, letters, and other primary sources bring the subject to life. Wiley Desk References give you all the information you need on the subjects that matter most.

When Dreams Came True

The GI Bill and the Making of Modern America

Author: Michael J. Bennett

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 9781574882186

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8295

The rarely told story of the law that changed post-World War II America and shaped the social, educational, and economic decisions of a generation

Monkey Girl

Evolution, Education, Religion, and the Battle for America's Soul

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061862953

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 6051

What should we teach our children about where we come from? Is evolution a lie or good science? Is it incompatible with faith? Have scientists really detected evidence of a creator in nature? From bestselling, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Edward Humes comes a dramatic story of faith, science, and courage unlike any since the famous Scopes Monkey Trial. Monkey Girl takes you behind the scenes of the recent war on evolution in Dover, Pennsylvania, when the town's school board decision to confront the controversy head-on thrust its students, then the entire community, onto the front lines of America's culture wars. Told from the perspectives of all sides of the battle, it is a riveting true story about an epic court case on the teaching of "intelligent design," and what happens when science and religion collide.

G. I. bill

Author: Milton Greenberg

Publisher: Lickle Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 2430

Explores the history and implementation of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act, better known as the GI bill, that gave veterans unemployment benefits, educational opportunities, and home ownership

School of Dreams

Making the Grade at a Top American High School

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544821661

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 8341

What is the price of an education at a top public high school? Whitney High delivers everything we ask of a school: a love of learning, a sense of mission, and SAT scores to die for. But there are unintended consequences to attending the school of our dreams, as author Edward Humes found during his year inside this world of high achievement and high pressure. Students work nearly around the clock, building futures to please parents as much as themselves. Their drug of choice? Caffeine. Their goal? Getting into a top college. Their biggest fear? Not living up to their families' stratospheric expectations. But what these kids have going for them is the extraordinary community within Whitney High-- a school with doors open seven days a week, where teachers love teaching and the students linger long after the school day ends.

Mean Justice

A Town's Terror, A Prosecutor's Power, A Betrayal of Innocence

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476711720

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1158

This national bestseller from the Pulitzer Prize-winner catapults readers to the dark side of the justice system with the powerful true story of one man's battle to prove his innocence. Besieged by murder, rape, and the vilest conspiracies, the all-American town of Bakersfield, California, found its saviors in a band of bold and savvy prosecutors who stepped in to create one of the toughest anti-crime communities in the nation. There was only one problem: many of those who were arrested, tried, and imprisoned were innocent citizens. In a work as taut and exciting as a suspense novel, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and journalist Edward Humes embarks on a chilling journey to the dark side of the justice system. He reveals the powerful true story of retired high-school principal Pat Dunn's battle to prove his innocence, and how he was the victim of a case tainted by hidden witnesses, concealed evidence, and behind-the-scenes lobbying by powerful politicians. Humes demonstrates how the mean justice dispensed in Bakersfield is part of a growing national trend in which innocence has become the unintended casualty of today's war on crime.

A Consumers' Republic

The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America

Author: Lizabeth Cohen

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307555364

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 3878

In this signal work of history, Bancroft Prize winner and Pulitzer Prize finalist Lizabeth Cohen shows how the pursuit of prosperity after World War II fueled our pervasive consumer mentality and transformed American life. Trumpeted as a means to promote the general welfare, mass consumption quickly outgrew its economic objectives and became synonymous with patriotism, social equality, and the American Dream. Material goods came to embody the promise of America, and the power of consumers to purchase everything from vacuum cleaners to convertibles gave rise to the power of citizens to purchase political influence and effect social change. Yet despite undeniable successes and unprecedented affluence, mass consumption also fostered economic inequality and the fracturing of society along gender, class, and racial lines. In charting the complex legacy of our “Consumers’ Republic” Lizabeth Cohen has written a bold, encompassing, and profoundly influential book. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Baby ER

The Heroic Doctors and Nurses Who Perform Medicine's Tinies Miracles

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743264433

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 336

View: 7717

Doctors and nurses work against all odds--while parents hope for the miracle that can save their baby--in this riveting portrayal of a real-life ER: the neonatal ICU at Long Beach Memorial Medical Center in California.

No Matter How Loud I Shout

A Year in the Life of Juvenile Court

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476796831

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 2295

Now updated with a new introduction and afterword, this award-winning examination of the nation’s largest juvenile criminal justice system in Los Angeles by a Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist is “an important book with a message of great urgency, especially to all concerned with the future of America’s children” (Booklist). In an age when violence and crime by young people is again on the rise, No Matter How Loud I Shout offers a rare look inside the juvenile court system that deals with these children and the impact decisions made in the courts had on the rest of their lives. Granted unprecedented access to the Los Angeles Juvenile Court, including the judges, the probation officers, and the children themselves, Edward Humes creates an unforgettable portrait of a chaotic system that is neither saving our children in danger nor protecting us from adolescent violence. Yet he shows us there is also hope in the handful of courageous individuals working tirelessly to triumph over seemingly insurmountable odds. Weaving together a poignant, compelling narrative with razor-sharp investigative reporting, No Matter How Loud I Shout is a convincingly reported, profoundly disturbing discussion of the Los Angeles juvenile court’s failings, providing terrifying evidence of the system’s inability to slow juvenile crime or to make even a reasonable stab at rehabilitating troubled young offenders. Humes draws an alarming portrait of a judicial system in disarray.

Mississippi Mud

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476775885

Category: True Crime

Page: 448

View: 2335

NOW UPDATED WITH EXPLOSIVE COURTROOM DETAILS. . . . The riveting true-crime account of the heartbreaking murder that shook a Southern city to its corrupt foundation BILOXI, MISSISSIPPI: After the fatal shooting of one of the city’s most prominent couples—Vincent Sherry was a circuit court judge; his wife, Margaret, was running for mayor—their grief-stricken daughter came home to uncover the truth behind the crime that shocked a community and to follow leads that police seemed unable or unwilling to pursue. What Lynne Sposito soon discovered were bizarre connections to the Dixie Mafia, a predatory band of criminals who ran The Strip, Biloxi’s beachfront hub of sex, drugs, and sleaze. Armed with a savvy private eye—and a .357 Magnum—Lynne bravely entered a teeming underworld of merciless killers, ruthless con men, and venal politicians in order to bring her parents’ assassins to justice.

Eco Barons

The Dreamers, Schemers, and Millionaires Who Are Saving Our Planet

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 006135029X

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 6942

From Pulitzer Prize winner Edward Humes comes Eco Barons, the story of the remarkable visionaries who have quietly dedicated their lives and their fortunes to saving the planet from ecological destruction. While many people remain paralyzed by the scope of Earth's environmental woes, eco barons—a new and largely unheralded generation of Rockefellers and Carnegies—are having spectacular success saving forests and wildlands, pulling endangered species back from the brink, and pioneering the clean and green technologies needed if life and civilization are to endure. A groundbreaking account that is both revealing and inspiring, Eco Barons tells of the former fashion magnate and founder of Esprit who has saved more rainforests than any other person and of the college professor who patented the "car that can save the world," the plug-in hybrid. There are the impoverished owl wranglers who founded the nation's most effective environmental group and forced a reluctant President George W. Bush to admit that humans cause global warming. And there is the former pool cleaner to Hollywood stars who became the guiding force behind a worldwide effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. At a time when there is no shortage of dire news about the environment, Eco Barons offers a story of hope, redemption, and promise—proof that one person with determination and vision can make a difference.

Garbology

Our Dirty Love Affair with Trash

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1583335234

Category: Nature

Page: 325

View: 8333

The author identifies trash as America's largest export, discussing how the nation reached current garbage levels while explaining what families, communities, and countries are doing to reverse waste trends.

Unmaking the Public University

The Forty-year Assault on the Middle Class

Author: Christopher Newfield

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674028173

Category: Education

Page: 395

View: 591

An essential American dreamâe"equal access to higher educationâe"was becoming a reality with the GI Bill and civil rights movements after World War II. But this vital American promise has been broken. Christopher Newfield argues that the financial and political crises of public universities are not the result of economic downturns or of ultimately valuable restructuring, but of a conservative campaign to end public educationâe(tm)s democratizing influence on American society. Unmaking the Public University is the story of how conservatives have maligned and restructured public universities, deceiving the public to serve their own ends. It is a deep and revealing analysis that is long overdue. Newfield carefully describes how this campaign operated, using extensive research into public university archives. He launches the story with the expansive vision of an equitable and creative America that emerged from the post-war boom in college access, and traces the gradual emergence of the anti-egalitarian âeoecorporate university,âe practices that ranged from racial policies to research budgeting. Newfield shows that the culture wars have actually been an economic war that a conservative coalition in business, government, and academia have waged on that economically necessary but often independent group, the college-educated middle class. Newfieldâe(tm)s research exposes the crucial fact that the culture wars have functioned as a kind of neutron bomb, one that pulverizes the social and culture claims of college grads while leaving their technical expertise untouched. Unmaking the Public University incisively sets the record straight, describing a forty-year economic war waged on the college-educated public, and awakening us to a vision of social development shared by scientists and humanists alike.

Levittown

Two Families, One Tycoon, and the Fight for Civil Rights in America's Legendary Suburb

Author: David Kushner

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802719737

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2288

In the decade after World War II, one entrepreneurial family helped thousands of people buy into the American dream of owning a home, not just any home, but a good one, with all the modern conveniences. The Levitts--two brothers, William and Alfred, and their father, Abe--pooled their talents in land use, architecture, and sales to create story book town with affordable little houses. They laid out the welcome mat, but not to everyone. Levittown had a whites-only policy. This is the story that unfolded in Levittown, PA, one unseasonably hot summer in 1957 on a quiet street called Deepgreen Lane. There, a white Jewish Communist family named Wechsler secretly arranged for a black family, the Myers, to buy the little pink house next door. What followed was an explosive summer of violence that would transform their lives, and the nation. It would lead to the downfall of a titan, and the integration of the most famous suburb in the world. It's a story of hope and fear, invention and rebellion, and the power that comes when ordinary people take an extraordinary stand.

The GI Bill

The New Deal for Veterans

Author: Glenn Altschuler,Stuart M. Blumin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195182286

Category: Education

Page: 246

View: 6205

Historians Glenn C. Altschuler and Stuart M. Blumin offer a compelling and often surprising account of the G.I. Bill and its sweeping and decisive impact on American life. --from publisher description.

Door to Door

The Magnificent, Maddening, Mysterious World of Transportation

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062372092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 8772

The Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author of Garbology explores the hidden and costly wonders of our buy-it-now, get-it-today world of transportation, revealing the surprising truths, mounting challenges, and logistical magic behind every trip we take and every click we make. Transportation dominates our daily existence. Thousands, even millions, of miles are embedded in everything we do and touch. We live in a door-to-door universe that works so well most Americans are scarcely aware of it. The grand ballet in which we move ourselves and our stuff is equivalent to building the Great Pyramid, the Hoover Dam, and the Empire State Building all in a day. Every day. And yet, in the one highly visible part of the transportation world—the part we drive—we suffer grinding commutes, a violent death every fifteen minutes, a dire injury every twelve seconds, and crumbling infrastructure. Now, the way we move ourselves and our stuff is on the brink of great change, as a new mobility revolution upends the car culture that, for better and worse, built modern America. This unfolding revolution will disrupt lives and global trade, transforming our commutes, our vehicles, our cities, our jobs, and every aspect of culture, commerce, and the environment. We are, quite literally, at a fork in the road, though whether it will lead us to Carmageddon or Carmaheaven has yet to be determined. Using interviews, data and deep exploration of the hidden world of ports, traffic control centers, and the research labs defining our transportation future, acclaimed journalist Edward Humes breaks down the complex movements of humans, goods, and machines as never before, from increasingly car-less citizens to the distance UPS goes to deliver a leopard-printed phone case. Tracking one day in the life of his family in Southern California, Humes uses their commutes, traffic jams, grocery stops, and online shopping excursions as a springboard to explore the paradoxes and challenges inherent in our system. He ultimately makes clear that transportation is one of the few big things we can change—our personal choices do have a profound impact, and that fork in the road is coming up fast. Door to Door is a fascinating detective story, investigating the worldwide cast of supporting characters and technologies that have enabled us to move from here to there—past, present, and future.