Organic Superconductivity

Author: Vladimir Z. Kresin,William A. Little

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489926054

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 6059

This book contains papers presented at the International Conference on Organic Superconductivity which was held May 20-24, 1990, at the Stanford Sierra Conference Center, South Lake Tahoe, California. In the twenty years since the First Conference on Organic Superconductivity was held (Hawaii, 1969), there has been remarkable progress in the field. At present, development is accelerating with contributions from many groups in many countries worldwide. The discovery of high Tc superconductivity by G. Bednorz and K. Muller in 1986 and subsequent developments in the ceramic superconductors have had an enormous impact on the field of superconductivity as a whole. This discovery occurred in an area entirely different from that of conventional superconduc tivity, underscoring the importance of the search for and study of novel materials of all kinds. We believe that the organics, with their wide range of structural, chemical, and physical properties, belong in this category of novel materials. This book reflects the efforts of researchers from various disciplines: physicists, chemists, and materials scientists. It addresses the normal and superconducting properties of organic materials, as well as the search for new compounds and new syntheses. We are pleased to note that one of these papers reports on the discovery of a new organic superconductor with a record high Tc in this class. One chapter is devoted to a comparison of organic superconductors and the cuprates, another, to the prospects of discovering other novel conducting or superconducting compounds.


Grundlagen und Anwendungen

Author: Werner Buckel,Reinhold Kleiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527668691

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 2080

Grundlegende Konzepte und Eigenschaften von Supraleitern, die Herstellung und Entwicklung von neuen supraleitenden Materialien sowie moderne Anwendungsbereiche sind die Schwerpunktthemen des Buches. Das größte Potential zur Nutzung der Supraleitung liegt in der Energietechnik. Fast unbemerkt trägt die Einführung von Kabeln, Magneten, Transformatoren oder Lagern aus supraleitenden Materialien bei zur Effizienzsteigerung bei der Stromübertragung oder in Motoren. Durch seiner klare Sprache und zahlreiche erläuternde Abbildungen eignet sich der Band hervorragend als einführendes Lehrbuch. Der Schwierigkeitsgrad wird von Kapitel zu Kapitel gesteigert. So können auch Einsteiger ohne einschlägige Vorkenntnisse dem Stoff folgen. Dank der über 350 Literaturhinweise bekommt der Leser außerdem einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Publikationen zum Thema. Ein unverzichtbares Lehrbuch also für Physik-Studenten und Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften. Fachleuten in Forschung und Praxis leistet das Buch auch als Nachschlagewerk gute Dienste.

One-Dimensional Metals

Conjugated Polymers, Organic Crystals, Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Author: Siegmar Roth,David Carroll

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527335579

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 4903

Low-dimensional solids are of fundamental interest in materials science due to their anisotropic properties. Written not only for experts in the field, this book explains the important concepts behind their physics and surveys the most interesting one-dimensional systems and discusses their present and emerging applications in molecular scale electronics. Chemists, polymer and materials scientists as well as students will find this book a very readable introduction to the solid-state physics of electronic materials. In this completely revised and expanded third edition the authors also cover graphene as one of the most important research topics in the field of low dimensional materials for electronic applications. In addition, the topics of nanotubes and nanoribbons are widely enlarged to reflect the research advances of the last years.

The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors

Author: Andrei Lebed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540766728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 754

View: 4797

This bang up-to-date volume contains the distilled wisdom of some of the world’s leading minds on the subject. Inside, there is a treasure trove of general (tutorial) and topical reviews, written by leading researchers in the area of organic superconductors and conductors. The papers hail from all over the world, as far afield as the USA and Australia. They cover contemporary topics such as unconventional superconductivity, non-Fermi-liquid properties, and the quantum Hall effect.

Organic Superconductors

Author: Takehiko Ishiguro,Kunihiko Yamaji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642971903

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 9895

The initial impetus for the search for an organic superconductor was the proposal of the existence of a polymer superconductor with a high critical temperature (Tc). This spurred on activities having the aim of synthesizing and characterizing organic conductors, which had already been going on for two decades. These efforts have resulted in the thriving field of low dimensional conductors and superconductors. This monograph is intended to be an introduction to and review of the study of organic conductors and superconductors. The investigations are to warrant a treatise of some length. At the same time sufficiently rich they have produced a few active subfields, each containing exciting topics. This situation seems to necessitate a monograph describing the current status of the field for both researchers and newcomers to the field. Such a need may also be felt by scientists engaged in the study of the high-Tc oxide superconductors for comparison of the two kinds of new supercon ductors, which share some important aspects, for example, the low-dimen sionality and the competition or coexistence of superconductivity and magnetism. However, available experimental and theoretical results are sometimes conflicting and have not yet been arranged into a coherent standard picture of the whole field. Further developments are continually being reported and therefore it is still premature to write a textbook about some of the topics. However, we have tried to include discussions of recent topics in this volume.


fundamentals and applications

Author: Werner Buckel,Reinhold Kleiner

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 9783527403493

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 4698

A comprehensive introduction in the theory and modern applications of superconductivity. (Midwest).

Handbook of Organic Conductive Molecules and Polymers, Charge-Transfer Salts, Fullerenes and Photoconductors

Author: Hari Singh Nalwa

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471965930

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 9034

Conductive polymers--polymers that conduct electricity--have applications in telecommunications, electronics, materials science, chemistry and physics. The four self-contained volumes of this handbook thoroughly explore all aspects of conductive polymers including chemical and physical properties, technology and applications.

Physics of High-Temperature Superconductors

Proceedings of the Toshiba International School of Superconductivity (ITS2), Kyoto, Japan, July 15–20, 1991

Author: Sadamichi Maekawa,Masatoshi Sato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642847188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 437

View: 4671

Advances through carefully conducted quantitative work on well designed, high quality materials characterize the present state of high-temperature superconductivity research. The contributions to this volume present a theoretical and experimental overview of electronic structure and physical properties, including anisotropic features, of high-temperative materials, with a focus on cuprates. In order to enhance the understanding of the mechanisms of superconductivity at high temperatures, this volume is divided into theoretical and experimental parts. The contributions to the two parts correspond to each other, giving readers involved in either area of research activity a reference to findingsof the other. On the other hand, this book gives young physicists high-level information on the present state of research, enhanced by tutorial contributions of leading physicists in the field.

Advances in synthetic metals

twenty years of progress in science and technology

Author: G. Bidan,Patrick Bernier,Serge Lefrant

Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd

ISBN: 9780444205322

Category: Science

Page: 445

View: 5990

ICSM'98 on CD-ROM is a powerful electronic archive containing the complete collection of articles of the Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Technology of Synthetic Metals, Le Corum, Montpellier, France, 12-18 July, 1998 (ICSM'98). This CD-ROM offers the searchable full text articles, tables, figures, schemes and references, all on one disk. It provides a unique storage and retrieval tool for accessing the vast number of articles (over 1,300) of this publication in a user-friendly and effective manner. The CD-ROM also includes the full text of the book Advances in Synthetic Metals - Twenty Years of Progress in Science and Technology, which contains eight extensive review-type contributions from some of the leading scientists in the fields of conducting polymers, organic electronic materials and synthesis.

Strongly Correlated Systems

Experimental Techniques

Author: Adolfo Avella,Ferdinando Mancini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662441330

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 1394

The continuous evolution and development of experimental techniques is at the basis of any fundamental achievement in modern physics. Strongly correlated systems (SCS), more than any other, need to be investigated through the greatest variety of experimental techniques in order to unveil and crosscheck the numerous and puzzling anomalous behaviors characterizing them. The study of SCS fostered the improvement of many old experimental techniques, but also the advent of many new ones just invented in order to analyze the complex behaviors of these systems. Many novel materials, with functional properties emerging from macroscopic quantum behaviors at the frontier of modern research in physics, chemistry and materials science, belong to this class of systems. The volume presents a representative collection of the modern experimental techniques specifically tailored for the analysis of strongly correlated systems. Any technique is presented in great detail by its own inventor or by one of the world-wide recognized main contributors. The exposition has a clear pedagogical cut and fully reports on the most relevant case study where the specific technique showed to be very successful in describing and enlightening the puzzling physics of a particular strongly correlated system. The book is intended for advanced graduate students and post-docs in the field as textbook and/or main reference, but also for any other researcher in the field who appreciates consulting a single, but comprehensive, source or wishes to get acquainted, in a as painless as possible way, with the working details of a specific technique.

Electronic Properties of High-Tc Superconductors

The Normal and the Superconducting State of High-Tc Materials

Author: Hans Kuzmany,Michael Mehring,Jörg Fink

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642848656

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 527

View: 8149

The International Winter School on Electronic Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors, held between March 7-14, 1992, in Kirchberg, (Tyrol) Austria, was the sixth in a series of meetings to be held at this venue. Four of the earlier meetings were dedicated to issues in the field of conducting polymers, while the winter school held in 1990 was devoted to the new discipline of high-T c superconductivity. This year's meeting constituted a forum not only for the large number of scientists engaged in high-Tc research, but also for those involved in the new and exciting field of fullerenes. Many of the issues raised during the earlier winter schools on conducting polymers, and the last one on high-T c superconductivity, have taken on a new significance in the light of the discovery of superconducting C materials. 60 The Kirchberg meetings are organized in the style of a school where expe rienced scientists from universities, research laboratories and industry have the opportunity to discuss their most recent results, and where students and young scientists can learn about the present status of research and applications from some of the most eminent workers in their field. In common with the previous winter school on high-Tc superconductors, the of the cuprate superconductors. present one focused on the electronic properties In addition, consideration was given to related compounds which are relevant to the understanding of the electronic structure of the cuprates in the normal state, to other oxide superconductors and to fulleride superconductors.


Author: Shubhra Kakani

Publisher: Anshan Pub

ISBN: 9781848290051

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 666

View: 3488

Superconductivity is a striking phenomenon that has attracted the attention of physicists, chemists, material scientists, engineers, and also the non-technical public. The discovery of high-Tc cuprates opened up a new class of materials in this field. This significant and exciting discovery has posed two new problems: of making High-Tc materials available to technology at room temperature on one hand and of exploring the possible mechanism of High-Tc superconductivity on the other. The beginning of the 21st century sees superconductor applications reaching important milestones. Superconductors now make possible the most advanced experiments in chemistry, biochemistry, particle physics and health sciences. Superconductors are also becoming part of the fabric of modern-day life. This outstanding and invaluable volume has been very systematically structured and organised covering all aspects of superconductivity. The first five chapters deal with basic principles and microscopic weak coupling BCS theory of superconductivity. Chapters 6 to 8 are devoted to high-Tc cuprates covering experimental results and theories. Chapter 9 is diverted to new emerging superconductors and the last chapter describes the potential applications of superconductors.