Organic Structures Design

Applications in Optical and Electronic Devices

Author: Tahsin J. Chow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814463353

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 3615

The development of molecular electronics has become the mainstream of scientific research in recent decades. Applications include light-emitting diodes, solar cells, thin-film transistors, and sensors, among others. New-generation organic materials possess the virtues of softness, light weight, easy processing, design flexibility, and so on. This book focuses on the preparation of new functional organic materials. It includes a brief theoretical/kinetic discussion. The text lays special emphasis on the design of organic structures and the way they perform the designated functional properties. It will help organic chemists, particularly synthetic chemists, to light up their inspirations.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Properties and Applications

Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 9363

Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Advanced Semiconductor and Organic Nano-Techniques Parts I, II and III

Set

Author: Hadis Morkoc

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125070607

Category:

Page: 1560

View: 2432

Physical sciences and engineering, as well as biological sciences have recently made great strides in their respective fields. More importantly, the cross-fertilization of ideas, paradigms and methodologies have led to the unprecedented technological developments in areas such as information processing, full colour semiconductor displays, compact biosensors and controlled drug discovery to name a few. Top experts in their respective fields have come together to discuss the latest developments and the future of micro-nano electronics. They investigate issues to be faced in ultimate limits such as single electron transitors; zero dimensional systems for unique properties; thresholdless lasers, electronics based on inexpensive and flexible plastic chips; cell manipulation; biosensors; DNA based computers; quantum computing; DNA sequencing chips; micro fluidics; nanomotors based on molecules; molecular electronics and recently emerging wide bandgap semiconductors for emitters, detectors and power amplifiers. Contributions from top experts in this field Covers a wide range of topics

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Properties and Applications

Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 7044

Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics

Materials, Manufacturing and Applications

Author: Stergios Logothetidis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782420436

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 7648

Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials. Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods. Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics

Author: Mohamed Henini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080560472

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 864

View: 4120

The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices

Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081022849

Category:

Page: 950

View: 7273

Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. In the second edition of Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices experts provide an overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques, structure-property relationships and most promising applications of organic materials. The second edition includes new content on emerging organic materials, expanded content on the basic physics behind electronic properties, and new chapters on organic photonics. Advances in organic materials design, fabrication, and processing that enabled charge unprecedented carrier mobilities and power conversion efficiencies have made an update to the first edition necessary. The new edition also reflects the latest advances in understanding of underlying physics that enabled novel material design and improved organic device design. Provides a comprehensive overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques and structure property relationships of organic materials Reviews key applications including organic solar cells, light-emitting electrochemical cells, sensors, bioelectronics, memory devices and lasers New content to reflect latest advances in understanding of underlying physics to enable material design and device fabrication

Optoelectronic Devices

III-nitrides

Author: M. Razeghi,Mohamed Henini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080444260

Category: Science

Page: 575

View: 8317

Tremendous progress has been made in the last few years in the growth, doping and processing technologies of the wide bandgap semiconductors. As a result, this class of materials now holds significant promis for semiconductor electronics in a broad range of applications. The principal driver for the current revival of interest in III-V Nitrides is their potential use in high power, high temperature, high frequency and optical devices resistant to radiation damage. This book provides a wide number of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides and covers the entire process from growth to devices and applications making it essential reading for those working in the semiconductors or microelectronics. Broad review of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides

Properties of Single Organic Molecules on Crystal Surfaces

Author: Peter Grütter,Werner Hofer,Federico Rosei

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908979992

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 6361

Within nanoscience, an emerging discipline is the study of the physics and chemistry of single molecules. Molecules may be considered as the ultimate building blocks, and are therefore interesting for the development of molecular devices and for surface functionalization. Thus, it is interesting to study their properties when adsorbed on a suitable substrate such as a solid or crystal surface, and also for their potential applications in nano- or molecular-electronics and nanosensing. Investigations have been made possible by the advent of high resolution surface imaging and characterization techniques, commonly referred to as Scanning Probe Microscopes. This book focuses on the fascinating properties of the single molecules, and the difference between single molecules and ensembles of molecules is emphasized. As the first book intended for graduate courses in the field, after each chapter, students should be able to answer the question: “What physical or chemical properties do you learn from a single molecule in this particular context?” Contributed by experts across the disciplines, the book provides useful reference material for specialized practitioners in surface science, nanoscience and nanoelectronics. Contents:Introduction:Basic Properties of Metal Surfaces (A L Vázquez de Parga & R Miranda)Basic Properties of Silicon Surfaces (M J Butcher & M Y Simmons)Experimental Methods:Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Scanning Force Microscopy (S Hembacher & F Giessibl)Optical Detection of Single Molecules at Interfaces (B Hecht)Theoretical Methods:Ab Initio Modeling of Molecular Electronics (D Roubtsov et al.)Perturbation Methods in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (W A Hofer)Spectroscopy of Single Molecule(s) on Surfaces:Properties of Single Molecules: Manipulation, Dissociation and Synthesis with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope (K-F Braun & S-W Hla)Single Molecule Vibrational Spectroscopy and Chemistry (J I Pascual & N Lorente)Local Modification of Surfaces Induced by Adsorbed Molecules:Superlattices of Atoms, Molecules and Islands (H Brune)Mobility of Complex Organic Species at Metal Surfaces (J V Barth)Molecular Monolayers on Silicon Surfaces (G P Lopinski & D D M Wayner)Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces by Organic Layers: Concerted Cycloaddition versus Stepwise Free-Radical Reaction Mechanisms (A Bilic et al.)Electronic Properties of Single Molecules on Metal Surfaces:Molecular Electronics (R Stadler)Exploring the Catalytic Activity of a Noble Metal: The Ag Catalyzed Ethylene Epoxidation Reaction (M-L Bocquet & A Michaelides) Readership: Graduate students, scientists, researchers in condensed matter physics, physical chemistry, materials and nanoscience. Keywords:Nanoscience;Molecular Electronics;Scanning Probe Microscopy;Molecule-Surface InteractionsKey Features:Each chapter is self-contained and written in a readable style, accessible to a broad audience of non-specialistsAll chapters have been peer-reviewedReviews:“On the whole, the book offers some outstanding reviews of single molecule research in the past decade with a particular emphasis on scanning tunneling microscopy.”Journal of the American Chemical Society “I found all of the articles to be of real interest and to contain information that broadened my existing knowledge. The articles were also helpful in not only presenting current research, but in providing critical comment and highlighting areas for future work. I was also impressed by the balance between experiment and theory … I believe that this book would be a very valuable text for graduate students, teachers and researchers interested in the interaction of organic molecules with surfaces.”Australian Physics

Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Second Edition

Author: Sam-Shajing Sun,Larry R. Dalton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466585110

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1069

View: 7554

This book covers the combined subjects of organic electronic and optoelectronic materials/devices. It is designed for classroom instruction at the senior college level. Highlighting emerging organic and polymeric optoelectronic materials and devices, it presents the fundamentals, principle mechanisms, representative examples, and key data.

Organic Electronics

Emerging Concepts and Technologies

Author: Fabio Cicoira,Clara Santato

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527650989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 9994

An overview of the tremendous potential of organic electronics, concentrating on those emerging topics and technologies that will form the focus of research over the next five to ten years. The young and energetic team of editors with an excellent research track record has brought together internationally renowned authors to review up-and-coming topics, some for the first time, such as organic spintronics, iontronics, light emitting transistors, organic sensors and advanced structural analysis. As a result, this book serves the needs of experienced researchers in organic electronics, graduate students and post-doctoral researchers, as well as scientists active in closely related fields, including organic chemical synthesis, thin film growth and biomaterials. Cover Figure: With kind permission of Matitaccia.

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems

Fundamentals: Methods, and Applications

Author: Donald L. Wise

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824701185

Category: Science

Page: 1256

View: 2399

"Offers background information, methods of characterization, and applications for electrical and optical polymers, including biopolymers, and tutorial sections that explain how to use the techniques."

New Developments in Construction and Functions of Organic Thin Films

Author: T. Kajiyama,M. Aizawa

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080537504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 5826

This book is a timely review of recent advances on the construction and functions of organic thin films by a variety of techniques. The component molecules are relatively simple ones with self-organizing properties, i.e., ordered molecular assembly characteristics. The contents are arranged from the fundamental concepts of molecular assembly of self-organizing molecules to the potential biological applications of protein assemblies, supramolecular species. Recently, many promising applications for new electric, magnetic or optical devices, biomimetic membranes etc. have been the subject of investigation. However, fundamental studies on molecular assembly characteristics and functions for mono-, bi- and multi-layers, Langmuir-Blodgett films are indispensable to future technological innovations for molecular electronic devices and biological sensors.

Optical Thin Films and Coatings

From Materials to Applications

Author: Angela Piegari,François Flory

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857097318

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 4455

Optical coatings, including mirrors, anti-reflection coatings, beam splitters, and filters, are an integral part of most modern optical systems. Optical thin films and coatings provides an overview of thin film materials, the properties, design and manufacture of optical coatings and their use across a variety of application areas. Part one explores the design and manufacture of optical coatings. Part two highlights unconventional features of optical thin films including scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties of thin film materials at short wavelengths, thermal properties and colour effects. Part three focusses on novel materials for optical thin films and coatings and includes chapters on organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics and optical thin films containing quantum dots. Finally, applications of optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass, are reviewed in part four. Optical thin films and coatings is a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings, professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries requiring an understanding of these topics, and academics interested in the field. An overview of the materials, properties, design and manufacture of thin films Special attention is given to the unconventional features and novel materials of optical thin films Reviews applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glasing, displays and lighting

3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

Author: D. Crawley,K. Nikolic,M. Forshaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034783

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 4262

It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips hinders the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.

Organic Nanophotonics

Author: Fabrice Charra,Vladimir M. Agranovich,F. Kajzar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402012792

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 4354

Photonics concerns the generation, transport, processing and detection of light. It underlies a large amount of industrial activity, mainly devoted to information technology, telecommunications, environmental monitoring, biomedical science and instrumentation. The field has received a powerful impetus recently with the introduction of nanoscale concepts. Moreover, organic materials now appear as key components in photonic devices such as light-emitting diodes, integrated lasers, or photovoltaic cells. Organic molecular systems offer unique opportunities in nanophotonics since both top-down and bottom-up strategies can be pursued towards the nanoscale. This book gathers the proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on "Organic Nanophotonics", held in Aix-en-Provence, France, August 25-29, 2002. It constitutes a snapshot of the state of the art in the novel, emerging research area of nanophotonics based on organic molecules and materials.

Organic Semiconductors in Sensor Applications

Author: Daniel A. Bernards,Róisín M. Owens,George G. Malliaras

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540763147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 422

Organic semiconductors offer unique characteristics which have prompted the application of organic semiconductors and their devices in physical, chemical, and biological sensors. This book covers this emerging field by discussing both optically- and electrically-based sensor concepts. Novel transducers based on organic light-emitting diodes and organic thin-film transistors, as well as systems-on-a-chip architectures are presented. Functionalization techniques are also outlined.

Polyacetylenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1490103740

Category:

Page: 42

View: 4852

Polyacetylenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Polyacetylenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Polyacetylenes—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Electromagnetic Radiation in Analysis and Design of Organic Materials

Electronic and Biotechnology Applications

Author: Dana Ortansa Dorohoi,Andreea Irina Barzic,Magdalena Aflori

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351675753

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 7059

Bridging condensed matter physics, photochemistry, photophysics, and materials science, Electromagnetic Radiation in Analysis and Design of Organic Materials: Electronic and Biotechnology Applications covers physical properties of materials in the presence of radiation from across the electromagnetic spectrum. It describes the optical, spectral, thermal, and morphological properties of a wide range of materials and their practical implications in electronic and biotechnologies. It discusses recent advances in the use of radiation in analysis of materials and design for advanced applications. The book contains experimental and theoretical issues that reflect the impact of radiation on materials characteristics highlighting their ease of analysis or adaptation for applications as optical filters, drug delivery systems, antimicrobial layers, amphetamine detectors, or liquid crystal displays.