Organic Structures Design

Applications in Optical and Electronic Devices

Author: Tahsin J. Chow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814463353

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 4129

The development of molecular electronics has become the mainstream of scientific research in recent decades. Applications include light-emitting diodes, solar cells, thin-film transistors, and sensors, among others. New-generation organic materials possess the virtues of softness, light weight, easy processing, design flexibility, and so on. This book focuses on the preparation of new functional organic materials. It includes a brief theoretical/kinetic discussion. The text lays special emphasis on the design of organic structures and the way they perform the designated functional properties. It will help organic chemists, particularly synthetic chemists, to light up their inspirations.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Properties and Applications

Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 6755

Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology

Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical Properties

Author: Michael A. Stroscio,Mitra Dutta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 030648627X

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 3270

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology: Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical Properties contains reviews and discussions of contemporary and relevant topics dealing with the interface between the science and technology of nanostructures and the science of biology. Moreover, this book supplements these past groundbreaking discoveries with discussions of promising new avenues of research that reveal the enormous potential of emerging approaches in nanobiotechnology. The topics include: - Biomedical applications of semiconductor quantum dots, - Integrating and tagging biological structures with nanoscale quantum dots, - Applications of carbon nanotubes in bioengineering, - Nanophysical properties of living cells, - Bridging natural nanotubes with fabricated nanotubes, - Bioinspired approaches to building nanoscale devices and systems, - Hairpin formation in polynucleotides. This state-of-the-art survey of key developments in nanotechnology - as they apply to bioengineering and biology - is essential reading for all academics, biomedical engineers, medical physicists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest developments and highly-promising discoveries in nanoscience underlying applications in bioengineering and biology.

Electromagnetic Radiation in Analysis and Design of Organic Materials

Electronic and Biotechnology Applications

Author: Dana Ortansa Dorohoi,Andreea Irina Barzic,Magdalena Aflori

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351675753

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 9817

Bridging condensed matter physics, photochemistry, photophysics, and materials science, Electromagnetic Radiation in Analysis and Design of Organic Materials: Electronic and Biotechnology Applications covers physical properties of materials in the presence of radiation from across the electromagnetic spectrum. It describes the optical, spectral, thermal, and morphological properties of a wide range of materials and their practical implications in electronic and biotechnologies. It discusses recent advances in the use of radiation in analysis of materials and design for advanced applications. The book contains experimental and theoretical issues that reflect the impact of radiation on materials characteristics highlighting their ease of analysis or adaptation for applications as optical filters, drug delivery systems, antimicrobial layers, amphetamine detectors, or liquid crystal displays.

Properties of Single Organic Molecules on Crystal Surfaces

Author: Peter Grütter,Werner Hofer,Federico Rosei

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908979992

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 6257

Within nanoscience, an emerging discipline is the study of the physics and chemistry of single molecules. Molecules may be considered as the ultimate building blocks, and are therefore interesting for the development of molecular devices and for surface functionalization. Thus, it is interesting to study their properties when adsorbed on a suitable substrate such as a solid or crystal surface, and also for their potential applications in nano- or molecular-electronics and nanosensing. Investigations have been made possible by the advent of high resolution surface imaging and characterization techniques, commonly referred to as Scanning Probe Microscopes. This book focuses on the fascinating properties of the single molecules, and the difference between single molecules and ensembles of molecules is emphasized. As the first book intended for graduate courses in the field, after each chapter, students should be able to answer the question: “What physical or chemical properties do you learn from a single molecule in this particular context?” Contributed by experts across the disciplines, the book provides useful reference material for specialized practitioners in surface science, nanoscience and nanoelectronics. Contents:Introduction:Basic Properties of Metal Surfaces (A L Vázquez de Parga & R Miranda)Basic Properties of Silicon Surfaces (M J Butcher & M Y Simmons)Experimental Methods:Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Scanning Force Microscopy (S Hembacher & F Giessibl)Optical Detection of Single Molecules at Interfaces (B Hecht)Theoretical Methods:Ab Initio Modeling of Molecular Electronics (D Roubtsov et al.)Perturbation Methods in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (W A Hofer)Spectroscopy of Single Molecule(s) on Surfaces:Properties of Single Molecules: Manipulation, Dissociation and Synthesis with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope (K-F Braun & S-W Hla)Single Molecule Vibrational Spectroscopy and Chemistry (J I Pascual & N Lorente)Local Modification of Surfaces Induced by Adsorbed Molecules:Superlattices of Atoms, Molecules and Islands (H Brune)Mobility of Complex Organic Species at Metal Surfaces (J V Barth)Molecular Monolayers on Silicon Surfaces (G P Lopinski & D D M Wayner)Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces by Organic Layers: Concerted Cycloaddition versus Stepwise Free-Radical Reaction Mechanisms (A Bilic et al.)Electronic Properties of Single Molecules on Metal Surfaces:Molecular Electronics (R Stadler)Exploring the Catalytic Activity of a Noble Metal: The Ag Catalyzed Ethylene Epoxidation Reaction (M-L Bocquet & A Michaelides) Readership: Graduate students, scientists, researchers in condensed matter physics, physical chemistry, materials and nanoscience. Keywords:Nanoscience;Molecular Electronics;Scanning Probe Microscopy;Molecule-Surface InteractionsKey Features:Each chapter is self-contained and written in a readable style, accessible to a broad audience of non-specialistsAll chapters have been peer-reviewedReviews:“On the whole, the book offers some outstanding reviews of single molecule research in the past decade with a particular emphasis on scanning tunneling microscopy.”Journal of the American Chemical Society “I found all of the articles to be of real interest and to contain information that broadened my existing knowledge. The articles were also helpful in not only presenting current research, but in providing critical comment and highlighting areas for future work. I was also impressed by the balance between experiment and theory … I believe that this book would be a very valuable text for graduate students, teachers and researchers interested in the interaction of organic molecules with surfaces.”Australian Physics

Organic Electronics

Emerging Concepts and Technologies

Author: Fabio Cicoira,Clara Santato

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527650989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 5512

An overview of the tremendous potential of organic electronics, concentrating on those emerging topics and technologies that will form the focus of research over the next five to ten years. The young and energetic team of editors with an excellent research track record has brought together internationally renowned authors to review up-and-coming topics, some for the first time, such as organic spintronics, iontronics, light emitting transistors, organic sensors and advanced structural analysis. As a result, this book serves the needs of experienced researchers in organic electronics, graduate students and post-doctoral researchers, as well as scientists active in closely related fields, including organic chemical synthesis, thin film growth and biomaterials. Cover Figure: With kind permission of Matitaccia.

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems

Fundamentals: Methods, and Applications

Author: Donald L. Wise

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824701185

Category: Science

Page: 1256

View: 3520

"Offers background information, methods of characterization, and applications for electrical and optical polymers, including biopolymers, and tutorial sections that explain how to use the techniques."

3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

Author: D. Crawley,K. Nikolic,M. Forshaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034783

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 9175

It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips hinders the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.

One-Dimensional Nanoscale Electronic and Photonic Devices 2

Author: C. Chang

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 1566777089

Category: Science

Page: 39

View: 6862

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿One-Dimensional Nanoscale Electronic and Photonic Devices 2¿, held during the PRiME 2008 joint international meeting of The Electrochemical Society and The Electrochemical Society of Japan, with the technical cosponsorship of the Japan Society of Applied Physics, the Korean Electrochemical Society, the Electrochemistry Division of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, and the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry. This meeting was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 12 to 17, 2008.

New Developments in Construction and Functions of Organic Thin Films

Author: T. Kajiyama,M. Aizawa

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080537504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 1429

This book is a timely review of recent advances on the construction and functions of organic thin films by a variety of techniques. The component molecules are relatively simple ones with self-organizing properties, i.e., ordered molecular assembly characteristics. The contents are arranged from the fundamental concepts of molecular assembly of self-organizing molecules to the potential biological applications of protein assemblies, supramolecular species. Recently, many promising applications for new electric, magnetic or optical devices, biomimetic membranes etc. have been the subject of investigation. However, fundamental studies on molecular assembly characteristics and functions for mono-, bi- and multi-layers, Langmuir-Blodgett films are indispensable to future technological innovations for molecular electronic devices and biological sensors.

Organic Nanomaterials

Synthesis, Characterization, and Device Applications

Author: Tomas Torres,Giovanni Bottari

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118354362

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 8142

Discover a new generation of organic nanomaterials and theirapplications Recent developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology have givenrise to a new generation of functional organic nanomaterials withcontrolled morphology and well-defined properties, which enable abroad range of useful applications. This book explores some of themost important of these organic nanomaterials, describing how theyare synthesized and characterized. Moreover, the book explains howresearchers have incorporated organic nanomaterials into devicesfor real-world applications. Featuring contributions from an international team of leadingnanoscientists, Organic Nanomaterials is divided into fiveparts: Part One introduces the fundamentals of nanomaterialsand self-assembled nanostructures Part Two examines carbon nanostructures—fromfullerenes to carbon nanotubes to graphene—reporting onproperties, theoretical studies, and applications Part Three investigates key aspects of some inorganicmaterials, self-assembled monolayers, organic field effecttransistors, and molecular self-assembly at solid surfaces Part Four explores topics that involve both biologicalaspects and nanomaterials such as biofunctionalized surfaces Part Five offers detailed examples of how organicnanomaterials enhance sensors and molecular photovoltaics Most of the chapters end with a summary highlighting the keypoints. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to thegrowing body of original research reports and reviews in thefield. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of organicnanomaterials, this book is recommended for researchers inchemistry, physics, materials science, polymer science, andchemical and materials engineering. All readers will learn theprinciples of synthesizing and characterizing new organicnanomaterials in order to support a broad range of exciting newapplications.

Organic Nanophotonics

Author: Fabrice Charra,Vladimir M. Agranovich,F. Kajzar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402012808

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 3161

Photonics concerns the generation, transport, processing and detection of light. It underlies a large amount of industrial activity, mainly devoted to information technology, telecommunications, environmental monitoring, biomedical science and instrumentation. The field has received a powerful impetus recently with the introduction of nanoscale concepts. Moreover, organic materials now appear as key components in photonic devices such as light-emitting diodes, integrated lasers, or photovoltaic cells. Organic molecular systems offer unique opportunities in nanophotonics since both top-down and bottom-up strategies can be pursued towards the nanoscale. This book gathers the proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on "Organic Nanophotonics", held in Aix-en-Provence, France, August 25-29, 2002. It constitutes a snapshot of the state of the art in the novel, emerging research area of nanophotonics based on organic molecules and materials.

Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123751799

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 1737

With the increasing demand for smaller, faster, and more highly integrated optical and electronic devices, as well as extremely sensitive detectors for biomedical and environmental applications, a field called nano-optics or nano-photonics/electronics is emerging – studying the many promising optical properties of nanostructures. Like nanotechnology itself, it is a rapidly evolving and changing field – but because of strong research activity in optical communication and related devices, combined with the intensive work on nanotechnology, nano-optics is shaping up fast to be a field with a promising future. This book serves as a one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments. Provides overview of the field of Nano-optics/photonics and electronics, detailing practical examples of photonic technology in a wide range of applications Discusses photonic systems and devices with mathematical rigor precise enough for design purposes A one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments.

Handbook of Photonics

Author: Mool C. Gupta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849389092

Category: Science

Page: 832

View: 7206

The rapidly growing area of photonics plays a critical role in many segments of industry, such as optical communications, information storage, electronic display, and other areas, and is the subject of intense academic and industrial research. The Handbook of Photonics serves as a single-source reference book for this exciting field. The book is divided into three sections: Photonic Materials Photonic Devices and Optics Photonic Systems Each chapter within these sections is written by well-known and respected authors and covers the latest information in many of the important aspects of photonics. The Handbook of Photonics provides a complete reference for scientists, engineers, and students working in this field.

Photoelectric Properties and Applications of Low-Mobility Semiconductors

Author: Rolf Könenkamp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540666990

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 102

View: 7681

This volume discusses the photoelectric behavior of three semiconducting thin film materials hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a Si:H), nano porous titanium dioxide, and the fullerene C60. Despite the fundamental structural differences between these materials, their electronic properties are at least on the phenomenological level surprisingly similar, since all three materials have rather low carrier mobilities. In the last decade a Si:H has conquered large market segments in photo voltaics, fiat panel displays and detector applications. It is surely the most advanced and best understood of the three materials. Nano porous Ti02 is used successfully in a novel solar cell featuring an organic dye absorber. This product is now at the brink of commercialization, while electronic applica tions for C60 still appear to be in the exploration phase. At this stage it appears that some of the insight and many of the exper imental techniques used in the development of a Si:H may prove useful in the on going and yet very basic study of TiO2 and C60 thin films. This idea is the guideline to this book. Without being comprehensive on the part of amorphous silicon, it attempts to outline basic characterization schemes for the nano porous and fullerene materials, and to evaluate their potential for applications with respect to a reference, which is given by a Si:H.

Liquid crystals : optics and applications

30 August-1 September, 2005, Warsaw, Poland

Author: Tomasz R. Woliński,Marc Warenghem,Shin-Tson Wu,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers. Poland Chapter,SPIE Europe,Politechnika Warszawska. Instytut Systemów Elektronicznych,Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jarosława Dąbrowskiego,United States. Air Force. European Office of Aerospace Research and Development

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 9780819459541

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 403

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films

Preparation, Characterization, and Applications

Author: Janos H. Fendler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527612068

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 7294

In this concise handbook leading experts give a broad overview of the latest developments in this emerging and fascinating field of nano-sized materials. Coverage includes new techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles as well as an in-depth treatment of their characterization and chemical and physical properties. The future applications of these advanced materials are also discussed. The wealth of information included makes this an invaluable guide for graduate students as well as scientists in materials science, chemistry or physics - looking for a comprehensive treatment of the topic.

Electrohydrodynamic Patterning of Functional Materials

Author: Pola Goldberg Oppenheimer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319007831

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 137

View: 3438

This thesis explores a route to induce and control the structure formation process in thin films by the use of strong electric fields. We investigate, establish and apply the use of the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) lithography as a versatile patterning tool on the sub-micrometre and nanometre length scales for functional materials. Thin films are ubiquitous, they are found in nature and used in almost every aspect of daily life. While film instabilities are often undesirable in nature and technology, they can be utilized to produce structures by precisely controlling the destabilization of the film. EHD lithography utilizes instabilities induced by means of an electric field to fabricate periodic structures. EHD patterning is set to become a competitive candidate for low-cost lithographic technology for a number of applications. Herein, the applied potential of this lithographic process is explored by expanding its applicability to a broad range of materials and by a simultaneous patterning of multilayer systems or functional polymers yielding hierarchical architectures with novel functionalities. EHD pattern formation enables for instance, the fabrication of multi-scale structured arrays as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-active platforms. Furthermore, crystalline and conductive polymers are patterned using the EHD approach and the underlying structure formation mechanisms are discussed. This extension towards functional material systems offers interesting prospects for potential applications. Findings of this thesis are very promising for use in optoelectronic devices.