One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance

Author: Laura H. Kahn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421420058

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 4577

Zoonoses—infectious diseases, such as SARS and mad cow, that originate in animals and spread to humans—reveal how intimately animal and human health are linked. Complicating this relationship further, when livestock are given antibiotics to increase growth, it can lead to resistant bacteria. Unfortunately, there are few formal channels for practitioners of human medicine and veterinary medicine to communicate about threats to public health. To address this problem, Dr. Laura H. Kahn and her colleagues are promoting the One Health concept, which seeks to increase communication and collaboration between professionals in human, animal, and environmental health. In One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance, Dr. Kahn investigates the use of antibiotics and the surge in antimicrobial resistance in food animals and humans from a One Health perspective. Although the medical community has blamed the problem on agricultural practices, the agricultural community insists that antibiotic resistance is the result of indiscriminate use of antibiotics in human medicine. Dr. Kahn argues that this blame game has fueled the politics of antibiotic resistance and hindered the development of effective policies to address the worsening crisis. Combining painstaking research with unprecedented access to international data, the book analyzes the surprising outcomes of differing policy approaches to antibiotic resistance around the globe. By integrating the perspectives of both medicine and agriculture and exploring the history and science behind the widespread use of growth-promoting antibiotics, One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance examines the controversy in a unique way while offering policy recommendations that all sides can accept.

1918 - Die Welt im Fieber

Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte

Author: Laura Spinney

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259589

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5440

Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.

House of God

Author: Samuel Shem

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426416743

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 438

Sechs junge Ärzte beginnen vollen Enthusiasmus ihr erstes Klinikjahr im House of God, beseelt von dem Wunsch, Menschen zu helfen und zu heilen. Doch ihre Ideale werden schnell fortgerissen im Strudel ihres rastlosen Alltags. Sie lernen die Schattenseiten der modernen Medizin kennen, werden zynisch, verzweifelt oder gleichgültig. Das House of God wird für sie zur Hölle ... »House of God« von Samuel Shem ist ein eBook von Topkrimi – exciting eBooks. Das Zuhause für spannende, aufregende, nervenzerreißende Krimis und Thriller. Mehr eBooks findest du auf Facebook. Werde Teil unserer Community und entdecke jede Woche neue Fälle, Crime und Nervenkitzel zum Top-Preis!

One Health

People, Animals, and the Environment

Author: Ronald M. Atlas,Stanley Maloy

Publisher: ASM Press

ISBN: 1555818420

Category: Medical

Page: 318

View: 9626

Emerging infectious diseases are often due to environmental disruption, which exposes microbes to a different niche that selects for new virulence traits and facilitates transmission between animals and humans. Thus, health of humans also depends upon health of animals and the environment – a concept called One Health. This book presents core concepts, compelling evidence, successful applications, and remaining challenges of One Health approaches to thwarting the threat of emerging infectious disease. Written by scientists working in the field, this book will provide a series of ""stories"" about how disruption of the environment and transmission from animal hosts is responsible for emerging human and animal diseases. • Explains the concept of One Health and the history of the One Health paradigm shift . • Traces the emergence of devastating new diseases in both animals and humans.• Presents case histories of notable, new zoonoses, including West Nile virus, hantavirus, Lyme disease, SARS, and salmonella.• Links several epidemic zoonoses with the environmental factors that promote them.• Offers insight into the mechanisms of microbial evolution toward pathogenicity.• Discusses the many causes behind the emergence of antibiotic resistance.• Presents new technologies and approaches for public health disease surveillance.• Offers political and bureaucratic strategies for promoting the global acceptance of One Health.

FAQ Infektiologie

Author: Clara Lehmann,Bernhard Ruf,Norma Jung

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 3437171690

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 9040

Das Thema Infektiologie gewinnt immer größere Bedeutung. Um auf dem aktuellen Stand zu bleiben, hilft das neue FAQ Infektiologie. Die kurze, prägnante Frage-Antwort-Struktur simuliert Fragen vom Oberarzt/Patient bzw. Fragen, die der Assistenzarzt sich selbst stellt. Experten ihres Fachs beantworten in 34 Kapiteln die mehr als 800 häufigsten und wichtigsten Fragen aus der Praxis. Ob Weiterbildungsassistent oder Facharzt, das Buch gibt dem Leser Sicherheit im Klinikalltag und ist der ideale Begleiter für die tägliche Arbeit, zur Wissensauffrischung und zum Vorbereiten auf Prüfungen. So sind alle Bände FAQ-Reihe aufgebaut: Kurze, knappe Antworten auf die häufigsten und wichtigsten Fragen, die dem Assistenzarzt in seiner praktischen Tätigkeit begegnen - gut geeignet auch zum Auffrischen des Wissens oder für Fachärzte, die sich in ein neues Fachgebiet einarbeiten möchten Frage-Antwort-Struktur simuliert Fragen vom Oberarzt/Patient bzw. Fragen, die der Assistenzarzt sich selbst stellt - auch optimal zum Vor- und Nachbereiten von Patientenvisiten Alle Inhalte sind so aufbereitet, dass sie sich auch gut zum Vorbereiten auf mündliche Prüfungen eignen sowie für Weiterbildungen, Zusatzausbildungen

The Politics of Global Health Governance

United by Contagion

Author: M. Zacher,Tania J. Keefe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230611958

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 7414

Diseases do not recognize national borders, and as we are gradually learning, failure to govern health effectively at a global level profoundly affects us all. This book is about how global health governance has evolved to become stronger, more complex, and more important than ever before in history.

The Politics of Public Health in the United States

Author: Kant Patel,Mark E. Rushefsky

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765636454

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 7602

Our public health system is primarily concerned with the promotion of health and the prevention of disease. But while everyone may agree with these goals in principle, in practice public health is a highly contentious policy arena. that is inevitably entangled with sensitive issues ranging from occupational safety and environmental hazards to health education, immunization, and treatment of addiction and sexually transmitted disease. Today however, concern for protecting the population against bio-terrorism and new epidemics such as SARS is tipping the balance back toward increased support for public health. This book focuses on the politics, policies, and methodologies of public health and the twenty-first century challenges to the public health system of the United States. It explores the system's relatively weak position in the American political culture, medical establishment, and legal system; scientific and privacy issues in public health; and the challenges posed by ecological risk and the looming threat of bio-terrorist attack. Each chapter includes study questions. The volume also includes a chronology of major laws and events in public health policy along with an extensive bibliography.

Die Helle Stunde

Ein Buch vom Leben und Sterben

Author: Nina Riggs

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641214165

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 8974

Wie sehr das Leben leuchtet, auch in seinen dunkelsten Momenten. "Sterben ist nicht das Ende der Welt", hat ihre Mutter einmal gesagt. Doch erst jetzt beginnt Nina Riggs den Satz zu verstehen: Mit 38 Jahren hat sie unheilbar Krebs, die Ärzte geben ihr noch 18 bis 36 Monate. Wie lebt man ein Leben, dessen Ende feststeht, das aber dennoch gelebt werden will? Wie macht man Pläne für den Urlaub, wie spricht man mit den Kindern, und wie ist man weiterhin eine liebende Partnerin? Nina Riggs hat ein Buch geschrieben über ihre letzten Monate, das keine Krankengeschichte ist und keine heldenhafte Kampfansage an den Krebs. Es ist ein Buch über den Zweifel und die Angst, aber auch über die unendliche Schönheit des Augenblicks und den beharrlichen Blick nach vorn. Es ist ein Buch darüber, wie sehr das Leben leuchtet, auch in seinen dunkelsten Momenten.

To Improve Health and Health Care, Volume XVI

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology

Author: Stephen L. Isaacs,David C. Colby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119000807

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 9187

The RWJF's biannual update on the latest developments in U.S.health care To Improve Health and Health Care is the Robert WoodJohnson Foundation's biannual anthology, focusing on the pressinghealth and health care issues facing the country. This volumecovers some of the most important topics in public health,preventative medicine, and health services. Readers will find anin-depth look into the programs funded by the Robert Wood JohnsonFoundation, providing policy makers, practitioners, and interestedmembers of the public a valuable perspective to inform strategy forthe coming years. As part of the Foundation's efforts to inform the public, thisongoing anthology of the RWJF provides an update on the latestdevelopments and advances taking place in the field of health,bringing readers up to speed on where we are, and where we stillneed to go. Understand the new developments in reducing childhoodobesity Examine innovations in health care delivery Learn how RWJF programs are making a difference to patients andproviders Since 1972, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has been thenation's largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health. Tofurther its mission of improving the health and health care of allAmericans, the Foundation strives to foster innovation, developideas, disseminate information, and enable committed people todevote their energies to improving the nation's well-being. ToImprove Health and Health Care describes the latest outcomesand progress, for a complete overview of the American health caresystem.

Politische Theorie im Film

Author: Ulrich Hamenstädt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658072067

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 3523

Realitäten und Fiktionen sind in Filmen oftmals eng miteinander verknüpft. Auch vermitteln Serien und Filme zahlreiche Sichtweisen über die Welt und transportieren politische Botschaften. Bisweilen geschieht dies unbewusst für uns, manchmal auch sehr direkt, weshalb sich ein Blick auf das Medium Film durch eine politiktheoretische Brille lohnt. Der Sammelband verbindet Aufsätze von Politikwissenschaftler_innen, die ihren Forschungsbereich in Filmen und Serien erblicken und dies mit uns teilen. Verbindendes Grundthema der Aufsätze sind die Fragen, wie Erkenntnis über die Welt möglich ist und was für uns Utopie bedeutet. Diese Themen werden im Rahmen dieses Sammelbandes anhand von unterschiedlichen Theorien und Diskursen der Politischen Soziologie, der Internationalen Beziehungen, der Politischen Philosophie, sowie durch Erkenntnistheorie durch zahlreiche Beispiele aus Fernsehen und Kino beleuchtet.

Public Health and Infectious Diseases

Author: Jeffrey Griffiths,James H. Maguire,Kristian Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012381507X

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 3382

Emerging infectious diseases may be defined as diseases being caused by pathogens only recently recognized to exist. This group of diseases is important globally, and the experience of the last 30 years suggests that new emerging diseases are likely to bedevil us. As the global climate changes, so changes the environment, which can support not only the pathogens, but also their vectors of transmission. This expands the exposure and effects of infectious disease and, therefore, the importance of widespread understanding of the relationship between public health and infectious disease. This work brings together chapters that explain reasons for the emergence of these infectious diseases. These include the ecological context of human interactions with other humans, with animals that may host human pathogens, and with a changing agricultural and industrial environment, increasing resistance to antimicrobials, the ubiquity of global travel, and international commerce. * Features the latest discoveries related to influenza with a newly published article by Davidson Hamer and Jean van Seventer * Provides a listing of rare diseases that have become resurgent or spread their geographic distribution and are re-emergent * Highlights dengue and malaria, as well as agents such as West Nile and other arboviruses that have spread to new continents causing widespread concerns * Includes discussions of climate influencing the spread of infectious disease and political and societal aspects

Das Salz-Zucker-Fett-Komplott

Wie die Lebensmittelkonzerne uns süchtig machen

Author: Michael Moss

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641129621

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 624

View: 4271

Essen kann tödlich sein – wie Nestlé, Kellogg’s, Kraft & Co. unsere Gesundheit aufs Spiel setzen Minneapolis, April 1999: Bei einem geheimen Treffen kommen die Geschäftsführer der zwölf größten Nahrungsmittelkonzerne der USA – darunter Nestlé, Coca-Cola und Kraft – zusammen. Auf ihrer Agenda: die weltweit zunehmende Fettleibigkeit. Ihre Sorge: Immer häufiger werden industriell hergestellte Lebensmittel mit ihren Unmengen an Salz, Zucker und Fett für die Gewichtsprobleme der Menschen verantwortlich gemacht. Ein Vorstandsmitglied von Kraft appelliert an das Gewissen seiner Kollegen. Doch unvermittelt ist das Treffen zu Ende ... Fünfzehn Jahre später ist nicht nur die Anzahl der Fettleibigen massiv angestiegen, immer öfter werden auch Krankheiten wie Diabetes, Bluthochdruck, Arthrose, Brust- und Darmkrebs mit unserem immensen Konsum von industriell erzeugten Nahrungsmitteln in Zusammenhang gebracht. Milliarden werden investiert, um die perfekte Mischung an Salz, Zucker und Fett zu finden, die uns süchtig macht nach immer mehr. Michael Moss öffnet uns die Augen für die skrupellosen Geschäftsmethoden der Nahrungsmittel-Multis. Alarmierend, spannend, zukunftsweisend: Sein Buch wird unseren Blick auf unsere Essgewohnheiten für immer verändern.

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780935595

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4730

Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.

The Politics of Breastfeeding

When Breasts are Bad for Business

Author: Gabrielle Palmer

Publisher: Pinter & Martin Publishers

ISBN: 190517716X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 423

View: 4572

Now fully updated, this text explores the political, economic, and social implications of bottle feeding versus breastfeeding in today's society.

Biosecurity Interventions

Global Health and Security in Question

Author: Andrew Lakoff,Stephen J Collier

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511779

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 1878

In recent years, new disease threats such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

Policy & Politics in Nursing and Health Care

Author: Diana J. Mason,Judith K. Leavitt,Mary W. Chaffee

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323316069

Category: Medical

Page: 816

View: 4443

Featuring analysis of healthcare issues and first-person stories, Policy & Politics in Nursing and Health Care helps you develop skills in influencing policy in today's changing health care environment. Approximately 150 expert contributors present a wide range of topics in policies and politics, providing a more complete background than can be found in any other policy textbook on the market. Discussions include the latest updates on conflict management, health economics, lobbying, the use of media, and working with communities for change. With these insights and strategies, you'll be prepared to play a leadership role in the four spheres in which nurses are politically active: the workplace, government, professional organizations, and the community. Comprehensive coverage of healthcare policies and politics provides a broader understanding of nursing leadership and political activism, as well as complex business and financial issues. Expert authors make up a virtual Nursing Who's Who in healthcare policy, sharing information and personal perspectives gained in the crafting of healthcare policy. Taking Action essays include personal accounts of how nurses have participated in politics and what they have accomplished. Winner of several American Journal of Nursing "Book of the Year" awards! 18 new chapters ensure that you have knowledge of the most up-to-date information on policy and politics. The latest information and perspectives are provided by nursing leaders who influenced health care reform with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.

Antibiotic and Chemotherapy E-Book

Author: Roger G. Finch,David Greenwood,Richard J. Whitley,S. Ragnar Norrby

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047651

Category: Medical

Page: 916

View: 5390

Well-respected and widely regarded as the most comprehensive text in the field, Antibiotic and Chemotherapy, 9th Edition by Drs. Finch, Greenwood, Whitley, and Norrby, provides globally relevant coverage of all types of antimicrobial agents used in human medicine, including all antiviral, antiprotozoan and anthelminthic agents. Comprehensively updated to include new FDA and EMEA regulations, this edition keeps you current with brand-new information about antiretroviral agents and HIV, superficial and mucocutaneous myscoses and systemic infections, management of the immunocompromised patient, treatment of antimicrobial resistance, plus coverage of new anti-sepsis agents and host/microbe modulators. Reference is easy thanks to a unique 3-part structure covering general aspects of treatment; reviews of every agent; and details of treatments of particular infections. Offer the best possible care and information to your patients about the increasing problem of multi-drug resistance and the wide range of new antiviral therapies now available for the treatment of HIV and other viral infections. Stay current with 21 new chapters including the latest information on superficial and mucocutaneous mycoses, systemic infections, anti-retroviral agents, and HIV. Get fresh perspectives and insights thanks to 21 newly-authored and extensively re-written chapters. Easily access information thanks to a unique 3-part structure covering general aspects of treatment; reviews of every agent; and details of treatments of particular infections. Apply the latest treatments for anti-microbial organisms such as MRSA, and multi-drug resistant forms of TB, malaria and gonorrhea. Keep up on the latest FDA and EMEA regulations.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Author: Bhushan Kumar,Somesh Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 8131229785

Category: Medical

Page: 1422

View: 3912

Covers all aspects (historical, epidemiological, diagnostic, clinical, preventative, public health and medico-legal) of STIs in complete detail with a special emphasis on STIs in special groups—migrants, homosexuals, and sexually abused. Covers basic and laboratory sciences extensively to blend with the basics required by the clinician for proper understanding of the disease process. Clinical photographs, illustrations, photographs of specimens and cultures, histopathology, flow charts and line diagrams are given extensively throughout the text to make relevant clinical situation self-explanatory. Has very useful and practical information for even the clinician in the periphery, where the investigative component is either non-existent or very basic and many new drugs are not available or unaffordable. Management of HIV in adults and children in resource-poor countries has been covered extensively along with syndromic management of STIs. This enables a physician to choose from approaches in a particular situation depending upon the available means—laboratory or therapeutic. Covers sexual dysfunction in both men and women and the basics of human sexual behavior and sexual health. Section Editors and Contributors from all continents of the world have made this a truly global reference book. It is a useful reference text for epidemiologists, public health experts, clinicians, microbiologists, health workers, social organizations and counselors working in the field of STIs, sexual health, and HIV.