Sociology, Gender and Educational Aspirations

Girls and Their Ambitions

Author: Carol Fuller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441172823

Category: Education

Page: 210

View: 8024

Debate on the effects of class on educational attainment is well documented and typically centres on the reproductive nature of class whilst studies of the effect of class on educational aspirations also predict outcomes that see education reinforcing and reproducing a student's class background. Despite a number of government initiatives to help raise higher education participation to 50% by 2010, for the working class numbers have altered little. Using data from an ethnographic case study of a low-achieving girls school the author explores aspirations and argues that whilst class is very powerful in explaining educational attainment, understanding educational aspirations is somewhat more complex. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to question and challenge popular assumptions surrounding class-based theory in making sense of girls aspirations and to question the usefulness of the continued over reliance of such broad categorisations by both academics and policy makers.

Transnationalizing Inequalities in Europe

Sociocultural Boundaries, Assemblages and Regimes of Intersection

Author: Anna Amelina

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134849893

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9753

Unequal life-chances became a key feature of cross-border migration to, and within, the enlarged Europe. Combining transnational, intersectional and cultural-sociological perspectives, this book develops a conceptual tool to analyse patterns, contexts and mechanisms of these cross-border inequalities. This book synthesizes the theories of social boundaries and of intersectionality, approaching cross-border relations as socially generated and as an inherent element of contemporary social inequalities. It analyses the mechanisms of cross-border inequalities as ‘regimes of intersection’ relating spatialized cross-border inequalities to other types of unequal social relations (in terms of gender, ethnicity/race, class etc.). The conceptual arguments are supported by empirical research on cross-border migration in Europe: migration of scientists and care workers between Ukraine and Germany. This book integrates the analysis of space – including cross-border categories of global and transnational – into intersectionally-informed studies of social inequalities. Broadly, it will appeal to scholars and students in the areas of sociology, political sciences, social anthropology and social geography. In particular, it will interest researchers concerned with transnational and global social inequalities, the interplay of the categories ‘gender’, ‘ethnicity’ and ‘class’ on the one hand and global and transnational relations on the other, theories of space and society, and migration and mobility in Europe.

Agile Actors on Complex Terrains

Transformative Realism and Public Policy

Author: Graham Room

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317338065

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 204

View: 9210

This book assesses the value and relevance of the literature on complex systems to policy-making, contributing to both social theory and policy analysis. For this purpose it develops two key ideas: agile action and transformative realism. The book takes some major themes from complexity science, presents them in a clear and accessible manner and applies them to core problems in sociological theory and policy analysis. Combining complexity science with perspectives from institutionalism and political economy, this book is the first to integrate these fields conceptually, methodologically and in terms of the implications for policy analysis and practice. Room shows how the models and methods of social and complexity science can be jointly deployed and applied to empirical areas of public policy. He demonstrates how complexity science can provide insight into the nonlinear dynamics of the social world, but why these need to be understood by reference to the unequal distribution of power and advantage. Among the sociological debates with which the book engages are those concerned with causation and explanation, rational action and positional competition, and the place of evolutionary concepts in accounts of social change. Among the policy debates are those concerned with evidence and policy, the dynamics of inequality, and libertarian paternalism. The book will appeal to final year undergraduates and postgraduate students in social sciences; scholars in social and policy studies broadly defined; policy-makers who want to go beyond conventional discussions of evidence-based policy-making and cross-national lesson-drawing, and consider how to approach complex and turbulent policy terrains; and a wider range of scholars in other disciplines where complexity science is already well developed.

The Principles of Sociology

Author: Herbert Spencer

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270258035


Page: 448

View: 9219

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Sociology of Education

A Critical Reader

Author: Alan R. Sadovnik

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415803700

Category: Education

Page: 576

View: 4084

Examines the various topics in sociology and education while exposing students to examples of sociological research on schools. This title intends to stimulate student thinking about the important roles that schools play in contemporary society and their ability to solve fundamental social, economic and political problems.

Bildung und soziale Ungleichheit

Author: Ann-Christin Graé

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640792351


Page: 28

View: 916

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Padagogik - Schulwesen, Bildungs- u. Schulpolitik, Note: 3,0, Universitat Osnabruck, Veranstaltung: Bildung, Kultur und Gesellschaft, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Debatten um die Bildungsungleichheit sind im 21. Jahrhundert prasenter denn je. Die Diskussionen um die Bildung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gehoren zu einer der wichtigsten sozialen Fragen dieses Jahrhunderts. Die bildungspolitischen Missstande sind hauptsachlich durch die Ergebnisse der so genannten PISA-Studie, die erstmalig im Jahr 2001 veroffentlicht wurde, offen gelegt und in diesem Ausmass bewusst wahrgenommen worden. Sowohl die Politiker als auch die Gesellschaft er-kannten, dass die Probleme des Bildungssystems weitaus gravierender sind, als zuvor angenommen. Es wurde erkannt, dass die Bildungsgerechtigkeit, die seit mehr als einem halben Jahrhundert angestrebt wurde, gescheitert ist. In der PISA-Studie wur-de festgestellt, dass die deutschen Schuler eher mittelmassige Ergebnisse erzielen. Zudem wurde befunden, dass in keinem anderen Land der Bildungserfolg derart stark von der sozialen Herkunft der Schuler abhangt wie in Deutschland. Sowohl die Bildungsreform als auch der Ausbau der weiterfuhrenden Bildung konnten dieses Ergebnis nicht verhindern. Aufgrund der erzielten schlechten Ergebnisse in der PISA-Studie sind von Politikern und Padagogen diverse Uberlegungen und Untersu-chungen zur Behebung dieser Bildungslucken angestellt und mehr oder weniger plausible Erklarungsversuche und Theorien aufgestellt worden. Auf diese wird am Ende der Hausarbeit eingegangen. Diese Hausarbeit basiert insbesondere auf dem Auszug des Kapitels 4 von Bernhard Gill Schule in der Wissensgesellschaft," wie auch dem Buch Bildung als Privileg" von Rolf Becker und verschiedenen Ergebnissen der PISA-Studie."

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 8996

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.


Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 6093

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Wissen im Diskurs

Ein Theorienvergleich von Bourdieu und Foucault

Author: Laura Kajetzke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531907816

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 9043

In dieser Arbeit werden die theoretischen Perspektiven Pierre Bourdieus und Michel Foucaults einer wissenssoziologischen Lesart unterzogen: Wie verhalten sich Foucaults Konzepte Wissen, Macht, Subjekt, Diskurs und Dispositiv zu Bourdieus Konzepten von Wissen, Habitus, Feld und den Kapitalarten? Die Autorin zeigt anhand einer Analyse der printmedialen PISA-Berichterstattung, wie man mithilfe eines solchen Vergleichs Leitfragen und ein diskursanalytisches Vorgehen entwickeln kann.


Einsichten in Fleisch und Blut

Author: Alexander García Düttmann

Publisher: N.A


Category: Motion picture producers and directors

Page: 208

View: 1528