Sociology, Gender and Educational Aspirations

Girls and Their Ambitions

Author: Carol Fuller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441172823

Category: Education

Page: 210

View: 4732

Debate on the effects of class on educational attainment is well documented and typically centres on the reproductive nature of class whilst studies of the effect of class on educational aspirations also predict outcomes that see education reinforcing and reproducing a student's class background. Despite a number of government initiatives to help raise higher education participation to 50% by 2010, for the working class numbers have altered little. Using data from an ethnographic case study of a low-achieving girls school the author explores aspirations and argues that whilst class is very powerful in explaining educational attainment, understanding educational aspirations is somewhat more complex. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to question and challenge popular assumptions surrounding class-based theory in making sense of girls aspirations and to question the usefulness of the continued over reliance of such broad categorisations by both academics and policy makers.

Transnationalizing Inequalities in Europe

Sociocultural Boundaries, Assemblages and Regimes of Intersection

Author: Anna Amelina

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134849893

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6089

Unequal life-chances became a key feature of cross-border migration to, and within, the enlarged Europe. Combining transnational, intersectional and cultural-sociological perspectives, this book develops a conceptual tool to analyse patterns, contexts and mechanisms of these cross-border inequalities. This book synthesizes the theories of social boundaries and of intersectionality, approaching cross-border relations as socially generated and as an inherent element of contemporary social inequalities. It analyses the mechanisms of cross-border inequalities as ‘regimes of intersection’ relating spatialized cross-border inequalities to other types of unequal social relations (in terms of gender, ethnicity/race, class etc.). The conceptual arguments are supported by empirical research on cross-border migration in Europe: migration of scientists and care workers between Ukraine and Germany. This book integrates the analysis of space – including cross-border categories of global and transnational – into intersectionally-informed studies of social inequalities. Broadly, it will appeal to scholars and students in the areas of sociology, political sciences, social anthropology and social geography. In particular, it will interest researchers concerned with transnational and global social inequalities, the interplay of the categories ‘gender’, ‘ethnicity’ and ‘class’ on the one hand and global and transnational relations on the other, theories of space and society, and migration and mobility in Europe.

Agile Actors on Complex Terrains

Transformative Realism and Public Policy

Author: Graham Room

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317338065

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 204

View: 5446

This book assesses the value and relevance of the literature on complex systems to policy-making, contributing to both social theory and policy analysis. For this purpose it develops two key ideas: agile action and transformative realism. The book takes some major themes from complexity science, presents them in a clear and accessible manner and applies them to core problems in sociological theory and policy analysis. Combining complexity science with perspectives from institutionalism and political economy, this book is the first to integrate these fields conceptually, methodologically and in terms of the implications for policy analysis and practice. Room shows how the models and methods of social and complexity science can be jointly deployed and applied to empirical areas of public policy. He demonstrates how complexity science can provide insight into the nonlinear dynamics of the social world, but why these need to be understood by reference to the unequal distribution of power and advantage. Among the sociological debates with which the book engages are those concerned with causation and explanation, rational action and positional competition, and the place of evolutionary concepts in accounts of social change. Among the policy debates are those concerned with evidence and policy, the dynamics of inequality, and libertarian paternalism. The book will appeal to final year undergraduates and postgraduate students in social sciences; scholars in social and policy studies broadly defined; policy-makers who want to go beyond conventional discussions of evidence-based policy-making and cross-national lesson-drawing, and consider how to approach complex and turbulent policy terrains; and a wider range of scholars in other disciplines where complexity science is already well developed.

Social Mobility in the 20th Century

Class Mobility and Occupational Change in the United States and Germany

Author: Florian R. Hertel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658147857

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 9980

Based on a novel class scheme and a unique compilation of German and American data, this book reveals that intergenerational class mobility increased over most of the past century. While country differences in intergenerational mobility are surprisingly small, gender, regional, racial and ethnic differences were initially large but declined over time. At the end of the 20th century, however, mobility prospects turned to the worse in both countries. In light of these findings, the book develops a narrative account of historical socio-political developments that are likely to have driven the basic resemblances across countries but also account for the initial decline and the more recent increase in intergenerational inequality.

On Sociology

Author: John H. Goldthorpe

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804749985

Category: Social Science

Page: 295

View: 701

Looking to unify increasingly disparate areas of theory and research, John Goldthorpe presents a new mainstream, combining the demonstrated strengths of large-scale quantitative research and the explanatory power of social action theory.

On Sociology

Author: John H. Goldthorpe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780804749992

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 1329

see copy for volume one.

Retrospect of Western Travel

Author: Harriet Martineau

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 1429002018

Category: Travel

Page: 276

View: 6182

Harriet Martineau arrived in the United States from London in 1834 and stayed for almost 2 years. Her Retrospect of Western Travel, originally published in 1838, is the noted writer's thoughts on Jacksonian American society. Issues of social justice are of key importance, particularly slavery and women's rights. vol. 1 of 2

How Societies Change

Author: Daniel Chirot

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412992567

Category: Social Science

Page: 165

View: 7385

An exploration of how societies have changed over the past five thousand years. The discussion focuses on the idea that industrial societies, despite their great success, have created a new set of recurring and unsolved problems which will serve as a major impetus for further social change.

Why?

Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837786

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8326

Why? is a book about the explanations we give and how we give them--a fascinating look at the way the reasons we offer every day are dictated by, and help constitute, social relationships. Written in an easy-to-read style by distinguished social historian Charles Tilly, the book explores the manner in which people claim, establish, negotiate, repair, rework, or terminate relations with others through the reasons they give. Tilly examines a number of different types of reason giving. For example, he shows how an air traffic controller would explain the near miss of two aircraft in several different ways, depending upon the intended audience: for an acquaintance at a cocktail party, he might shrug it off by saying "This happens all the time," or offer a chatty, colloquial rendition of what transpired; for a colleague at work, he would venture a longer, more technical explanation, and for a formal report for his division head he would provide an exhaustive, detailed account. Tilly demonstrates that reasons fall into four different categories: Convention: "I'm sorry I spilled my coffee; I'm such a klutz." Narratives: "My friend betrayed me because she was jealous of my sister." Technical cause-effect accounts: "A short circuit in the ignition system caused the engine rotors to fail." Codes or workplace jargon: "We can't turn over the records. We're bound by statute 369." Tilly illustrates his topic by showing how a variety of people gave reasons for the 9/11 attacks. He also demonstrates how those who work with one sort of reason frequently convert it into another sort. For example, a doctor might understand an illness using the technical language of biochemistry, but explain it to his patient, who knows nothing of biochemistry, by using conventions and stories. Replete with sparkling anecdotes about everyday social experiences (including the author's own), Why? makes the case for stories as one of the great human inventions.

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674979850

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 3250

The main driver of inequality—returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth—is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values. Thomas Piketty’s findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality.

Corinth in Contrast

Studies in Inequality

Author: Steven J Friesen,Sarah James,Daniel Schowalter

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004261311

Category: Religion

Page: 292

View: 4979

In Corinth in Contrast, archaeologists, historians, art historians, classicists, and New Testament scholars examine the stratified nature of social, economic, political, and religious interactions in the city of Corinth from the Hellenistic period to Late Antiquity.

Black Citymakers

How The Philadelphia Negro Changed Urban America

Author: Marcus Anthony Hunter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199948135

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 6758

Black Citymakers revisits the Black Seventh Ward neighborhood and residents of W.E.B. DuBois's The Philadelphia Negro over the twentieth century. Hunter's analysis demonstrates that black Philadelphians were by not mere victims of large scale socio-economic and political change, but active participants influencing the direction of urban policy and change.

Limbo

Blue-Collar Roots, White-Collar Dreams

Author: Alfred Lubrano

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118039726

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8148

In Limbo, award-winning journalist Alfred Lubrano identifies and describes an overlooked cultural phenomenon: the internal conflict within individuals raised in blue-collar homes, now living white-collar lives. These people often find that the values of the working class are not sufficient guidance to navigate the white-collar world, where unspoken rules reflect primarily upper-class values. Torn between the world they were raised in and the life they aspire too, they hover between worlds, not quite accepted in either. Himself the son of a Brooklyn bricklayer, Lubrano informs his account with personal experience and interviews with other professionals living in limbo. For millions of Americans, these stories will serve as familiar reminders of the struggles of achieving the American Dream.

On Sociology

Numbers, Narratives, and the Integration of Research and Theory

Author: John H. Goldthorpe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198295723

Category: Social Science

Page: 337

View: 9401

One of the world's leading sociologists presents for the first time his comprehensive view of the aims and tools of modern sociology. The book will provoke debate about cogent and controversial theories of the way we understand modern industrial society.

A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health

Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems

Author: Teresa L. Scheid,Eric R. Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108184081

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4300

With chapters written by leading scholars and researchers, the third edition of A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health provides an updated, comprehensive review of the sociology of mental health. The volume presents an overview of the historical, social, and institutional frameworks for understanding mental health and illness. Part I examines the social factors that shape psychiatric diagnosis and the measurement of mental health and illness, the theories that explain the definition and treatment of mental disorders, and cultural variability in mental health. The section addresses the DSM-5 and its potential influence on diagnosis and research on mental health outcomes. Part II investigates the effects of social context on mental health and illness. Part III focuses on the organization, delivery, and social context of mental health treatment. The chapters in Part III address the likely impact of the Affordable Care Act on mental health care. This volume is a key resource for students, researchers, advocates, and policymakers seeking to understand mental health and mental health delivery systems.

Causation in Educational Research

Author: Keith Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136616403

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 6902

Calls to understand ‘what works’ in education are being made the world over. We need to know not only ‘what works’ but under what conditions, how and why. Causation is central to this. Researchers, educationists, readers and users of research need to know the effects of causes and the causes of effects. This strongly practical book helps researchers and readers of research understand, plan and investigate causation in education. It guides readers through statistical matters, explaining them clearly and simply in words as well as numbers, and shows them how to investigate qualitative causal research in education. After introducing deterministic and probabilistic causation, the book shows how these can be researched in different ways. It explains: how to determine causes from effects and how to link theory and practice in causal research how to plan and conduct causal research in education how to analyze, present and interpret causal data, and the limits of causal understanding. Containing worked examples from both qualitative and quantitative research, Causation in Educational Research provides a manual for practice, underpinned by a rigorous analysis of key issues from philosophy, sociology and psychology. It will appeal to new and established researchers, readers of educational research, social science students and academics.