Ocular Theraputics and Drug Delivery

Author: Indra K. Reddy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566762137

Category: Medical

Page: 587

View: 7413

Since ocular therapeutics and drug delivery is a subject of interest to specialists from various disciplines such as chemical, biochemical, medical, pharmaceutical, and toxicological, it truly presents a unique situation requiring a multi-disciplinary approach in understanding and addressing various problems. Yet we see that scientists associated with these areas are working, by and large, independently of one another, thus limiting dissemination of knowledge, experience and ideas that would greatly enhance the overall progress in this area of research. Regrettably, the information currently available in ocular therapeutics and drug delivery, though extensive, is still fragmented into various disciplines making meaningful synthesis difficult. Several books are available that cover one or two aspects of the multi-disciplinary fields on an individual basis; however, none is available that covers all of them. The chapters contained in this book are specific to various interrelated areas of ocular therapeutics and drug delivery and are written by acknowledged experts from both academia and industry. The book itself is divided into five parts, namely: (I) overview,basic principles, and methodology; (II) pathopharmacology and clinical applications; (III) chemical/ biochemical approaches to ocular drug delivery; (IV) formulation and drug delivery considerations; and (V) industrial and regulatory considerations. Individual chapters in each section, apart from presenting a concise text, entail an extensive listing of references.

Pharmacology of Ocular Therapeutics

Author: Thirumurthy Velpandian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319254987

Category: Medical

Page: 535

View: 5710

This book comprises an integrated review of ocular therapeutics across all relevant fields. It addresses the real-world requirements of ophthalmologists, pharmacists and optometrists, as observed through working alongside these practitioners for two decades. Knowledge surrounding agents used in ophthalmic practice has, historically, been scattered. The book facilitates understanding of ocular drug therapy by compiling all key aspects of the pharmacology, toxicology, pharmaceutical science, ocular biochemistry and cell biology of these agents. Chapters detail drug transfer across barriers, systemic toxicity of topically applied drugs, autonomic drugs used for diagnostics, as well as anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, glaucoma and antimicrobial therapies, and avenues for the development of new ocular drugs. Applications of extemporaneously prepared formulations are described to inform day-to-day clinical practice. The use of mucoadhesive polymers in tear substitutes, ocular drug delivery systems, stem cell therapy, pharmacogenomics and antiangiogenic ocular chemotherapy are also explored. The book also provides insights from drugs of herbal origin, and a historical perspective on drugs for ocular use. Practicing and resident ophthalmologists, optometrists, pharmacists, nursing professionals, scholars in ocular drug research and students will equally benefit from this comprehensive guide.

Ocular Therapeutics

Author: Ashok Garg

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9350903202

Category: Medical

Page: 1094

View: 646

The third edition of Ocular Therapeutics brings practitioners up to date with the latest advances in ophthalmic drugs. Divided into three sections, the book begins with discussion on the physiology of the eye, drug administration and the fundamental role of ocular therapeutics. The second section examines the application of ocular therapeutics in ophthalmic surgery for many different disorders and the final section discusses recent advances and future developments. This new edition has been fully updated with the addition of new drugs and delivery systems, covering all groups of drugs used worldwide in different clinical conditions of the eye. Written by recognised international experts, many from the USA, the book is presented in an easy to read format and includes nearly 430 well-illustrated colour figures, tables, flow diagrams and chemical formulas. Key points New edition bringing ophthalmologists up to date with latest advances in ophthalmic drugs Includes new drugs and delivery systems for all groups of drugs used worldwide Written by recognised international experts Nearly 430 figures, tables, flow diagrams and chemical formulas Previous edition published in 2006

Ocular Therapeutics

Eye on New Discoveries

Author: Thomas Yorio,Abbott Clark,Martin B Wax

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080556772

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 981

Ocular Therapeutics: Eye on New Discovery focuses on emerging areas in ocular research, from new approaches to dry eye to gene therapy in the management of retinal diseases. This comprehensive book features more than 25 chapters of information that will be vital for ocular investigators and ophthalmologists bringing them new information on promising therapeutics. It is the intent of this book to provide not only information on current approaches to treatment, but also in giving the reader a greater understanding as to what may become available for treating a number of important eye diseases. Each chapter features some new aspect of treatment that holds great promise for the future. The approach has been to concentrate on those areas of ocular diseases that are more prevalent. It also features new insight for drug delivery and for managing devasting diseases, such as macula edema and glaucoma, two of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. This book will serve as an important resource as it contains a number of relevant references highlighted for their importance to the field. New investigators will be able to obtain an historical perspective for each of the topics and to develop an understanding of the new research directions that are underway. Ocular Therapeutics: Eye on New Discovery is more than a reference book, as it also provides an important glimpse into the near future. * Contains information that is vital for ocular investigators and ophthalmologists bringing them new information on promising therapeutics. * Provides not only information on current approaches to treatment, but also gives the reader a greater understanding as to what may become available for treating a number of important eye diseases. * Historical perspective for each of the topics as well as an important glimpse into the near future to develop an understanding of the new research directions underway. * New insight for drug delivery and for managing devastating diseases, such as macula edema and glaucoma, two of the leading causes of blindness in the United States

Ocular Drug Delivery: Advances, Challenges and Applications

Author: Richard T. Addo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319476912

Category: Medical

Page: 185

View: 8769

The eye is a computerized system that has been designed for self-defense, and these defense mechanisms create challenges in administration of medications to the eye. Therefore, ocular drug delivery has been a major challenge to drug delivery researchers. There are on-going studies, in search of treatment especially for the diseases affecting the posterior segment of the eye. This book gives and overview of the background of ocular drug delivery and is unique for pharmacists, medical practitioners, students and drug delivery researchers.

Ansel's Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems

Author: Loyd V. Allen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 710

View: 1158

Long established as a core text for pharmaceutics courses, this book is the most comprehensive source on pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems. Content coincides with the CAPE, APhA, and NAPLEX® competencies. This edition includes updated drug information and has an increased focus on physical pharmacy. Coverage incorporates all new dosage forms on the market as well as those in the current US Pharmacopoeia-National Formulary. Updated photos are included. An "Applying the Principles and Concepts" section at the end of each chapter provides activities for the application of the material. A companion website includes the fully searchable text and a quiz bank with more than 200 questions written in NAPLEX® format.

Update on Polymers for Ocular Drug Delivery

Author: Atish S Mundada

Publisher: Smithers Rapra

ISBN: 1847355641

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 4473

The eye is the most easily accessible site for topical administration of a medication. Drugs are commonly applied to the eye for localised action on the surface or in the interior of the eye. A major problem in ocular therapeutics is the attainment of an optimal drug concentration at the site of action. Poor bioavailability of drugs from ocular dosage forms is mainly due to the precorneal loss factors which include tear dynamics, non-productive absorption, transient residence time in the cul-de-sac, and the relative impermeability of the corneal epithelial membrane. Due to these physiological and anatomical constraints only a small fraction of the drug, effectively 1% or even less of the instilled dose is ocularly absorbed. The effective dose of medication administered ophthalmically may be altered by increasing the retention time of medication in contact with the surface of the eye. To date, Pharmaceutical Technologists have tried to develop different novel formulations like gel, ocular inserts, collagen shields, implants, liposomes, nanoparticles, penetration enhancers and in-situ gelling systems, in order to increase the bioavailability and duration of the therapeutic action of ocular drugs and polymers plays an important role in all these approaches. This book provides detailed information regarding all such polymers which have been used and shown to be excellent in improving the bioavailability of ocular drugs.

Ocular Angiogenesis

Diseases, Mechanisms, and Therapeutics

Author: Joyce Tombran-Tink,Colin J. Barnstable

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1597450472

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 2760

Leading academic and pharmaceutical researchers and clinicians from many disciplines synthesize and summarize current clinical and basic knowledge concerning abnormal growth of blood vessels in the eye, the cause of major neovascular eye diseases. The authors also identify and assess the most promising approaches with potential for commercial exploitation and discuss the challenges encountered in developing therapeutics for ocular neovascular diseases. Highlights include illuminating chapters on gene therapy and novel drug delivery systems and excellent summaries of the newest therapeutic approaches.

Drug Product Development for the Back of the Eye

Author: Uday B. Kompella,Henry F. Edelhauser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441999205

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 2306

This comprehensive volume discusses approaches for a systematic selection of delivery systems for various classes of therapeutic agents including small molecule, protein, and nucleic acid drugs. Specific topics covered in this book include: Solution, suspension, gel, nanoparticle, microparticle, and implant dosage forms Refillable and microneedle devices Intravitreal, suprachoroidal, intrascleral, transscleral, systemic, and topical routes of delivery Physical methods including iontophoresis for drug delivery Rational selection of routes of administration and delivery systems Noninvasive and continuous drug monitoring Regulatory path to drug product development Clinical endpoints for drug product development Emerging and existing drugs and drug targets Drug Product Development for the Back of the Eye is authored by renowned ocular drug delivery experts, representing academic, clinical, and industrial organizations and serves as indispensable resource for ophthalmic researchers, drug formulation scientists, drug delivery and drug disposition scientists, as well as clinicians involved in designing and developing novel therapeutics for the back of the eye diseases. This book is also relevant for students in various disciplines including ophthalmology, pharmaceutical sciences, drug delivery, and biomedical engineering. Refillable and microneedle devices Intravitreal, suprachoroidal, intrascleral, transscleral, systemic, and topical routes of delivery Physical methods including iontophoresis for drug delivery Rational selection of routes of administration and delivery systems Noninvasive and continuous drug monitoring Regulatory path to drug product development Clinical endpoints for drug product development Emerging and existing drugs and drug targets Drug Product Development for the Back of the Eye is authored by renowned ocular drug delivery experts, representing academic, clinical, and industrial organizations and serves as indispensable resource for ophthalmic researchers, drug formulation scientists, drug delivery and drug disposition scientists, as well as clinicians involved in designing and developing novel therapeutics for the back of the eye diseases. This book is also relevant for students in various disciplines including ophthalmology, pharmaceutical sciences, drug delivery, and biomedical engineering. Refillable and microneedle devices Intravitreal, suprachoroidal, intrascleral, transscleral, systemic, and topical routes of delivery Physical methods including iontophoresis for drug delivery Rational selection of routes of administration and delivery systems Noninvasive and continuous drug monitoring Regulatory path to drug product development Clinical endpoints for drug product development Emerging and existing drugs and drug targets Drug Product Development for the Back of the Eye is authored by renowned ocular drug delivery experts, representing academic, clinical, and industrial organizations and serves as indispensable resource for ophthalmic researchers, drug formulation scientists, drug delivery and drug disposition scientists, as well as clinicians involved in designing and developing novel therapeutics for the back of the eye diseases. This book is also relevant for students in various disciplines including ophthalmology, pharmaceutical sciences, drug delivery, and biomedical engineering.

Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics

A Primary Care Guide

Author: Michael J. Doughty

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: 9780750645201

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 6503

This is the third volume in the series based on a popular and well-received set of articles published in Optician magazine, and thoroughly updated to incorporate the latest drug information. It is comprehensive in its coverage of all issues relating to ocular therapeutics -- from record keeping for patient medications through to the basic pharmacology of drug delivery to the eye; systemic medications and drugs with their indications and contraindications for use.

Ocular Drug Delivery Systems

Barriers and Application of Nanoparticulate Systems

Author: Deepak Thassu,Gerald J. Chader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439848017

Category: Medical

Page: 473

View: 9457

Drug discovery for ocular diseases has taken great strides in the last two decades. From cornea to choroid, new drugs have been formulated to address a great variety of ocular diseases. Yet without good drug delivery systems, these drugs are less effective than they might be or could even cause serious side effects. Ocular Drug Delivery Systems: Barriers and Application of Nanoparticulate Systems presents research on the development of currently marketed devices and recent trends in the topical delivery of drugs to the posterior of the eye. With contributions from leading pharmaceutical researchers and industry experts, eye researchers, surgeons, pharmacologists from academia, the National Eye Institute, and leading ophthalmic companies such as Pfizer, Allergan, and Novartis, the book presents the state of the art in the use of nanoparticles in ocular drug delivery systems and also sets the stage for future developments. This volume provides both a current evaluation and a future roadmap for developments in ocular drug delivery. The subjects range from biological needs to material challenges and finally to clinical applications for improving drug delivery for conditions where treatments already exist. It also explores areas where effective drugs may be currently available but yet need a safe, efficient, and efficacious delivery vehicle.

Quinolones—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481679740

Category: Medical

Page: 48

View: 9369

Quinolones—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Quinolones—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Quinolones—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Treatise on Ocular Drug Delivery

Author: Ashim K. Mitra

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608051757

Category: Medical

Page: 301

View: 2189

A multidisciplinary approach is increasingly being adapted by the Pharmaceutical industry to tackle several challenges in developing efficacious treatment solutions. The field of Ophthalmology is no less different. Treatise on Ocular Drug Delivery is a unique collection of information put together by various experts in the field. One of the major goals behind this volume is to link clinical information with the current strategies employed in ocular drug delivery. This monograph covers a range of topics on ocular pharmacology. Chapters in the e-book cover several aspects of drug delivery research such as the biochemical background of specific eye diseases, challenges for ocular drug delivery, the role of influx and efflux transporters, novel drug delivery systems, pharmacokinetics, regulatory aspects, and patenting opportunities for researchers. This E-Book would serve as a suitable reference for pharmacy graduates, medical students, professional scientists and ophthalmic clinicians in academic and industrial laboratories.

Polymeric Biomaterials, Revised and Expanded

Author: Severian Dumitriu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203904671

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1168

View: 9582

Offering nearly 7000 references-3900 more than the first edition-Polymeric Biomaterials, Second Edition is an up-to-the-minute source for plastics and biomedical engineers, polymer scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists, macromolecular chemists, pharmacists, cardiovascular and plastic surgeons, and graduate and medical students in these disciplines. Completely revised and updated, it includes coverage of genetic engineering, synthesis of biodegradable polymers, hydrogels, and mucoadhesive polymers, as well as polymers for dermacosmetic treatments, burn and wound dressings, orthopedic surgery, artificial joints, vascular prostheses, and in blood contacting systems.

Textbook on Clinical Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Author: Renu Agarwal,Sushma Srivastava

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9351523411

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 8973

This book is a comprehensive guide to ocular pharmacology for trainees and practising ophthalmologists. Beginning with the basic physiological aspects of ocular pharmacology and ophthalmic drug administration, the following sections discuss different types of drugs used in the treatment of eye disease. The final sections examine contact lens care systems, nutritional supplements and adverse effects of systematically administered drugs into the eye. This useful, quick reference text is highly illustrated with more than 145 images and tables. Key points Comprehensive guide to ocular pharmacology for trainees and practising ophthalmologists Covers different drugs for treatment of eye diseases Includes section on adverse effects of systematically administered drugs Highly illustrated with more than 145 images and tables

Goodman and Gilman's Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Author: Laurence Brunton,Louis Sanford Goodman

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071443436

Category: Medical

Page: 1219

View: 5259

Put the authority of Goodman & Gilman's in the palm of your hand! 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "...the most authoritative and trusted source of pharmacological information, has now spawned a portable pocket drug guide....This manual extracts the essential core drug information from the eleventh edition of the parent book, referring the reader to the online version of the parent book for historical aspects, many chemical and clinical details, and additional figures and references. This makes G & G a very useful book. This will be of use to individuals in training or practice in the fields of pharmacy, medicine, nursing, or allied health disciplines where knowledge of drug actions are important....Each chapter provides the core essential information provided in the parent book in a very readable format. Readers can use this easy to handle and read manual for essential information along with the online version of the parent book as a reference for more in-depth specific information on drugs."--Doody's Review Service The Goodman & Gilman Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics offers the renowned content of Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Eleventh Edition, condensed into an ultra-handy, streamlined reference. More than just a pocket drug guide, this indispensable resource offers: A carry-along source of essential fundamental information, with all the authority of Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Eleventh Edition The benefits of the world's leading pharmacology text in a convenient, portable format Comprehensive, yet streamlined and clinically relevant coverage of the pharmacological basis of therapeutics High-yield overview of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and the foundations of pharmacology Expert insights into the properties, mechanisms, and uses of all the major drug classes Considerations of vital patient-specific issues

Adler's Physiology of the Eye E-Book

Author: Leonard A Levin,Siv F. E. Nilsson,James Ver Hoeve,Samuel Wu,Paul L. Kaufman,Albert Alm

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323081169

Category: Medical

Page: 820

View: 5391

Drs. Paul L. Kaufman, Albert Alm, Leonard A Levin, Siv F. E. Nilsson, James Ver Hoeve, and Samuel Wu present the 11th Edition of the classic text Adler’s Physiology of the Eye, updated to enhance your understanding of ocular function. This full-color, user-friendly edition captures the latest molecular, genetic, and biochemical discoveries and offers you unparalleled knowledge and insight into the physiology of the eye and its structures. A new organization by function, rather than anatomy, helps you make a stronger connection between physiological principles and clinical practice; and more than 1,000 great new full-color illustrations help clarify complex concepts. Deepen your grasp of the physiological principles that underlie visual acuity, color vision, ocular circulation, the extraocular muscle, and much more. Glean the latest knowledge in the field, including the most recent molecular, genetic, and biochemical discoveries. Make a stronger connection between physiology and clinical practice with the aid of an enhanced clinical emphasis throughout, as well as a new organization by function rather than by anatomy. Better visualize all concepts by viewing 1,000 clear, full-color illustrations.