*Finite Difference Methods*

Author: Gordon D. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198596509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

View: 6463

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### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

Substantially revised, this authoritative study covers the standard finite difference methods of parabolic, hyperbolic, and elliptic equations, and includes the concomitant theoretical work on consistency, stability, and convergence. The new edition includes revised and greatly expanded sections on stability based on the Lax-Richtmeyer definition, the application of Pade approximants to systems of ordinary differential equations for parabolic and hyperbolic equations, and a considerably improved presentation of iterative methods. A fast-paced introduction to numerical methods, this will be a useful volume for students of mathematics and engineering, and for postgraduates and professionals who need a clear, concise grounding in this discipline.

### Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

### Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations in Science and Engineering

From the reviews of Numerical Solution of PartialDifferential Equations in Science and Engineering: "The book by Lapidus and Pinder is a very comprehensive, evenexhaustive, survey of the subject . . . [It] is unique in that itcovers equally finite difference and finite element methods." Burrelle's "The authors have selected an elementary (but not simplistic)mode of presentation. Many different computational schemes aredescribed in great detail . . . Numerous practical examples andapplications are described from beginning to the end, often withcalculated results given." Mathematics of Computing "This volume . . . devotes its considerable number of pages tolucid developments of the methods [for solving partial differentialequations] . . . the writing is very polished and I found it apleasure to read!" Mathematics of Computation Of related interest . . . NUMERICAL ANALYSIS FOR APPLIED SCIENCE Myron B. Allen andEli L. Isaacson. A modern, practical look at numerical analysis,this book guides readers through a broad selection of numericalmethods, implementation, and basic theoretical results, with anemphasis on methods used in scientific computation involvingdifferential equations. 1997 (0-471-55266-6) 512 pp. APPLIED MATHEMATICS Second Edition, J. David Logan.Presenting an easily accessible treatment of mathematical methodsfor scientists and engineers, this acclaimed work covers fluidmechanics and calculus of variations as well as more modernmethods-dimensional analysis and scaling, nonlinear wavepropagation, bifurcation, and singular perturbation. 1996(0-471-16513-1) 496 pp.

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations on Parallel Computers

Since the dawn of computing, the quest for a better understanding of Nature has been a driving force for technological development. Groundbreaking achievements by great scientists have paved the way from the abacus to the supercomputing power of today. When trying to replicate Nature in the computer’s silicon test tube, there is need for precise and computable process descriptions. The scienti?c ?elds of Ma- ematics and Physics provide a powerful vehicle for such descriptions in terms of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). Formulated as such equations, physical laws can become subject to computational and analytical studies. In the computational setting, the equations can be discreti ed for ef?cient solution on a computer, leading to valuable tools for simulation of natural and man-made processes. Numerical so- tion of PDE-based mathematical models has been an important research topic over centuries, and will remain so for centuries to come. In the context of computer-based simulations, the quality of the computed results is directly connected to the model’s complexity and the number of data points used for the computations. Therefore, computational scientists tend to ?ll even the largest and most powerful computers they can get access to, either by increasing the si e of the data sets, or by introducing new model terms that make the simulations more realistic, or a combination of both. Today, many important simulation problems can not be solved by one single computer, but calls for parallel computing.

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

This book is the result of two courses of lectures given at the University of Cologne in Germany in 1974/75. The majority of the students were not familiar with partial differential equations and functional analysis. This explains why Sections 1, 2, 4 and 12 contain some basic material and results from these areas. The three parts of the book are largely independent of each other and can be read separately. Their topics are: initial value problems, boundary value problems, solutions of systems of equations. There is much emphasis on theoretical considerations and they are discussed as thoroughly as the algorithms which are presented in full detail and together with the programs. We believe that theoretical and practical applications are equally important for a genuine understa- ing of numerical mathematics. When writing this book, we had considerable help and many discussions with H. W. Branca, R. Esser, W. Hackbusch and H. Multhei. H. Lehmann, B. Muller, H. J. Niemeyer, U. Schulte and B. Thomas helped with the completion of the programs and with several numerical calculations. Springer-Verlag showed a lot of patience and under standing during the course of the production of the book. We would like to use the occasion of this preface to express our thanks to all those who assisted in our sometimes arduous task.

### The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

This book presents methods for the computational solution of differential equations, both ordinary and partial, time-dependent and steady-state. Finite difference methods are introduced and analyzed in the first four chapters, and finite element methods are studied in chapter five. A very general-purpose and widely-used finite element program, PDE2D, which implements many of the methods studied in the earlier chapters, is presented and documented in Appendix A. The book contains the relevant theory and error analysis for most of the methods studied, but also emphasizes the practical aspects involved in implementing the methods. Students using this book will actually see and write programs (FORTRAN or MATLAB) for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, using both finite differences and finite elements. In addition, they will be able to solve very difficult partial differential equations using the software PDE2D, presented in Appendix A. PDE2D solves very general steady-state, time-dependent and eigenvalue PDE systems, in 1D intervals, general 2D regions, and a wide range of simple 3D regions. Contents:Direct Solution of Linear SystemsInitial Value Ordinary Differential EquationsThe Initial Value Diffusion ProblemThe Initial Value Transport and Wave ProblemsBoundary Value ProblemsThe Finite Element MethodsAppendix A — Solving PDEs with PDE2DAppendix B — The Fourier Stability MethodAppendix C — MATLAB ProgramsAppendix D — Answers to Selected Exercises Readership: Undergraduate, graduate students and researchers. Key Features:The discussion of stability, absolute stability and stiffness in Chapter 1 is clearer than in other textsStudents will actually learn to write programs solving a range of simple PDEs using the finite element method in chapter 5In Appendix A, students will be able to solve quite difficult PDEs, using the author's software package, PDE2D. (a free version is available which solves small to moderate sized problems)Keywords:Differential Equations;Partial Differential Equations;Finite Element Method;Finite Difference Method;Computational Science;Numerical AnalysisReviews: "This book is very well written and it is relatively easy to read. The presentation is clear and straightforward but quite rigorous. This book is suitable for a course on the numerical solution of ODEs and PDEs problems, designed for senior level undergraduate or beginning level graduate students. The numerical techniques for solving problems presented in the book may also be useful for experienced researchers and practitioners both from universities or industry." Andrzej Icha Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk Poland

### The Numerical Method of Lines

This is the first book on the numerical method of lines, a relatively new method for solving partial differential equations. The Numerical Method of Lines is also the first book to accommodate all major classes of partial differential equations. This is essentially an applications book for computer scientists. The author will separately offer a disk of FORTRAN 77 programs with 250 specific applications, ranging from "Shuttle Launch Simulation" to "Temperature Control of a Nuclear Fuel Rod."

### Numerical Solutions for Partial Differential Equations

Partial differential equations (PDEs) play an important role in the natural sciences and technology, because they describe the way systems (natural and other) behave. The inherent suitability of PDEs to characterizing the nature, motion, and evolution of systems, has led to their wide-ranging use in numerical models that are developed in order to analyze systems that are not otherwise easily studied. Numerical Solutions for Partial Differential Equations contains all the details necessary for the reader to understand the principles and applications of advanced numerical methods for solving PDEs. In addition, it shows how the modern computer system algebra Mathematica® can be used for the analytic investigation of such numerical properties as stability, approximation, and dispersion.

### Numerical Solution of Elliptic and Parabolic Partial Differential Equations with CD-ROM

Theory, methods and software for elliptic (steady-state) and parabolic (diffusion) partial differential equations, plus linear algebra and error estimators.

### The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method

An accessible introduction to the finite element method for solving numeric problems, this volume offers the keys to an important technique in computational mathematics. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses, it outlines clear connections with applications and considers numerous examples from a variety of science- and engineering-related specialties.This text encompasses all varieties of the basic linear partial differential equations, including elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic problems, as well as stationary and time-dependent problems. Additional topics include finite element methods for integral equations, an introduction to nonlinear problems, and considerations of unique developments of finite element techniques related to parabolic problems, including methods for automatic time step control. The relevant mathematics are expressed in non-technical terms whenever possible, in the interests of keeping the treatment accessible to a majority of students.

### Numerical Solution of Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations

For mathematicians and engineers interested in applying numerical methods to physical problems this book is ideal. Numerical ideas are connected to accompanying software, which is also available online. By seeing the complete description of the methods in both theory and implementation, students will more easily gain the knowledge needed to write their own application programs or develop new theory. The book contains careful development of the mathematical tools needed for analysis of the numerical methods, including elliptic regularity theory and approximation theory. Variational crimes, due to quadrature, coordinate mappings, domain approximation and boundary conditions, are analyzed. The claims are stated with full statement of the assumptions and conclusions, and use subscripted constants which can be traced back to the origination (particularly in the electronic version, which can be found on the accompanying CD-ROM).

### Numerical solution of partial differential equations

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

This is the 2005 second edition of a highly successful and well-respected textbook on the numerical techniques used to solve partial differential equations arising from mathematical models in science, engineering and other fields. The authors maintain an emphasis on finite difference methods for simple but representative examples of parabolic, hyperbolic and elliptic equations from the first edition. However this is augmented by new sections on finite volume methods, modified equation analysis, symplectic integration schemes, convection-diffusion problems, multigrid, and conjugate gradient methods; and several sections, including that on the energy method of analysis, have been extensively rewritten to reflect modern developments. Already an excellent choice for students and teachers in mathematics, engineering and computer science departments, the revised text includes more latest theoretical and industrial developments.

### Innovative Methods for Numerical Solutions of Partial Differential Equations

This book consists of 20 review articles dedicated to Prof. Philip Roe on the occasion of his 60th birthday and in appreciation of his original contributions to computational fluid dynamics. The articles, written by leading researchers in the field, cover many topics, including theory and applications, algorithm developments and modern computational techniques for industry.

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Theory, Algorithms, and Their Applications

One of the current main challenges in the area of scientific computing is the design and implementation of accurate numerical models for complex physical systems which are described by time dependent coupled systems of nonlinear PDEs. This volume integrates the works of experts in computational mathematics and its applications, with a focus on modern algorithms which are at the heart of accurate modeling: adaptive finite element methods, conservative finite difference methods and finite volume methods, and multilevel solution techniques. Fundamental theoretical results are revisited in survey articles and new techniques in numerical analysis are introduced. Applications showcasing the efficiency, reliability and robustness of the algorithms in porous media, structural mechanics and electromagnetism are presented. Researchers and graduate students in numerical analysis and numerical solutions of PDEs and their scientific computing applications will find this book useful.

### Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations

This is a complete and concise introduction to classical topics in the numerical solution of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The text contains many up-to-date references to both analytical and numerical ODE literature while offering new unifying views on different problem classes.

### Partial Differential Equations with Numerical Methods

The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDE and the theory of finite difference and finite element methods. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. The chapters on elliptic equations are preceded by a chapter on the two-point boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. Similarly, the chapters on time-dependent problems are preceded by a chapter on the initial-value problem for ordinary differential equations. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. The required background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces is reviewed in an appendix. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering.

### Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

This book contains the transcripts of the invited lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations". The Study Institute was held at the Netherlands-Norwegian Reactor School, Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway, 20th - 24th August 1973. The members of the Scientific Advisory Committee were: A. R. Mitchell, University of Dundee, Scotland I. HoI and, University of Trondheim, Norway T. Havie, UniverSity of Trondheim, Norway The members of the Organizing Committee were: E. Andersen, Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway G. E. Fladmark, Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway J. G. Gram, Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway The aim of the Study Institute was to bring together mathe maticians and engineers working with numerical methods. The papers presented covered both theory and application of methods for solution of partial differential equations. The topics were finite element methods, finite difference methods, and methods for solution of linear and nonlinear systems of equations with application to continuum mechanics and heat transfer. The total number of participants was 68. Their names are given at the end of the book. The publication of these proceed ings could be realized through the kind cooperation of the lec turers. The Advanced Study Institute was financially sponsored by NATO Scientific Affairs Division. The Organizing Committee wishes to express its gratitude for this support. Valuable assistance was given by Mrs. G.

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*Finite Difference Methods*

Author: Gordon D. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198596509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

View: 6463

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*with exercises and worked solutions*

Author: Gordon D. Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

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*An Introduction*

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139443208

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*Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Kjeller, Norway, August 20–24, 1973*

Author: J.G. Gram

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401026726

Category: Computers

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