Numerical Algorithms

Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics

Author: Justin Solomon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482251892

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 7752

Numerical Algorithms: Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics presents a new approach to numerical analysis for modern computer scientists. Using examples from a broad base of computational tasks, including data processing, computational photography, and animation, the textbook introduces numerical modeling and algorithmic design from a practical standpoint and provides insight into the theoretical tools needed to support these skills. The book covers a wide range of topics—from numerical linear algebra to optimization and differential equations—focusing on real-world motivation and unifying themes. It incorporates cases from computer science research and practice, accompanied by highlights from in-depth literature on each subtopic. Comprehensive end-of-chapter exercises encourage critical thinking and build students’ intuition while introducing extensions of the basic material. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in computer science and related fields with experience in calculus and linear algebra. For students with a background in discrete mathematics, the book includes some reminders of relevant continuous mathematical background.

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848829350

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 5935

Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision

Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139449141

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 5112

A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.

Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Richard Hamming

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486134822

Category: Mathematics

Page: 752

View: 3971

This inexpensive paperback edition of a groundbreaking text stresses frequency approach in coverage of algorithms, polynomial approximation, Fourier approximation, exponential approximation, and other topics. Revised and enlarged 2nd edition.

Computational Photography

Methods and Applications

Author: Rastislav Lukac

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439817506

Category: Computers

Page: 564

View: 1800

Computational photography refers broadly to imaging techniques that enhance or extend the capabilities of digital photography. This new and rapidly developing research field has evolved from computer vision, image processing, computer graphics and applied optics—and numerous commercial products capitalizing on its principles have already appeared in diverse market applications, due to the gradual migration of computational algorithms from computers to imaging devices and software. Computational Photography: Methods and Applications provides a strong, fundamental understanding of theory and methods, and a foundation upon which to build solutions for many of today's most interesting and challenging computational imaging problems. Elucidating cutting-edge advances and applications in digital imaging, camera image processing, and computational photography, with a focus on related research challenges, this book: Describes single capture image fusion technology for consumer digital cameras Discusses the steps in a camera image processing pipeline, such as visual data compression, color correction and enhancement, denoising, demosaicking, super-resolution reconstruction, deblurring, and high dynamic range imaging Covers shadow detection for surveillance applications, camera-driven document rectification, bilateral filtering and its applications, and painterly rendering of digital images Presents machine-learning methods for automatic image colorization and digital face beautification Explores light field acquisition and processing, space-time light field rendering, and dynamic view synthesis with an array of cameras Because of the urgent challenges associated with emerging digital camera applications, image processing methods for computational photography are of paramount importance to research and development in the imaging community. Presenting the work of leading experts, and edited by a renowned authority in digital color imaging and camera image processing, this book considers the rapid developments in this area and addresses very particular research and application problems. It is ideal as a stand-alone professional reference for design and implementation of digital image and video processing tasks, and it can also be used to support graduate courses in computer vision, digital imaging, visual data processing, and computer graphics, among others.

Machine Vision

Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities

Author: E. R. Davies

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483275612

Category: Computers

Page: 572

View: 1601

Machine Vision: Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities covers the limitations, constraints, and tradeoffs of vision algorithms. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 21 chapters that tackle general topics, such as noise suppression, edge detection, principles of illumination, feature recognition, Bayes’ theory, and Hough transforms. Part 1 provides research ideas on imaging and image filtering operations, thresholding techniques, edge detection, and binary shape and boundary pattern analyses. Part 2 deals with the area of intermediate-level vision, the nature of the Hough transform, shape detection, and corner location. Part 3 demonstrates some of the practical applications of the basic work previously covered in the book. This part also discusses some of the principles underlying implementation, including on lighting and hardware systems. Part 4 highlights the limitations and constraints of vision algorithms and their corresponding solutions. This book will prove useful to students with undergraduate course on vision for electronic engineering or computer science.

Numerical Analysis for Statisticians

Author: Kenneth Lange

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441959459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 600

View: 2411

Numerical analysis is the study of computation and its accuracy, stability and often its implementation on a computer. This book focuses on the principles of numerical analysis and is intended to equip those readers who use statistics to craft their own software and to understand the advantages and disadvantages of different numerical methods.

Scientific Computing

An Introductory Survey

Author: Michael T. Heath

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe

ISBN: 9780071244893

Category: Numerical analysis

Page: 563

View: 4665

This Auditing practice set incorporates both the cycles and the risk approach using the audit risk model. Students will learn to design and prepare the current year's working papers and assemble the completed case. Taking about 30 hours to complete, this practice set can be used with any Auditing textbook.

Level Set Methods and Dynamic Implicit Surfaces

Author: Stanley Osher,Ronald Fedkiw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387227466

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 5113

Very hot area with a wide range of applications; Gives complete numerical analysis and recipes, which will enable readers to quickly apply the techniques to real problems; Includes two new techniques pioneered by Osher and Fedkiw; Osher and Fedkiw are internationally well-known researchers in this area

Matrix Methods in Data Mining and Pattern Recognition

Author: Lars Elden

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716268

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 8047

Several very powerful numerical linear algebra techniques are available for solving problems in data mining and pattern recognition. This application-oriented book describes how modern matrix methods can be used to solve these problems, gives an introduction to matrix theory and decompositions, and provides students with a set of tools that can be modified for a particular application.Matrix Methods in Data Mining and Pattern Recognition is divided into three parts. Part I gives a short introduction to a few application areas before presenting linear algebra concepts and matrix decompositions that students can use in problem-solving environments such as MATLAB®. Some mathematical proofs that emphasize the existence and properties of the matrix decompositions are included. In Part II, linear algebra techniques are applied to data mining problems. Part III is a brief introduction to eigenvalue and singular value algorithms. The applications discussed by the author are: classification of handwritten digits, text mining, text summarization, pagerank computations related to the GoogleÔ search engine, and face recognition. Exercises and computer assignments are available on a Web page that supplements the book.Audience The book is intended for undergraduate students who have previously taken an introductory scientific computing/numerical analysis course. Graduate students in various data mining and pattern recognition areas who need an introduction to linear algebra techniques will also find the book useful.Contents Preface; Part I: Linear Algebra Concepts and Matrix Decompositions. Chapter 1: Vectors and Matrices in Data Mining and Pattern Recognition; Chapter 2: Vectors and Matrices; Chapter 3: Linear Systems and Least Squares; Chapter 4: Orthogonality; Chapter 5: QR Decomposition; Chapter 6: Singular Value Decomposition; Chapter 7: Reduced-Rank Least Squares Models; Chapter 8: Tensor Decomposition; Chapter 9: Clustering and Nonnegative Matrix Factorization; Part II: Data Mining Applications. Chapter 10: Classification of Handwritten Digits; Chapter 11: Text Mining; Chapter 12: Page Ranking for a Web Search Engine; Chapter 13: Automatic Key Word and Key Sentence Extraction; Chapter 14: Face Recognition Using Tensor SVD. Part III: Computing the Matrix Decompositions. Chapter 15: Computing Eigenvalues and Singular Values; Bibliography; Index.

Numerical Algorithms with C

Author: Giesela Engeln-Müllges,Frank Uhlig

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642610749

Category: Mathematics

Page: 597

View: 1892

More scientists now use C than any other programming language. This book contains practical, computer-ready algorithms for many standard methods of numerical mathematics. It describes the principles of the various methods and provides support in choosing the appropriate method for a given task. Topics given special emphasis include converging methods for solving nonlinear equations, methods for solving systems of linear equations for many special matrix structures, and the Shepard method for multidimensional interpolation. The CD contains C-programs for almost all the algorithms given in the book and a compiler, together with software for graphical printing.

Modern Mathematics and Applications in Computer Graphics and Vision

Author: Hongyu Guo

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814449350

Category: Computers

Page: 524

View: 4234

This book presents a concise exposition of modern mathematical concepts, models and methods with applications in computer graphics, vision and machine learning. The compendium is organized in four parts — Algebra, Geometry, Topology, and Applications. One of the features is a unique treatment of tensor and manifold topics to make them easier for the students. All proofs are omitted to give an emphasis on the exposition of the concepts. Effort is made to help students to build intuition and avoid parrot-like learning. There is minimal inter-chapter dependency. Each chapter can be used as an independent crash course and the reader can start reading from any chapter — almost. This book is intended for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers in computer graphics, geometric modeling, computer vision, pattern recognition and machine learning. It can be used as a reference book, or a textbook for a selected topics course with the instructor's choice of any of the topics.

Numerical Methods

Design, Analysis, and Computer Implementation of Algorithms

Author: Anne Greenbaum,Timothy P. Chartier

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 1556

Numerical Methods provides a clear and concise exploration of standard numerical analysis topics, as well as nontraditional ones, including mathematical modeling, Monte Carlo methods, Markov chains, and fractals. Filled with appealing examples that will motivate students, the textbook considers modern application areas, such as information retrieval and animation, and classical topics from physics and engineering. Exercises use MATLAB and promote understanding of computational results. The book gives instructors the flexibility to emphasize different aspects--design, analysis, or computer implementation--of numerical algorithms, depending on the background and interests of students. Designed for upper-division undergraduates in mathematics or computer science classes, the textbook assumes that students have prior knowledge of linear algebra and calculus, although these topics are reviewed in the text. Short discussions of the history of numerical methods are interspersed throughout the chapters. The book also includes polynomial interpolation at Chebyshev points, use of the MATLAB package Chebfun, and a section on the fast Fourier transform. Supplementary materials are available online. Clear and concise exposition of standard numerical analysis topics Explores nontraditional topics, such as mathematical modeling and Monte Carlo methods Covers modern applications, including information retrieval and animation, and classical applications from physics and engineering Promotes understanding of computational results through MATLAB exercises Provides flexibility so instructors can emphasize mathematical or applied/computational aspects of numerical methods or a combination Includes recent results on polynomial interpolation at Chebyshev points and use of the MATLAB package Chebfun Short discussions of the history of numerical methods interspersed throughout Supplementary materials available online

Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms

Second Edition

Author: Nicholas J. Higham

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898718027

Category: Computer algorithms

Page: 680

View: 7650

Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms gives a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the behavior of numerical algorithms in finite precision arithmetic. It combines algorithmic derivations, perturbation theory, and rounding error analysis, all enlivened by historical perspective and informative quotations. This second edition expands and updates the coverage of the first edition (1996) and includes numerous improvements to the original material. Two new chapters treat symmetric indefinite systems and skew-symmetric systems, and nonlinear systems and Newton's method. Twelve new sections include coverage of additional error bounds for Gaussian elimination, rank revealing LU factorizations, weighted and constrained least squares problems, and the fused multiply-add operation found on some modern computer architectures.

Curves and Surfaces in Geometric Modeling

Theory and Algorithms

Author: Jean H. Gallier

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558605992

Category: Computers

Page: 491

View: 8352

"Curves and Surfaces in Geometric Modeling: Theory and Algorithms offers a theoretically unifying understanding of polynomial curves and surfaces as well as an effective approach to implementation that you can apply to your own work as a graduate student, scientist, or practitioner." "The focus here is on blossoming - the process of converting a polynomial to its polar form - as a natural, purely geometric explanation of the behavior of curves and surfaces. This insight is important for more than just its theoretical elegance - the author demonstrates the value of blossoming as a practical algorithmic tool for generating and manipulating curves and surfaces that meet many different criteria. You'll learn to use this and other related techniques drawn from affine geometry for computing and adjusting control points, deriving the continuity conditions for splines, creating subdivision surfaces, and more." "It will be an essential acquisition for readers in many different areas, including computer graphics and animation, robotics, virtual reality, geometric modeling and design, medical imaging, computer vision, and motion planning."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Computer Vision

From 3d Reconstruction to Visual Recognition

Author: Li Fei-Fei

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool

ISBN: 9781627050517

Category: Computers

Page: 120

View: 1354

When a 3-dimensional world is projected onto a 2-dimensional image, such as the human retina or a photograph, reconstructing back the layout and contents of the real-world becomes an ill-posed problem that is extremely difficult to solve. Humans possess the remarkable ability to navigate and understand the visual world by solving the inversion problem going from 2D to 3D. Computer Vision seeks to imitate such abilities of humans to recognize objects, navigate scenes, reconstruct layouts, and understand the geometric space and semantic meaning of the visual world. These abilities are critical in many applications including robotics, autonomous driving and exploration, photo organization, image, or video retrieval, and human-computer interaction. This book delivers a systematic overview of computer vision, comparable to that presented in an advanced graduate level class. The authors emphasize two key issues in modeling vision: space and meaning, and focus upon the main problems vision needs to solve, including: * mapping out the 3D structure of objects and scenes* recognizing objects* segmenting objects* recognizing meaning of scenes* understanding movements of humansMotivated by these important problems and centered on the understanding of space and meaning, the book explores the fundamental theories and important algorithms of computer vision, starting from the analysis of 2D images, and culminating in the holistic understanding of a 3D scene

Metric Learning

Author: Aurelien Bellet,Amaury Habrard,Marc Sebban

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627053662

Category: Computers

Page: 151

View: 8668

Similarity between objects plays an important role in both human cognitive processes and artificial systems for recognition and categorization. How to appropriately measure such similarities for a given task is crucial to the performance of many machine learning, pattern recognition and data mining methods. This book is devoted to metric learning, a set of techniques to automatically learn similarity and distance functions from data that has attracted a lot of interest in machine learning and related fields in the past ten years. In this book, we provide a thorough review of the metric learning literature that covers algorithms, theory and applications for both numerical and structured data. We first introduce relevant definitions and classic metric functions, as well as examples of their use in machine learning and data mining. We then review a wide range of metric learning algorithms, starting with the simple setting of linear distance and similarity learning. We show how one may scale-up these methods to very large amounts of training data. To go beyond the linear case, we discuss methods that learn nonlinear metrics or multiple linear metrics throughout the feature space, and review methods for more complex settings such as multi-task and semi-supervised learning. Although most of the existing work has focused on numerical data, we cover the literature on metric learning for structured data like strings, trees, graphs and time series. In the more technical part of the book, we present some recent statistical frameworks for analyzing the generalization performance in metric learning and derive results for some of the algorithms presented earlier. Finally, we illustrate the relevance of metric learning in real-world problems through a series of successful applications to computer vision, bioinformatics and information retrieval.