Numerical Algorithms: Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics presents a new approach to numerical analysis for modern computer scientists. Using examples from a broad base of computational tasks, including data processing, computational photography, and animation, the textbook introduces numerical modeling and algorithmic design from a practical standpoint and provides insight into the theoretical tools needed to support these skills. The book covers a wide range of topics—from numerical linear algebra to optimization and differential equations—focusing on real-world motivation and unifying themes. It incorporates cases from computer science research and practice, accompanied by highlights from in-depth literature on each subtopic. Comprehensive end-of-chapter exercises encourage critical thinking and build students’ intuition while introducing extensions of the basic material. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in computer science and related fields with experience in calculus and linear algebra. For students with a background in discrete mathematics, the book includes some reminders of relevant continuous mathematical background.
Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics
Author: Justin Solomon
Publisher: CRC Press
Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.
Algorithms and Applications
Author: Richard Szeliski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.
Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This inexpensive paperback edition of a groundbreaking text stresses frequency approach in coverage of algorithms, polynomial approximation, Fourier approximation, exponential approximation, and other topics. Revised and enlarged 2nd edition.
Author: Richard Hamming
Publisher: Courier Corporation
Machine Vision: Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities covers the limitations, constraints, and tradeoffs of vision algorithms. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 21 chapters that tackle general topics, such as noise suppression, edge detection, principles of illumination, feature recognition, Bayes’ theory, and Hough transforms. Part 1 provides research ideas on imaging and image filtering operations, thresholding techniques, edge detection, and binary shape and boundary pattern analyses. Part 2 deals with the area of intermediate-level vision, the nature of the Hough transform, shape detection, and corner location. Part 3 demonstrates some of the practical applications of the basic work previously covered in the book. This part also discusses some of the principles underlying implementation, including on lighting and hardware systems. Part 4 highlights the limitations and constraints of vision algorithms and their corresponding solutions. This book will prove useful to students with undergraduate course on vision for electronic engineering or computer science.
Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities
Author: E. R. Davies
Numerical analysis is the study of computation and its accuracy, stability and often its implementation on a computer. This book focuses on the principles of numerical analysis and is intended to equip those readers who use statistics to craft their own software and to understand the advantages and disadvantages of different numerical methods.
Author: Kenneth Lange
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
This Auditing practice set incorporates both the cycles and the risk approach using the audit risk model. Students will learn to design and prepare the current year's working papers and assemble the completed case. Taking about 30 hours to complete, this practice set can be used with any Auditing textbook.
An Introductory Survey
Author: Michael T. Heath
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe
Category: Numerical analysis
Very hot area with a wide range of applications; Gives complete numerical analysis and recipes, which will enable readers to quickly apply the techniques to real problems; Includes two new techniques pioneered by Osher and Fedkiw; Osher and Fedkiw are internationally well-known researchers in this area
Author: Stanley Osher,Ronald Fedkiw
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
More scientists now use C than any other programming language. This book contains practical, computer-ready algorithms for many standard methods of numerical mathematics. It describes the principles of the various methods and provides support in choosing the appropriate method for a given task. Topics given special emphasis include converging methods for solving nonlinear equations, methods for solving systems of linear equations for many special matrix structures, and the Shepard method for multidimensional interpolation. The CD contains C-programs for almost all the algorithms given in the book and a compiler, together with software for graphical printing.
Author: Giesela Engeln-Müllges,Frank Uhlig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents a concise exposition of modern mathematical concepts, models and methods with applications in computer graphics, vision and machine learning. The compendium is organized in four parts — Algebra, Geometry, Topology, and Applications. One of the features is a unique treatment of tensor and manifold topics to make them easier for the students. All proofs are omitted to give an emphasis on the exposition of the concepts. Effort is made to help students to build intuition and avoid parrot-like learning. There is minimal inter-chapter dependency. Each chapter can be used as an independent crash course and the reader can start reading from any chapter — almost. This book is intended for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers in computer graphics, geometric modeling, computer vision, pattern recognition and machine learning. It can be used as a reference book, or a textbook for a selected topics course with the instructor's choice of any of the topics.
Author: Hongyu Guo
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Numerical Methods provides a clear and concise exploration of standard numerical analysis topics, as well as nontraditional ones, including mathematical modeling, Monte Carlo methods, Markov chains, and fractals. Filled with appealing examples that will motivate students, the textbook considers modern application areas, such as information retrieval and animation, and classical topics from physics and engineering. Exercises use MATLAB and promote understanding of computational results. The book gives instructors the flexibility to emphasize different aspects--design, analysis, or computer implementation--of numerical algorithms, depending on the background and interests of students. Designed for upper-division undergraduates in mathematics or computer science classes, the textbook assumes that students have prior knowledge of linear algebra and calculus, although these topics are reviewed in the text. Short discussions of the history of numerical methods are interspersed throughout the chapters. The book also includes polynomial interpolation at Chebyshev points, use of the MATLAB package Chebfun, and a section on the fast Fourier transform. Supplementary materials are available online. Clear and concise exposition of standard numerical analysis topics Explores nontraditional topics, such as mathematical modeling and Monte Carlo methods Covers modern applications, including information retrieval and animation, and classical applications from physics and engineering Promotes understanding of computational results through MATLAB exercises Provides flexibility so instructors can emphasize mathematical or applied/computational aspects of numerical methods or a combination Includes recent results on polynomial interpolation at Chebyshev points and use of the MATLAB package Chebfun Short discussions of the history of numerical methods interspersed throughout Supplementary materials available online
Design, Analysis, and Computer Implementation of Algorithms
Author: Anne Greenbaum,Timothy P. Chartier
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms gives a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the behavior of numerical algorithms in finite precision arithmetic. It combines algorithmic derivations, perturbation theory, and rounding error analysis, all enlivened by historical perspective and informative quotations. This second edition expands and updates the coverage of the first edition (1996) and includes numerous improvements to the original material. Two new chapters treat symmetric indefinite systems and skew-symmetric systems, and nonlinear systems and Newton's method. Twelve new sections include coverage of additional error bounds for Gaussian elimination, rank revealing LU factorizations, weighted and constrained least squares problems, and the fused multiply-add operation found on some modern computer architectures.
Author: Nicholas J. Higham
Category: Computer algorithms
"Curves and Surfaces in Geometric Modeling: Theory and Algorithms offers a theoretically unifying understanding of polynomial curves and surfaces as well as an effective approach to implementation that you can apply to your own work as a graduate student, scientist, or practitioner." "The focus here is on blossoming - the process of converting a polynomial to its polar form - as a natural, purely geometric explanation of the behavior of curves and surfaces. This insight is important for more than just its theoretical elegance - the author demonstrates the value of blossoming as a practical algorithmic tool for generating and manipulating curves and surfaces that meet many different criteria. You'll learn to use this and other related techniques drawn from affine geometry for computing and adjusting control points, deriving the continuity conditions for splines, creating subdivision surfaces, and more." "It will be an essential acquisition for readers in many different areas, including computer graphics and animation, robotics, virtual reality, geometric modeling and design, medical imaging, computer vision, and motion planning."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Theory and Algorithms
Author: Jean H. Gallier
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
When a 3-dimensional world is projected onto a 2-dimensional image, such as the human retina or a photograph, reconstructing back the layout and contents of the real-world becomes an ill-posed problem that is extremely difficult to solve. Humans possess the remarkable ability to navigate and understand the visual world by solving the inversion problem going from 2D to 3D. Computer Vision seeks to imitate such abilities of humans to recognize objects, navigate scenes, reconstruct layouts, and understand the geometric space and semantic meaning of the visual world. These abilities are critical in many applications including robotics, autonomous driving and exploration, photo organization, image, or video retrieval, and human-computer interaction. This book delivers a systematic overview of computer vision, comparable to that presented in an advanced graduate level class. The authors emphasize two key issues in modeling vision: space and meaning, and focus upon the main problems vision needs to solve, including: * mapping out the 3D structure of objects and scenes* recognizing objects* segmenting objects* recognizing meaning of scenes* understanding movements of humansMotivated by these important problems and centered on the understanding of space and meaning, the book explores the fundamental theories and important algorithms of computer vision, starting from the analysis of 2D images, and culminating in the holistic understanding of a 3D scene
From 3d Reconstruction to Visual Recognition
Author: Li Fei-Fei
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool
Author: Autar.4 Kaw,E. Eric Kalu
Category: Numerical analysis
Similarity between objects plays an important role in both human cognitive processes and artificial systems for recognition and categorization. How to appropriately measure such similarities for a given task is crucial to the performance of many machine learning, pattern recognition and data mining methods. This book is devoted to metric learning, a set of techniques to automatically learn similarity and distance functions from data that has attracted a lot of interest in machine learning and related fields in the past ten years. In this book, we provide a thorough review of the metric learning literature that covers algorithms, theory and applications for both numerical and structured data. We first introduce relevant definitions and classic metric functions, as well as examples of their use in machine learning and data mining. We then review a wide range of metric learning algorithms, starting with the simple setting of linear distance and similarity learning. We show how one may scale-up these methods to very large amounts of training data. To go beyond the linear case, we discuss methods that learn nonlinear metrics or multiple linear metrics throughout the feature space, and review methods for more complex settings such as multi-task and semi-supervised learning. Although most of the existing work has focused on numerical data, we cover the literature on metric learning for structured data like strings, trees, graphs and time series. In the more technical part of the book, we present some recent statistical frameworks for analyzing the generalization performance in metric learning and derive results for some of the algorithms presented earlier. Finally, we illustrate the relevance of metric learning in real-world problems through a series of successful applications to computer vision, bioinformatics and information retrieval.
Author: Aurelien Bellet,Amaury Habrard,Marc Sebban
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Structured Learning and Prediction in Computer Vision introduces the reader to the most popular classes of structured models in computer vision.
Author: Sebastian Nowozin,Christoph H. Lampert
Publisher: Now Publishers Inc