This book demonstrates the usefulness of NMR spectroscopy for a wide variety of applications in environmental science and technology. It contains a wealth of information relating to instrumentation, sample preparation, and data interpretation. The book is divided into three sections discussing contaminant interaction, solution and condensed-phase characterization, and nutrients and natural organic matter characterization. In addition to these in-depth chapters, an introductory overview provides the basic principles of solution and solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Each section also contains a discussion of advances in each area directly attributable to NMR spectroscopy. A final chapter suggests future directions for the deployment of this powerful technology in environmental science.
Author: Mark A. Nanny,Roger A. Minear,Jerry A. Leenheer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
As a spectroscopic method, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has seen spectacular growth over the past two decades, both as a technique and in its applications. Today the applications of NMR span a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to biology to medicine. Each volume of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance comprises a combination of annual and biennial reports which together provide comprehensive of the literature on this topic. This Specialist Periodical Report reflects the growing volume of published work involving NMR techniques and applications, in particular NMR of natural macromolecules which is covered in two reports: "NMR of Proteins and Acids" and "NMR of Carbohydrates, Lipids and Membranes". For those wanting to become rapidly acquainted with specific areas of NMR, this title provides unrivalled scope of coverage. Seasoned practitioners of NMR will find this an in valuable source of current methods and applications. Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading authorities in the relevant subject areas, the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, with regular, in-depth accounts of progress in particular fields of chemistry. Subject coverage within different volumes of a given title is similar and publication is on an annual or biennial basis.
Author: G A Webb
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
The challenges faced by environmental scientists today are vast,complex, and multi-faceted. For instance, predicting the fateof an environmental pollutant or understanding ecosystem responsesto climate change, necessitate a firm understanding of molecularstructure and dynamics of environmental media as well as thecomponents that exist and interact within this media. Furthermore, linking information obtained at the molecular-scale toecosystem-level processes is a major pursuit of modernenvironmental research. As such, NMR spectroscopy and itsscalability from the molecular-scale to the macroscopic-scale, isfacilitating rapid growth in environmental science. In addition,the versatility of NMR spectroscopy has resulted in the developmentand implementation of different types of NMR techniques to examinethe structure of various types of environmental samples, living andnon-living, as well as the study of critical environmentalprocesses. This comprehensive handbook is a collection of chapters thatspan from methods to how NMR is used in environmental research togain insight into various ecosystem properties. It is organized into three parts: Part A focuses on methods used in environmental NMRwhich span from solution-state to magnetic resonanceimaging. Part B emphasizes how NMR spectroscopy plays anessential role in understanding various types of environmentalcomponents and related processes, including different forms oforganic matter found in soil, water, and air as well as how NMR isused to probe the fate of water, organic pollutants, and metals inthe environment. Part C focuses on the growing field of environmentalmetabolomics which uses NMR as its main discoveryplatform. This volume highlights the immense potential of NMR spectroscopyto expand our fundamental understanding of environmental processesand how it will continue to do so well into the future. About eMagRes Handbooks eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of MagneticResonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on allaspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology andmedicine. The existence of this large number of articles, writtenby experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of aseries of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. Thechapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefullychosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with theeMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes handbooks arecoherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, andnew articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. Thehandbooks are intended to be of value and interest to researchstudents, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning aboutthe scientific area in question and undertaking relevantexperiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this handbook and the complete content ofeMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: ahref="http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes"www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes/a
A Versatile Tool for Environmental Research
Author: Myrna J. Simpson,Andre J. Simpson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book teaches the analyst why it is advantageous to obtain vibrational data under different physical phases. Molecular vibrations are affected by change in physical phase, and knowledge of how certain molecular vibrations are affected by change in the chemical environment improves the analyst's ability to solve complex chemical problems. This book is invaluable for students and scientists engaged in analytical and organic chemistry, since application of IR and Raman spectroscopy is essential in identifying and verifying molecular structure. This reference provides analysts with information that enables them to acquire the maximum amount of information when sampling molecular vibrations via IR and Raman spectroscopy. Key Features * Explains why it is advantageous to obtain vibrational data under different physical phases * Compiles many vibrational studies into a single compendium * Lists group frequencies in different physical phases * Reveals that some group frequencies are more affected than others by changes in the physical phase * Demonstrates that in-phase and out-of-phase vibrations of the same functional group are not equally affected * Describes how solute-solvent complexes differ with changes in the solvent system * Shows that the amount of Fermi resonance between a fundamental vibration and a combination or overtone is altered with change of physical phase * Written by an internationally recognized expert
Author: Richard A. Nyquist
Publisher: Academic Press
Applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition focuses on the applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to problems in organic chemistry and the theories involved in this kind of spectroscopy. The book first discusses the theory of nuclear magnetic resonance, including dynamic and magnetic properties of atomic nuclei, nuclear resonance, and relaxation process. The manuscript also examines the experimental method. Topics include experimental factors that influence resolution and the shapes of absorption lines; measurement of line positions and identification of the chemical shift; and measurement of intensities. The text reviews the theories of chemical effects in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and spin-spin multiplicity and the theory and applications of multiple irradiation. The book also tackles the theory of chemical shift, including the classification of shielding effects, local diamagnetic proton shielding, solvent effects, and contact shifts. The publication is a dependable source of data for readers interested in the applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
International Series in Organic Chemistry
Author: L. M. Jackman,S. Sternhell
Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition covers the theoretical background necessary for the intelligent application of NMR spectroscopy to common problems encountered in organic chemistry. This book is composed of five parts, and begins with introduction to the theory and practice of nuclear magnetic resonance. The succeeding chapter deals with the theory of chemical effects in NMR spectroscopy. These topics are followed by a discussion on the application of chemical shift to organic compound analysis and the principles of the spin-spin coupling .The final chapter considers the applications of time- dependent phenomena in NMR spectroscopy. This book will prove useful to analytical chemists and researchers in the allied fields.
Author: L. M. Jackman,S. Sternhell
The number of scientists and laboratories involved with brain mapping is increasing exponentially; and the second edition of this comprehensive reference has also grown much larger than the first (published in 1996), including, for example, five chapters on structural and functional MRI where the fi
Author: Arthur W. Toga,John C. Mazziotta
Publisher: Academic Press
Facts101 is your complete guide to Chemistry, Structure and Dynamics. In this book, you will learn topics such as The Structure of the Atom, The Covalent Bond, Ionic and Metallic Bonds, and Gases plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is a powerful tool, especially for the identification of 1 13 hitherto unknown organic compounds. H- and C-NMR spectroscopy is known and applied by virtually every synthetically working Organic Chemist. Con- quently, the factors governing the differences in chemical shift values, based on chemical environment, bonding, temperature, solvent, pH, etc. , are well understood, and specialty methods developed for almost every conceivable structural challenge. Proton and carbon NMR spectroscopy is part of most bachelors degree courses, with advanced methods integrated into masters degree and other graduate courses. In view of this universal knowledge about proton and carbon NMR spectr- copy within the chemical community, it is remarkable that heteronuclear NMR is still looked upon as something of a curiosity. Admittedly, most organic compounds contain only nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur atoms, as well as the obligatory hydrogen and carbon atoms, elements that have an unfavourable isotope distribution when it comes to NMR spectroscopy. Each of these three elements has a dominant isotope: 14 16 32 16 32 N (99. 63% natural abundance), O (99. 76%), and S (95. 02%), with O, S, and 34 14 S (4. 21%) NMR silent. N has a nuclear moment I = 1 and a sizeable quadrupolar moment that makes the NMR signals usually very broad and dif cult to analyse.
A Concise Introduction for the Synthetic Organic and Organometallic Chemist
Author: Olaf Kühl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book describes advances in this new, fast developing science, which seeks to decipher fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour in water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms of toxic metals, fossil fuels, pesticides and other organic pollutants. Sections on eco-toxicology, green chemistry, and analytical chemistry round out this thorough survey of conditions and analytical techniques in an emerging specialty.
Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems
Author: Eric Lichtfouse,Jan Schwarzbauer,Didier Robert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Feynman-Vorlesungen über Physik
Author: Richard Phillips Feynman
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual
Category: American literature
High Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Volume 2 provides a comprehensive coverage of the theories and methods for analysis of high resolution spectra. The title also presents a discourse on other variables that affect the spectra. The text first details the correlations of 1H resonance spectral parameters with molecular structure, and then proceeds to tackling the 19F nuclear magnetic resonance studies. Next, the selection deals with the NMR spectra of nuclei other than hydrogen fluoride. The text also provides data sets, such as nuclear properties, T-values, and chemical shifts. The book will be of great use to scientists who utilize nuclear magnetic resonance in their work.
Author: J. W. Emsley,J Feeney,L H Sutcliffe
Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry. The editors have built Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Along with its inherent interdisciplinary character, chemical physics is also a recognised science on its own. Its foundations consist of understanding chemical phenomena in terms of the most fundamental laws of physics. This book focuses on the concepts on which this science is founded rather than on the applications. The subject is presented starting from the main ideas of physics (classical, quantum and statistical) relevant to the description of phenomena of interest from the chemical point of view. The authors have taken an individual approach in their presentation of the essence of a connected theory rather than mere explanations of apparently unrelated facts. Audience: The book will be useful to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in fields such as chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology, where there is a need for a knowledge of chemistry which includes, beside the presentation of facts, their explanation in terms of general principles.
Author: F. Battaglia,T.F. George,Thomas F.. George
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Synthetic Organic Chemistry. The editors have built Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Synthetic Organic Chemistry in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
In view of the substantial progress made in the last decade in the fields of zeolites and related materials it was decided to go for an extended 2nd Edition of "Introduction to Zeolite Science and Practice". Unfortunately - as often is the case - this process took more time than expected by the Editors. In the mean time some new texts on zeolites were issued. Nevertheless, the combination of data, discussion and dedication provided by the present book is a unique coverage of the field, in the opinion of the Editors. In the present Edition the number of chapters rose from 16-22. The contributions can be divided into three categories: updated chapters by the original authors, updated chapters by an expanded or new team of authors and completely new chapters. This 2nd Edition also contains new chapters on "Zeolite-based supramolecular assemblies" (by Dirk De Vos and Pierre Jacobs, experts in this area) and on "The use of bulky probe molecules" (by Paul Kunkeler, Roger Downing and one of the Editors). Finally, the super large pore zeolites and the fast growing area of ordered mesoporous materials are dealt with by Eelco Vogt, Charlie Kresge and and Jim Vartuli. The latter two authors belong to the discoverers of the M41S family of mesoporous materials.
Author: P.A. Jacobs,E.M. Flanigen,J.C. Jansen,Herman van Bekkum
Protein NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Practice combines a comprehensive theoretical treatment of high resolution NMR spectroscopy with an extensive exposition of the experimental techniques applicable to proteins and other biological macromolecules. Beginning with simple theoretical models and experimental techniques, Protein NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Practice develops the complete repertoire of theoretical principals and experimental practices necessary for understanding and implementing the most sophisticated NMR experiments. Protein NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Practice is written as a graduate-level textbook and will be of particular interest to biochemists, chemists, biophysicists, and structural biologists who utilize NMR spectroscopy as a research tool or who wish to remain abreast of the latest developments in this increasingly important area. * Special Features: * First book to combine detailed NMR theory discussions with experimental applications to biomolecules. * All the theory required to understand these experiments and others. * Easy to follow progression from a fundamental level to an advanced level. * Theory of NMR and practical applications for biomolecular investigations presented. * Theory applied to very practical situations. * Comprehensive treatment of different "levels" of theory from simple ideas to density matrix analysis and operator practices. * Comprehensive description of multi dimensional NMR experiments as applied to unlabeled, 15N-labeled and doubly (13C/15N) labeled proteins.
Principles and Practice
Author: John Cavanagh
Publisher: Academic Press