Normative Theories of the Media

Journalism in Democratic Societies

Author: Clifford G Christians,Theodore Glasser,Denis McQuail,Kaarle Nordenstreng,Robert A. White

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252090837

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 7622

In this book, five leading scholars of media and communication take on the difficult but important task of explicating the role of journalism in democratic societies. Using Fred S. Siebert, Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schramm's classic Four Theories of the Press as their point of departure, the authors explore the philosophical underpinnings and the political realities that inform a normative approach to questions about the relationship between journalism and democracy, investigating not just what journalism is but what it ought to be. The authors identify four distinct yet overlapping roles for the media: the monitorial role of a vigilant informer collecting and publishing information of potential interest to the public; the facilitative role that not only reports on but also seeks to support and strengthen civil society; the radical role that challenges authority and voices support for reform; and the collaborative role that creates partnerships between journalists and centers of power in society, notably the state, to advance mutually acceptable interests. Demonstrating the value of a reconsideration of media roles, Normative Theories of the Media provides a sturdy foundation for subsequent discussions of the changing media landscape and what it portends for democratic ideals.

Normative Theories of the Media

Journalism in Democratic Societies

Author: Clifford G. Christians

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252034236

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 275

View: 4005

A contemporary analysis of mass media and modern democracy

Four Theories of the Press

The Authoritarian, Libertarian, Social Responsibility, and Soviet Communist Concepts of What the Press Should Be and Do

Author: Fred Siebert,Theodore Peterson,Wilbur Schramm

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 025205105X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 168

View: 4268

Presented here are four major theories behind the functioning of the world's presses: (1) the Authoritarian theory, which developed in the late Renaissance and was based on the idea that truth is the product of a few wise men; (2) the Libertarian theory, which arose from the works of men like Milton, Locke, Mill, and Jefferson and avowed that the search for truth is one of man's natural rights; (3) the Social Responsibility theory of the modern day: equal radio and television time for political candidates, the obligations of the newspaper in a one-paper town, etc.; (4) the Soviet Communist theory, an expanded and more positive version of the old Authoritarian theory.

Journalism and Society

Author: Denis McQuail

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290816

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 1153

"Every serious student of journalism should read this book... Denis McQuail has succeeded in producing a work of scholarship that shows what journalists do and what they should do." - Stephen Coleman, University of Leeds "For a half century we have spoken earnestly of journalism's responsibility to society instead of to business and government. Now this concept is given sophistication unmatched, by the best scholar of media theory of his generation." - Clifford Christians, University of Illinois "The grand old man of communication theory presents an overarching social theory of journalism that goes beyond the usual Anglo-American focus." - Jo Bardoel, University of Amsterdam (ASCoR) and Nijmegen "This book deals with the eternal question of how journalism is linked to society... I cannot think of a better staple food for students of journalism at all levels." - Kaarle Nordenstreng, University of Tampere This is a major new statement on the role of journalism in democracy from one of media and communication's leading thinkers. Denis McQuail leads the reader through a systematic exploration of how and why journalism and society have become so inextricably entwined and - as importantly - what this relationship should be like. It is a strong re-statement of the fundamental values that journalism aspires to. Written for students, this book: Makes the theory accessible and relevant Teaches the importance of journalism to power and politics Explores the status and future of journalism as a profession Outlines the impact and consequences of the digital Reveals journalism as it is, but also as it should be Takes each chapter further with guided reading list and free online journal articles. This textbook is the perfect answer to the how and why of journalism. It is crucial reading for any student of media studies, communication studies and journalism.

Comparing Media Systems Beyond the Western World

Author: Daniel C. Hallin,Paolo Mancini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139505165

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2938

Comparing Media Systems Beyond the Western World offers a broad exploration of the conceptual foundations for comparative analysis of media and politics globally. It takes as its point of departure the widely used framework of Hallin and Mancini's Comparing Media Systems, exploring how the concepts and methods of their analysis do and do not prove useful when applied beyond the original focus of their 'most similar systems' design and the West European and North American cases it encompassed. It is intended both to use a wider range of cases to interrogate and clarify the conceptual framework of Comparing Media Systems and to propose new models, concepts and approaches that will be useful for dealing with non-Western media systems and with processes of political transition. Comparing Media Systems Beyond the Western World covers, among other cases, Brazil, China, Israel, Lebanon, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and Thailand.

International News Reporting

Frontlines and Deadlines

Author: John Owen,Heather Purdey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144435843X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 6186

A collection of essays by top international correspondants in print, broadcasting, and photojournalism, International News Reporting offers an introduction to journalism written by the people who have made the profession what it is today. Contributors identify the major areas of professional practice which students and young journalists need to know in order to work safely in, and understand fully, the field of international news gathering Looks at events from conflicts to humanitarian disasters Covers crucial topics such as how to report stories about the developing world, how to avoid stereotyping, the uses and abuses of blogging, and risk assessment for journalists in conflict zones

Comparing Media Systems

Three Models of Media and Politics

Author: Daniel C. Hallin,Paolo Mancini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139454285

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4989

Building on a survey of media institutions in eighteen West European and North American democracies, Hallin and Mancini identify the principal dimensions of variation in media systems and the political variables which have shaped their evolution. They go on to identify three major models of media system development (the Polarized Pluralist, Democratic Corporatist and Liberal models) to explain why the media have played a different role in politics in each of these systems, and to explore the forces of change that are currently transforming them. It provides a key theoretical statement about the relation between media and political systems, a key statement about the methodology of comparative analysis in political communication and a clear overview of the variety of media institutions that have developed in the West, understood within their political and historical context.

Last Rights

Revisiting Four Theories of the Press

Author: John C. Nerone

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252064708

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 205

View: 9773


Key Concepts in Critical Cultural Studies

Author: Linda Steiner,Clifford Christians

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252092570

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9957

This volume brings together sixteen essays on key and intersecting topics in critical cultural studies from major scholars in the field. Taking into account the vicissitudes of political, social, and cultural issues, the contributors engage deeply with the evolving understanding of critical concepts such as history, community, culture, identity, politics, ethics, globalization, and technology. The essays address the extent to which these concepts have been useful to scholars, policy makers, and citizens, as well as the ways they must be rethought and reconsidered if they are to continue to be viable. Each essay considers what is known and understood about these concepts. The essays give particular attention to how relevant ideas, themes, and terms were developed, elaborated, and deployed in the work of James W. Carey, the "founding father" of cultural studies in the United States. The contributors map how these important concepts, including Carey's own work with them, have evolved over time and how these concepts intersect. The result is a coherent volume that redefines the still-emerging field of critical cultural studies. Contributors are Stuart Allan, Jack Zeljko Bratich, Clifford Christians, Norman Denzin, Mark Fackler, Robert Fortner, Lawrence Grossberg, Joli Jensen, Steve Jones, John Nerone, Lana Rakow, Quentin J. Schultze, Linda Steiner, Angharad N. Valdivia, Catherine Warren, Frederick Wasser, and Barbie Zelizer.

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

An Inquiry Into a Category of Bourgeois Society

Author: J?rgen Habermas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745692338

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 1536

This major work retraces the emergence and development of the Bourgeois public sphere - that is, a sphere which was distinct from the state and in which citizens could discuss issues of general interest. In analysing the historical transformations of this sphere, Habermas recovers a concept which is of crucial significance for current debates in social and political theory. Habermas focuses on the liberal notion of the bourgeois public sphere as it emerged in Europe in the early modern period. He examines both the writings of political theorists, including Marx, Mill and de Tocqueville, and the specific institutions and social forms in which the public sphere was realized. This brilliant and influential work has been widely recognized for many years as a classic of contemporary social and political thought, of interest to students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Journalistic Role Performance

Concepts, Contexts, and Methods

Author: Claudia Mellado,Lea Hellmueller,Wolfgang Donsbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317667689

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5535

This volume lays out the theoretical and methodological framework to introduce the concept of journalistic role performance, defined as the outcome of concrete newsroom decisions and the style of news reporting when considering different constraints that influence the news product. By connecting role conception to role performance, this book addresses how journalistic ideals manifest in practice. The authors of this book analyze the disconnection between journalists’ understanding of their role and their actual professional performance in a period of high uncertainty and excitement about the future of journalism due the changes the Internet and new technologies have brought to the profession.

Just War Thinkers

From Cicero to the 21st Century

Author: Daniel R. Brunstetter,Cian O’Driscoll

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317307119

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 826

This volume offers a set of concise and accessible introductions to the seminal figures in the historical development of the just war tradition. In what, if any, circumstances are political communities justified in going to war? And what limits should apply to the conduct of any such war? The just war tradition is a body of thought that helps us think through these very questions. Its core ideas have been subject to fierce debate for over 2,000 years. Yet they continue to play a prominent role in how political and military leaders address the challenges posed by the use of force in international society. Until now there has been no text that offers concise and accessible introductions to the key figures associated with the tradition. Stepping into this breach, Just War Thinkers provides a set of clear but detailed essays by leading experts on nineteen seminal thinkers, from Cicero to Jeff McMahan. This volume challenges the reader to think about how traditions are constituted—who is included and excluded, and how that is determined—and how they serve to enable, constrain, and indeed channel subsequent thought, debate, and exchange. This book will be of much interest to students of just war tradition and theory, ethics and war, philosophy, security studies and IR.

Media and Participation

A Site of Ideological-democratic Struggle

Author: Nico Carpentier

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 1841504076

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 6876

Discusses participatory processes within the media. By looking at a diversity of media (television, radio, print, web, photography, but also museums), this book focuses on the process of participation itself, and shows how complex and difficult it is for media organisations to uphold their democratic-communicative role.

America's Battle for Media Democracy

The Triumph of Corporate Libertarianism and the Future of Media Reform

Author: Victor Pickard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107038332

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 4262

Drawing from extensive archival research, the book uncovers the American media system's historical roots and normative foundations. It charts the rise and fall of a forgotten media-reform movement to recover alternatives and paths not taken.

McQuail's Mass Communication Theory

Author: Denis McQuail

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1849202923

Category: Social Science

Page: 621

View: 1780

McQuail's Mass Communication Theory has been the benchmark for studying mass communication theory for more than 25 years. It remains the most authoritative and comprehensive introduction to the field and still offers unmatched coverage of the research literature. Fully up-to-date, this new edition includes: New boxed case studies on key research publications, familiarizing students with the critical research texts in the field A new streamlined structure for better navigation More definitions, examples, and illustrations throughout to bring abstract concepts to life Major updates on new media, globalization, work and economy McQuail's Mass Communication Theory is the indispensable resource no student of media studies can afford to be without.

Media and the Restyling of Politics

Consumerism, Celebrity and Cynicism

Author: John Corner,Dick Pels

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 210

View: 9156

Bringing together the work of leading academics in media and cultural studies, this book questions the ways in which emerging forms of political style relate not only to new conventions of celebrity and publicity but to ideas about representation, citizenship and the democratic process.

The SAGE Handbook of Digital Journalism

Author: Tamara Witschge,C. W. Anderson,David Domingo,Alfred Hermida

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473955068

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 624

View: 2571

The production and consumption of news in the digital era is blurring the boundaries between professionals, citizens and activists. Actors producing information are multiplying, but still media companies hold central position. Journalism research faces important challenges to capture, examine, and understand the current news environment. The SAGE Handbook of Digital Journalism starts from the pressing need for a thorough and bold debate to redefine the assumptions of research in the changing field of journalism. The 38 chapters, written by a team of global experts, are organised into four key areas: Section A: Changing Contexts Section B: News Practices in the Digital Era Section C: Conceptualizations of Journalism Section D: Research Strategies By addressing both institutional and non-institutional news production and providing ample attention to the question ‘who is a journalist?’ and the changing practices of news audiences in the digital era, this Handbook shapes the field and defines the roadmap for the research challenges that scholars will face in the coming decades.

The Liquefaction of Publicness

Communication, Democracy and the Public Sphere in the Internet Age

Author: Slavko Splichal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138325531

Category:

Page: 278

View: 4207

The successful Brexit referendum campaign; Donald Trump's election; and the rise of right-wing nationalist-populist political parties and movements - all of these events have incited renewed interest in public communication and the internetised media, deliberative democracy and public spheres, challenged by an informational abundance that generates a communicative liquefaction of publicness and politics. This book celebrates the 25th anniversary of the journal Javnost - The Public, bringing together internationally renowned scholars from 20 countries to discuss topical issues in contemporary media and communication research. It focuses on challenging issues of the changing nature of publicness and the public sphere in the internet age, issues of democracy and the crisis of public communication and the tasks of media and communication research as a social practice. It critically reflects on the democratisation crisis and the demise of popular and scholarly optimism, which the emerging internet inspired in early 1990s, when Javnost - The Public was founded.

Theories of Journalism in a Digital Age

Author: Steen Steensen,Laura Ahva

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134841353

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 8132

Given the interdisciplinary nature of digital journalism studies and the increasingly blurred boundaries of journalism, there is a need within the field of journalism studies to widen the scope of theoretical perspectives and approaches. Theories of Journalism in a Digital Age discusses new avenues in theorising journalism, and reassesses established theories. Contributors to this volume describe fresh concepts such as de-differentiation, circulation, news networks, and spatiality to explain journalism in a digital age, and provide concepts which further theorise technology as a fundamental part of journalism, such as actants and materiality. Several chapters discuss the latitude of user positions in the digitalised domain of journalism, exploring maximal–minimal participation, routines–interpretation–agency, and mobility–cross-mediality–participation. Finally, the book provides theoretical tools with which to understand, in different social and cultural contexts, the evolving practices of journalism, including innovation, dispersed gatekeeping, and mediatized interdependency. The chapters in this book were originally published in special issues of Digital Journalism and Journalism Practice.