Nonparametric Models for Longitudinal Data

With Implementation in R

Author: Colin O. Wu,Xin Tian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429939078

Category: Mathematics

Page: 552

View: 5385

Nonparametric Models for Longitudinal Data with Implementations in R presents a comprehensive summary of major advances in nonparametric models and smoothing methods with longitudinal data. It covers methods, theories, and applications that are particularly useful for biomedical studies in the era of big data and precision medicine. It also provides flexible tools to describe the temporal trends, covariate effects and correlation structures of repeated measurements in longitudinal data. This book is intended for graduate students in statistics, data scientists and statisticians in biomedical sciences and public health. As experts in this area, the authors present extensive materials that are balanced between theoretical and practical topics. The statistical applications in real-life examples lead into meaningful interpretations and inferences. Features: Provides an overview of parametric and semiparametric methods Shows smoothing methods for unstructured nonparametric models Covers structured nonparametric models with time-varying coefficients Discusses nonparametric shared-parameter and mixed-effects models Presents nonparametric models for conditional distributions and functionals Illustrates implementations using R software packages Includes datasets and code in the authors’ website Contains asymptotic results and theoretical derivations Both authors are mathematical statisticians at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and have published extensively in statistical and biomedical journals. Colin O. Wu earned his Ph.D. in statistics from the University of California, Berkeley (1990), and is also Adjunct Professor at the Georgetown University School of Medicine. He served as Associate Editor for Biometrics and Statistics in Medicine, and reviewer for National Science Foundation, NIH, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Xin Tian earned her Ph.D. in statistics from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey (2003). She has served on various NIH committees and collaborated extensively with clinical researchers.

Structural Nonparametric Models for the Analysis of Longitudinal Data

Author: Colin O. Wu,Xin Tian

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781466516007

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 5473

This book covers the recent advancement of statistical methods for the analysis of longitudinal data. Real datasets from four large NIH-supported longitudinal clinical trials and epidemiological studies illustrate the practical applications of the statistical methods. This book focuses on the nonparametric approaches, which have gained tremendous popularity in biomedical studies. These approaches have the flexibility to answer many scientific questions that cannot be properly addressed by the existing parametric approaches, such as the linear and nonlinear mixed effects models.

Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis

Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches

Author: Hulin Wu,Jin-Ting Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470009667

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 5939

Incorporates mixed-effects modeling techniques for more powerful and efficient methods This book presents current and effective nonparametric regression techniques for longitudinal data analysis and systematically investigates the incorporation of mixed-effects modeling techniques into various nonparametric regression models. The authors emphasize modeling ideas and inference methodologies, although some theoretical results for the justification of the proposed methods are presented. With its logical structure and organization, beginning with basic principles, the text develops the foundation needed to master advanced principles and applications. Following a brief overview, data examples from biomedical research studies are presented and point to the need for nonparametric regression analysis approaches. Next, the authors review mixed-effects models and nonparametric regression models, which are the two key building blocks of the proposed modeling techniques. The core section of the book consists of four chapters dedicated to the major nonparametric regression methods: local polynomial, regression spline, smoothing spline, and penalized spline. The next two chapters extend these modeling techniques to semiparametric and time varying coefficient models for longitudinal data analysis. The final chapter examines discrete longitudinal data modeling and analysis. Each chapter concludes with a summary that highlights key points and also provides bibliographic notes that point to additional sources for further study. Examples of data analysis from biomedical research are used to illustrate the methodologies contained throughout the book. Technical proofs are presented in separate appendices. With its focus on solving problems, this is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in longitudinal data analysis. It is also recommended as a reference for biostatisticians and other theoretical and applied research statisticians with an interest in longitudinal data analysis. Not only do readers gain an understanding of the principles of various nonparametric regression methods, but they also gain a practical understanding of how to use the methods to tackle real-world problems.

Nonparametric analysis of longitudinal data in factorial experiments

Author: Edgar Brunner,Sebastian Domhof,Frank Langer

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 3166

The authoritative reference on nonparametric methods for evaluating longitudinal data in factorial designs Broadening the range of techniques that can be used to evaluate longitudinal data, Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Factorial Experiments presents nonparametric methods of evaluation that supplement the generalized linear models approach. Emphasizing the practical application of these methods in statistical procedures, this book provides a unified approach for the analysis of factorial designs involving longitudinal data that is appropriate for metric data, count data, ordered categorical data, and dichotomous data. Topics covered include nonparametric models, effects and hypotheses in experimental design, estimators for relative effects, experiments for one and several groups of subjects, multifactorial experiments, dependent replications, and experiments with numerous time points. The basic mathematical principles for the methods introduced here are described in theory, consistent with the book's minimal math requirements. Simple approximations for small data sets are provided, as well as ample chapter exercises to test skills, an appendix that includes original data for the examples used throughout the book, and downloadable SAS-IML macros for implementing the more extensive calculations. All applications are designed to be useful in many fields. Generously supplemented with more than 110 graphs and tables, Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Factorial Experiments is an essential reference for statisticians and biometricians, researchers in clinical trials, psychological studies, and in the fields of forestry, agriculture, sociology, ecology, and biology, as well as graduate students in statistics and biostatistics.

Longitudinal Data Analysis

Author: Garrett Fitzmaurice,Marie Davidian,Geert Verbeke,Geert Molenberghs

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420011579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 5293

Although many books currently available describe statistical models and methods for analyzing longitudinal data, they do not highlight connections between various research threads in the statistical literature. Responding to this void, Longitudinal Data Analysis provides a clear, comprehensive, and unified overview of state-of-the-art theory and applications. It also focuses on the assorted challenges that arise in analyzing longitudinal data. After discussing historical aspects, leading researchers explore four broad themes: parametric modeling, nonparametric and semiparametric methods, joint models, and incomplete data. Each of these sections begins with an introductory chapter that provides useful background material and a broad outline to set the stage for subsequent chapters. Rather than focus on a narrowly defined topic, chapters integrate important research discussions from the statistical literature. They seamlessly blend theory with applications and include examples and case studies from various disciplines. Destined to become a landmark publication in the field, this carefully edited collection emphasizes statistical models and methods likely to endure in the future. Whether involved in the development of statistical methodology or the analysis of longitudinal data, readers will gain new perspectives on the field.

The SAGE Handbook of Multilevel Modeling

Author: Marc A. Scott,Jeffrey S. Simonoff,Brian D. Marx

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446265978

Category: Reference

Page: 696

View: 818

In this important new Handbook, the editors have gathered together a range of leading contributors to introduce the theory and practice of multilevel modeling. The Handbook establishes the connections in multilevel modeling, bringing together leading experts from around the world to provide a roadmap for applied researchers linking theory and practice, as well as a unique arsenal of state-of-the-art tools. It forges vital connections that cross traditional disciplinary divides and introduces best practice in the field. Part I establishes the framework for estimation and inference, including chapters dedicated to notation, model selection, fixed and random effects, and causal inference. Part II develops variations and extensions, such as nonlinear, semiparametric and latent class models. Part III includes discussion of missing data and robust methods, assessment of fit and software. Part IV consists of exemplary modeling and data analyses written by methodologists working in specific disciplines. Combining practical pieces with overviews of the field, this Handbook is essential reading for any student or researcher looking to apply multilevel techniques in their own research.

Missing Data in Longitudinal Studies

Strategies for Bayesian Modeling and Sensitivity Analysis

Author: Michael J. Daniels,Joseph W. Hogan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420011180

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 7533

Drawing from the authors’ own work and from the most recent developments in the field, Missing Data in Longitudinal Studies: Strategies for Bayesian Modeling and Sensitivity Analysis describes a comprehensive Bayesian approach for drawing inference from incomplete data in longitudinal studies. To illustrate these methods, the authors employ several data sets throughout that cover a range of study designs, variable types, and missing data issues. The book first reviews modern approaches to formulate and interpret regression models for longitudinal data. It then discusses key ideas in Bayesian inference, including specifying prior distributions, computing posterior distribution, and assessing model fit. The book carefully describes the assumptions needed to make inferences about a full-data distribution from incompletely observed data. For settings with ignorable dropout, it emphasizes the importance of covariance models for inference about the mean while for nonignorable dropout, the book studies a variety of models in detail. It concludes with three case studies that highlight important features of the Bayesian approach for handling nonignorable missingness. With suggestions for further reading at the end of most chapters as well as many applications to the health sciences, this resource offers a unified Bayesian approach to handle missing data in longitudinal studies.

Nonparametric Regression Analysis of Longitudinal Data

Author: Hans-Georg Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461239265

Category: Mathematics

Page: 369

View: 4831

This monograph reviews some of the work that has been done for longitudi nal data in the rapidly expanding field of nonparametric regression. The aim is to give the reader an impression of the basic mathematical tools that have been applied, and also to provide intuition about the methods and applications. Applications to the analysis of longitudinal studies are emphasized to encourage the non-specialist and applied statistician to try these methods out. To facilitate this, FORTRAN programs are provided which carry out some of the procedures described in the text. The emphasis of most research work so far has been on the theoretical aspects of nonparametric regression. It is my hope that these techniques will gain a firm place in the repertoire of applied statisticians who realize the large potential for convincing applications and the need to use these techniques concurrently with parametric regression. This text evolved during a set of lectures given by the author at the Division of Statistics at the University of California, Davis in Fall 1986 and is based on the author's Habilitationsschrift submitted to the University of Marburg in Spring 1985 as well as on published and unpublished work. Completeness is not attempted, neither in the text nor in the references. The following persons have been particularly generous in sharing research or giving advice: Th. Gasser, P. Ihm, Y. P. Mack, V. Mammi tzsch, G . G. Roussas, U. Stadtmuller, W. Stute and R.

Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data

Author: Lang Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420074086

Category: Mathematics

Page: 431

View: 9148

Although standard mixed effects models are useful in a range of studies, other approaches must often be used in correlation with them when studying complex or incomplete data. Mixed Effects Models for Complex Data discusses commonly used mixed effects models and presents appropriate approaches to address dropouts, missing data, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. For each class of mixed effects model, the author reviews the corresponding class of regression model for cross-sectional data. An overview of general models and methods, along with motivating examples After presenting real data examples and outlining general approaches to the analysis of longitudinal/clustered data and incomplete data, the book introduces linear mixed effects (LME) models, generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), nonlinear mixed effects (NLME) models, and semiparametric and nonparametric mixed effects models. It also includes general approaches for the analysis of complex data with missing values, measurement errors, censoring, and outliers. Self-contained coverage of specific topics Subsequent chapters delve more deeply into missing data problems, covariate measurement errors, and censored responses in mixed effects models. Focusing on incomplete data, the book also covers survival and frailty models, joint models of survival and longitudinal data, robust methods for mixed effects models, marginal generalized estimating equation (GEE) models for longitudinal or clustered data, and Bayesian methods for mixed effects models. Background material In the appendix, the author provides background information, such as likelihood theory, the Gibbs sampler, rejection and importance sampling methods, numerical integration methods, optimization methods, bootstrap, and matrix algebra. Failure to properly address missing data, measurement errors, and other issues in statistical analyses can lead to severely biased or misleading results. This book explores the biases that arise when naïve methods are used and shows which approaches should be used to achieve accurate results in longitudinal data analysis.

Unified Methods for Censored Longitudinal Data and Causality

Author: Mark J. van der Laan,James M Robins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387217002

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 6478

A fundamental statistical framework for the analysis of complex longitudinal data is provided in this book. It provides the first comprehensive description of optimal estimation techniques based on time-dependent data structures. The techniques go beyond standard statistical approaches and can be used to teach masters and Ph.D. students. The text is ideally suitable for researchers in statistics with a strong interest in the analysis of complex longitudinal data.

Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology

A Practical Guide

Author: Jos W. R. Twisk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525800

Category: Medical

Page: 301

View: 2975

The most important techniques available for longitudinal data analysis are discussed in this book. The discussion includes simple techniques such as the paired t-test and summary statistics, but also more sophisticated techniques such as generalized estimating equations and random coefficient analysis. A distinction is made between longitudinal analysis with continuous, dichotomous, and categorical outcome variables. This practical guide is especially suitable for non-statisticians and all those undertaking medical research or epidemiological studies.

Multivariate Statistical Modelling Based on Generalized Linear Models

Author: Ludwig Fahrmeir,Gerhard Tutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489900101

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 6925

Concerned with the use of generalised linear models for univariate and multivariate regression analysis, this is a detailed introductory survey of the subject, based on the analysis of real data drawn from a variety of subjects such as the biological sciences, economics, and the social sciences. Where possible, technical details and proofs are deferred to an appendix in order to provide an accessible account for non-experts. Topics covered include: models for multi-categorical responses, model checking, time series and longitudinal data, random effects models, and state-space models. Throughout, the authors have taken great pains to discuss the underlying theoretical ideas in ways that relate well to the data at hand. As a result, numerous researchers whose work relies on the use of these models will find this an invaluable account.

Linear Mixed Models for Longitudinal Data

Author: Geert Verbeke,Geert Molenberghs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441902996

Category: Mathematics

Page: 570

View: 5978

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of linear mixed models for continuous longitudinal data. Next to model formulation, this edition puts major emphasis on exploratory data analysis for all aspects of the model, such as the marginal model, subject-specific profiles, and residual covariance structure. Further, model diagnostics and missing data receive extensive treatment. Sensitivity analysis for incomplete data is given a prominent place. Most analyses were done with the MIXED procedure of the SAS software package, but the data analyses are presented in a software-independent fashion.

Models for Discrete Longitudinal Data

Author: Geert Molenberghs,Geert Verbeke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387251448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 687

View: 9951

The linear mixed model has become the main parametric tool for the analysis of continuous longitudinal data, as the authors discussed in their 2000 book. Without putting too much emphasis on software, the book shows how the different approaches can be implemented within the SAS software package. The authors received the American Statistical Association's Excellence in Continuing Education Award based on short courses on longitudinal and incomplete data at the Joint Statistical Meetings of 2002 and 2004.

Analysis of Longitudinal Data

Author: Peter Diggle,Patrick Heagerty,Kung-Yee Liang,Scott Zeger

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664332

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 7233

The first edition of Analysis for Longitudinal Data has become a classic. Describing the statistical models and methods for the analysis of longitudinal data, it covers both the underlying statistical theory of each method, and its application to a range of examples from the agricultural and biomedical sciences. The main topics discussed are design issues, exploratory methods of analysis, linear models for continuous data, general linear models for discrete data, and models and methods for handling data and missing values. Under each heading, worked examples are presented in parallel with the methodological development, and sufficient detail is given to enable the reader to reproduce the author's results using the data-sets as an appendix. This second edition, published for the first time in paperback, provides a thorough and expanded revision of this important text. It includes two new chapters; the first discusses fully parametric models for discrete repeated measures data, and the second explores statistical models for time-dependent predictors.

The Oxford Handbook of Panel Data

Author: Badi H. Baltagi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190210826

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 4014

The Oxford Handbook of Panel Data examines new developments in the theory and applications of panel data. It includes basic topics like non-stationary panels, co-integration in panels, multifactor panel models, panel unit roots, measurement error in panels, incidental parameters and dynamic panels, spatial panels, nonparametric panel data, random coefficients, treatment effects, sample selection, count panel data, limited dependent variable panel models, unbalanced panel models with interactive effects and influential observations in panel data. Contributors to the Handbook explore applications of panel data to a wide range of topics in economics, including health, labor, marketing, trade, productivity, and macro applications in panels. This Handbook is an informative and comprehensive guide for both those who are relatively new to the field and for those wishing to extend their knowledge to the frontier. It is a trusted and definitive source on panel data, having been edited by Professor Badi Baltagi-widely recognized as one of the foremost econometricians in the area of panel data econometrics. Professor Baltagi has successfully recruited an all-star cast of experts for each of the well-chosen topics in the Handbook.

Models for Intensive Longitudinal Data

Author: Theodore A. Walls,Joseph L. Schafer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198038665

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 720

Rapid technological advances in devices used for data collection have led to the emergence of a new class of longitudinal data: intensive longitudinal data (ILD). Behavioral scientific studies now frequently utilize handheld computers, beepers, web interfaces, and other technological tools for collecting many more data points over time than previously possible. Other protocols, such as those used in fMRI and monitoring of public safety, also produce ILD, hence the statistical models in this volume are applicable to a range of data. The volume features state-of-the-art statistical modeling strategies developed by leading statisticians and methodologists working on ILD in conjunction with behavioral scientists. Chapters present applications from across the behavioral and health sciences, including coverage of substantive topics such as stress, smoking cessation, alcohol use, traffic patterns, educational performance and intimacy. Models for Intensive Longitudinal Data (MILD) is designed for those who want to learn about advanced statistical models for intensive longitudinal data and for those with an interest in selecting and applying a given model. The chapters highlight issues of general concern in modeling these kinds of data, such as a focus on regulatory systems, issues of curve registration, variable frequency and spacing of measurements, complex multivariate patterns of change, and multiple independent series. The extraordinary breadth of coverage makes this an indispensable reference for principal investigators designing new studies that will introduce ILD, applied statisticians working on related models, and methodologists, graduate students, and applied analysts working in a range of fields. A companion Web site at www.oup.com/us/MILD contains program examples and documentation.