Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

One Hundred Years of Citizenship

Author: Igor Š tiks

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474221548

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 9216

Between 1914 and the present day the political makeup of the Balkans has relentlessly changed, following unpredictable shifts of international and internal borders. Between and across these borders various political communities were formed, co-existed and (dis)integrated. By analysing one hundred years of modern citizenship in Yugoslavia and post-Yugoslav states, Igor Š tiks shows that the concept and practice of citizenship is necessary to understand how political communities are made, un-made and re-made. He argues that modern citizenship is a tool that can be used for different and opposing goals, from integration and re-unification to fragmentation and ethnic engineering. The study of citizenship in the 'laboratory' of the Balkands offers not only an original angle to narrate an alternative political history, but also an insight into the fine mechanics and repeating glitches of modern politics, applicable to multinational states in the European Union and beyond.

Brüderlichkeit und Bruderzwist

Mediale Inszenierungen des Aufbaus und des Niedergangs politischer Gemeinschaften in Ost- und Südosteuropa

Author: Tanja Zimmermann

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847001361

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 551

View: 2715

Wenn man in der Vergangenheit unterschiedliche soziale Schichten, religiöse Glaubensgemeinschaften, Ethnien oder Nationen in einer politischen Bewegung oder in einem Staat vereinen wollte, appellierte man an deren vermeintliche »Brüderlichkeit«. Man berief sich auf übergeordnete Gemeinsamkeiten und rief verschiedene Traditionen auf den Plan: vom frühen Christentum zum Kommunismus, von geheimen Vereinigungen zu proletarischen Bünden und Partisanenverbänden, von Blutsbruderschaft (pobratimstvo) zu multinationalen Staaten (Sowjetunion, Tschechoslowakei, Jugoslawien), vom Panslawismus in allen seien Ausprägungen zu Titos »drittem Weg«. In Rhetorik und medialer Inszenierung reichte die Spannbreite von der Verpflichtung auf metaphorische Bruderliebe bis zur buchstäblichen Vereinnahmung durch Gemeinschaften, die als erpresserischer Familienclan auftraten und ihre politischen Ziele durch Biopolitik und Rassismus umsetzten. Die Beiträge zeichnen die Möglichkeiten der Integration und der Identitätsfindung nach, die den einzelnen Religionsgemeinschaften, Ethnien oder Nationen angeboten wurden. Besonderes Augenmerk liegt auf dem medialen Aufbau einheitsstiftender Symbole und Narrative. Obwohl die Tschechoslowakei und Jugoslawien im Vordergrund stehen, werden auch Querverbindungen zur Sowjetunion bzw. zum postkommunistischem Russland sowie zu anderen Ländern und Nationen, die als Brüder vereinnahmt wurden, hergestellt.

Citizenship after Yugoslavia

Author: Jo Shaw,Igor Štiks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317967070

Category: Political Science

Page: 158

View: 5388

This book is the first comprehensive examination of the citizenship regimes of the new states that emerged out of the break up of Yugoslavia. It covers both the states that emerged out of the initial disintegration across 1991 and 1992 (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Macedonia), as well as those that have been formed recently through subsequent partitions (Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo). While citizenship has often been used as a tool of ethnic engineering to reinforce the position of the titular majority in many states, in other cases citizenship laws and practices have been liberalised as part of a wider political settlement intended to include minority communities more effectively in the political process. Meanwhile, frequent (re)definitions of these increasingly overlapping regimes still provoke conflicts among post-Yugoslav states. This volume shows how important it is for the field of citizenship studies to take into account the main changes in and varieties of citizenship regimes in the post-Yugoslav states, as a particular case of new state citizenship. At the same time, it seeks to show scholars of (post) Yugoslavia and the wider Balkans that the Yugoslav crisis, disintegration and wars as well as the current functioning of the new and old Balkan states, together with the process of their integration into the EU, cannot be fully understood without a deeper understanding of their citizenship regimes. This book was originally published as a special issue of Citizenship Studies.

The Foreign Policies of Post-Yugoslav States

From Yugoslavia to Europe

Author: S. Keil,B. Stahl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137384131

Category: Political Science

Page: 259

View: 6607

The post-Yugoslav states have developed very differently since Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s. This book analyzes the foreign policies of the post-Yugoslav states, thereby focusing on the main goals, actors, decision-making processes and influences on the foreign policies of these countries.

Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space

Author: Dr Branislav Radeljic

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404564

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 7582

Charting the path from intervention to integration Europe and the Post-Yugoslav Space examines the role of Europeanization on the development of the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo may have a shared history but their experiences, views and attitudes to European integration vary dramatically. Opinion within each state is often equally as keenly divided as to the benefits of active membership. The debate within each country and their comparative differences in approach provide fascinating case studies on the importance and relevance of the EU and the effectiveness of Europeanization. A wide range of contributors with significant experience gained within the EU as well as their country of origin use their expert understanding of the language and cultures of the countries concerned to provide detailed and rich insights into the troubled history and potential of the post-Yugoslav space.

Citizenship in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro

Effects of Statehood and Identity Challenges

Author: Jelena Džankic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317165799

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 1057

What happens to the citizen when states and nations come into being? How do the different ways in which states and nations exist define relations between individuals, groups, and the government? Are all citizens equal in their rights and duties in the newly established polity? Addressing these key questions in the contested and ethnically heterogeneous post-Yugoslav states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro, this book reinterprets the place of citizenship in the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the creation of new states in the Western Balkans. Carefully analysing the interplay between competing ethnic identities and state-building projects, the author proposes a new analytical framework for studying continuities and discontinuities of citizenship in post-partition, post-conflict states. The book maintains that citizenship regimes in challenged states are shaped not only by the immediate political contexts that generated them, but also by their historical trajectories, societal environments in which they exist, as well as the transformative powers of international and European factors.

The Judgment of Richard Richter

Author: Igor Stiks

Publisher: AmazonCrossing

ISBN: 9781503946668

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 7089

In this gripping, war-torn epic novel, author Igor Štiks, a nominee for the IMPAC Dublin Award, tells the story of a celebrated writer who travels to Sarajevo to unearth devastating family secrets and the lies that have defined his life. Author Richard Richter’s mother and father were always phantoms, both parents having died by the time he was four. His life, now at a crossroads, has been a jumble of invention, elusive memories, and handed-down stories. But when Richard finds his mother’s hidden notebook, written by her during World War II, he discovers a confession that was never meant to be read by anyone—least of all, her son. ,p>Richard’s quest for the truth about his life leads him to an embattled Sarajevo. In the chaos of the besieged city, he discovers something more: a transformative romance and unexpected new friendships that will change the course of his search. But fate has been playing with all of them. And just as fate determines the lives of the characters in his novel, a betrayal reaching back half a century has yet to loosen its grip—on Richard, on everyone he has come to love, and on those he has no choice but to try to forgive.

Citizenship Policies in the New Europe

Author: Rainer Bauböck,Bernhard Perchinig,Wiebke Sievers

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089641084

Category: Political Science

Page: 460

View: 8557

"Citizenship Policies in the New Europe describes the citizenship laws in each of the twelve new countries as well as in the accession states Croatia and Turkey and analyses their historical background. Citizenship Policies in the New Europe complements two volumes on Acquisition and Loss of Nationality in the fifteen old Member States published in the same series in 2006." --Book Jacket.

Die Abstiegsgesellschaft

Über das Aufbegehren in der regressiven Moderne

Author: Oliver Nachtwey

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518736272

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7510

Die Möglichkeit des sozialen Aufstiegs war eines der zentralen Versprechen der »alten« BRD – und tatsächlich wurde es meistens eingelöst: Aus dem Käfer wurde ein Audi, aus Facharbeiterkindern Akademiker. Mittlerweile ist der gesellschaftliche Fahrstuhl stecken geblieben: Uniabschlüsse bedeuten nicht mehr automatisch Status und Sicherheit, Arbeitnehmer bekommen immer weniger ab vom großen Kuchen. Oliver Nachtwey analysiert die Ursachen dieses Bruchs und befasst sich mit dem Konfliktpotenzial, das dadurch entsteht: Selbst wenn Deutschland bislang relativ glimpflich durch die Krise gekommen sein mag, könnten auch hierzulande bald soziale Auseinandersetzungen auf uns zukommen, die heute bereits die Gesellschaften Südeuropas erschüttern.

Nationalism, Ethnicity and Boundaries

Conceptualising and understanding identity through boundary approaches

Author: Jennifer Jackson,Lina Molokotos-Liederman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317599993

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 9747

Nationalism and ethnicity have become, across time and space, a force in the construction of boundaries. This book analyses geographical and physical borders and symbolic, political and socio-economic boundaries, and how they impact upon nationalism and ethnic identity. Geographic and other tangible borders are critical components in the making and unmaking of boundaries. However, symbolic or intangible boundaries along national, ethnic, political or socio-economic criteria are equally significant. Organised into three sections on theory, national and transnational case studies, this book both introduces existing approaches to the study of boundaries and illustrates how it is possible to apply renewed boundary approaches to better understand nationalism and ethnicity in contemporary contexts. Expert contributors in the field present detailed case studies on the UK, Israel, Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, and draw upon further examples from more than a dozen countries to provide a critical evaluation of the use of borders, boundaries and boundary-making in the study of nationalism and ethnicity. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of International Politics, Nationalism, Racial and Ethnic Politics, Ethnic Identity and Sociology.

Death of the Father

An Anthropology of the End in Political Authority

Author: John Borneman

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571811110

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7793

'Death of the Father' is a comparative examination of the crises in symbolic identification and national traumas that have resulted from the defeat and/or implosion of regimes in Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan and Communist Eastern Europe.

After Yugoslavia

Identities and Politics within the Successor States

Author: R. Hudson,G. Bowman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023030513X

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 4734

An investigation of recent developments and trends within the Yugoslav successor states since the signing of the Dayton Agreements in Autumn 1995. This book offers a distinctive and desirable perspective on the seven successor states, their cultures, politics and identities by providing an internal perspective on the region and its developments.

Collective Memory, National Identity, and Ethnic Conflict

Greece, Bulgaria, and the Macedonian Question

Author: Victor Roudometof

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275976484

Category: History

Page: 265

View: 3764

Roudometof analyzes rival national claims over Macedonia. He examines the symbolic struggle among Greeks, Bulgarians, and Macedonians, as well as the struggle of Albanians for self-determination in Kosovo and western Macedonia, and he deconstructs the national narratives of competing sides and provides an alternative interpretation of Macedonian nation formation.

Geschichte Jugoslawiens im 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Marie-Janine Calic

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406677576

Category: History

Page: 415

View: 3114

Um 1900 war „Jugoslawien“ nur der Traum einiger südslawischer Intellektueller. Hundert Jahre später ist es zu einem Trauma geworden. Dazwischen liegen zwei Weltkriege, zwei ganz unterschiedliche jugoslawische Staaten sowie eine Geschichte von Fortschritt und Verfall, von Extremen und Exzessen, von Utopie und Untergang. Marie-Janine Calic schlägt in diesem Buch analytische Schneisen in die faszinierende Geschichte Jugoslawiens und legt die erste Gesamtdarstellung in deutscher Sprache seit der Auflösung des Vielvölkerstaates vor.

Autonomy and Ethnicity

Negotiating Competing Claims in Multi-Ethnic States

Author: Yash Ghai

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521786423

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 2783

This book, first published in 2000, explores how different states negotiate the competing claims of ethnic groups.