Nation as Network

Diaspora, Cyberspace, and Citizenship

Author: Victoria Bernal

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022614481X

Category: COMPUTERS

Page: 208

View: 6231

How is the internet transforming the relationships between citizens and states? What happens to politics when international migration is coupled with digital media, making it easy for people to be politically active in a nation from outside its borders? In Nation as Network, Victoria Bernal creatively combines media studies, ethnography, and African studies to explore this new political paradigm through a striking analysis of how Eritreans in diaspora have used the internet to shape the course of Eritrean history. Bernal argues that Benedict Anderson’s famous concept of nations as “imagined communities” must now be rethought because diasporas and information technologies have transformed the ways nations are sustained and challenged. She traces the development of Eritrean diaspora websites over two turbulent decades that saw the Eritrean state grow ever more tyrannical. Through Eritreans’ own words in posts and debates, she reveals how new subjectivities are formed and political action is galvanized online. She suggests that “infopolitics”—struggles over the management of information—make politics in the 21st century distinct, and she analyzes the innovative ways Eritreans deploy the internet to support and subvert state power. Nation as Network is a unique and compelling work that advances our understanding of the political significance of digital media.

Mediale Migranten

Mediatisierung und die kommunikative Vernetzung der Diaspora

Author: Andreas Hepp,Cigdem Bozdag,Laura Suna

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531928287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 290

View: 1555

Medien und Migration ist ein aktuell heiß diskutiertes Thema. Doch wie wichtig sind Medien für Migrantinnen und Migranten wirklich? Was hat sich mit der Etablierung von Internet, Mobiltelefon und Social Web geändert? Welchen Stellenwert haben Medien für die Vergemeinschaftung der Diasporas? Es sind Fragen wie diese, die in der Studie 'Mediale Migranten' behandelt werden. Durch eine vielschichtige Analyse wird gezeigt, dass über die verschiedenen Medien hinweg die kommunikative Vernetzung von Migrantinnen und Migranten sehr unterschiedlich verläuft, je nachdem, ob sie eher herkunfts-, ethno- oder weltorientiert sind. Auf diese Weise verdeutlicht die Untersuchung, dass man 'Integration durch Medien' anders denken muss, als dies bisher geschehen ist.

Citizenship, Inequality, and Difference

Historical Perspectives

Author: Frederick Cooper

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140089042X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4437

A succinct and comprehensive history of the development of citizenship from the Roman Empire to the present day Citizenship, Inequality, and Difference offers a concise and sweeping overview of citizenship's complex evolution, from ancient Rome to the present. Political leaders and thinkers still debate, as they did in Republican Rome, whether the presumed equivalence of citizens is compatible with cultural diversity and economic inequality. Frederick Cooper presents citizenship as "claim-making"--the assertion of rights in a political entity. What those rights should be and to whom they should apply have long been subjects for discussion and political mobilization, while the kind of political entity in which claims and counterclaims have been made has varied over time and space. Citizenship ideas were first shaped in the context of empires. The relationship of citizenship to "nation" and "empire" was hotly debated after the revolutions in France and the Americas, and claims to "imperial citizenship" continued to be made in the mid-twentieth century. Cooper examines struggles over citizenship in the Spanish, French, British, Ottoman, Russian, Soviet, and American empires, and he explains the reconfiguration of citizenship questions after the collapse of empires in Africa and India. He explores the tension today between individualistic and social conceptions of citizenship, as well as between citizenship as an exclusionary notion and flexible and multinational conceptions of citizenship. Citizenship, Inequality, and Difference is a historically based reflection on some of the most fundamental issues facing human societies in the past and present.

The Handbook of Diasporas, Media, and Culture

Author: Jessica Retis,Roza Tsagarousianou

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119236754

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 6289

A multidisciplinary, authoritative outline of the current intellectual landscape of the field. Over the past three decades, the term ‘diaspora’ has been featured in many research studies and in wider theoretical debates in areas such as communications, the humanities, social sciences, politics, and international relations. The Handbook of Diasporas, Media, and Culture explores new dimensions of human mobility and connectivity—presenting state-of-the-art research and key debates on the intersection of media, cultural, and diasporic studies This innovative and timely book helps readers to understand diasporic cultures and their impact on the globalized world. The Handbook presents contributions from internationally-recognized scholars and researchers to strengthen understanding of diasporas and diasporic cultures, diasporic media and cultural resources, and the various forms of diasporic organization, expression, production, distribution, and consumption. Divided into seven sections, this wide-ranging volume covers topics such as methodological challenges and innovations in diasporic research, the construction of diasporic identity, the politics of diasporic integration, the intersection of gender and generation with the diasporic condition, new technologies in media, and many others. A much-needed resource for anyone with interest diasporic studies, this book: Presents new and original theory, research, and essays Employs unique methodological and conceptual debates Offers contributions from a multidisciplinary team of scholars and researchers Explores new and emerging trends in the study of diasporas and media Applies a wide-ranging, international perspective to the subject Due to its international perspective, interdisciplinary approach, and wide range of authors from around the world, The Handbook of Diasporas, Media, and Culture is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students, teachers, lecturers, and researchers in areas that focus on the relationship of media and society, ethnic identity, race, class and gender, globalization and immigration, and other relevant fields.

Networks of Knowledge Production in Sudan

Identities, Mobilities, and Technologies

Author: Sondra Hale,Gada Kadoda

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498532136

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 9858

This book is an interdisciplinary collection of essays studying the intersections of identities, mobilities, and technologies within the context of knowledge production in Sudan—one of the most conflict-ridden and socially diverse landscapes in the world. The essayists look at the effects of diverse technologies such as social media, mobile telephony, trains, and gold mining on the social and economic identities of one of the world’s most highly mobile populations.

Nektar und Ambrosia

kleine Ethnologie des Essens und Trinkens

Author: Klaus E. Müller

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406510267

Category: Food habits

Page: 170

View: 2012


Blogistan

Politik und Internet in Iran

Author: Annabelle Sreberny,Gholam Khiabany

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868545468

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 8188

Die Protestwelle nach der umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahl im Iran vom Juni 2009 lenkte die Aufmerksamkeit der Weltöffentlichkeit auf die lebendige Internetkultur der Islamischen Republik. Das Internet, heißt es, befördert den gesellschaftlichen Wandel in Ländern wie dem Iran, doch inwiefern unterscheidet sich das Netz von den Printmedien? Stellt es tatsächlich eine neue öffentliche Sphäre dar? Welchen Einfluss haben soziale Netzwerke wie Facebook, Twitter oder YouTube auf die Organisation von Demonstrationen? Bringt die iranische Blogosphäre eine Kultur des Dissidententums hervor, die das islamistische Regime am Ende zu Fall bringen wird? Diese wegweisende Studie bietet Einblicke in die Internetkultur im heutigen Iran und untersucht die Auswirkungen der neuen Kommunikationsformen auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Die Autoren warnen davor, "Blogger" mit "Dissident" gleichzusetzen, denn auch das Regime hat längst mit der "Kolonisierung Blogistans" begonnen. Das Internet, so eine ihrer Thesen, bringt Veränderungen mit sich, die weder die Regierung noch die Demokratiebewegungen vorhersehen konnten und können. "Blogistan" ist nicht nur eine Fallstudie zur Internetaneigung in der islamischen Welt, sondern das Buch macht auch deutlich, welche Auswirkungen die Neuen Medien auf gesellschaftliche Strukturen und Prozesse haben.

Bis wir frei sind

Mein Kampf für Menschenrechte im Iran

Author: Shirin Ebadi

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492974813

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 5863

Shirin Ebadi, die erste muslimische Friedensnobelpreisträgerin, wurde wegen ihres Engagements für Menschenrechte in ihrem Heimatland jahrelang von der iranischen Regierung bedroht und schikaniert – und verlor dabei alles: ihren Ehemann, ihr Zuhause, ihre Freunde, ihr Hab und Gut. Nur eines konnte man der Menschenrechtsaktivistin nicht nehmen: den Glauben an eine bessere Zukunft und den Willen, für ihre Überzeugungen zu kämpfen. Nun erzählt sie auf bewegende und erschütternde Weise von ihrem unablässigen Kampf für Freiheit und Gerechtigkeit, den sie trotz aller Widrigkeiten auch im Exil unerschrocken fortführt. Nach dem großen Erfolg von »Mein Iran« ist dies der zweite Teil ihrer beeindruckenden Geschichte.

Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht

Author: Anne Peters

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161527494

Category: Law

Page: 559

View: 1525

Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

Mobilisierung der Diaspora

Die moralische Ökonomie der Bürgerkriege in Sri Lanka und Eritrea

Author: Katrin Radtke

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593388995

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8341

Welche Rolle spielen Flüchtlingsgemeinschaften bei der Finanzierung von Bürgerkriegen? Am Beispiel der Bürgerkriege in Eritrea und Sri Lanka untersucht Katrin Radtke das transnationale Beziehungsgeflecht zwischen den bewaffneten Gruppen und den Flüchtlingen in der Diaspora. Auf der Grundlage mehrmonatiger Feldforschungsaufenthalte in beiden Konfliktländern beschreibt sie, mit welchen Strategien die Flüchtlinge moralisch unter Druck gesetzt werden. Eine ursprünglich freiwillige Gabe wird so zu einer Pflichtabgabe für den bewaffneten Kampf.

Theorizing NGOs

States, Feminisms, and Neoliberalism

Author: Victoria Bernal,Inderpal Grewal

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822377195

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 3772

Theorizing NGOs examines how the rise of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) has transformed the conditions of women's lives and of feminist organizing. Victoria Bernal and Inderpal Grewal suggest that we can understand the proliferation of NGOs through a focus on the NGO as a unified form despite the enormous variation and diversity contained within that form. Theorizing NGOs brings together cutting-edge feminist research on NGOs from various perspectives and disciplines. Contributors locate NGOs within local and transnational configurations of power, interrogate the relationships of nongovernmental organizations to states and to privatization, and map the complex, ambiguous, and ultimately unstable synergies between feminisms and NGOs. While some of the contributors draw on personal experience with NGOs, others employ regional or national perspectives. Spanning a broad range of issues with which NGOs are engaged, from microcredit and domestic violence to democratization, this groundbreaking collection shows that NGOs are, themselves, fields of gendered struggles over power, resources, and status. Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Victoria Bernal, LeeRay M. Costa, Inderpal Grewal, Laura Grünberg, Elissa Helms, Julie Hemment, Saida Hodžic, Lamia Karim, Sabine Lang, Lauren Leve, Kathleen O'Reilly, Aradhana Sharma

Dialogue and Creativity

Activity Theory in the Study of Science, Technology and Innovations

Author: Miettinen, Reijo

Publisher: Lehmanns Media

ISBN: 386541673X

Category:

Page: 400

View: 2498

Beschreibung: This book is a collection of papers in which cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) is used to study science, technology and innovations. In the 16 chapters of the book an activity theoretical approach is developed through dialogue with the relevant theoretical approaches of science and technology studies, such as actor network theory, symbolic interactionism and Knorr-Cetinas's theory of objectual cultural practice. The book has three parts. The first one comprises empirical studies on creativity and change in research work and innovations. The cases studied include research groups in analytical chemistry, aerosol physics, biotechnology as well as innovations in medical technology by research-based firms. In making sense of the distributed creation, CHAT is put in dialogue with the systemic view of psychology of creativity, the systemic approach in history of technology as well as sociological theories of creativity. The second part compares systematically the similarities and differences between Deweyan pragmatism and CHAT, and shows how they can be used in a complementary way in empirical research. The third part evaluates actor network theory, constructivist conceptions of learning as well as the concept of routine largely used in organizational studies from the position of CHAT. In addition the concept 'object of activity' central in activity theory is discussed and elaborated in two chapters. The autor: Reijo Miettinen is Professor of Adult Education in the University of Helsinki and he was Vice director of the Center for Activity Theory and Developmental Work Research in 1995-2007.