Multinuclear Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Inorganic Materials

Author: Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie,M.E. Smith

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080537108

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 6101

Techniques of solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy are constantly being extended to a more diverse range of materials, pressing into service an ever-expanding range of nuclides including some previously considered too intractable to provide usable results. At the same time, new developments in both hardware and software are being introduced and refined. This book covers the most important of these new developments. With sections addressed to non-specialist researchers (providing accessible answers to the most common questions about the theory and practice of NMR asked by novices) as well as a more specialised and up-to-date treatment of the most important areas of inorganic materials research to which NMR has application, this book should be useful to NMR users whatever their level of expertise and whatever inorganic materials they wish to study.

Multinuclear Solid-state NMR of Inorganic Materials

Author: Kenneth J. D. MacKenzie,Mark E. Smith

Publisher: Pergamon Press

ISBN: 9780080437873

Category: Medical

Page: 727

View: 3190

Techniques of solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy are constantly being extended to a more diverse range of materials, pressing into service an ever-expanding range of nuclides including some previously considered too intractable to provide usable results. At the same time, new developments in both hardware and software are being introduced and refined. This book covers the most important of these new developments. With sections addressed to non-specialist researchers (providing accessible answers to the most common questions about the theory and practice of NMR asked by novices) as well as a more specialised and up-to-date treatment of the most important areas of inorganic materials research to which NMR has application, this book should be useful to NMR users whatever their level of expertise and whatever inorganic materials they wish to study.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Author: G. A. Webb

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085186452X

Category: Reference

Page: 622

View: 2879

For those wanting to become rapidly acquainted with specific areas of NMR, this title provides unrivalled scope of coverage.

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Current Prospects and Future Trends

Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0128135166

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 6556

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy

Author: Graham A. Webb

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128003294

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 4390

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an analytical tool used by chemists and physicists to study the structure and dynamics of molecules. In recent years, no other technique has gained such significance as NMR spectroscopy. It is used in all branches of science in which precise structural determination is required and in which the nature of interactions and reactions in solution is being studied. Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy has established itself as a premier means for the specialist and non-specialist alike to become familiar with new techniques and applications of NMR spectroscopy. This volume of Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy focuses on the analytical tool used by chemists and physicists and includes topics such as Profiling of Food Samples, Recent Advances in Solution NMR Studies and Magic Angle Spinning NMR Studies of Protein Assemblies

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

The Search for the Right Tools

Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527664637

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 7704

Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.

Solid-state NMR Spectroscopy of Inorganic Materials

Author: John J. Fitzgerald

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: 9780841236028

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 7027

This book strikes a balance between state-of-the-art solid-state NMR techniques and the applications of these techniques to problems in materials science. The applications focus on modern inorganic materials such as metal oxides, catalysts, zeolites, glasses, ceramics, semiconductors, ion conductors, superconductors, and composites. The book features chapters on multiple-quantum MAS NMR, dynamic-angle spinning NMR for quadrupolar nuclides, and two-dimensional NMR methods. It includes an introductory chapter that provides an a thorough and integrated overview of the field, complete with numerous references.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Solid Polymers

Author: Vincent J. McBrierty,Kenneth J. Packer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521031721

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 2205

This book is an authoritative and comprehensive account of the principles and practice of modern NMR spectroscopy of solid polymers to determine their structure and dynamics at a molecular level. The book deals with the development of many new NMR capabilities, including high-resolution techniques for solids, multi-dimensional methods, deuterium NMR and others. All of these developments have contributed to a dramatic increase in the power and applicability of NMR for the characterization, at a molecular level, of the dynamics and structural organization of polymeric solids. A chapter on applications emphasizes polymer types and properties, and the authors include an introduction to all the main principles of NMR involved in its application to solid polymers.

NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids

Author: Vladimir I. Bakhmutov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148226272X

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 5584

NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids provides an introduction of the general concepts behind Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and its applications, including how to perform adequate NMR experiments and interpret data collected in liquids and solids to characterize molecule systems in terms of their structure and dynamics. The book is composed of ten chapters. The first three chapters consider the theoretical basis of NMR spectroscopy, the theory of NMR relaxation, and the practice of relaxation measurements. The middle chapters discuss the general aspects of molecular dynamics and their relationships to NMR, NMR spectroscopy and relaxation studies in solutions, and special issues related to NMR in solutions. The remaining chapters introduce general principles and strategies involved in solid-state NMR studies, provide examples of applications of relaxation for the determination of molecular dynamics in diamagnetic solids, and discuss special issues related to solid state NMR— including NMR relaxation in paramagnetic solids. All chapters are accompanied by references and recommended literature for further reading. Many practical examples of multinuclear NMR and relaxation experiments and their interpretations are also presented. The book is ideal for scientists new to NMR, students, and investigators working in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, pharmaceutical sciences, or materials science.

Methodologies for Metabolomics

Experimental Strategies and Techniques

Author: Norbert W. Lutz,Jonathan V. Sweedler,Ron A. Wevers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619055

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 2839

Metabolomics, the global characterisation of the small molecule complement involved in metabolism, has evolved into a powerful suite of approaches for understanding the global physiological and pathological processes occurring in biological organisms. The diversity of metabolites, the wide range of metabolic pathways and their divergent biological contexts require a range of methodological strategies and techniques. Methodologies for Metabolomics provides a comprehensive description of the newest methodological approaches in metabolomic research. The most important technologies used to identify and quantify metabolites, including nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry, are highlighted. The integration of these techniques with classical biological methods is also addressed. Furthermore, the book presents statistical and chemometric methods for evaluation of the resultant data. The broad spectrum of topics includes a vast variety of organisms, samples and diseases, ranging from in vivo metabolomics in humans and animals to in vitro analysis of tissue samples, cultured cells and biofluids.

Handbook of Copper Compounds and Applications

Author: H. Wayne Richardson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824789985

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 453

Emphasizing the utility of copper-related compounds, this text illustrates the numerous current and potential uses from agricultural bactericides and wood preservatives to colourants and solar cells. It discusses the properties and behaviour of the copper ion, copper compounds' employment in organic polymerization and isomerization reactions, the enhancement of feed efficiencies and additives in plant and animal nutrition, and more.

NMR Crystallography

Author: Robin K. Harris,Roderick E. Wasylishen,Melinda J. Duer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118587324

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6671

The content of this volume has been added to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) - the ultimate online resource for NMR and MRI. The term "NMR Crystallography" has only recently come into common usage, and even now causes raised eyebrows within some parts of the diffraction community. The power of solid-state NMR to give crystallographic information has considerably increased since the CPMAS suite of techniques was introduced in 1976. In the first years of the 21st century, the ability of NMR to provide information to support and facilitate the analysis of single-crystal and powder diffraction patterns has become widely accepted. Indeed, NMR can now be used to refine diffraction results and, in favorable cases, to solve crystal structures with minimal (or even no) diffraction data. The increasing ability to relate chemical shifts (including the tensor components) to the crystallographic location of relevant atoms in the unit cell via computational methods has added significantly to the practice of NMR crystallography. Diffraction experts will increasingly welcome NMR as an allied technique in their structural analyses. Indeed, it may be that in the future crystal structures will be determined by simultaneously fitting diffraction patterns and NMR spectra. This Handbook is organised into six sections. The first contains an overview and some articles on fundamental NMR topics, followed by a section concentrating on chemical shifts, and one on coupling interactions. The fourth section contains articles describing how NMR results relate to fundamental crystallography concepts and to diffraction methods. The fifth section concerns specific aspects of structure, such as hydrogen bonding. Finally, four articles in the sixth section give applications of NMR crystallography to structural biology, organic & pharmaceutical chemistry, inorganic & materials chemistry, and geochemistry. About EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) and eMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written (together with updates of some already existing articles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes View other eMagRes publications here

Multinuclear NMR

Author: J. Mason

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461317835

Category: Science

Page: 660

View: 6904

With the power and range of modern pulse spectrometers the compass of NMR spec troscopy is now very large for a single book-but we have undertaken this. Our book covers the Periodic Table as multinuclear spectrometers do, and introductory chapters are devoted to the essentials of the NMR experiment and its products. Primary products are chemical shifts (including anisotropies), spin-spin coupling constants, and relaxation times; the ultimate product is a knowledge of content and constitution, dynamic as well as static. Our province is chemical and biochemical rather than physical or technical; only passing reference is made to metallic solids or unstable species, or to practical NMR spectroscopy. Our aim is depth as well as breadth, to explain the fundamental processes, whether of nuclear magnetic shielding, spin-spin coupling, relaxation, or the multiple pulse sequences that have allowed the development of high-resolution studies of solids, multidimensional NMR spectroscopy, techniques for sensitivity enhancement, and so on. This book therefore combines the functions of advanced textbook and reference book. For reasonably comprehensive coverage in a single volume we have sum marized the information in tables and charts, and included all leading references.

Solid State NMR Spectroscopy

Principles and Applications

Author: Melinda J. Duer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470999381

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 9182

This book is for those familiar with solution-state NMR who are encountering solid-state NMR for the first time. It presents the current understanding and applications of solid-state NMR with a rigorous but readable approach, making it easy for someone who merely wishes to gain an overall impression of the subject without details. This dual requirement is met through careful construction of the material within each chapter. The book is divided into two parts: "Fundamentals" and "Further Applications." The section on Fundamentals contains relatively long chapters that deal with the basic theory and practice of solid-state NMR. The essential differences and extra scope of solid-state NMR over solution-state is dealt with in an introductory chapter. The basic techniques that all chapters rely on are collected into a second chapter to avoid unnecessary repetition later. Remaining chapters in the "Fundamentals" part deal with the major areas of solid-state NMR which all solid-state NMR spectroscopists should know about. Each begins with an overview of the topic that puts the chapter in context. The basic principles upon which the techniques in the chapter rely are explained in a separate section. Each of these chapters exemplifies the principles and techniques with the applications most commonly found in current practice. The "Further Applications" section contains a series of shorter chapters which describe the NMR techniques used in other, more specific areas. The basic principles upon which these techniques rely will be expounded only if not already in the Fundamentals part.

A Practical Guide for the Preparation of Specimens for X-Ray Fluorescence and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis

Author: Victor E. Buhrke,Ron Jenkins,Deane K. Smith

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9780471194583

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 3095

The first hands-on guide to XRD and XRF sampling and specimen preparation Systematic errors from poor sampling and improper specimen preparation can easily render X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data of questionable use for analysis. But, until now, the practical information that can help to reduce these errors has never been readily available in one volume. This book fills a vital gap in the literature, bringing together a wealth of material previously available only in workbooks, company manuals, and other inside sources. It provides detailed coverage of the major tasks involved in X-ray analysis - complete with theory, step-by-step methods, equipment suggestions, and problem-solving tips. With a full complement of tools and techniques, this comprehensive guide helps both beginners and experienced analysts to make the best decision on sample treatment and get accurate XRD and XRF results-saving valuable time, money, and effort. Covers X-ray techniques for analyzing biological, geological, metallic, ceramic, and other materials * Addresses all aspects of specimen preparation, including handling unusual or very small samples, liquids and solutions, and more * Features special chapters on specimen preparation equipment and XRF standards * Contains useful bibliography and helpful references.

Phosphorus-31 NMR Spectroscopy

A Concise Introduction for the Synthetic Organic and Organometallic Chemist

Author: Olaf Kühl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540791188

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 3349

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is a powerful tool, especially for the identification of 1 13 hitherto unknown organic compounds. H- and C-NMR spectroscopy is known and applied by virtually every synthetically working Organic Chemist. Con- quently, the factors governing the differences in chemical shift values, based on chemical environment, bonding, temperature, solvent, pH, etc. , are well understood, and specialty methods developed for almost every conceivable structural challenge. Proton and carbon NMR spectroscopy is part of most bachelors degree courses, with advanced methods integrated into masters degree and other graduate courses. In view of this universal knowledge about proton and carbon NMR spectr- copy within the chemical community, it is remarkable that heteronuclear NMR is still looked upon as something of a curiosity. Admittedly, most organic compounds contain only nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur atoms, as well as the obligatory hydrogen and carbon atoms, elements that have an unfavourable isotope distribution when it comes to NMR spectroscopy. Each of these three elements has a dominant isotope: 14 16 32 16 32 N (99. 63% natural abundance), O (99. 76%), and S (95. 02%), with O, S, and 34 14 S (4. 21%) NMR silent. N has a nuclear moment I = 1 and a sizeable quadrupolar moment that makes the NMR signals usually very broad and dif cult to analyse.

NMR Data Interpretation Explained

Understanding 1D and 2D NMR Spectra of Organic Compounds and Natural Products

Author: Neil E. Jacobsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119047145

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 4106

Through numerous examples, the principles of the relationship between chemical structure and the NMR spectrum are developed in a logical, step-by-step fashion Includes examples and exercises based on real NMR data including full 600 MHz one- and two-dimensional datasets of sugars, peptides, steroids and natural products Includes detailed solutions and explanations in the text for the numerous examples and problems and also provides large, very detailed and annotated sets of NMR data for use in understanding the material Describes both simple aspects of solution-state NMR of small molecules as well as more complex topics not usually covered in NMR books such as complex splitting patterns, weak long-range couplings, spreadsheet analysis of strong coupling patterns and resonance structure analysis for prediction of chemical shifts Advanced topics include all of the common two-dimensional experiments (COSY, ROESY, NOESY, TOCSY, HSQC, HMBC) covered strictly from the point of view of data interpretation, along with tips for parameter settings

Solid state NMR I

Methods

Author: Bernhard Blümich,P. Diehl,Ekkehard Fluck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540571896

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 4658