Multi Length-Scale Characterisation

Inorganic Materials Series

Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118683587

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 5876

This volume examines important experimental techniques needed to characterise inorganic materials in order to elucidate their properties for practical application. Addressing methods that examine the structures and properties of materials over length scales ranging from local atomic order to long-range order on the meso- and macro-scopic scales, Multi Length-Scale Characterisation contains five detailed chapters: Measurement of Bulk Magnetic Properties Thermal Methods Atomic Force Microscopy Gas Sorption in the Analysis of Nanoporous Solids Dynamic Light Scattering Ideal as a complementary reference work to other volumes in the series (Local Structural Characterisation and Structure from Diffraction Methods) or as an examination of the specific characterisation techniques in their own right, Multi Length-Scale Characterisation is a valuable addition to the Inorganic Materials Series.

Nanotechnology in the Food, Beverage and Nutraceutical Industries

Author: Qingrong Huang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 085709565X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 1260

Nanotechnology has the potential to impact on food processing significantly. This important book summarises current research in this area and provides an overview of both current and possible future applications of nanotechnologies in the food industry. Issues such as safety and regulation are also addressed. After an introductory overview, the first part discusses general issues such as risk assessment, the regulatory framework, detection and characterisation of nanoparticles in food. Part two summarises the wide range of applications of nanotechnology in food processing, including nanoscale nutraceutical delivery systems, nanoemulsions and colloids, nanoscale rapid detection devices for contaminants, nanofiltration and nanocomposite packaging materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanotechnology in the food, beverage and nutraceutical industries is a valuable reference work for both food processors and those researching this expanding field. Discusses issues such as risk assessment, regulatory framework, detection and characterisation of nanoparticles in food Summarises the wide range of applications of nanotechnology in food processing, including nutraceutical delivery and packaging materials Written by a distinguished team of international contributors, this book is an invaluable reference for industry professionals and academics alike

Structure from Diffraction Methods

Inorganic Materials Series

Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118695712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 852

Inorganic materials show a diverse range of important properties that are desirable for many contemporary, real-world applications. Good examples include recyclable battery cathode materials for energy storage and transport, porous solids for capture and storage of gases and molecular complexes for use in electronic devices. An understanding of the function of these materials is necessary in order to optimise their behaviour for real applications, hence the importance of 'structure–property relationships'. The chapters presented in this volume deal with recent advances in the characterisation of crystalline materials. They include some familiar diffraction methods, thoroughly updated with modern advances. Also included are techniques that can now probe details of the three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in nanocrystalline solids, allowing aspects of disorder to be studied. Small-angle scattering, a technique that is often overlooked, can probe both ordered and disordered structures of materials at longer length scales than those probed by powder diffraction methods. Addressing both physical principals and recent advances in their applications, Structure from Diffraction Methods covers: Powder Diffraction X-Ray and Neutron Single-Crystal Diffraction PDF Analysis of Nanoparticles Electron Crystallography Small-Angle Scattering Ideal as a complementary reference work to other volumes in the series (Local Structural Characterisation and Multi Length-Scale Characterisation), or as an examination of the specific characterisation techniques in their own right, Structure from Diffraction Methods is a valuable addition to the Inorganic Materials Series.

Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Mark Weller,Tina Overton,Jonathan Rourke,Fraser Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198768125


Page: 968

View: 8946

From the fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry to cutting-edge research at the forefront of the subject, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field.

Solid State Ionic Devices 6 – Nano Ionics

Author: E. D. Wachsman

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 156677750X

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 980

Solid-state electrochemical devices, such as batteries, fuel cells, membranes, and sensors, are critical components of technologically advanced societies in the 21st Century and beyond. The development of these devices involves common research themes such as ion transport, interfacial phenomena, and device design and performance, regardless of the class of materials or whether the solid state is amorphous or crystalline. The intent of this international symposia series is to provide a forum for recent advances in solid-state ion conducting materials and the design, fabrication, and performance of devices that utilize them. The papers in this issue of ECS Transactions were presented at the 6th Solid State Ionic Devices symposium, at the 214th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, October 12-17, 2008 in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Multi-Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials

Proceedings of the International RILEM Symposium Stockholm, June 2013

Author: Niki Kringos,Björn Birgisson,David Frost,Linbing Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400768788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 434

View: 4382

The micro- and nano-modification of infrastructure materials and the associated multi-scale characterization and simulation has the potential to open up whole new uses and classes of materials, with wide-ranging implications for society. The use of multi-scale characterization and simulation brings the ability to target changes at the very small scale that predictably effect the bulk behavior of the material and thus allowing for the optimization of material behavior and performance. The International RILEM Symposium on Multi-Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials (Stockholm, June 10-12, 2013) brought together key researchers from around the world to present their findings and ongoing research in this field in a focused environment with extended discussion times. From asphalt to concrete, from chemistry to mechanics, from nano- to macro-scale: the collection of topics covered by the Symposium represents the width and depth of the currently ongoing efforts of developing more sustainable infrastructure materials. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduates and graduate students engaged in infrastructure materials or multi-scale characterization and modeling efforts can use this book as a comprehensive reference, to learn about the currently ongoing research efforts in this field or as an inspiration for new research ideas to enhance the long-term performance of infrastructure materials from a fundamental perspective. The Symposium was held under the auspices of the RILEM Technical Committee on Nanotechnology-Based Bituminous Materials 231-NBM and the Transport Research Board (TRB) Technical Committee on Characteristics of Asphalt Materials AFK20.

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture

Author: Richard Leach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642364586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 353

View: 6929

The function of a component part can be profoundly affected by its surface topography. There are many examples in nature of surfaces that have a well-controlled topography to affect their function. Examples include the hydrophobic effect of the lotus leaf, the reduction of fluid drag due to the riblet structure of shark skin, the directional adhesion of the gecko foot and the angular sensitivity of the multi-faceted fly eye. Surface structuring is also being used extensively in modern manufacturing. In this way many properties can be altered, for example optical, tribological, biological and fluidic. Previously, single line (profile) measurements were adequate to control manufacture of surfaces, but as the need to control the functionality of surfaces increases, there is a growing need for three-dimensional (areal) measurement and characterisation techniques. For this reason there has been considerable research, development and standardisation of areal techniques. This book will present the areal framework that is being adopted by the international community. Whereas previous books have concentrated on the measurement aspects, this book concentrates on the characterisation techniques, i.e. how to interpret the measurement data to give the appropriate (functional) information for a given task. The first part of the book presents the characterisation methods and the second part case studies that highlight the use of areal methods in a broad range of subject areas - from automobile manufacture to archaeology. Contents Introduction to Surface Topography The Areal Field Parameters The Areal Feature Parameters Areal Filtering Methods Areal Form Removal Areal Fractal Methods Choosing the Appropriate Parameter Characterisation of Individual Areal Features Multi-Scale Signature of Surface Topography Correlation of Areal Surface Texture Parameters to Solar Cell Efficiency Characterisation of Cylinder Liner Honing Textures for Production Control Characterisation of the Mechanical Bond Strength for Copper on Glass Plating Applications Inspection of Laser Structured Cams and Conrods Road Surfaces

Characterization of Food

Emerging Methods

Author: Anilkumar G. Gaonkar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080528946

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 8840

Rapid and continued developments in electronics, optics, computing, instrumentation, spectroscopy, and other branches of science and technology resulted in considerable improvements in various methodologies. Due to this revolution in methodology, it is now possible to solve problems which were previously considered difficult to solve. These new methods have led to a better characterization and understanding of foods. The aim of this book is to assemble, for handy reference, various emerging, state-of-the-art methodologies used for characterizing foods. Although the emphasis is on real foods, model food systems are also considered. Methods pertaining to interfaces (food emulsions, foams, and dispersions), fluorescence, ultrasonics, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, Fourier-transform infrared and near infrared spectroscopy, small-angle neutron scattering, dielectrics, microscopy, rheology, sensors, antibodies, flavor and aroma analysis are included. This book is an indispensable reference source for scientists, engineers, and technologists in industries, universities, and government laboratories who are involved in food research and/or development, and also for faculty, advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students from Food Science, Food Engineering, and Biochemistry departments. In addition, it will serve as a valuable reference for analytical chemists and surface and colloid scientists.

Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures

Author: Giovanni Agostini,Carlo Lamberti

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 044459549X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 3092

Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures is structured so that each chapter is devoted to a specific characterization technique used in the understanding of the properties (structural, physical, chemical, electrical etc..) of semiconductor quantum wells and superlattices. An additional chapter is devoted to ab initio modeling. The book has two basic aims. The first is educational, providing the basic concepts of each of the selected techniques with an approach understandable by advanced students in Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Engineering, Nanotechnology. The second aim is to provide a selected set of examples from the recent literature of the TOP results obtained with the specific technique in understanding the properties of semiconductor heterostructures and nanostructures. Each chapter has this double structure: the first part devoted to explain the basic concepts, and the second to the discussion of the most peculiar and innovative examples. The topic of quantum wells, wires and dots should be seen as a pretext of applying top level characterization techniques in understanding the structural, electronic etc properties of matter at the nanometer (and even sub-nanometer) scale. In this respect it is an essential reference in the much broader, and extremely hot, field of Nanotechnology. Comprehensive collection of the most powerful characterization techniques for semiconductors heterostructures and nanostructures Most of the chapters are authored by scientists that are world-wide among the top-ten in publication ranking of the specific field Each chapter starts with a didactic introduction on the technique The second part of each chapters deals with a selection of top examples highlighting the power of the specific technique to analyse the properties of semiconductors heterostructures and nanostructures

Experimental Characterization, Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composites

Author: Francesco Marotti De Sciarra,Pietro Russo

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323480624

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 8526

Experimental Characterization, Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composite focuses on the recent observations and predictions regarding the size-dependent mechanical properties, material properties and processing issues of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and other nanostructured materials. The book takes various approaches, including dedicated characterization methods, theoretical approaches and computer simulations, providing a detailed examination of the fundamental mechanisms governing the deviations of the properties of CNTs and other nanostructured materials. The book explores their applications in materials science, mechanics, engineering, chemistry and physics due to their unique and appealing properties. The use of such materials is, however, still largely limited due to the difficulty in tuning their properties and morphological and structural features. Presents a thorough discussion on how to effectively model the properties of carbon nanotubes and their polymer nanocomposites Includes a size-dependent analysis of properties and multiscale modeling Outlines the fundamentals and procedures of computational modeling as it is applied to carbon nanotubes and other nanomaterials

4M 2006 - Second International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture

Author: Stefan Dimov,Wolfgang Menz,Bertrand Fillon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080466293

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 5333

4M 2006 - Second International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture covers the latest state-of-the-art research results from leading European researchers in advanced micro technologies for batch processing of metals, polymers, and ceramics, and the development of new production platforms for micro systems-based products. These contributions are from leading authors at a platform endorsed and funded by the European Union R&D community, as well as leading universities, and independent research and corporate organizations. Contains authoritative papers that reflect the latest developments in micro technologies and micro systems-based products