Methods of Mathematical Modelling

Continuous Systems and Differential Equations

Author: Thomas Witelski,Mark Bowen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319230425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 305

View: 6523

This book presents mathematical modelling and the integrated process of formulating sets of equations to describe real-world problems. It describes methods for obtaining solutions of challenging differential equations stemming from problems in areas such as chemical reactions, population dynamics, mechanical systems, and fluid mechanics. Chapters 1 to 4 cover essential topics in ordinary differential equations, transport equations and the calculus of variations that are important for formulating models. Chapters 5 to 11 then develop more advanced techniques including similarity solutions, matched asymptotic expansions, multiple scale analysis, long-wave models, and fast/slow dynamical systems. Methods of Mathematical Modelling will be useful for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering and other applied sciences.

Mathematische Modellierung

Author: Christof Eck,Harald Garcke,Peter Knabner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662543354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 515

View: 3810

Das Lehrbuch bietet eine lebendige und anschauliche Einführung in die mathematische Modellierung von Phänomenen aus den Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften. Leser lernen, mathematische Modelle zu verstehen und selbst herzuleiten und finden eine Fülle von Beispielen, u. a. aus den Bereichen chemische Reaktionskinetik, Populationsdynamik, Strömungsdynamik, Elastizitätstheorie und Kristallwachstum. Die Methoden der Linearen Algebra, der Analysis und der Theorie der gewöhnlichen und partiellen Differentialgleichungen werden sorgfältig eingeführt.

Principles of Mathematical Modelling

Ideas, Methods, Examples

Author: Alexander A. Samarskii,Alexander P. Mikhailov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482288133

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 8542

Mathematical modeling is becoming increasingly versatile and multi-disciplinary. This text demonstrates the broadness of this field as the authors consider the principles of model construction and use common approaches to build models from a range of subject areas. The book reflects the interests and experiences of the authors, but it explores mathematical modeling across a wide range of applications, from mechanics to social science. A general approach is adopted, where ideas and examples are favored over rigorous mathematical procedures. This insightful book will be of interest to specialists, teachers, and students across a wide range of disciplines..

Mathematical Modeling and Methods of Option Pricing

Author: Lishang Jiang,Canguo Li

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812563695

Category: Science

Page: 329

View: 9408

From the perspective of partial differential equations (PDE), this book introduces the Black-Scholes-Merton's option pricing theory. A unified approach is used to model various types of option pricing as PDE problems, to derive pricing formulas as their solutions, and to design efficient algorithms from the numerical calculation of PDEs.

Modelling Mathematical Methods and Scientific Computation

Author: Nicola Bellomo,Luigi Preziosi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849383311

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 376

Addressed to engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians, this book explores the fundamental aspects of mathematical modelling in applied sciences and related mathematical and computational methods. After providing the general framework needed for mathematical modelling-definitions, classifications, general modelling procedures, and validation methods-the authors deal with the analysis of discrete models. This includes modelling methods and related mathematical methods. The analysis of models is defined in terms of ordinary differential equations. The analysis of continuous models, particularly models defined in terms of partial differential equations, follows. The authors then examine inverse type problems and stochastic modelling. Three appendices provide a concise guide to functional analysis, approximation theory, and probability, and a diskette included with the book includes ten scientific programs to introduce the reader to scientific computation at a practical level.

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling

Author: Edward A. Bender

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486137120

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 5444

Accessible text features over 100 reality-based examples pulled from the science, engineering, and operations research fields. Prerequisites: ordinary differential equations, continuous probability. Numerous references. Includes 27 black-and-white figures. 1978 edition.

Applied Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems

Author: Natali Hritonenko,Yuri Yatsenko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402074844

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 8319

The subject of the book is the "know-how" of applied mathematical modelling: how to construct specific models and adjust them to a new engineering environment or more precise realistic assumptions; how to analyze models for the purpose of investigating real life phenomena; and how the models can extend our knowledge about a specific engineering process. Two major sources of the book are the stock of classic models and the authors' wide experience in the field. The book provides a theoretical background to guide the development of practical models and their investigation. It considers general modelling techniques, explains basic underlying physical laws and shows how to transform them into a set of mathematical equations. The emphasis is placed on common features of the modelling process in various applications as well as on complications and generalizations of models. The book covers a variety of applications: mechanical, acoustical, physical and electrical, water transportation and contamination processes; bioengineering and population control; production systems and technical equipment renovation. Mathematical tools include partial and ordinary differential equations, difference and integral equations, the calculus of variations, optimal control, bifurcation methods, and related subjects.

Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Methods in Finance

Special Volume

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931006

Category: Mathematics

Page: 684

View: 5585

Mathematical finance is a prolific scientific domain in which there exists a particular characteristic of developing both advanced theories and practical techniques simultaneously. Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Methods in Finance addresses the three most important aspects in the field: mathematical models, computational methods, and applications, and provides a solid overview of major new ideas and results in the three domains. Coverage of all aspects of quantitative finance including models, computational methods and applications Provides an overview of new ideas and results Contributors are leaders of the field

Concepts of Mathematical Modeling

Author: Walter J. Meyer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486435152

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 794

Appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students, this text features independent sections that illustrate the most important principles of mathematical modeling, a variety of applications, and classic models. The range of subjects includes topics from the physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as those of operations research. Excerises. 1984 edition.

Kompendium Systembiologie

Mathematische Modellierung und Modellanalyse

Author: Andreas Kremling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834886076

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 1142

Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen der mathematischen Modellierung zellulärer Systeme. Nach einer Klassifikation von Modellen wird schwerpunktmäßig auf deterministische Modelle eingegangen und für alle relevanten zellulären Prozesse entsprechende Gleichungen angegeben. Anschließend werden eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Modellanalyse vorgestellt. Etwas kürzer werden Verfahren zum Reverse Engineering und zur Analyse von Netzwerkgraphen abgehandelt. Am Ende werden noch Verfahren der Parameteridentifikation besprochen.

The Nature of Mathematical Modeling

Author: Neil A. Gershenfeld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521570954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 2836

This book first covers exact and approximate analytical techniques (ordinary differential and difference equations, partial differential equations, variational principles, stochastic processes); numerical methods (finite differences for ODE's and PDE's, finite elements, cellular automata); model inference based on observations (function fitting, data transforms, network architectures, search techniques, density estimation); as well as the special role of time in modeling (filtering and state estimation, hidden Markov processes, linear and nonlinear time series). Each of the topics in the book would be the worthy subject of a dedicated text, but only by presenting the material in this way is it possible to make so much material accessible to so many people. Each chapter presents a concise summary of the core results in an area, providing an orientation to what they can (and cannot) do, enough background to use them to solve typical problems, and pointers to access the literature for particular applications.

Mathematical Modelling

Case Studies and Projects

Author: J. Caldwell,Douglas K.S. Ng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402019939

Category: Mathematics

Page: 253

View: 3721

Over the past decade there has been an increasing demand for suitable material in the area of mathematical modelling as applied to science, engineering, business and management. Recent developments in computer technology and related software have provided the necessary tools of increasing power and sophistication which have significant implications for the use and role of mathematical modelling in the above disciplines. In the past, traditional methods have relied heavily on expensive experimentation and the building of scaled models, but now a more flexible and cost effective approach is available through greater use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation. In particular, developments in computer algebra, symbolic manipulation packages and user friendly software packages for large scale problems, all have important implications in both the teaching of mathematical modelling and, more importantly, its use in the solution of real world problems. Many textbooks have been published which cover the art and techniques of modelling as well as specific mathematical modelling techniques in specialist areas within science and business. In most of these books the mathematical material tends to be rather tailor made to fit in with a one or two semester course for teaching students at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, usually the former. This textbook is quite different in that it is intended to build on and enhance students’ modelling skills using a combination of case studies and projects.

Methods in Approximation

Techniques for Mathematical Modelling

Author: N.D. Bellman,R.S. Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400946007

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 9364

Approach your problems from the right end It isn't that they can't see the solution. It is and begin with the answers. Then one day, that they can't see the problem. perhaps you will find the final question. G. K. Chesterton. The Scandal of Father 'The Hermit Clad in Crane Feathers' in R. Brown 'The point of a Pin'. van Gulik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, coding theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical programming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces. And in addition to this there are such new emerging subdisciplines as "experimental mathematics", "CFD", "completely integrable systems", "chaos, synergetics and large-scale order", which are almost impossible to fit into the existing classification schemes. They draw upon widely different sections of mathematics.

Mathematical Models in Agriculture

Quantitative Methods for the Plant, Animal and Ecological Sciences

Author: J. H. M. Thornley,J. France

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 085199010X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 906

View: 2546

Role of mathematical models; Dynamic deterministic models; Mathematical programming; Basic biological processes; Growth functions; Simple dynamic growth models; Simple ecological models; Envinment and weather; Plant and crop processes; Crop models; Crop husbandry; Plant diseases and pests; Animal processes; Animal organs; Whole-animal models; Animal products; Animal husbandry; Animal diseases; Solutions exercises; Mathematical glossary.

Differential Equations and Mathematical Modelling

Author: Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich Blokhin

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 312

This book presents translations of selected Russian papers on the theoretical aspects of differential equations and applications of mathematical methods to modelling. These papers have been selected for their high scientific standards, innovative approaches, and topical interests.

Mathematical Modeling

Author: Mark M. Meerschaert

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123708571

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 6753

Mathematical Modeling 3e is a general introduction to an increasingly crucial topic for today's mathematicians. Unlike textbooks focused on one kind of mathematical model, this book covers the broad spectrum of modeling problems, from optimization to dynamical systems to stochastic processes. Mathematical modeling is the link between mathematics and the rest of the world. Meerschaert shows how to refine a question, phrasing it in precise mathematical terms. Then he encourages students to reverse the process, translating the mathematical solution back into a comprehensible, useful answer to the original question. This textbook mirrors the process professionals must follow in solving complex problems. Each chapter in this book is followed by a set of challenging exercises. These exercises require significant effort on the part of the student, as well as a certain amount of creativity. Meerschaert did not invent the problems in this book--they are real problems, not designed to illustrate the use of any particular mathematical technique. Meerschaert's emphasis on principles and general techniques offers students the mathematical background they need to model problems in a wide range of disciplines. This new edition will be accompanied by expanded and enhanced on-line support for instructors. MATLAB material will be added to complement existing support for Maple, Mathematica, and other software packages, and the solutions manual will be provided both in hard copy and on the web. * Increased support for instructors, including MATLAB material as well as other on-line resources * New sections on time series analysis and diffusion models * Additional problems with international focus such as whale and dolphin populations, plus updated optimization problems

Trends in Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling

ICTMA14

Author: Gabriele Kaiser,Werner Blum,Rita Borromeo Ferri,Gloria Stillman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400709102

Category: Education

Page: 734

View: 9567

This book contains suggestions for and reflections on the teaching, learning and assessing of mathematical modelling and applications in a rapidly changing world, including teaching and learning environments. It addresses all levels of education from universities and technical colleges to secondary and primary schools. Sponsored by the International Community of Teachers of Mathematical Modelling and Applications (ICTMA), it reflects recent ideas and methods contributed by specialists from 30 countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and Europe. Inspired by contributions to the Fourteenth Conference on the Teaching of Mathematical Modelling and Applications (ICTMA14) in Hamburg, 2009, the book describes the latest trends in the teaching and learning of mathematical modelling at school and university including teacher education. The broad and versatile range of topics will stress the international state-of-the-art on the following issues: Theoretical reflections on the teaching and learning of modelling Modelling competencies Cognitive perspectives on modelling Modelling examples for all educational levels Practice of modelling in school and at university level Practices in Engineering and Applications