Methods of Mathematical Modelling

Continuous Systems and Differential Equations

Author: Thomas Witelski,Mark Bowen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319230425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 305

View: 585

This book presents mathematical modelling and the integrated process of formulating sets of equations to describe real-world problems. It describes methods for obtaining solutions of challenging differential equations stemming from problems in areas such as chemical reactions, population dynamics, mechanical systems, and fluid mechanics. Chapters 1 to 4 cover essential topics in ordinary differential equations, transport equations and the calculus of variations that are important for formulating models. Chapters 5 to 11 then develop more advanced techniques including similarity solutions, matched asymptotic expansions, multiple scale analysis, long-wave models, and fast/slow dynamical systems. Methods of Mathematical Modelling will be useful for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering and other applied sciences.

Mathematische Modellierung

Author: Christof Eck,Harald Garcke,Peter Knabner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662543354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 515

View: 1039

Das Lehrbuch bietet eine lebendige und anschauliche Einführung in die mathematische Modellierung von Phänomenen aus den Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften. Leser lernen, mathematische Modelle zu verstehen und selbst herzuleiten und finden eine Fülle von Beispielen, u. a. aus den Bereichen chemische Reaktionskinetik, Populationsdynamik, Strömungsdynamik, Elastizitätstheorie und Kristallwachstum. Die Methoden der Linearen Algebra, der Analysis und der Theorie der gewöhnlichen und partiellen Differentialgleichungen werden sorgfältig eingeführt.

Mathematical Modeling

Author: Christof Eck,Harald Garcke,Peter Knabner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319551612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 509

View: 3858

Mathematical models are the decisive tool to explain and predict phenomena in the natural and engineering sciences. With this book readers will learn to derive mathematical models which help to understand real world phenomena. At the same time a wealth of important examples for the abstract concepts treated in the curriculum of mathematics degrees are given. An essential feature of this book is that mathematical structures are used as an ordering principle and not the fields of application. Methods from linear algebra, analysis and the theory of ordinary and partial differential equations are thoroughly introduced and applied in the modeling process. Examples of applications in the fields electrical networks, chemical reaction dynamics, population dynamics, fluid dynamics, elasticity theory and crystal growth are treated comprehensively.

Modellbildung und Simulation

Eine anwendungsorientierte Einführung

Author: Hans-Joachim Bungartz,Stefan Zimmer,Martin Buchholz,Dirk Pflüger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642376568

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 7810

Dieses Buch gibt eine Einführung in die mathematische und informatische Modellierung sowie in die Simulation als universelle Methodik. Und so geht es um Klassen von Modellen, um deren Herleitung und um die Vielfalt an Beschreibungsarten, die eingesetzt werden können – diskret oder kontinuierlich, deterministisch oder stochastisch. Aber immer geht es auch darum, wie aus unterschiedlichen abstrakten Modellen ganz konkrete Simulationsergebnisse gewonnen werden können. Nach einem kompakten Repetitorium zum benötigten mathematischen Apparat wird das Konzept „Über das Modell zur Simulation" anhand von 14 Szenarien aus den Bereichen „Spielen – entscheiden – planen", „Verkehr auf Highways und Datenhighways", „Dynamische Systeme" sowie „Physik im Rechner" umgesetzt. Ob Spieltheorie oder Finanzmathematik, Verkehr oder Regelung, ob Populationsdynamik oder Chaos, Molekulardynamik, Kontinuumsmechanik oder Computergraphik – der Leser erhält auf anschauliche und doch systematische Weise Einblicke in die Welt der Modelle und Simulationen.

Differential Equations and Their Applications

An Introduction to Applied Mathematics

Author: Martin Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387978949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 5505

Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.

Numerische lineare Algebra

Eine konzise Einführung mit MATLAB und Julia

Author: Folkmar Bornemann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658128844

Category: Mathematics

Page: 145

View: 6899

Dieses Buch führt anhand grundlegender Problemstellungen der linearen Algebra in das algorithmisch-numerische Denken ein. Die Beschränkung auf die lineare Algebra sichert dabei eine stärkere thematische Kohärenz als sie sonst in einführenden Vorlesungen zur Numerik zu finden ist. Die Darstellung betont die Zweckmäßigkeit von Matrixpartitionierungen gegenüber einer komponentenweisen Betrachtung, was sich nicht nur in einer übersichtlicheren Notation und kürzeren Algorithmen auszahlt, sondern angesichts moderner Computerarchitekturen auch zu signifikanten Laufzeitgewinnen führt. Die Algorithmen und begleitenden numerischen Beispiele werden in der Programmierumgebung MATLAB angegeben, zusätzlich aber in einem Anhang auch in der zukunftsweisenden, frei zugänglichen Programmiersprache Julia. Das vorliegende Buch eignet sich für eine zweistündige Vorlesung über numerische lineare Algebra ab dem zweiten Semester des Bachelorstudiengangs Mathematik.

Differential Equations: Methods and Applications

Author: Belkacem Said-Houari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319257358

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 9791

This book presents a variety of techniques for solving ordinary differential equations analytically and features a wealth of examples. Focusing on the modeling of real-world phenomena, it begins with a basic introduction to differential equations, followed by linear and nonlinear first order equations and a detailed treatment of the second order linear equations. After presenting solution methods for the Laplace transform and power series, it lastly presents systems of equations and offers an introduction to the stability theory.To help readers practice the theory covered, two types of exercises are provided: those that illustrate the general theory, and others designed to expand on the text material. Detailed solutions to all the exercises are included.The book is excellently suited for use as a textbook for an undergraduate class (of all disciplines) in ordinary differential equations.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108228

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 3054

This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.

Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB®

Author: Stephen Lynch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319068202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 514

View: 2933

This textbook, now in its second edition, provides a broad introduction to both continuous and discrete dynamical systems, the theory of which is motivated by examples from a wide range of disciplines. It emphasizes applications and simulation utilizing MATLAB®, Simulink®, the Image Processing Toolbox® and the Symbolic Math toolbox®, including MuPAD. Features new to the second edition include · sections on series solutions of ordinary differential equations, perturbation methods, normal forms, Gröbner bases, and chaos synchronization; · chapters on image processing and binary oscillator computing; · hundreds of new illustrations, examples, and exercises with solutions; and · over eighty up-to-date MATLAB program files and Simulink model files available online. These files were voted MATLAB Central Pick of the Week in July 2013. The hands-on approach of Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB, Second Edition, has minimal prerequisites, only requiring familiarity with ordinary differential equations. It will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, applied mathematicians, engineers, and researchers in a broad range of disciplines such as population dynamics, biology, chemistry, computing, economics, nonlinear optics, neural networks, and physics. Praise for the first edition Summing up, it can be said that this text allows the reader to have an easy and quick start to the huge field of dynamical systems theory. MATLAB/SIMULINK facilitate this approach under the aspect of learning by doing. —OR News/Operations Research Spectrum The MATLAB programs are kept as simple as possible and the author's experience has shown that this method of teaching using MATLAB works well with computer laboratory classes of small sizes.... I recommend ‘Dynamical Systems with Applications using MATLAB’ as a good handbook for a diverse readership: graduates and professionals in mathematics, physics, science and engineering. —Mathematica

An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series

Author: Phil Dyke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852330156

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

View: 6789

This introduction to Laplace transforms and Fourier series is aimed at second year students in applied mathematics. It is unusual in treating Laplace transforms at a relatively simple level with many examples. Mathematics students do not usually meet this material until later in their degree course but applied mathematicians and engineers need an early introduction. Suitable as a course text, it will also be of interest to physicists and engineers as supplementary material.

Applied Delay Differential Equations

Author: Thomas Erneux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387743723

Category: Mathematics

Page: 204

View: 5653

Applied Delay Differential Equations is a friendly introduction to the fast-growing field of time-delay differential equations. Written to a multi-disciplinary audience, it sets each area of science in his historical context and then guides the reader towards questions of current interest.

Analysis for Computer Scientists

Foundations, Methods, and Algorithms

Author: Michael Oberguggenberger,Alexander Ostermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857294463

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 578

This textbook presents an algorithmic approach to mathematical analysis, with a focus on modelling and on the applications of analysis. Fully integrating mathematical software into the text as an important component of analysis, the book makes thorough use of examples and explanations using MATLAB, Maple, and Java applets. Mathematical theory is described alongside the basic concepts and methods of numerical analysis, supported by computer experiments and programming exercises, and an extensive use of figure illustrations. Features: thoroughly describes the essential concepts of analysis; provides summaries and exercises in each chapter, as well as computer experiments; discusses important applications and advanced topics; presents tools from vector and matrix algebra in the appendices, together with further information on continuity; includes definitions, propositions and examples throughout the text; supplementary software can be downloaded from the book’s webpage.

Applied Mathematics: Body and Soul

Calculus in Several Dimensions

Author: Kenneth Eriksson,Donald Estep,Claes Johnson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540008910

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 7363

Applied Mathematics: Body & Soul is a mathematics education reform project developed at Chalmers University of Technology and includes a series of volumes and software. The program is motivated by the computer revolution opening new possibilitites of computational mathematical modeling in mathematics, science and engineering. It consists of a synthesis of Mathematical Analysis (Soul), Numerical Computation (Body) and Application. Volumes I-III present a modern version of Calculus and Linear Algebra, including constructive/numerical techniques and applications intended for undergraduate programs in engineering and science. Further volumes present topics such as Dynamical Systems, Fluid Dynamics, Solid Mechanics and Electro-Magnetics on an advanced undergraduate/graduate level. The authors are leading researchers in Computational Mathematics who have written various successful books.

Angewandte Mathematik: Body and Soul

Band 2: Integrale und Geometrie in IRn

Author: Kenneth Eriksson,Donald Estep,Claes Johnson

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540269509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 6509

"Angewandte Mathematik: Body & Soul" ist ein neuer Grundkurs in der Mathematikausbildung für Studienanfänger in den Naturwissenschaften, der Technik, und der Mathematik, der an der Chalmers Tekniska Högskola in Göteborg entwickelt wurde. Er besteht aus drei Bänden sowie Computer-Software. Das Projekt ist begründet in der Computerrevolution, die ihrerseits völlig neue Möglichkeiten des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens in der Mathematik, den Naturwissenschaften und im Ingenieurwesen eröffnet hat. Es besteht aus einer Synthese der mathematischen Analysis (Soul) mit der numerischen Berechnung (Body) sowie den Anwendungen. Die Bände I-III geben eine moderne Version der Analysis und der linearen Algebra wieder, einschließlich konstruktiver numerischer Techniken und Anwendungen, zugeschnitten auf Anfängerprogramme im Maschinenbau und den Naturwissenschaften. Weitere Bände behandeln Themen wie z.B. dynamische Systeme, Strömungsdynamik, Festkörpermechanik und Elektromagnetismus. Dieser Band entwickelt das Riemann-Integral, um eine Funktion zu einer gegebenen Ableitung zu bestimmen. Darauf aufbauend werden Differentialgleichungen und Anfangswertprobleme mit einer Vielzahl anschaulicher Anwendungen behandelt. Die lineare Algebra wird auf n-dimensionale Räume verallgemeinert, wobei wiederum dem praktischen Umgang und numerischen Lösungstechniken besonderer Platz eingeräumt wird. Die Autoren sind führende Experten im Gebiet des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens und haben schon mehrere erfolgreiche Bücher geschrieben. "[......] Oh, by the way, I suggest immediate purchase of all three volumes!" The Mathematical Association of America Online, 7.7.04

An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Ravi P. Agarwal,Donal O'Regan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387712765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 8616

Ordinary differential equations serve as mathematical models for many exciting real world problems. Rapid growth in the theory and applications of differential equations has resulted in a continued interest in their study by students in many disciplines. This textbook organizes material around theorems and proofs, comprising of 42 class-tested lectures that effectively convey the subject in easily manageable sections. The presentation is driven by detailed examples that illustrate how the subject works. Numerous exercise sets, with an "answers and hints" section, are included. The book further provides a background and history of the subject.

Finite-Elemente-Methoden

Author: Klaus-Jürgen Bathe

Publisher: DrMaster Publications

ISBN: 9783540668060

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1253

View: 7840

Dieses Lehr- und Handbuch behandelt sowohl die elementaren Konzepte als auch die fortgeschrittenen und zukunftsweisenden linearen und nichtlinearen FE-Methoden in Statik, Dynamik, Festkörper- und Fluidmechanik. Es wird sowohl der physikalische als auch der mathematische Hintergrund der Prozeduren ausführlich und verständlich beschrieben. Das Werk enthält eine Vielzahl von ausgearbeiteten Beispielen, Rechnerübungen und Programmlisten. Als Übersetzung eines erfolgreichen amerikanischen Lehrbuchs hat es sich in zwei Auflagen auch bei den deutschsprachigen Ingenieuren etabliert. Die umfangreichen Änderungen gegenüber der Vorauflage innerhalb aller Kapitel - vor allem aber der fortgeschrittenen - spiegeln die rasche Entwicklung innerhalb des letzten Jahrzehnts auf diesem Gebiet wieder. TOC:Eine Einführung in den Gebrauch von Finite-Elemente-Verfahren.-Vektoren, Matrizen und Tensoren.-Einige Grundbegriffe ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Berechnungen.-Formulierung der Methode der finiten Elemente.-Formulierung und Berechnung von isoparametrischen Finite-Elemente-Matrizen.-Nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen in der Festkörper- und Strukturmechanik.-Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen von Wärmeübertragungs- und Feldproblemen.-Lösung von Gleichgewichtsbeziehungen in statischen Berechnungen.-Lösung von Bewegungsgleichungen in kinetischen Berechnungen.-Vorbemerkungen zur Lösung von Eigenproblemen.-Lösungsverfahren für Eigenprobleme.-Implementierung der Finite-Elemente-Methode.

Newsletter

Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9368


Mathematical Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Pauline van den Driessche,J. Wu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540789103

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 583

Based on lecture notes of two summer schools with a mixed audience from mathematical sciences, epidemiology and public health, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to basic ideas and techniques in modeling infectious diseases, for the comparison of strategies to plan for an anticipated epidemic or pandemic, and to deal with a disease outbreak in real time. It covers detailed case studies for diseases including pandemic influenza, West Nile virus, and childhood diseases. Models for other diseases including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, fox rabies, and sexually transmitted infections are included as applications. Its chapters are coherent and complementary independent units. In order to accustom students to look at the current literature and to experience different perspectives, no attempt has been made to achieve united writing style or unified notation. Notes on some mathematical background (calculus, matrix algebra, differential equations, and probability) have been prepared and may be downloaded at the web site of the Centre for Disease Modeling (www.cdm.yorku.ca).

Mathematics of Models

Continuous and Discrete Dynamical Systems

Author: Hubert Brian Griffiths,Adrian James Oldknow

Publisher: Ellis Horwood

ISBN: 9780135638002

Category: Algorithms

Page: 435

View: 7040