Author: Gary Gordon,Jennifer McNulty

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536087

Category: Mathematics

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### Matroids: A Geometric Introduction

Matroid theory is a vibrant area of research that provides a unified way to understand graph theory, linear algebra and combinatorics via finite geometry. This book provides the first comprehensive introduction to the field which will appeal to undergraduate students and to any mathematician interested in the geometric approach to matroids. Written in a friendly, fun-to-read style and developed from the authors' own undergraduate courses, the book is ideal for students. Beginning with a basic introduction to matroids, the book quickly familiarizes the reader with the breadth of the subject, and specific examples are used to illustrate the theory and to help students see matroids as more than just generalizations of graphs. Over 300 exercises are included, with many hints and solutions so students can test their understanding of the materials covered. The authors have also included several projects and open-ended research problems for independent study.

### Matroid Theory

This volume contains the proceedings of the 1995 AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory held at the University of Washington, Seattle. The book features three comprehensive surveys that bring the reader to the forefront of research in matroid theory. Joseph Kung's encyclopedic treatment of the critical problem traces the development of this problem from its origins through its numerous links with other branches of mathematics to the current status of its many aspects. James Oxley's survey of the role of connectivity and structure theorems in matroid theory stresses the influence of the Wheels and Whirls Theorem of Tutte and the Splitter Theorem of Seymour. Walter Whiteley's article unifies applications of matroid theory to constrained geometrical systems, including the rigidity of bar-and-joint frameworks, parallel drawings, and splines. These widely accessible articles contain many new results and directions for further research and applications. The surveys are complemented by selected short research papers. The volume concludes with a chapter of open problems. Features self-contained, accessible surveys of three active research areas in matroid theory; many new results; pointers to new research topics; a chapter of open problems; mathematical applications; and applications and connections to other disciplines, such as computer-aided design and electrical and structural engineering.

### Matroid Theory

The theory of matroids connects disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra such as graph and lattice theory, combinatorial optimization, and linear algebra. This text describes standard examples and investigation results, and it uses elementary proofs to develop basic matroid properties before advancing to a more sophisticated treatment. 1976 edition.

### Oriented Matroids

First comprehensive, accessible account; second edition has expanded bibliography and a new appendix surveying recent research.

### Combinatorial Optimization

Perceptive text examines shortest paths, network flows, bipartite and nonbipartite matching, matroids and the greedy algorithm, matroid intersections, and the matroid parity problems. Suitable for courses in combinatorial computing and concrete computational complexity.

### Diagram Geometry

This book provides a self-contained introduction to diagram geometry. Tight connections with group theory are shown. It treats thin geometries (related to Coxeter groups) and thick buildings from a diagrammatic perspective. Projective and affine geometry are main examples. Polar geometry is motivated by polarities on diagram geometries and the complete classification of those polar geometries whose projective planes are Desarguesian is given. It differs from Tits' comprehensive treatment in that it uses Veldkamp's embeddings. The book intends to be a basic reference for those who study diagram geometry. Group theorists will find examples of the use of diagram geometry. Light on matroid theory is shed from the point of view of geometry with linear diagrams. Those interested in Coxeter groups and those interested in buildings will find brief but self-contained introductions into these topics from the diagrammatic perspective. Graph theorists will find many highly regular graphs. The text is written so graduate students will be able to follow the arguments without needing recourse to further literature. A strong point of the book is the density of examples.

### Symmetries in Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes

This volume contains seventeen of the best papers delivered at the SIGMAP Workshop 2014, representing the most recent advances in the field of symmetries of discrete objects and structures, with a particular emphasis on connections between maps, Riemann surfaces and dessins d’enfant.Providing the global community of researchers in the field with the opportunity to gather, converse and present their newest findings and advances, the Symmetries In Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes Workshop 2014 was the fifth in a series of workshops. The initial workshop, organized by Steve Wilson in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1998, was followed in 2002 and 2006 by two meetings held in Aveiro, Portugal, organized by Antonio Breda d’Azevedo, and a fourth workshop held in Oaxaca, Mexico, organized by Isabel Hubard in 2010.This book should appeal to both specialists and those seeking a broad overview of what is happening in the area of symmetries of discrete objects and structures.iv>

### Topics in Matroid Theory

Topics in Matroid Theory provides a brief introduction to matroid theory with an emphasis on algorithmic consequences.Matroid theory is at the heart of combinatorial optimization and has attracted various pioneers such as Edmonds, Tutte, Cunningham and Lawler among others. Matroid theory encompasses matrices, graphs and other combinatorial entities under a common, solid algebraic framework, thereby providing the analytical tools to solve related difficult algorithmic problems. The monograph contains a rigorous axiomatic definition of matroids along with other necessary concepts such as duality, minors, connectivity and representability as demonstrated in matrices, graphs and transversals. The author also presents a deep decomposition result in matroid theory that provides a structural characterization of graphic matroids, and show how this can be extended to signed-graphic matroids, as well as the immediate algorithmic consequences.

### A Primer for Undergraduate Research

This highly readable book aims to ease the many challenges of starting undergraduate research. It accomplishes this by presenting a diverse series of self-contained, accessible articles which include specific open problems and prepare the reader to tackle them with ample background material and references. Each article also contains a carefully selected bibliography for further reading. The content spans the breadth of mathematics, including many topics that are not normally addressed by the undergraduate curriculum (such as matroid theory, mathematical biology, and operations research), yet have few enough prerequisites that the interested student can start exploring them under the guidance of a faculty member. Whether trying to start an undergraduate thesis, embarking on a summer REU, or preparing for graduate school, this book is appropriate for a variety of students and the faculty who guide them.

### Combinatorial Geometries

This book is a continuation of Theory of Matroids (also edited by Neil White), and again consists of a series of related surveys that have been contributed by authorities in the area. The volume begins with three chapters on coordinatisations, followed by one on matching theory. The next two deal with transversal and simplicial matroids. These are followed by studies of the important matroid invariants. The final chapter deals with matroids in combinatorial optimisation, a topic of much current interest. The whole volume has been carefully edited to ensure a uniform style and notation throughout, and to make a work that can be used as a reference or as an introductory textbook for graduate students or non-specialists.

### An Introduction to Algebraic and Combinatorial Coding Theory

An Introduction to Algebraic and Combinatorial Coding Theory focuses on the principles, operations, and approaches involved in the combinatorial coding theory, including linear transformations, chain groups, vector spaces, and combinatorial constructions. The publication first offers information on finite fields and coding theory and combinatorial constructions and coding. Discussions focus on quadratic residues and codes, self-dual and quasicyclic codes, balanced incomplete block designs and codes, polynomial approach to coding, and linear transformations of vector spaces over finite fields. The text then examines coding and combinatorics, including chains and chain groups, equidistant codes, matroids, graphs, and coding, matroids, and dual chain groups. The manuscript also ponders on Möbius inversion formula, Lucas's theorem, and Mathieu groups. The publication is a valuable source of information for mathematicians and researchers interested in the combinatorial coding theory.

### Computational Oriented Matroids

Oriented matroids play the role of matrices in discrete geometry, when metrical properties, such as angles or distances, are neither required nor available. Thus they are of great use in such areas as graph theory, combinatorial optimization and convex geometry. The variety of applications corresponds to the variety of ways they can be defined. Each of these definitions corresponds to a differing data structure for an oriented matroid, and handling them requires computational support, best realised through a functional language. Haskell is used here, and, for the benefit of readers, the book includes a primer on it. The combination of concrete applications and computation, the profusion of illustrations, many in colour, and the large number of examples and exercises make this an ideal introductory text on the subject. It will also be valuable for self-study for mathematicians and computer scientists working in discrete and computational geometry.

### Higher Combinatorics

It is general consensus that Combinatorics has developed into a full-fledged mathematical discipline whose beginnings as a charming pastime have long since been left behind and whose great signifi cance for other branches of both pure and applied mathematics is only beginning to be realized. The last ten years have witnessed a tremendous outburst of activity both in relatively new fields such as Coding Theory and the Theory of Matroids as well as in' more time honored endeavors such as Generating Functions and the Inver sion Calculus. Although the number of text books on these subjects is slowly increasing, there is also a great need for up-to-date surveys of the main lines of research designed to aid the beginner and serve as a reference for the expert. It was the aim of the Advanced Study Institute "Higher Combinatorics" in Berlin, 1976, to help fulfill this need. There were five sections: I. Counting Theory, II. Combinatorial Set Theory and Order Theory, III. Matroids, IV. Designs and V. Groups and Coding Theory, with three principal lecturers in each section. Expanded versions of most lectures form the contents of this book. The Institute was designed to offer, especially to young researchers, a comprehen sive picture of the most interesting developments currently under way. It is hoped that these proceedings will serve the same purpose for a wider audience.

### Matroid Theory

The study of matroids is a branch of discrete mathematics with basic links to graphs, lattices, codes, transversals, and projective geometries. Matroids are of fundamental importance in combinatorial optimization and their applications extend into electrical engineering and statics. This new in paperback version of the classic "Matroid Theory" by James Oxley provides a comprehensive introduction to matroid theory, covering the very basics to more advanced topics. With over 500 exercisesand proofs of major theorems, this book is the ideal reference and class text for academics and graduate students in mathematics and computer science. The final chapter lists sixty unsolved problems and describes progress towards their solutions.

### Combinatorial Optimization

This graduate-level text considers the Soviet ellipsoid algorithm for linear programming; efficient algorithms for network flow, matching, spanning trees, and matroids; the theory of NP-complete problems; local search heuristics for NP-complete problems, more. 1982 edition.

### The Mathematical Theory of Coding

The Mathematical Theory of Coding focuses on the application of algebraic and combinatoric methods to the coding theory, including linear transformations, vector spaces, and combinatorics. The publication first offers information on finite fields and coding theory and combinatorial constructions and coding. Discussions focus on self-dual and quasicyclic codes, quadratic residues and codes, balanced incomplete block designs and codes, bounds on code dictionaries, code invariance under permutation groups, and linear transformations of vector spaces over finite fields. The text then takes a look at coding and combinatorics and the structure of semisimple rings. Topics include structure of cyclic codes and semisimple rings, group algebra and group characters, rings, ideals, and the minimum condition, chains and chain groups, dual chain groups, and matroids, graphs, and coding. The book ponders on group representations and group codes for the Gaussian channel, including distance properties of group codes, initial vector problem, modules, group algebras, andrepresentations, orthogonality relationships and properties of group characters, and representation of groups. The manuscript is a valuable source of data for mathematicians and researchers interested in the mathematical theory of coding.

### Pattern Recognition on Oriented Matroids

### Matroid Applications

This volume, the third in a sequence that began with The Theory of Matroids and Combinatorial Geometries, concentrates on the applications of matroid theory to a variety of topics from engineering (rigidity and scene analysis), combinatorics (graphs, lattices, codes and designs), topology and operations research (the greedy algorithm).

### A First Course in Combinatorial Optimization

A First Course in Combinatorial Optimization is a text for a one-semester introductory graduate-level course for students of operations research, mathematics, and computer science. It is a self-contained treatment of the subject, requiring only some mathematical maturity. Topics include: linear and integer programming, polytopes, matroids and matroid optimization, shortest paths, and network flows. Central to the exposition is the polyhedral viewpoint, which is the key principle underlying the successful integer-programming approach to combinatorial-optimization problems. Another key unifying topic is matroids. The author does not dwell on data structures and implementation details, preferring to focus on the key mathematical ideas that lead to useful models and algorithms. Problems and exercises are included throughout as well as references for further study.

### Introduction to Tropical Geometry

Tropical geometry is a combinatorial shadow of algebraic geometry, offering new polyhedral tools to compute invariants of algebraic varieties. It is based on tropical algebra, where the sum of two numbers is their minimum and the product is their sum. This turns polynomials into piecewise-linear functions, and their zero sets into polyhedral complexes. These tropical varieties retain a surprising amount of information about their classical counterparts. Tropical geometry is a young subject that has undergone a rapid development since the beginning of the 21st century. While establishing itself as an area in its own right, deep connections have been made to many branches of pure and applied mathematics. This book offers a self-contained introduction to tropical geometry, suitable as a course text for beginning graduate students. Proofs are provided for the main results, such as the Fundamental Theorem and the Structure Theorem. Numerous examples and explicit computations illustrate the main concepts. Each of the six chapters concludes with problems that will help the readers to practice their tropical skills, and to gain access to the research literature.

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Author: Gary Gordon,Jennifer McNulty

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536087

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8814

*AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory, July 2-6, 1995, University of Washington, Seattle*

Author: Joseph Edmond Bonin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821805088

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

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Author: D. J. A. Welsh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

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Category: Mathematics

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ISBN: 9780521777506

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Publisher: Courier Corporation

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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642344534

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Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319304518

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521333399

Category: Mathematics

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ISBN: 1483260291

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521849306

Category: Computers

Page: 323

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*Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Berlin (West Germany), September 1–10, 1976*

Author: M. Aigner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401012202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199202508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

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Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110530848

Category:

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521381659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

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Author: Jon Lee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521010122

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Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851985

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