Matroids: A Geometric Introduction

Author: Gary Gordon,Jennifer McNulty

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536087

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3377

Matroid theory is a vibrant area of research that provides a unified way to understand graph theory, linear algebra and combinatorics via finite geometry. This book provides the first comprehensive introduction to the field which will appeal to undergraduate students and to any mathematician interested in the geometric approach to matroids. Written in a friendly, fun-to-read style and developed from the authors' own undergraduate courses, the book is ideal for students. Beginning with a basic introduction to matroids, the book quickly familiarizes the reader with the breadth of the subject, and specific examples are used to illustrate the theory and to help students see matroids as more than just generalizations of graphs. Over 300 exercises are included, with many hints and solutions so students can test their understanding of the materials covered. The authors have also included several projects and open-ended research problems for independent study.

Symmetries in Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes

5th SIGMAP Workshop, West Malvern, UK, July 2014

Author: Jozef Širáň,Robert Jajcay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319304518

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 5691

This volume contains seventeen of the best papers delivered at the SIGMAP Workshop 2014, representing the most recent advances in the field of symmetries of discrete objects and structures, with a particular emphasis on connections between maps, Riemann surfaces and dessins d’enfant.Providing the global community of researchers in the field with the opportunity to gather, converse and present their newest findings and advances, the Symmetries In Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes Workshop 2014 was the fifth in a series of workshops. The initial workshop, organized by Steve Wilson in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1998, was followed in 2002 and 2006 by two meetings held in Aveiro, Portugal, organized by Antonio Breda d’Azevedo, and a fourth workshop held in Oaxaca, Mexico, organized by Isabel Hubard in 2010.This book should appeal to both specialists and those seeking a broad overview of what is happening in the area of symmetries of discrete objects and structures.iv>

Topics in Matroid Theory

Author: Leonidas S. Pitsoulis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461489571

Category: Mathematics

Page: 127

View: 2230

Topics in Matroid Theory provides a brief introduction to matroid theory with an emphasis on algorithmic consequences.Matroid theory is at the heart of combinatorial optimization and has attracted various pioneers such as Edmonds, Tutte, Cunningham and Lawler among others. Matroid theory encompasses matrices, graphs and other combinatorial entities under a common, solid algebraic framework, thereby providing the analytical tools to solve related difficult algorithmic problems. The monograph contains a rigorous axiomatic definition of matroids along with other necessary concepts such as duality, minors, connectivity and representability as demonstrated in matrices, graphs and transversals. The author also presents a deep decomposition result in matroid theory that provides a structural characterization of graphic matroids, and show how this can be extended to signed-graphic matroids, as well as the immediate algorithmic consequences.

A Primer for Undergraduate Research

From Groups and Tiles to Frames and Vaccines

Author: Aaron Wootton,Valerie Peterson,Christopher Lee

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319660659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 6641

This highly readable book aims to ease the many challenges of starting undergraduate research. It accomplishes this by presenting a diverse series of self-contained, accessible articles which include specific open problems and prepare the reader to tackle them with ample background material and references. Each article also contains a carefully selected bibliography for further reading. The content spans the breadth of mathematics, including many topics that are not normally addressed by the undergraduate curriculum (such as matroid theory, mathematical biology, and operations research), yet have few enough prerequisites that the interested student can start exploring them under the guidance of a faculty member. Whether trying to start an undergraduate thesis, embarking on a summer REU, or preparing for graduate school, this book is appropriate for a variety of students and the faculty who guide them.

Automated Deduction in Geometry

Third International Workshop, ADG 2000, Zurich, Switzerland, September 25-27, 2000, Revised Papers

Author: Jürgen Richter-Gebert,Dongming Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540425985

Category: Computers

Page: 323

View: 4468

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Automated Deduction in Geometry, ADG 2000, held in Zurich, Switzerland, in September 2000. The 16 revised full papers and two invited papers presented were carefully selected for publication during two rounds of reviewing and revision from a total of initially 31 submissions. Among the issues addressed are spatial constraint solving, automated proving of geometric inequalities, algebraic proof, semi-algebraic proofs, geometrical reasoning, computational synthetic geometry, incidence geometry, and nonstandard geometric proofs.

Matroid Applications

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521381659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 3016

This volume, the third in a sequence that began with The Theory of Matroids and Combinatorial Geometries, concentrates on the applications of matroid theory to a variety of topics from engineering (rigidity and scene analysis), combinatorics (graphs, lattices, codes and designs), topology and operations research (the greedy algorithm).

Introduction to Global Variational Geometry

Author: Demeter Krupka

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080954158

Category: Mathematics

Page: 500

View: 5581

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to modern global variational theory on fibred spaces. It is based on differentiation and integration theory of differential forms on smooth manifolds, and on the concepts of global analysis and geometry such as jet prolongations of manifolds, mappings, and Lie groups. The book will be invaluable for researchers and PhD students in differential geometry, global analysis, differential equations on manifolds, and mathematical physics, and for the readers who wish to undertake further rigorous study in this broad interdisciplinary field. Featured topics - Analysis on manifolds - Differential forms on jet spaces - Global variational functionals - Euler-Lagrange mapping - Helmholtz form and the inverse problem - Symmetries and the Noether’s theory of conservation laws - Regularity and the Hamilton theory - Variational sequences - Differential invariants and natural variational principles - First book on the geometric foundations of Lagrange structures - New ideas on global variational functionals - Complete proofs of all theorems - Exact treatment of variational principles in field theory, inc. general relativity - Basic structures and tools: global analysis, smooth manifolds, fibred spaces

Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Second Edition

Author: Csaba D. Toth,Joseph O'Rourke,Jacob E. Goodman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420035315

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1560

View: 8398

While high-quality books and journals in this field continue to proliferate, none has yet come close to matching the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, which in its first edition, quickly became the definitive reference work in its field. But with the rapid growth of the discipline and the many advances made over the past seven years, it's time to bring this standard-setting reference up to date. Editors Jacob E. Goodman and Joseph O'Rourke reassembled their stellar panel of contributors, added manymore, and together thoroughly revised their work to make the most important results and methods, both classic and cutting-edge, accessible in one convenient volume. Now over more then 1500 pages, the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Second Edition once again provides unparalleled, authoritative coverage of theory, methods, and applications. Highlights of the Second Edition: Thirteen new chapters: Five on applications and others on collision detection, nearest neighbors in high-dimensional spaces, curve and surface reconstruction, embeddings of finite metric spaces, polygonal linkages, the discrepancy method, and geometric graph theory Thorough revisions of all remaining chapters Extended coverage of computational geometry software, now comprising two chapters: one on the LEDA and CGAL libraries, the other on additional software Two indices: An Index of Defined Terms and an Index of Cited Authors Greatly expanded bibliographies

Matroid Theory

Author: J. G. Oxley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199202508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

View: 7346

The study of matroids is a branch of discrete mathematics with basic links to graphs, lattices, codes, transversals, and projective geometries. Matroids are of fundamental importance in combinatorial optimization and their applications extend into electrical engineering and statics. This new in paperback version of the classic "Matroid Theory" by James Oxley provides a comprehensive introduction to matroid theory, covering the very basics to more advanced topics. With over 500 exercisesand proofs of major theorems, this book is the ideal reference and class text for academics and graduate students in mathematics and computer science. The final chapter lists sixty unsolved problems and describes progress towards their solutions.

Combinatorial Geometries

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521333399

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 7338

This book is a continuation of Theory of Matroids and again consists of a series of related surveys.

Moderne Algebra

Author: Bartel Eckmann L. Van der van der Waerden,Emil Artin,Emmy Noether

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662364344

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 6904

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

An Introduction to Differential Geometry

Author: T. J. Willmore

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486282104

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 2859

This text employs vector methods to explore the classical theory of curves and surfaces. Topics include basic theory of tensor algebra, tensor calculus, calculus of differential forms, and elements of Riemannian geometry. 1959 edition.

Combinatorial Algebraic Geometry

Levico Terme, Italy 2013, Editors: Sandra Di Rocco, Bernd Sturmfels

Author: Aldo Conca,Sandra Di Rocco,Jan Draisma,June Huh,Bernd Sturmfels,Filippo Viviani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319048708

Category: Mathematics

Page: 239

View: 6491

Combinatorics and Algebraic Geometry have enjoyed a fruitful interplay since the nineteenth century. Classical interactions include invariant theory, theta functions and enumerative geometry. The aim of this volume is to introduce recent developments in combinatorial algebraic geometry and to approach algebraic geometry with a view towards applications, such as tensor calculus and algebraic statistics. A common theme is the study of algebraic varieties endowed with a rich combinatorial structure. Relevant techniques include polyhedral geometry, free resolutions, multilinear algebra, projective duality and compactifications.

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 9695

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

Finite Fields and Applications

7th International Conference, Fq7, Toulouse, France, May 5-9, 2003, Revised Papers

Author: Gary L. Mullen,Alain Poli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540213244

Category: Computers

Page: 261

View: 2567

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Finite Fields and Applications, Fq7, held in Toulouse, France, in May 2004. The 19 revised full papers presented were carefully selected from around 60 presentations at the conference during two rounds of reviewing and revision. Among the topics addressed are Weierstrass semigroups, Galois rings, hyperelliptic curves, polynomial irreducibility, pseudorandom number sequences, permutation polynomials, random polynomials, matrices, function fields, ramified towers, BCH codes, cyclic codes, primitive polynomials, covering sequences, cyclic decompositions.

Matroid Theory

Author: D. J. A. Welsh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486474399

Category: Mathematics

Page: 433

View: 1556

The theory of matroids connects disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra such as graph and lattice theory, combinatorial optimization, and linear algebra. This text describes standard examples and investigation results, and it uses elementary proofs to develop basic matroid properties before advancing to a more sophisticated treatment. 1976 edition.