Mathematical Models in Biology

Author: Leah Edelstein-Keshet

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898719147

Category: Biology

Page: 586

View: 9271

Mathematical Models in Biology is an introductory book for readers interested in biological applications of mathematics and modeling in biology. A favorite in the mathematical biology community, it shows how relatively simple mathematics can be applied to a variety of models to draw interesting conclusions. Connections are made between diverse biological examples linked by common mathematical themes. A variety of discrete and continuous ordinary and partial differential equation models are explored. Although great advances have taken place in many of the topics covered, the simple lessons contained in this book are still important and informative. Audience: the book does not assume too much background knowledge--essentially some calculus and high-school algebra. It was originally written with third- and fourth-year undergraduate mathematical-biology majors in mind; however, it was picked up by beginning graduate students as well as researchers in math (and some in biology) who wanted to learn about this field.

Mathematical Modeling in Systems Biology

An Introduction

Author: Brian P. Ingalls

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262018888

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 7246

Systems techniques are integral to current research in molecular cell biology, and system-level investigations are often accompanied by mathematical models. These models serve as working hypotheses: they help us to understand and predict the behavior of complex systems. This book offers an introduction to mathematical concepts and techniques needed for the construction and interpretation of models in molecular systems biology. It is accessible to upper-level undergraduate or graduate students in life science or engineering who have some familiarity with calculus, and will be a useful reference for researchers at all levels. The first four chapters cover the basics of mathematical modeling in molecular systems biology. The last four chapters address specific biological domains, treating modeling of metabolic networks, of signal transduction pathways, of gene regulatory networks, and of electrophysiology and neuronal action potentials. Chapters 3--8 end with optional sections that address more specialized modeling topics. Exercises, solvable with pen-and-paper calculations, appear throughout the text to encourage interaction with the mathematical techniques. More involved end-of-chapter problem sets require computational software. Appendixes provide a review of basic concepts of molecular biology, additional mathematical background material, and tutorials for two computational software packages (XPPAUT and MATLAB) that can be used for model simulation and analysis.

Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Carlos Castillo-Chavez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475735162

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 8277

The goal of this book is to search for a balance between simple and analyzable models and unsolvable models which are capable of addressing important questions on population biology. Part I focusses on single species simple models including those which have been used to predict the growth of human and animal population in the past. Single population models are, in some sense, the building blocks of more realistic models -- the subject of Part II. Their role is fundamental to the study of ecological and demographic processes including the role of population structure and spatial heterogeneity -- the subject of Part III. This book, which will include both examples and exercises, is of use to practitioners, graduate students, and scientists working in the field.

Mathematical Models in Biology

An Introduction

Author: Elizabeth S. Allman,John A. Rhodes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525862

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 9863

Linear and non-linear models of populations, molecular evolution, phylogenetic tree construction, genetics, and infectious diseases are presented with minimal prerequisites.

A Biologist's Guide to Mathematical Modeling in Ecology and Evolution

Author: Sarah P. Otto,Troy Day

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400840910

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 4154

Thirty years ago, biologists could get by with a rudimentary grasp of mathematics and modeling. Not so today. In seeking to answer fundamental questions about how biological systems function and change over time, the modern biologist is as likely to rely on sophisticated mathematical and computer-based models as traditional fieldwork. In this book, Sarah Otto and Troy Day provide biology students with the tools necessary to both interpret models and to build their own. The book starts at an elementary level of mathematical modeling, assuming that the reader has had high school mathematics and first-year calculus. Otto and Day then gradually build in depth and complexity, from classic models in ecology and evolution to more intricate class-structured and probabilistic models. The authors provide primers with instructive exercises to introduce readers to the more advanced subjects of linear algebra and probability theory. Through examples, they describe how models have been used to understand such topics as the spread of HIV, chaos, the age structure of a country, speciation, and extinction. Ecologists and evolutionary biologists today need enough mathematical training to be able to assess the power and limits of biological models and to develop theories and models themselves. This innovative book will be an indispensable guide to the world of mathematical models for the next generation of biologists. A how-to guide for developing new mathematical models in biology Provides step-by-step recipes for constructing and analyzing models Interesting biological applications Explores classical models in ecology and evolution Questions at the end of every chapter Primers cover important mathematical topics Exercises with answers Appendixes summarize useful rules Labs and advanced material available

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology, Cell Biology, and Immunology

American Mathematical Society, Short Course, January 8-9, 2001, New Orleans, Louisiana

Author: James Sneyd

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821828169

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 3099

In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. This book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done, what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.

Mathematical Models in Biology

Bringing Mathematics to Life

Author: Valeria Zazzu,Maria Brigida Ferraro,Mario R. Guarracino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319234978

Category: Mathematics

Page: 199

View: 1434

This book presents an exciting collection of contributions based on the workshop “Bringing Maths to Life” held October 27-29, 2014 in Naples, Italy. The state-of-the art research in biology and the statistical and analytical challenges facing huge masses of data collection are treated in this Work. Specific topics explored in depth surround the sessions and special invited sessions of the workshop and include genetic variability via differential expression, molecular dynamics and modeling, complex biological systems viewed from quantitative models, and microscopy images processing, to name several. In depth discussions of the mathematical analysis required to extract insights from complex bodies of biological datasets, to aid development in the field novel algorithms, methods and software tools for genetic variability, molecular dynamics, and complex biological systems are presented in this book. Researchers and graduate students in biology, life science, and mathematics/statistics will find the content useful as it addresses existing challenges in identifying the gaps between mathematical modeling and biological research. The shared solutions will aid and promote further collaboration between life sciences and mathematics.

Explorations of Mathematical Models in Biology with Maple

Author: Mazen Shahin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111803211X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 995

"With an emphasis on Maple applications to showcase graphical and numerical techniques, this book investigates and analyzes the behavior of solutions of mathematical models and also features interesting linear and nonlinear models from diverse disciplines, such as biology, ecology, and environment. It utilizes difference equations, matrix algebra, and Markov chains as the main mathematical tools. It is an ideal book for students of mathematical biology, theoretical ecology, bioeconomics, forensic science, applied mathematics, and environmental science"--

Explorations of Mathematical Models in Biology with MATLAB

Author: Mazen Shahin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118548531

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 5428

Explore and analyze the solutions of mathematical models from diverse disciplines As biology increasingly depends on data, algorithms, and models, it has become necessary to use a computing language, such as the user-friendly MATLAB, to focus more on building and analyzing models as opposed to configuring tedious calculations. Explorations of Mathematical Models in Biology with MATLAB provides an introduction to model creation using MATLAB, followed by the translation, analysis, interpretation, and observation of the models. With an integrated and interdisciplinary approach that embeds mathematical modeling into biological applications, the book illustrates numerous applications of mathematical techniques within biology, ecology, and environmental sciences. Featuring a quantitative, computational, and mathematical approach, the book includes: Examples of real-world applications, such as population dynamics, genetics, drug administration, interacting species, and the spread of contagious diseases, to showcase the relevancy and wide applicability of abstract mathematical techniques Discussion of various mathematical concepts, such as Markov chains, matrix algebra, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, first-order linear difference equations, and nonlinear first-order difference equations Coverage of difference equations to model a wide range of real-life discrete time situations in diverse areas as well as discussions on matrices to model linear problems Solutions to selected exercises and additional MATLAB codes Explorations of Mathematical Models in Biology with MATLAB is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate courses in mathematical models in biology, theoretical ecology, bioeconomics, forensic science, applied mathematics, and environmental science. The book is also an excellent reference for biologists, ecologists, mathematicians, biomathematicians, and environmental and resource economists.

Mathematical Models for Society and Biology

Author: Edward Beltrami

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124046932

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5604

Mathematical Models for Society and Biology, 2e, is a useful resource for researchers, graduate students, and post-docs in the applied mathematics and life science fields. Mathematical modeling is one of the major subfields of mathematical biology. A mathematical model may be used to help explain a system, to study the effects of different components, and to make predictions about behavior. Mathematical Models for Society and Biology, 2e, draws on current issues to engagingly relate how to use mathematics to gain insight into problems in biology and contemporary society. For this new edition, author Edward Beltrami uses mathematical models that are simple, transparent, and verifiable. Also new to this edition is an introduction to mathematical notions that every quantitative scientist in the biological and social sciences should know. Additionally, each chapter now includes a detailed discussion on how to formulate a reasonable model to gain insight into the specific question that has been introduced. Offers 40% more content – 5 new chapters in addition to revisions to existing chapters Accessible for quick self study as well as a resource for courses in molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology, medicine, ecology and evolution, bio-mathematics, and applied math in general Features expanded appendices with an extensive list of references, solutions to selected exercises in the book, and further discussion of various mathematical methods introduced in the book

Dynamics of Mathematical Models in Biology

Bringing Mathematics to Life

Author: Alessandra Rogato,Valeria Zazzu,Mario Guarracino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319457233

Category: Mathematics

Page: 148

View: 9186

This volume focuses on contributions from both the mathematics and life science community surrounding the concepts of time and dynamicity of nature, two significant elements which are often overlooked in modeling process to avoid exponential computations. The book is divided into three distinct parts: dynamics of genomes and genetic variation, dynamics of motifs, and dynamics of biological networks. Chapters included in dynamics of genomes and genetic variation analyze the molecular mechanisms and evolutionary processes that shape the structure and function of genomes and those that govern genome dynamics. The dynamics of motifs portion of the volume provides an overview of current methods for motif searching in DNA, RNA and proteins, a key process to discover emergent properties of cells, tissues, and organisms. The part devoted to the dynamics of biological networks covers networks aptly discusses networks in complex biological functions and activities that interpret processes in cells. Moreover, chapters in this section examine several mathematical models and algorithms available for integration, analysis, and characterization. Once life scientists began to produce experimental data at an unprecedented pace, it become clear that mathematical models were necessary to interpret data, to structure information with the aim to unveil biological mechanisms, discover results, and make predictions. The second annual “Bringing Maths to Life” workshop held in Naples, Italy October 2015, enabled a bi-directional flow of ideas from and international group of mathematicians and biologists. The venue allowed mathematicians to introduce novel algorithms, methods, and software that may be useful to model aspects of life science, and life scientists posed new challenges for mathematicians.

Mathematical Models in Cell Biology and Cancer Chemotherapy

Author: M. Eisen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364293126X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 431

View: 6286

The purpose of this book is to show how mathematics can be applied to improve cancer chemotherapy. Unfortunately, most drugs used in treating cancer kill both normal and abnormal cells. However, more cancer cells than normal cells can be destroyed by the drug because tumor cells usually exhibit different growth kinetics than normal cells. To capitalize on this last fact, cell kinetics must be studied by formulating mathematical models of normal and abnormal cell growth. These models allow the therapeutic and harmful effects of cancer drugs to be simulated quantitatively. The combined cell and drug models can be used to study the effects of different methods of administering drugs. The least harmful method of drug administration, according to a given criterion, can be found by applying optimal control theory. The prerequisites for reading this book are an elementary knowledge of ordinary differential equations, probability, statistics, and linear algebra. In order to make this book self-contained, a chapter on cell biology and a chapter on control theory have been included. Those readers who have had some exposure to biology may prefer to omit Chapter I (Cell Biology) and only use it as a reference when required. However, few biologists have been exposed to control theory. Chapter 7 provides a short, coherent and comprehensible presentation of this subject. The concepts of control theory are necessary for a full understanding of Chapters 8 and 9.

Vito Volterra Symposium on Mathematical Models in Biology

Proceedings of a Conference Held at the Centro Linceo Interdisciplinare, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome December 17 – 21, 1979

Author: Claudio Barigozzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642931618

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 4101

The idea of organizing a symposium on mathematical models in biology came to some colleagues, members of the Accademia dei Lincei, in order to point out the importance of mathematics not only for supplying instruments for the elaboration and the evaluation of experimental data, but also for discussing the possibility of developing mathematical formulations of biological problems. This appeared particularly appropriate for genetics, where mathematical models have been of historical importance. When the organizing work had started, it became clear to us that the classic studies of Vito Volterra (who was also a Member of the Academy and its President from 1923 to 1926) might be con sidered a further reason to have the meeting in Rome at the Accademia dei Lincei; thus the meeting is dedicated to his memory. Biology, in its manifold aspects proved to Se ~ difficult object for an exhaustive approach; thus it became necessary for practical reasons to make a choice of problems. Therefore not all branches of biology have been represented. The proceedings of the symposium, as a whole, assume a knowledge of mathematics on the part of the reader; however the problem of teaching mathematics to biologists was the subject of a round table discussion, not recorded in these proceedings. On this were brought up some basic points to be recommended to teachers on an international basis, and a statement was prepared for circulation. The Organizing Committee TABLE OF CONTENTS TOPIC I MODELS OF NATUPAL SELECTION . . . . . . . • . . . .

Dynamical Models in Biology

Author: Miklós Farkas

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530604

Category: Mathematics

Page: 187

View: 7829

Dynamic Models in Biology offers an introduction to modern mathematical biology. This book provides a short introduction to modern mathematical methods in modeling dynamical phenomena and treats the broad topics of population dynamics, epidemiology, evolution, immunology, morphogenesis, and pattern formation. Primarily employing differential equations, the author presents accessible descriptions of difficult mathematical models. Recent mathematical results are included, but the author's presentation gives intuitive meaning to all the main formulae. Besides mathematicians who want to get acquainted with this relatively new field of applications, this book is useful for physicians, biologists, agricultural engineers, and environmentalists. Key Topics Include: Chaotic dynamics of populations The spread of sexually transmitted diseases Problems of the origin of life Models of immunology Formation of animal hide patterns The intuitive meaning of mathematical formulae explained with many figures Applying new mathematical results in modeling biological phenomena Miklos Farkas is a professor at Budapest University of Technology where he has researched and instructed mathematics for over thirty years. He has taught at universities in the former Soviet Union, Canada, Australia, Venezuela, Nigeria, India, and Columbia. Prof. Farkas received the 1999 Bolyai Award of the Hungarian Academy of Science and the 2001 Albert Szentgyorgyi Award of the Hungarian Ministry of Education. A 'down-to-earth' introduction to the growing field of modern mathematical biology Also includes appendices which provide background material that goes beyond advanced calculus and linear algebra

Models in Biology

Mathematics, Statistics, and Computing

Author: David Brown,Peter Rothery

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 3831

Lehrbücher, Statistik, Mathematik.

Nonlinear PDEs

Mathematical Models in Biology, Chemistry and Population Genetics

Author: Marius Ghergu,Vicentiu RADULESCU

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642226647

Category: Mathematics

Page: 394

View: 2336

The emphasis throughout the present volume is on the practical application of theoretical mathematical models helping to unravel the underlying mechanisms involved in processes from mathematical physics and biosciences. It has been conceived as a unique collection of abstract methods dealing especially with nonlinear partial differential equations (either stationary or evolutionary) that are applied to understand concrete processes involving some important applications related to phenomena such as: boundary layer phenomena for viscous fluids, population dynamics,, dead core phenomena, etc. It addresses researchers and post-graduate students working at the interplay between mathematics and other fields of science and technology and is a comprehensive introduction to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its main principles also presents their real-life applications in various contexts: mathematical physics, chemistry, mathematical biology, and population genetics. Based on the authors' original work, this volume provides an overview of the field, with examples suitable for researchers but also for graduate students entering research. The method of presentation appeals to readers with diverse backgrounds in partial differential equations and functional analysis. Each chapter includes detailed heuristic arguments, providing thorough motivation for the material developed later in the text. The content demonstrates in a firm way that partial differential equations can be used to address a large variety of phenomena occurring in and influencing our daily lives. The extensive reference list and index make this book a valuable resource for researchers working in a variety of fields and who are interested in phenomena modeled by nonlinear partial differential equations.​

Mathematical models in cancer research

Author: T. E. Wheldon

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 247

View: 4972

Cancer research deals with all aspects of malignant transformation, tumour growth and the effects of treatment. Mathematical models enable quantitative representations of the changes affecting cell state and cell number. This book provides a review of the scope of mathematical modelling in cancer research, bringing together for the first time a group of related mathematical topics including multistage carcinogenesis, tumour growth kinetics, growth control, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and biological targeting in cancer treatment. Physicists and mathematicians interested in medical research, biomathematicians, biostatisticians, radiation and medical oncologists and experimental and theoretical biologists will welcome this critical review of mathematical modelling in cancer research. This book will also be of interest to clinicians, basic cancer scientists and physicists working in radiotherapy departments, and to postgraduate students on courses in oncology and subjects.