Mathematical Modelling in Science and Technology

The Fourth International Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, August 1983

Author: Xavier J.R. Avula,Rudolf E. Kalman,Anthanasios I. Liapis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483190595

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1022

View: 3579

Mathematical Modelling in Science and Technology: The Fourth International Conference covers the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference by the same title, held at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland on August 15-17, 1983. Mathematical modeling is a powerful tool to solve many complex problems presented by scientific and technological developments. This book is organized into 20 parts encompassing 180 chapters. The first parts present the basic principles, methodology, systems theory, parameter estimation, system identification, and optimization of mathematical modeling. The succeeding parts discuss the features of stochastic and numerical modeling and simulation languages. Considerable parts deal with the application areas of mathematical modeling, such as in chemical engineering, solid and fluid mechanics, water resources, medicine, economics, transportation, and industry. The last parts tackle the application of mathematical modeling in student management and other academic cases. This book will prove useful to researchers in various science and technology fields.

Mathematics in Science and Technology

Mathematical Methods, Models and Algorithms in Science and Technology

Author: A H Siddiqi,R C Singh,P Manchanda

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814462144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 556

View: 3098

This unique volume presents reviews of research in several important areas of applications of mathematical concepts to science and technology, for example applications of inverse problems and wavelets to real world systems. The book provides a comprehensive overview of current research of several outstanding scholars engaged in diverse fields such as complexity theory, vertex coupling in quantum graphs, mixing of substances by turbulence, network dynamics and architecture, processes with rate — independent hysteresis, numerical analysis of Hamilton Jacobi — Bellman equations, simulations of complex stochastic differential equations, optimal flow control, shape optimal flow control, shape optimization and aircraft designing, mathematics of brain, nanotechnology and DNA structure and mathematical models of environmental problems. The volume also contains contributory talks based on current researches of comparatively young researchers participating in the conference. Contents:Part A Invited Talk:In Appreciation of Dr Zakir Husain Award (M Zuhair Nashed)Kinematical Conservation Laws (KCL): Equations of Evolution of Curves and Surfaces (K R Arun and P Prasad)Systematic Discretization of Input/Output Maps and Control of Partial Differential Equations (J Heiland, V Mehrmann and M Schmidt)Vertex Couplings in Quantum Graphs: Approximations by Scaled Schrödinger Operators (P Exner)Complexity Leads to Randomness in Chaotic Systems (R Lozi)Mathematical Modeling for Unifying Different Branches of Science, Engineering and Technology (N Rudraiah)On Equivalence Transformations and Exact Solutions of a Helmholtz Type Equation (O P Bhutani and L R Chowdhury)Cognitive Radio: State-of-the-Art and Mathematical Challenges (T Nadkar, V Thumar, A Patel, Md Z Ali Khan, U B Desai and S N Merchant)Part B Thematic Reviews:Inverse Problems of Parameter Identification in Partial Differential Equations (B Jadamba, A A Khan and M Sama)Finite Element Methods for HJB Equations (M Boulbrachene)Dynamics and Control of Underactuated Space Systems (K D Kumar and Godard)Some New Classes of Inverse Coefficient Problems in Engineering Mechanics and Computational Material Science Based on Boundary Measured Data (A Hasanov)Some Recent Developments on Mathematical Aspect of Wavelets (P Manchanda and Meenakshi)Relevance of Wavelets and Inverse Problems to Brain (A H Siddiqi, H K Sevindir, Z Aslan and C Yazici)Wavelets and Inverse Problems (K Goyal and M Mehra)Optimization Models for a Class of Structured Stochastic Games (S K Neogy, S Sinha, A K Das and A Gupta)Part C Contributory Talks:Predator-Prey Relations for Mammals where Prey Suppress Breeding (Q J Khan and M Al-Lawatia)SEI Model with Varying Transmission and Mortality Rates (G Rost)Trajectories and Stability Regions of the Lagrangian Points in the Generalized Chermnykh-Like Problem (B S Kushvah)MHD Flow Past an Infinite Plate Under the Effect of Gravity Modulation (S Wasu and S C Rajvanshi) Readership: Researchers in mathematical modeling, numerical analysis and computational mathematics. Keywords:Complexity Theory;Vertex Coupling in Quantum Graphs;Hamilton-Jacobi–Bellman Equation;Prey and Predator Model;Inverse Problems and Wavelets;Dynamics and Control of Under Actuated Space Systems

Developing Models in Science Education

Author: J.K. Gilbert,C. Boulter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367727

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 2410

Models and modelling play a central role in the nature of science, in its conduct, in the accreditation and dissemination of its outcomes, as well as forming a bridge to technology. They therefore have an important place in both the formal and informal science education provision made for people of all ages. This book is a product of five years collaborative work by eighteen researchers from four countries. It addresses four key issues: the roles of models in science and their implications for science education; the place of models in curricula for major science subjects; the ways that models can be presented to, are learned about, and can be produced by, individuals; the implications of all these for research and for science teacher education. The work draws on insights from the history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, sociology, linguistics, and classroom research, to establish what may be done and what is done. The book will be of interest to researchers in science education and to those taking courses of advanced study throughout the world.

Ways of Thinking, Ways of Seeing

Mathematical and other Modelling in Engineering and Technology

Author: Chris Bissell,Chris Dillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642252095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 3017

This fascinating book examines some of the characteristics of technological/engineering models that are likely to be unfamiliar to those who are interested primarily in the history and philosophy of science and mathematics, and which differentiate technological models from scientific and mathematical ones. Themes that are highlighted include: • the role of language: the models developed for engineering design have resulted in new ways of talking about technological systems • communities of practice: related to the previous point, particular engineering communities have particular ways of sharing and developing knowledge • graphical (re)presentation: engineers have developed many ways of reducing quite complex mathematical models to more simple representations • reification: highly abstract mathematical models are turned into ‘objects’ that can be manipulated almost like components of a physical system • machines: not only the currently ubiquitous digital computer, but also older analogue devices – slide rules, physical models, wind tunnels and other small-scale simulators, as well as mechanical, electrical and electronic analogue computers • mathematics and modelling as a bridging tool between disciplines This book studies primarily modelling in technological practice. It is worth noting that models of the type considered in the book are not always highly valued in formal engineering education at university level, which often takes an “applied science” approach close to that of the natural sciences (something that can result in disaffection on the part of students). Yet in an informal context, such as laboratories, industrial placements, and so on, a very different situation obtains. A number of chapters considers such epistemological aspects, as well as the status of different types of models within the engineering education community. The book will be of interest to practising engineers and technologists; sociologists of science and technology; and historians and philosophers of science and mathematics. It will also be written in a way that will be accessible to non-specialists.

Modelling and Mathematics Education

ICTMA 9 - Applications in Science and Technology

Author: J F Matos,S K Houston,W Blum,S P Carreira

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857099655

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 2255

The articles included in this book are from the ICTMA 9 conference held in Lisbon, attended by delegates from about 30 countries. This work records the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA. It contains the selected and edited content of the conference and makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships. Contains the selected and edited content of the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA Makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling, which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology

Author: Herold G. Dehling,Timo Gottschalk,Alex C. Hoffmann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080548975

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 2036

There is an ever increasing need for modelling complex processes reliably. Computational modelling techniques, such as CFD and MD may be used as tools to study specific systems, but their emergence has not decreased the need for generic, analytical process models. Multiphase and multicomponent systems, and high-intensity processes displaying a highly complex behaviour are becoming omnipresent in the processing industry. This book discusses an elegant, but little-known technique for formulating process models in process technology: stochastic process modelling. The technique is based on computing the probability distribution for a single particle's position in the process vessel, and/or the particle's properties, as a function of time, rather than - as is traditionally done - basing the model on the formulation and solution of differential conservation equations. Using this technique can greatly simplify the formulation of a model, and even make modelling possible for processes so complex that the traditional method is impracticable. Stochastic modelling has sporadically been used in various branches of process technology under various names and guises. This book gives, as the first, an overview of this work, and shows how these techniques are similar in nature, and make use of the same basic mathematical tools and techniques. The book also demonstrates how stochastic modelling may be implemented by describing example cases, and shows how a stochastic model may be formulated for a case, which cannot be described by formulating and solving differential balance equations. Introduction to stochastic process modelling as an alternative modelling technique Shows how stochastic modelling may be succesful where the traditional technique fails Overview of stochastic modelling in process technology in the research literature Illustration of the principle by a wide range of practical examples In-depth and self-contained discussions Points the way to both mathematical and technological research in a new, rewarding field

A Mathematical Approach to Research Problems of Science and Technology

Theoretical Basis and Developments in Mathematical Modeling

Author: Ryuei Nishii,Shin-ichiro Ei,Miyuki Koiso,Hiroyuki Ochiai,Kanzo Okada,Shingo Saito,Tomoyuki Shirai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431550607

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 406

This book deals with one of the most novel advances in mathematical modeling for applied scientific technology, including computer graphics, public-key encryption, data visualization, statistical data analysis, symbolic calculation, encryption, error correcting codes, and risk management. It also shows that mathematics can be used to solve problems from nature, e.g., slime mold algorithms. One of the unique features of this book is that it shows readers how to use pure and applied mathematics, especially those mathematical theory/techniques developed in the twentieth century, and developing now, to solve applied problems in several fields of industry. Each chapter includes clues on how to use "mathematics" to solve concrete problems faced in industry as well as practical applications. The target audience is not limited to researchers working in applied mathematics and includes those in engineering, material sciences, economics, and life sciences.

Mathematical Modeling in Science and Engineering

An Axiomatic Approach

Author: Ismael Herrera,George F. Pinder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118207203

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 6651

A powerful, unified approach to mathematical and computationalmodeling in science and engineering Mathematical and computational modeling makes it possible topredict the behavior of a broad range of systems across a broadrange of disciplines. This text guides students and professionalsthrough the axiomatic approach, a powerful method that will enablethem to easily master the principle types of mathematical andcomputational models used in engineering and science. Readers willdiscover that this axiomatic approach not only enables them tosystematically construct effective models, it also enables them toapply these models to any macroscopic physical system. Mathematical Modeling in Science and Engineering focuseson models in which the processes to be modeled are expressed assystems of partial differential equations. It begins with anintroductory discussion of the axiomatic formulation of basicmodels, setting the foundation for further topics such as: Mechanics of classical and non-classical continuous systems Solute transport by a free fluid Flow of a fluid in a porous medium Multiphase systems Enhanced oil recovery Fluid mechanics Throughout the text, diagrams are provided to help readersvisualize and better understand complex mathematical concepts. Aset of exercises at the end of each chapter enables readers to puttheir new modeling skills into practice. There is also abibliography in each chapter to facilitate further investigation ofindividual topics. Mathematical Modeling in Science and Engineering is idealfor both students and professionals across the many disciplines ofscience and engineering that depend on mathematical andcomputational modeling to predict and understand complexsystems.

Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems

Controlling • Managing • Organizing

Author: Mario Lucertini,Ana Millàn Gasca,Fernando Nicolò

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764369408

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 5246

This collection of historical research studies covers the evolution of technology as knowledge, the emergence of an autonomous engineering science in the Industrial Age, the idea of scientific managment of production and operation systems, and the interaction between mathematical models and technological concepts. The book is published with the support of the UNESCO Venice Office - Regional Office for Science & Technology in Europe as an activity of the Project: The evolution of events, concepts and models in engineering systems.

Mathematical Modelling

A Way of Life - ICTMA 11

Author: S J Lamon,W A Parker,S K Houston

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 085709954X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 6393

Mathematical modelling is often spoken of as a way of life, referring to habits of mind and to dependence on the power of mathematics to describe, explain, predict and control real phenomena. This book aims to encourage teachers to provide opportunities for students to model a variety of real phenomena appropriately matched to students’ mathematical backgrounds and interests from early stages of mathematical education. Habits, misconceptions, and mindsets about mathematics can present obstacles to university students’ acceptance of a ‘‘models-and-modelling perspective’’ at this stage of mathematics education. Without prior experience in building, interpreting and applying mathematical models, many students may never come to view and regard modelling as a way of life. The book records presentations at the ICTMA 11 conference held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 2003. Examines mathematical modelling as a way of life, referring to habits of mind and dependence on the power of mathematics to describe, explain, predict and control real phenomena Encourages teachers to provide students with opportunities to model a variety of real phenomena appropriately matched to students’ mathematical backgrounds and interests from early stages of mathematical education Records presentations at the ICTMA 11 conference held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 2003

Principles of Mathematical Modelling

Ideas, Methods, Examples

Author: Alexander A. Samarskii,Alexander P. Mikhailov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415272803

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 8472

Mathematical modeling is becoming increasingly versatile and multi-disciplinary. This text demonstrates the broadness of this field as the authors consider the principles of model construction and use common approaches to build models from a range of subject areas. The book reflects the interests and experiences of the authors, but it explores mathematical modeling across a wide range of applications, from mechanics to social science. A general approach is adopted, where ideas and examples are favored over rigorous mathematical procedures. This insightful book will be of interest to specialists, teachers, and students across a wide range of disciplines..

Mathematical Modelling

Case Studies and Projects

Author: J. Caldwell,Douglas K.S. Ng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402019939

Category: Mathematics

Page: 253

View: 4757

Over the past decade there has been an increasing demand for suitable material in the area of mathematical modelling as applied to science, engineering, business and management. Recent developments in computer technology and related software have provided the necessary tools of increasing power and sophistication which have significant implications for the use and role of mathematical modelling in the above disciplines. In the past, traditional methods have relied heavily on expensive experimentation and the building of scaled models, but now a more flexible and cost effective approach is available through greater use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation. In particular, developments in computer algebra, symbolic manipulation packages and user friendly software packages for large scale problems, all have important implications in both the teaching of mathematical modelling and, more importantly, its use in the solution of real world problems. Many textbooks have been published which cover the art and techniques of modelling as well as specific mathematical modelling techniques in specialist areas within science and business. In most of these books the mathematical material tends to be rather tailor made to fit in with a one or two semester course for teaching students at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, usually the former. This textbook is quite different in that it is intended to build on and enhance students’ modelling skills using a combination of case studies and projects.

Mathematical Modeling In Geographical Information System (gis) & Gps An Overview

Author: Hari Shanker Sharma,Rama Prasad And P.R. Binda

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180693427

Category: Digital mapping

Page: 424

View: 9470

"Papers presented at the Training Programme on Mathematical Modelling in GIS/GPS and Digital Cartography, held at Jaipur during 1st February to 2nd March 2005".--[Source inconnue].

Mathematical Models in Natural Science and Engineering

An Example-Based Approach

Author: I︠U︡riĭ Isaakovich Neĭmark,Juri I. Neimark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540436805

Category: Computers

Page: 570

View: 1727

This book helps the reader become familiar with various mathematical models for mechanical, electrical, physical, atronomical, chemical, biological, ecological, cybernetical and other systems and processes. The models examined are evolutionary models, i.e. the models of time-varying processes known as dynamic systems, such as fluid flow, biological processes, oscillations in mechanical and electromagnetic systems, and social systems. The book shows readers how to identify appropriate situations for modelling, how to address difficulties in creating models, and how to learn what mathematics teaches us about the modelling of dynamical phenomena in our surrounding world.It is interesting for a wide spectrum of readers, students of natural science and engineering, and also for researchers in these fields.

Educational Interfaces between Mathematics and Industry

Report on an ICMI-ICIAM-Study

Author: Alain Damlamian,José Francisco Rodrigues,Rudolf Sträßer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319022709

Category: Education

Page: 466

View: 639

This book is the “Study Book” of ICMI-Study no. 20, which was run in cooperation with the International Congress on Industry and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM). The editors were the co-chairs of the study (Damlamian, Straesser) and the organiser of the Study Conference (Rodrigues). The text contains a comprehensive report on the findings of the Study Conference, original plenary presentations of the Study Conference, reports on the Working Groups and selected papers from all over world. This content was selected by the editors as especially pertinent to the study each individual chapter represents a significant contribution to current research.

Mathematical Modelling

Author: Jagat Narain Kapur

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122400069

Category: Mathematical models

Page: 259

View: 6909

Each Chapter Of The Book Deals With Mathematical Modelling Through One Or More Specified Techniques. Thus There Are Chapters On Mathematical Modelling Through Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry And Calculus, Through Ordinary Differential Equations Of First And Second Order, Through Systems Of Differential Equations, Through Difference Equations, Through Partial Differential Equations, Through Functional Equations And Integral Equations, Through Delay-Differential, Differential-Difference And Integro-Differential Equations, Through Calculus Of Variations And Dynamic Programming, Through Graphs, Through Mathematical Programming, Maximum Principle And Maximum Entropy Principle.Each Chapter Contains Mathematical Models From Physical, Biological, Social, Management Sciences And Engineering And Technology And Illustrates Unity In Diversity Of Mathematical Sciences.The Book Contains Plenty Of Exercises In Mathematical Modelling And Is Aimed To Give A Panoramic View Of Applications Of Modelling In All Fields Of Knowledge. It Contains Both Probabilistic And Deterministic Models.The Book Presumes Only The Knowledge Of Undergraduate Mathematics And Can Be Used As A Textbook At Senior Undergraduate Or Post-Graduate Level For A One Or Two- Semester Course For Students Of Mathematics, Statistics, Physical, Social And Biological Sciences And Engineering. It Can Also Be Useful For All Users Of Mathematics And For All Mathematical Modellers.

Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

Theoretical and Cognitive Issues

Author: Lorenzo Magnani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364237428X

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 8958

This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international

Identification, Adaptation, Learning

The Science of Learning Models from Data

Author: Sergio Bittanti,Giorgio Picci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540610809

Category: Computers

Page: 552

View: 4330

This book collects the lectures given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute From Identijication to Learning held in Villa Olmo, Como, Italy, from August 22 to September 2, 1994. The school was devoted to the themes of Identijication, Adaptation and Learning, as they are currently understood in the Information and Contral engineering community, their development in the last few decades, their inter connections and their applications. These titles describe challenging, exciting and rapidly growing research areas which are of interest both to contral and communication engineers and to statisticians and computer scientists. In accordance with the general goals of the Institute, and notwithstanding the rat her advanced level of the topics discussed, the presentations have been generally kept at a fairly tutorial level. For this reason this book should be valuable to a variety of rearchers and to graduate students interested in the general area of Control, Signals and Information Pracessing. As the goal of the school was to explore a common methodologicalline of reading the issues, the flavor is quite interdisciplinary. We regard this as an original and valuable feature of this book.

System Parameter Identification

Information Criteria and Algorithms

Author: Badong Chen,Yu Zhu,Jinchun Hu,Jose C. Principe

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124045952

Category: Computers

Page: 266

View: 1760

Recently, criterion functions based on information theoretic measures (entropy, mutual information, information divergence) have attracted attention and become an emerging area of study in signal processing and system identification domain. This book presents a systematic framework for system identification and information processing, investigating system identification from an information theory point of view. The book is divided into six chapters, which cover the information needed to understand the theory and application of system parameter identification. The authors’ research provides a base for the book, but it incorporates the results from the latest international research publications. Named a 2013 Notable Computer Book for Information Systems by Computing Reviews One of the first books to present system parameter identification with information theoretic criteria so readers can track the latest developments Contains numerous illustrative examples to help the reader grasp basic methods