Mathematical Modelling in Science and Technology

The Fourth International Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, August 1983

Author: Xavier J.R. Avula,Rudolf E. Kalman,Anthanasios I. Liapis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483190595

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1022

View: 9602

Mathematical Modelling in Science and Technology: The Fourth International Conference covers the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference by the same title, held at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland on August 15-17, 1983. Mathematical modeling is a powerful tool to solve many complex problems presented by scientific and technological developments. This book is organized into 20 parts encompassing 180 chapters. The first parts present the basic principles, methodology, systems theory, parameter estimation, system identification, and optimization of mathematical modeling. The succeeding parts discuss the features of stochastic and numerical modeling and simulation languages. Considerable parts deal with the application areas of mathematical modeling, such as in chemical engineering, solid and fluid mechanics, water resources, medicine, economics, transportation, and industry. The last parts tackle the application of mathematical modeling in student management and other academic cases. This book will prove useful to researchers in various science and technology fields.

Ways of Thinking, Ways of Seeing

Mathematical and other Modelling in Engineering and Technology

Author: Chris Bissell,Chris Dillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642252095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 5892

This fascinating book examines some of the characteristics of technological/engineering models that are likely to be unfamiliar to those who are interested primarily in the history and philosophy of science and mathematics, and which differentiate technological models from scientific and mathematical ones. Themes that are highlighted include: • the role of language: the models developed for engineering design have resulted in new ways of talking about technological systems • communities of practice: related to the previous point, particular engineering communities have particular ways of sharing and developing knowledge • graphical (re)presentation: engineers have developed many ways of reducing quite complex mathematical models to more simple representations • reification: highly abstract mathematical models are turned into ‘objects’ that can be manipulated almost like components of a physical system • machines: not only the currently ubiquitous digital computer, but also older analogue devices – slide rules, physical models, wind tunnels and other small-scale simulators, as well as mechanical, electrical and electronic analogue computers • mathematics and modelling as a bridging tool between disciplines This book studies primarily modelling in technological practice. It is worth noting that models of the type considered in the book are not always highly valued in formal engineering education at university level, which often takes an “applied science” approach close to that of the natural sciences (something that can result in disaffection on the part of students). Yet in an informal context, such as laboratories, industrial placements, and so on, a very different situation obtains. A number of chapters considers such epistemological aspects, as well as the status of different types of models within the engineering education community. The book will be of interest to practising engineers and technologists; sociologists of science and technology; and historians and philosophers of science and mathematics. It will also be written in a way that will be accessible to non-specialists.

Mathematics in Science and Technology

Mathematical Methods, Models and Algorithms in Science and Technology

Author: A H Siddiqi,R C Singh,P Manchanda

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814462144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 556

View: 4082

This unique volume presents reviews of research in several important areas of applications of mathematical concepts to science and technology, for example applications of inverse problems and wavelets to real world systems. The book provides a comprehensive overview of current research of several outstanding scholars engaged in diverse fields such as complexity theory, vertex coupling in quantum graphs, mixing of substances by turbulence, network dynamics and architecture, processes with rate — independent hysteresis, numerical analysis of Hamilton Jacobi — Bellman equations, simulations of complex stochastic differential equations, optimal flow control, shape optimal flow control, shape optimization and aircraft designing, mathematics of brain, nanotechnology and DNA structure and mathematical models of environmental problems. The volume also contains contributory talks based on current researches of comparatively young researchers participating in the conference. Contents:Part A Invited Talk:In Appreciation of Dr Zakir Husain Award (M Zuhair Nashed)Kinematical Conservation Laws (KCL): Equations of Evolution of Curves and Surfaces (K R Arun and P Prasad)Systematic Discretization of Input/Output Maps and Control of Partial Differential Equations (J Heiland, V Mehrmann and M Schmidt)Vertex Couplings in Quantum Graphs: Approximations by Scaled Schrödinger Operators (P Exner)Complexity Leads to Randomness in Chaotic Systems (R Lozi)Mathematical Modeling for Unifying Different Branches of Science, Engineering and Technology (N Rudraiah)On Equivalence Transformations and Exact Solutions of a Helmholtz Type Equation (O P Bhutani and L R Chowdhury)Cognitive Radio: State-of-the-Art and Mathematical Challenges (T Nadkar, V Thumar, A Patel, Md Z Ali Khan, U B Desai and S N Merchant)Part B Thematic Reviews:Inverse Problems of Parameter Identification in Partial Differential Equations (B Jadamba, A A Khan and M Sama)Finite Element Methods for HJB Equations (M Boulbrachene)Dynamics and Control of Underactuated Space Systems (K D Kumar and Godard)Some New Classes of Inverse Coefficient Problems in Engineering Mechanics and Computational Material Science Based on Boundary Measured Data (A Hasanov)Some Recent Developments on Mathematical Aspect of Wavelets (P Manchanda and Meenakshi)Relevance of Wavelets and Inverse Problems to Brain (A H Siddiqi, H K Sevindir, Z Aslan and C Yazici)Wavelets and Inverse Problems (K Goyal and M Mehra)Optimization Models for a Class of Structured Stochastic Games (S K Neogy, S Sinha, A K Das and A Gupta)Part C Contributory Talks:Predator-Prey Relations for Mammals where Prey Suppress Breeding (Q J Khan and M Al-Lawatia)SEI Model with Varying Transmission and Mortality Rates (G Rost)Trajectories and Stability Regions of the Lagrangian Points in the Generalized Chermnykh-Like Problem (B S Kushvah)MHD Flow Past an Infinite Plate Under the Effect of Gravity Modulation (S Wasu and S C Rajvanshi) Readership: Researchers in mathematical modeling, numerical analysis and computational mathematics. Keywords:Complexity Theory;Vertex Coupling in Quantum Graphs;Hamilton-Jacobi–Bellman Equation;Prey and Predator Model;Inverse Problems and Wavelets;Dynamics and Control of Under Actuated Space Systems

Developing Models in Science Education

Author: J.K. Gilbert,C. Boulter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367727

Category: Education

Page: 387

View: 8247

Models and modelling play a central role in the nature of science, in its conduct, in the accreditation and dissemination of its outcomes, as well as forming a bridge to technology. They therefore have an important place in both the formal and informal science education provision made for people of all ages. This book is a product of five years collaborative work by eighteen researchers from four countries. It addresses four key issues: the roles of models in science and their implications for science education; the place of models in curricula for major science subjects; the ways that models can be presented to, are learned about, and can be produced by, individuals; the implications of all these for research and for science teacher education. The work draws on insights from the history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, sociology, linguistics, and classroom research, to establish what may be done and what is done. The book will be of interest to researchers in science education and to those taking courses of advanced study throughout the world.

Modelling and Mathematics Education

ICTMA 9 - Applications in Science and Technology

Author: J F Matos,S K Houston,W Blum,S P Carreira

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857099655

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 7339

The articles included in this book are from the ICTMA 9 conference held in Lisbon, attended by delegates from about 30 countries. This work records the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA. It contains the selected and edited content of the conference and makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships. Contains the selected and edited content of the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA Makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling, which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships

Mathematical Models in Natural Science and Engineering

Author: Juri I. Neimark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540478787

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 572

View: 2687

This book has come into being as a result ofthe author's lectures on mathematical modelling rendered to the students, BS and MS degree holders specializing in applied mathematics and computer science and to post-graduate students in exact sciences of the Nizhny Novgorod State University after N.!. Lobatchevsky. These lectures are adapted and presented as a single whole ab out mathematical models and modelling. This new course of lectures appeared because the contemporary Russian educational system in applied mathematics rested upon a combination of fundamental and applied mathematics training; this way of training oriented students upon solving only the exactly stated mathematical problems, and thus there was created a certain estrangement to the most essential stages and sides of real solutions for applied problems, such as thinking over and deeply piercing the essence of a specific problem and its mathematical statement. This statement embraces simplifications, adopted idealizations and creating a mathematical model, its correction and matching the results obtained against a real system. There also existed another main objective, namely to orient university graduates in their future research not only upon purely mathematical issues but also upon comprehending and widely applying mathematics as a universal language of contemporary exact science, and mathematical modelling as a powerful me ans for studying nature, engineering and human society.

Trends in Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling

ICTMA14

Author: Gabriele Kaiser,Werner Blum,Rita Borromeo Ferri,Gloria Stillman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400709102

Category: Education

Page: 734

View: 5113

This book contains suggestions for and reflections on the teaching, learning and assessing of mathematical modelling and applications in a rapidly changing world, including teaching and learning environments. It addresses all levels of education from universities and technical colleges to secondary and primary schools. Sponsored by the International Community of Teachers of Mathematical Modelling and Applications (ICTMA), it reflects recent ideas and methods contributed by specialists from 30 countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and Europe. Inspired by contributions to the Fourteenth Conference on the Teaching of Mathematical Modelling and Applications (ICTMA14) in Hamburg, 2009, the book describes the latest trends in the teaching and learning of mathematical modelling at school and university including teacher education. The broad and versatile range of topics will stress the international state-of-the-art on the following issues: Theoretical reflections on the teaching and learning of modelling Modelling competencies Cognitive perspectives on modelling Modelling examples for all educational levels Practice of modelling in school and at university level Practices in Engineering and Applications

An Introduction to Optimal Control Problems in Life Sciences and Economics

From Mathematical Models to Numerical Simulation with MATLAB®

Author: Sebastian Aniţa,Viorel Arnăutu,Vincenzo Capasso

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817680985

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 9213

Combining control theory and modeling, this textbook introduces and builds on methods for simulating and tackling concrete problems in a variety of applied sciences. Emphasizing "learning by doing," the authors focus on examples and applications to real-world problems. An elementary presentation of advanced concepts, proofs to introduce new ideas, and carefully presented MATLAB® programs help foster an understanding of the basics, but also lead the way to new, independent research. With minimal prerequisites and exercises in each chapter, this work serves as an excellent textbook and reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers, and practitioners in mathematics, physics, engineering, computer science, as well as biology, biotechnology, economics, and finance.

Mathematical Modelling

Case Studies and Projects

Author: J. Caldwell,Douglas K.S. Ng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402019939

Category: Mathematics

Page: 253

View: 2260

Over the past decade there has been an increasing demand for suitable material in the area of mathematical modelling as applied to science, engineering, business and management. Recent developments in computer technology and related software have provided the necessary tools of increasing power and sophistication which have significant implications for the use and role of mathematical modelling in the above disciplines. In the past, traditional methods have relied heavily on expensive experimentation and the building of scaled models, but now a more flexible and cost effective approach is available through greater use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation. In particular, developments in computer algebra, symbolic manipulation packages and user friendly software packages for large scale problems, all have important implications in both the teaching of mathematical modelling and, more importantly, its use in the solution of real world problems. Many textbooks have been published which cover the art and techniques of modelling as well as specific mathematical modelling techniques in specialist areas within science and business. In most of these books the mathematical material tends to be rather tailor made to fit in with a one or two semester course for teaching students at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, usually the former. This textbook is quite different in that it is intended to build on and enhance students’ modelling skills using a combination of case studies and projects.

Mathematical Modeling in Science and Engineering

An Axiomatic Approach

Author: Ismael Herrera,George F. Pinder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118087577

Category: Mathematics

Page: 243

View: 6112

"Mathematical and computational modeling (MCM) can be used in a diverse set of applications making it a very appealing and potent modeling tool. This book uses a novel and powerful procedural approach to teaching MCM, the Axiomatic Approach, which permits incorporating in a single model, systems that occur in many different branches of science and engineering.This book focuses on the mathematical models, in which processes to be modeled are expressed as a system of partial differential equations. It introduces a systematic method for constructing such models, which can be applied to any macroscopic physical system. This latter feature of the Axiomatic Approach is very valuable when treating new systems, since it permits formulating the models of previously unknown systems. Using it, many of the systems of most common occurrence in engineering practice are introduced and discussed. The effectiveness of this approach is reflected in the broadness and importance of the subjects treated; they cover a great diversity of topics that are basic in many branches of engineering including: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, and Water Resources.These topics include: Flow of fluids and transport of solutes which are free to move in the physical space and where fluids may be restricted to move in a porous medium. The transport of solutes is fundamental in Environmental Engineering Water Resources and Petroleum Engineering since it is the means of predicting contaminant behavior. The porous medium based equations are also used to model Enhanced Oil Recovery which is very important for sustaining the oil supply of the world. Model of static and dynamic elasticity are used in several branches of engineering including Foundation and Seismic Engineering"--

Mathematical and Computational Modeling

With Applications in Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts

Author: Roderick Melnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118853857

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 2910

Illustrates the application of mathematical and computational modeling in a variety of disciplines With an emphasis on the interdisciplinary nature of mathematical and computational modeling, Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts features chapters written by well-known, international experts in these fields and presents readers with a host of state-of-the-art achievements in the development of mathematical modeling and computational experiment methodology. The book is a valuable guide to the methods, ideas, and tools of applied and computational mathematics as they apply to other disciplines such as the natural and social sciences, engineering, and technology. Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts also features: Rigorous mathematical procedures and applications as the driving force behind mathematical innovation and discovery Numerous examples from a wide range of disciplines to emphasize the multidisciplinary application and universality of applied mathematics and mathematical modeling Original results on both fundamental theoretical and applied developments in diverse areas of human knowledge Discussions that promote interdisciplinary interactions between mathematicians, scientists, and engineers Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts is an ideal resource for professionals in various areas of mathematical and statistical sciences, modeling and simulation, physics, computer science, engineering, biology and chemistry, industrial, and computational engineering. The book also serves as an excellent textbook for graduate courses in mathematical modeling, applied mathematics, numerical methods, operations research, and optimization.

Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems

Controlling, Managing, Organizing

Author: Mario Lucertini,Ana Millàn Gasca,Fernando Nicolò

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764369408

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 409

M. LUCERTINI, A. MILLAN GASCA, AND F. NICOLO 1 Technology as Knowledge: The Case of Modern Engineering Systems In recent years scholars coming from the fields of history and philosophy of sci ence and technology have devoted much attention to the problem of "technology as knowledge" and to the emergence of an autonomous engineering science in the Industrial Agel. This interest echoes a growing awareness among engineers of the independence of their conceptual approach with respect to other forms of knowl edge, linked to the consolidation of autonomous academic engineering research in th the 20 century. A careful examination of the nature of technological knowledge appears particularly valuable in view of the pervasive presence of technology in contemporary life and culture, not only as a result of its impressive achievements, but through the less obvious influence of its concepts and viewpoints as well. The activity of engineers and technicians has been traditionally based on the practical ability to cope with specific situations and to attain the corresponding specific goal by means of the design and realization of an artifact or structure, on the basis of past experience handed down by tradition and applied by means of trial-and-error and rule-of-thumb procedures. But the existence of a theoreti cal background and of principles underpinning this activity can be traced back to classical antiquity.

A Mathematical Approach to Research Problems of Science and Technology

Theoretical Basis and Developments in Mathematical Modeling

Author: Ryuei Nishii,Shin-ichiro Ei,Miyuki Koiso,Hiroyuki Ochiai,Kanzoh Okada,Shingo Saito,Tomoyuki Shirai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431550607

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 1735

This book deals with one of the most novel advances in mathematical modeling for applied scientific technology, including computer graphics, public-key encryption, data visualization, statistical data analysis, symbolic calculation, encryption, error correcting codes, and risk management. It also shows that mathematics can be used to solve problems from nature, e.g., slime mold algorithms. One of the unique features of this book is that it shows readers how to use pure and applied mathematics, especially those mathematical theory/techniques developed in the twentieth century, and developing now, to solve applied problems in several fields of industry. Each chapter includes clues on how to use "mathematics" to solve concrete problems faced in industry as well as practical applications. The target audience is not limited to researchers working in applied mathematics and includes those in engineering, material sciences, economics, and life sciences.

Comprehensive Applied Mathematical Modeling in the Natural and Engineering Sciences

Theoretical Predictions Compared with Data

Author: David J. Wollkind,Bonni J. Dichone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319735187

Category: Mathematics

Page: 607

View: 9415

This text demonstrates the process of comprehensive applied mathematical modeling through the introduction of various case studies. The case studies are arranged in increasing order of complexity based on the mathematical methods required to analyze the models. The development of these methods is also included, providing a self-contained presentation. To reinforce and supplement the material introduced, original problem sets are offered involving case studies closely related to the ones presented. With this style, the text’s perspective, scope, and completeness of the subject matter are considered unique. Having grown out of four self-contained courses taught by the authors, this text will be of use in a two-semester sequence for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, requiring rudimentary knowledge of advanced calculus and differential equations, along with a basic understanding of some simple physical and biological scientific principles.

Computational and Mathematical Modeling in the Social Sciences

Author: Scott de Marchi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113944686X

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 6955

Mathematical models in the social sciences have become increasingly sophisticated and widespread in the last decade. This period has also seen many critiques, most lamenting the sacrifices incurred in pursuit of mathematical rigor. If, as critics argue, our ability to understand the world has not improved during the mathematization of the social sciences, we might want to adopt a different paradigm. This book examines the three main fields of mathematical modeling - game theory, statistics, and computational methods - and proposes a new framework for modeling. Unlike previous treatments which view each field separately, the treatment provides a framework that spans and incorporates the different methodological approaches. The goal is to arrive at a new vision of modeling that allows researchers to solve more complex problems in the social sciences. Additionally, a special emphasis is placed upon the role of computational modeling in the social sciences.

Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Techniques in Drying Technology

Author: Ian Turner,Arun S. Mujumdar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148229219X

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 4554

Offers information necessary for the development of mathematical models and numerical techniques to solve specific drying problems. The book addresses difficult issues involved with the drying equations of numerical analysis, including mesh generation, discretization strategies, the nonlinear equation set and the linearized algebraic system, convergence criteria, time step control, experimental validation, optimum methods of visualization results, and more.