Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 1562

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

Mathematical Methods for Engineers and Scientists 3

Fourier Analysis, Partial Differential Equations and Variational Methods

Author: Kwong-Tin Tang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540446958

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 8661

Pedagogical insights gained through 30 years of teaching applied mathematics led the author to write this set of student oriented books. Topics such as complex analysis, matrix theory, vector and tensor analysis, Fourier analysis, integral transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations are presented in a discursive style that is readable and easy to follow. Numerous examples, completely worked out, together with carefully selected problem sets with answers are used to enhance students' understanding and manipulative skill. The goal is to make students comfortable in using advanced mathematical tools in junior, senior, and beginning graduate courses.

Mathematical and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Applications for Engineering Sciences

Author: Joël Chaskalovic

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319035630

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

View: 6608

This self-tutorial offers a concise yet thorough introduction into the mathematical analysis of approximation methods for partial differential equation. A particular emphasis is put on finite element methods. The unique approach first summarizes and outlines the finite-element mathematics in general and then in the second and major part, formulates problem examples that clearly demonstrate the techniques of functional analysis via numerous and diverse exercises. The solutions of the problems are given directly afterwards. Using this approach, the author motivates and encourages the reader to actively acquire the knowledge of finite- element methods instead of passively absorbing the material as in most standard textbooks. This English edition is based on the Finite Element Methods for Engineering Sciences by Joel Chaskalovic.

Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations

With Applications in R

Author: William E. Schiesser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119301033

Category: MATHEMATICS

Page: 576

View: 6766

One-dimensional PDEs -- Multidimensional PDEs -- Navier-Stokes, Burgers equations -- Korteweg-deVries equation -- Maxwell equations -- Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations -- Fokker-Planck equation -- Fisher-Kolmogorov equation -- Klein-Gordon equation -- Boussinesq equation -- Cahn-Hilliard equation -- Camassa-Holm equation -- Burgers-Huxley equation -- Gierer-Meinhardt equations -- Keller-Segel equations -- Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations -- Euler-Poisson-Darboux equation -- Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation -- Einstein-Maxwell equations

Solution Techniques for Elementary Partial Differential Equations

Author: Christian Constanda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882572

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 9710

Of the many available texts on partial differential equations (PDEs), most are too detailed and voluminous, making them daunting to many students. In sharp contrast, Solution Techniques for Elementary Partial Differential Equations is a no-frills treatment that explains completely but succinctly some of the most fundamental solution methods for PDEs. After a brief review of elementary ODE techniques and discussions on Fourier series and Sturm-Liouville problems, the author introduces the heat, Laplace, and wave equations as mathematical models of physical phenomena. He then presents a number of solution techniques and applies them to specific initial/boundary value problems for these models. Discussion of the general second order linear equation in two independent variables follows, and finally, the method of characteristics and perturbation methods are presented. Most students seem to like concise, easily digestible explanations and worked examples that let them see the techniques in action. This text offers them both. Ideally suited for independent study and classroom tested with great success, it offers a direct, streamlined route to competence in PDE solution techniques.

Analytic Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Author: G. Evans,J. Blackledge,P. Yardley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447103793

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 2051

This is the practical introduction to the analytical approach taken in Volume 2. Based upon courses in partial differential equations over the last two decades, the text covers the classic canonical equations, with the method of separation of variables introduced at an early stage. The characteristic method for first order equations acts as an introduction to the classification of second order quasi-linear problems by characteristics. Attention then moves to different co-ordinate systems, primarily those with cylindrical or spherical symmetry. Hence a discussion of special functions arises quite naturally, and in each case the major properties are derived. The next section deals with the use of integral transforms and extensive methods for inverting them, and concludes with links to the use of Fourier series.

Numerical methods for partial differential equations

Author: Gwynne Evans,Jonathan M. Blackledge,Peter Yardley

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540761259

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 8263

The subject of partial differential equations holds an exciting place in mathematics. Inevitably, the subject falls into several areas of mathematics. At one extreme the interest lies in the existence and uniqueness of solutions, and the functional analysis of the proofs of these properties. At the other extreme lies the applied mathematical and engineering quest to find useful solutions, either analytically or numerically, to these important equations which can be used in design and construction. The book presents a clear introduction of the methods and underlying theory used in the numerical solution of partial differential equations. After revising the mathematical preliminaries, the book covers the finite difference method of parabolic or heat equations, hyperbolic or wave equations and elliptic or Laplace equations. Throughout, the emphasis is on the practical solution rather than the theoretical background, without sacrificing rigour.

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Author: William F. Ames

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080571301

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 5477

This volume is designed as an introduction to the concepts of modern numerical analysis as they apply to partial differential equations. The book contains many practical problems and their solutions, but at the same time, strives to expose the pitfalls--such as overstability, consistency requirements, and the danger of extrapolation to nonlinear problems methods used on linear problems. Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations, Third Edition reflects the great accomplishments that have taken place in scientific computation in the fifteen years since the Second Edition was published. This new edition is a drastic revision of the previous one, with new material on boundary elements, spectral methods, the methods of lines, and invariant methods. At the same time, the new edition retains the self-contained nature of the older version, and shares the clarity of its exposition and the integrity of its presentation. Material on finite elements and finite differences have been merged, and now constitute equal partners Additional material has been added on boundary elements, spectral methods, the method of lines, and invariant methods References have been updated, and reflect the additional material Self-contained nature of the Second Edition has been maintained Very suitable for PDE courses

Partial Differential Equations with Numerical Methods

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540017721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 259

View: 6074

The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering. The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDEs and the numerical solution of such equations. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. As preparation, the two-point boundary value problem and the initial-value problem for ODEs are discussed in separate chapters. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. Some background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces, and also on numerical linear algebra, is reviewed in two appendices.

Reduced Basis Methods for Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction

Author: Alfio Quarteroni,Andrea Manzoni,Federico Negri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319154311

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 7274

This book provides a basic introduction to reduced basis (RB) methods for problems involving the repeated solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) arising from engineering and applied sciences, such as PDEs depending on several parameters and PDE-constrained optimization. The book presents a general mathematical formulation of RB methods, analyzes their fundamental theoretical properties, discusses the related algorithmic and implementation aspects, and highlights their built-in algebraic and geometric structures. More specifically, the authors discuss alternative strategies for constructing accurate RB spaces using greedy algorithms and proper orthogonal decomposition techniques, investigate their approximation properties and analyze offline-online decomposition strategies aimed at the reduction of computational complexity. Furthermore, they carry out both a priori and a posteriori error analysis. The whole mathematical presentation is made more stimulating by the use of representative examples of applicative interest in the context of both linear and nonlinear PDEs. Moreover, the inclusion of many pseudocodes allows the reader to easily implement the algorithms illustrated throughout the text. The book will be ideal for upper undergraduate students and, more generally, people interested in scientific computing. All these pseudocodes are in fact implemented in a MATLAB package that is freely available at https://github.com/redbkit

Splitting Methods for Partial Differential Equations with Rough Solutions

Analysis and MATLAB Programs

Author: Helge Holden

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190784

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 8876

Operator splitting (or the fractional steps method) is a very common tool to analyze nonlinear partial differential equations both numerically and analytically. By applying operator splitting to a complicated model one can often split it into simpler problems that can be analyzed separately. In this book one studies operator splitting for a family of nonlinear evolution equations, including hyperbolic conservation laws and degenerate convection-diffusion equations. Common for these equations is the prevalence of rough, or non-smooth, solutions, e.g., shocks. Rigorous analysis is presented, showing that both semi-discrete and fully discrete splitting methods converge. For conservation laws, sharp error estimates are provided and for convection-diffusion equations one discusses a priori and a posteriori correction of entropy errors introduced by the splitting. Numerical methods include finite difference and finite volume methods as well as front tacking. The theory is illustrated by numerous examples. There is a dedicated web page that provides MATLAB codes for many of the examples. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Transform Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations, Second Edition

Author: Dean G. Duffy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420035148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 1268

Transform methods provide a bridge between the commonly used method of separation of variables and numerical techniques for solving linear partial differential equations. While in some ways similar to separation of variables, transform methods can be effective for a wider class of problems. Even when the inverse of the transform cannot be found analytically, numeric and asymptotic techniques now exist for their inversion, and because the problem retains some of its analytic aspect, one can gain greater physical insight than typically obtained from a purely numerical approach. Transform Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations, Second Edition illustrates the use of Laplace, Fourier, and Hankel transforms to solve partial differential equations encountered in science and engineering. The author has expanded the second edition to provide a broader perspective on the applicability and use of transform methods and incorporated a number of significant refinements: New in the Second Edition: · Expanded scope that includes numerical methods and asymptotic techniques for inverting particularly complicated transforms · Discussions throughout the book that compare and contrast transform methods with separation of variables, asymptotic methods, and numerical techniques · Many added examples and exercises taken from a wide variety of scientific and engineering sources · Nearly 300 illustrations--many added to the problem sections to help readers visualize the physical problems · A revised format that makes the book easier to use as a reference: problems are classified according to type of region, type of coordinate system, and type of partial differential equation · Updated references, now arranged by subject instead of listed all together As reflected by the book's organization, content, and many examples, the author's focus remains firmly on applications. While the subject matter is classical, this book gives it a fresh, modern treatment that is exceptionally practical, eminently readable, and especially valuable to anyone solving problems in engineering and the applied sciences.

Methods for Constructing Exact Solutions of Partial Differential Equations

Mathematical and Analytical Techniques with Applications to Engineering

Author: Sergey V. Meleshko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387252657

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 6258

Differential equations, especially nonlinear, present the most effective way for describing complex physical processes. Methods for constructing exact solutions of differential equations play an important role in applied mathematics and mechanics. This book aims to provide scientists, engineers and students with an easy-to-follow, but comprehensive, description of the methods for constructing exact solutions of differential equations.

Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations

Author: Lennart Edsberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119018463

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1999

Uses mathematical, numerical, and programming tools to solve differential equations for physical phenomena and engineering problems Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition features the essential principles and applications of problem solving across disciplines such as engineering, physics, and chemistry. The Second Edition integrates the science of solving differential equations with mathematical, numerical, and programming tools, specifically with methods involving ordinary differential equations; numerical methods for initial value problems (IVPs); numerical methods for boundary value problems (BVPs); partial differential equations (PDEs); numerical methods for parabolic, elliptic, and hyperbolic PDEs; mathematical modeling with differential equations; numerical solutions; and finite difference and finite element methods. The author features a unique “Five-M” approach: Modeling, Mathematics, Methods, MATLAB®, and Multiphysics, which facilitates a thorough understanding of how models are created and preprocessed mathematically with scaling, classification, and approximation and also demonstrates how a problem is solved numerically using the appropriate mathematical methods. With numerous real-world examples to aid in the visualization of the solutions, Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition includes: New sections on topics including variational formulation, the finite element method, examples of discretization, ansatz methods such as Galerkin’s method for BVPs, parabolic and elliptic PDEs, and finite volume methods Numerous practical examples with applications in mechanics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, chemical engineering, heat conduction, electromagnetic field theory, and control theory, some of which are solved with computer programs MATLAB and COMSOL Multiphysics® Additional exercises that introduce new methods, projects, and problems to further illustrate possible applications A related website with select solutions to the exercises, as well as the MATLAB data sets for ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and PDEs Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition is a useful textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in scientific computing, differential equations, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, and numerical methods. The book is also an excellent self-study guide for mathematics, science, computer science, physics, and engineering students, as well as an excellent reference for practitioners and consultants who use differential equations and numerical methods in everyday situations.

Partial Differential Equations V

Asymptotic Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Author: Mikhail Vasil'evich Fedorı͡uk,M.V. Fedoryuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540533719

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 477

The six articles in this EMS volume provide an overview of a number of contemporary techniques in the study of the asymptotic behavior of partial differential equations. These techniques include the Maslov canonical operator, semiclassical asymptotics of solutions and eigenfunctions, behavior of solutions near singular points of different kinds, matching of asymptotic expansions close to a boundary layer, and processes in inhomogeneous media. Asymptotic expansions are one of the most important areas in the theory of partial differential equations. Readers should find the wide variety of approaches of interest.