Mathematical Biology II

Spatial Models and Biomedical Applications

Author: James D. Murray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387952284

Category: Mathematics

Page: 814

View: 1696

This richly illustrated third edition provides a thorough training in practical mathematical biology and shows how exciting mathematical challenges can arise from a genuinely interdisciplinary involvement with the biosciences. It has been extensively updated and extended to cover much of the growth of mathematical biology. From the reviews: ""This book, a classical text in mathematical biology, cleverly combines mathematical tools with subject area sciences."--SHORT BOOK REVIEWS

Mathematical Biology

I. An Introduction

Author: James D. Murray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387952239

Category: Mathematics

Page: 553

View: 963

Mathematical Biology is a richly illustrated textbook in an exciting and fast growing field. Providing an in-depth look at the practical use of math modeling, it features exercises throughout that are drawn from a variety of bioscientific disciplines - population biology, developmental biology, physiology, epidemiology, and evolution, among others. It maintains a consistent level throughout so that graduate students can use it to gain a foothold into this dynamic research area.

Essential Mathematical Biology

Author: Nicholas F. Britton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447100492

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 6054

This self-contained introduction to the fast-growing field of Mathematical Biology is written for students with a mathematical background. It sets the subject in a historical context and guides the reader towards questions of current research interest. A broad range of topics is covered including: Population dynamics, Infectious diseases, Population genetics and evolution, Dispersal, Molecular and cellular biology, Pattern formation, and Cancer modelling. Particular attention is paid to situations where the simple assumptions of homogenity made in early models break down and the process of mathematical modelling is seen in action.

Introduction to Mathematical Biology

Author: S. I. Rubinow

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486425320

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 1491

This volume is designed to cultivate in graduate biology students an awareness of and familiarity with applications of mathematical techniques and methods related to biology. This text explores five areas of mathematical biology, presented in a unified fashion; the first three subjects, cell growth, enzymatic reactions, and physiological tracers, are biological; the final two, biological fluid dynamics and diffusion, are biophysical. Introduced in an order of progressive mathematical complexity, the topics essentially follow a course in elementary differential equations, although linear algebra and graph theory are also touched upon. Free of mathematical jargon, the text requires only a knowledge of elementary calculus. A set of problems appears at the end of each chapter, with solutions at the end of the book. Unabridged republication of the edition published by John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1975. Preface. Solutions. References. Appendixes. Author Index. Subject Index.

Introduction to Mathematical Biology

Modeling, Analysis, and Simulations

Author: Ching Shan Chou,Avner Friedman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319296388

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 1699

This book is based on a one semester course that the authors have been teaching for several years, and includes two sets of case studies. The first includes chemostat models, predator-prey interaction, competition among species, the spread of infectious diseases, and oscillations arising from bifurcations. In developing these topics, readers will also be introduced to the basic theory of ordinary differential equations, and how to work with MATLAB without having any prior programming experience. The second set of case studies were adapted from recent and current research papers to the level of the students. Topics have been selected based on public health interest. This includes the risk of atherosclerosis associated with high cholesterol levels, cancer and immune interactions, cancer therapy, and tuberculosis. Readers will experience how mathematical models and their numerical simulations can provide explanations that guide biological and biomedical research. Considered to be the undergraduate companion to the more advanced book "Mathematical Modeling of Biological Processes" (A. Friedman, C.-Y. Kao, Springer – 2014), this book is geared towards undergraduate students with little background in mathematics and no biological background.

Mathematical Biology

An Introduction with Maple and Matlab

Author: Ronald W. Shonkwiler,James Herod

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387709843

Category: Science

Page: 551

View: 981

This text presents mathematical biology as a field with a unity of its own, rather than only the intrusion of one science into another. The book focuses on problems of contemporary interest, such as cancer, genetics, and the rapidly growing field of genomics.

A Course in Mathematical Biology

Quantitative Modeling with Mathematical and Computational Methods

Author: Gerda de Vries,Thomas Hillen,Mark Lewis,Johannes Mller,Birgitt SchÓnfisch

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898718252

Category: Mathematics

Page: 309

View: 3869

This is the only book that teaches all aspects of modern mathematical modeling and that is specifically designed to introduce undergraduate students to problem solving in the context of biology. Included is an integrated package of theoretical modeling and analysis tools, computational modeling techniques, and parameter estimation and model validation methods, with a focus on integrating analytical and computational tools in the modeling of biological processes. Divided into three parts, it covers basic analytical modeling techniques; introduces computational tools used in the modeling of biological problems; and includes various problems from epidemiology, ecology, and physiology. All chapters include realistic biological examples, including many exercises related to biological questions. In addition, 25 open-ended research projects are provided, suitable for students. An accompanying Web site contains solutions and a tutorial for the implementation of the computational modeling techniques. Calculations can be done in modern computing languages such as Maple, Mathematica, and MATLAB?.

Differential Equations and Mathematical Biology, Second Edition

Author: D.S. Jones,Michael Plank,B.D. Sleeman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420083583

Category: Mathematics

Page: 462

View: 7526

Deepen students’ understanding of biological phenomena Suitable for courses on differential equations with applications to mathematical biology or as an introduction to mathematical biology, Differential Equations and Mathematical Biology, Second Edition introduces students in the physical, mathematical, and biological sciences to fundamental modeling and analytical techniques used to understand biological phenomena. In this edition, many of the chapters have been expanded to include new and topical material. New to the Second Edition A section on spiral waves Recent developments in tumor biology More on the numerical solution of differential equations and numerical bifurcation analysis MATLAB® files available for download online Many additional examples and exercises This textbook shows how first-order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) are used to model the growth of a population, the administration of drugs, and the mechanism by which living cells divide. The authors present linear ODEs with constant coefficients, extend the theory to systems of equations, model biological phenomena, and offer solutions to first-order autonomous systems of nonlinear differential equations using the Poincaré phase plane. They also analyze the heartbeat, nerve impulse transmission, chemical reactions, and predator–prey problems. After covering partial differential equations and evolutionary equations, the book discusses diffusion processes, the theory of bifurcation, and chaotic behavior. It concludes with problems of tumor growth and the spread of infectious diseases.

Mathematical Biology

Author: Peeyush Chandra,B. V. Rathish Kumar

Publisher: Anshan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 331

View: 4085

In recent years, mathematics has been used in solving various real life problems. In particular, mathematical modelling plays a key role in the analysis of physiological/biological/mechanical systems. Diverse topics such as arterial blood flow, cardio-electric activity, bio-convection, gene coding, epidemic infection and body imaging can all be studied from a mathematical viewpoint. Progress in this field requires regular updated research and "Mathematical Biology" provides us with the latest developments and applications. It promotes interdisciplinary approaches to the study of biological systems using a variety of mathematical tools and numerical simulation. With 47 chapters from international contributors, this book will be a useful addition to the shelf of postgraduate medics and biologists, researchers and mathematicians with an interest outside mathematics!

Progress in Mathematical Biology Research

Author: James Terrence Kelly

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604561715

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 6263

Applying mathematics to biology has a long history, but only recently has there been an explosion of interest in the field. Some reasons for this include: the explosion of data-rich information sets, due to the genomics revolution, which are difficult to understand without the use of analytical tools, recent development of mathematical tools such as chaos theory to help understand complex, non-linear mechanisms in biology, an increase in computing power which enables calculations and simulations to be performed that were not previously possible, and an increasing interest in in-silico experimentation due to the complications involved in human and animal research. This new book presents the latest leading-edge research in the field.

An Introduction to the Mathematics of Biology: with Computer Algebra Models

Author: Edward K. Yeargers,James V. Herod,Ronald W. Shonkweiler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147571095X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 417

View: 8324

Biology is a source of fascination for most scientists, whether their training is in the life sciences or not. In particular, there is a special satisfaction in discovering an understanding of biology in the context of another science like mathematics. Fortunately there are plenty of interesting (and fun) problems in biology, and virtually all scientific disciplines have become the richer for it. For example, two major journals, Mathematical Biosciences and Journal of Mathematical Biology, have tripled in size since their inceptions 20-25 years ago. The various sciences have a great deal to give to one another, but there are still too many fences separating them. In writing this book we have adopted the philosophy that mathematical biology is not merely the intrusion of one science into another, but has a unity of its own, in which both the biology and the math ematics should be equal and complete, and should flow smoothly into and out of one another. We have taught mathematical biology with this philosophy in mind and have seen profound changes in the outlooks of our science and engineering students: The attitude of "Oh no, another pendulum on a spring problem!," or "Yet one more LCD circuit!" completely disappeared in the face of applications of mathematics in biology. There is a timeliness in calculating a protocol for ad ministering a drug.

Frontiers in Mathematical Biology

Author: Simon A. Levin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642501249

Category: Mathematics

Page: 633

View: 8306

From a mathematical point of view, physiologically structured population models are an underdeveloped branch of the theory of infinite dimensional dynamical systems. We have called attention to four aspects: (i) A choice has to be made about the kind of equations one extracts from the predominantly verbal arguments about the basic assumptions, and subsequently uses as a starting point for a rigorous mathematical analysis. Though differential equations are easy to formulate (different mechanisms don't interact in infinites imal time intervals and so end up as separate terms in the equations) they may be hard to interpret rigorously as infinitesimal generators. Integral equations constitute an attractive alternative. (ii) The ability of physiologically structured population models to increase our un derstanding of the relation between mechanisms at the i-level and phenomena at the p-level will depend strongly on the development of dynamical systems lab facilities which are applicable to this class of models. (iii) Physiologically structured population models are ideally suited for the for mulation of evolutionary questions. Apart from the special case of age (see Charlesworth 1980, Yodzis 1989, Caswell 1989, and the references given there) hardly any theory exists at the moment. This will, hopefully, change rapidly in the coming years. Again the development of appropriate software may turn out to be crucial.

Topics in Mathematical Biology

Author: Karl Peter Hadeler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331965621X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 353

View: 9872

This book analyzes the impact of quiescent phases on biological models. Quiescence arises, for example, when moving individuals stop moving, hunting predators take a rest, infected individuals are isolated, or cells enter the quiescent compartment of the cell cycle. In the first chapter of Topics in Mathematical Biology general principles about coupled and quiescent systems are derived, including results on shrinking periodic orbits and stabilization of oscillations via quiescence. In subsequent chapters classical biological models are presented in detail and challenged by the introduction of quiescence. These models include delay equations, demographic models, age structured models, Lotka-Volterra systems, replicator systems, genetic models, game theory, Nash equilibria, evolutionary stable strategies, ecological models, epidemiological models, random walks and reaction-diffusion models. In each case we find new and interesting results such as stability of fixed points and/or periodic orbits, excitability of steady states, epidemic outbreaks, survival of the fittest, and speeds of invading fronts. The textbook is intended for graduate students and researchers in mathematical biology who have a solid background in linear algebra, differential equations and dynamical systems. Readers can find gems of unexpected beauty within these pages, and those who knew K.P. (as he was often called) well will likely feel his presence and hear him speaking to them as they read.

Mathematical Biology And Biological Physics

Author: Mondaini Rubem P

Publisher: #N/A

ISBN: 9813227893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 380

View: 3805

This is a book on interdisciplinary topics of the Mathematical and Biological Sciences. The treatment is both pedagogical and advanced in order to motivate research students as well as to fulfill the requirements of professional practitioners. There are comprehensive reviews written by senior experts on the important problems of growth and agglomeration in biology, on the algebraic modelling of the genetic code and on multi-step biochemical pathways. There are new results on the state of the art research in the pattern recognition of probability distribution of amino acids, on somitogenesis through reaction-diffusion models, on the mathematical modelling of infectious diseases, on the biophysical modelling of physiological disorders, on the sensitive analysis of parameters of malaria models, on the stability and hopf bifurcation of ecological and epidemiological models, on the viral infection of bee colonies and on the structure and motion of proteins. All these contributions are also strongly recommended to professionals from other scientific areas aiming to work on these interdisciplinary fields.

An Introduction to Mathematical Biology

Author: Linda J. S. Allen

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130352163

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 786

KEY BENEFIT: This reference introduces a variety of mathematical models for biological systems, and presents the mathematical theory and techniques useful in analyzing those models. Material is organized according to the mathematical theory rather than the biological application. Contains applications of mathematical theory to biological examples in each chapter. Focuses on deterministic mathematical models with an emphasis on predicting the qualitative solution behavior over time. Discusses classical mathematical models from population , including the Leslie matrix model, the Nicholson-Bailey model, and the Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model. Also discusses more recent models, such as a model for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus - HIV and a model for flour beetles. KEY MARKET: Readers seeking a solid background in the mathematics behind modeling in biology and exposure to a wide variety of mathematical models in biology.

Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Dawn Bies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475735162

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 3024

The goal of this book is to search for a balance between simple and analyzable models and unsolvable models which are capable of addressing important questions on population biology. Part I focusses on single species simple models including those which have been used to predict the growth of human and animal population in the past. Single population models are, in some sense, the building blocks of more realistic models -- the subject of Part II. Their role is fundamental to the study of ecological and demographic processes including the role of population structure and spatial heterogeneity -- the subject of Part III. This book, which will include both examples and exercises, is of use to practitioners, graduate students, and scientists working in the field.

Mathematical Methods of Population Biology

Author: F. C. Hoppensteadt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521282567

Category: Mathematics

Page: 149

View: 3724

An introduction to mathematical methods used in the study of population phenomena including models of total population and population age structure, models of random population events presented in terms of Markov chains, and methods used to uncover qualitative behavior of more complicated difference equations.

Mathematical Modeling in Systems Biology

An Introduction

Author: Brian P. Ingalls

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262315645

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 3964

Systems techniques are integral to current research in molecular cell biology, and system-level investigations are often accompanied by mathematical models. These models serve as working hypotheses: they help us to understand and predict the behavior of complex systems. This book offers an introduction to mathematical concepts and techniques needed for the construction and interpretation of models in molecular systems biology. It is accessible to upper-level undergraduate or graduate students in life science or engineering who have some familiarity with calculus, and will be a useful reference for researchers at all levels.The first four chapters cover the basics of mathematical modeling in molecular systems biology. The last four chapters address specific biological domains, treating modeling of metabolic networks, of signal transduction pathways, of gene regulatory networks, and of electrophysiology and neuronal action potentials. Chapters 3--8 end with optional sections that address more specialized modeling topics. Exercises, solvable with pen-and-paper calculations, appear throughout the text to encourage interaction with the mathematical techniques. More involved end-of-chapter problem sets require computational software. Appendixes provide a review of basic concepts of molecular biology, additional mathematical background material, and tutorials for two computational software packages (XPPAUT and MATLAB) that can be used for model simulation and analysis.