Materials Chemistry

Author: Bradley D. Fahlman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400706934

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 736

View: 8942

The 2nd edition of Materials Chemistry builds on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 2nd edition continues to offer innovative coverage and practical perspective throughout, e.g.: the opening solid-state chemistry chapter uses color illustrations of crystalline unit cells and digital photos of models to clarify their structures. This edition features more archetypical unit cells and includes fundamental principles of X-ray crystallography and band theory. In addition, an ample amorphous-solids section has been expanded to include more details regarding zeolite syntheses, as well as ceramics classifications and their biomaterial applications. The subsequent metals chapter has been re-organized for clarity, and continues to treat the full spectrum of powder metallurgical methods, complex phase behaviors of the Fe-C system and steels, and topics such as corrosion and shape-memory properties. The mining/processing of metals has also been expanded to include photographs of various processes occurring in an actual steelmaking plant. The semiconductor chapter addresses evolution and limitations/solutions of modern transistors, as well as IC fabrication and photovoltaics. Building on the fundamentals presented earlier, more details regarding the band structure of semiconductors is now included, as well as discussions of GaAs vs. Si for microelectronics applications, and surface reconstruction nomenclature. The emerging field of ‘soft lithographic’ patterning is now included in this chapter, and thin film deposition methodologies are also greatly expanded to now include more fundamental aspects of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD). The polymer and ‘soft’ materials chapter represents the largest expansion for the 2nd edition. This chapter describes all polymeric classes including dendritic polymers, as well as important additives such as plasticizers and flame-retardants, and emerging applications such as molecular magnets and self-repairing polymers. This edition now features ‘click chemistry’ polymerization, silicones, conductive polymers and biomaterials applications such as biodegradable polymers, biomedical devices, drug delivery, and contact lenses. Final chapters on nanomaterials and materials-characterization techniques are also carefully surveyed, focusing on nomenclature, synthetic techniques, and applications taken from the latest scientific literature. The 2nd edition has been significantly updated to now include nanotoxicity, vapor-phase growth of 0-D nanostructures, and more details regarding synthetic techniques and mechanisms for solution-phase growth of various nanomaterials. Graphene, recognized by the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics, is now also included in this edition. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions. The appendices have also been updated with additional laboratory modules for materials synthesis (e.g., porous silicon) and a comprehensive timeline of major materials developments.

Biomineralization

Principles and Concepts in Bioinorganic Materials Chemistry

Author: Stephen Mann

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198508823

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 2124

This book describes the principles and concepts of biomineralization and their application in the new field of biomimetic materials chemistry. The main focus is on the principles and concepts that arise from a chemical perspective of biomineralization. After surveying the major types of biominerals (chapter 2) the general principles of biomineralization are discussed (chapter 3), followed by a detailed description of the chemical aspects of biomineralization (chapter 4). The next four chapters are concerned with the process of biomineralization, including boundary-organized biomineralization (chapter 5), organic matrix-mediated biomineralization (chapter 6), morphogenesis (chapter 7) and biomineral tectonics (chapter 8). The final chapter describes how current knowledge of biomineralization is inspiring new biomimetic strategies in synthetic materials chemistry.

Introduction to Materials Chemistry

Author: Harry R. Allcock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210980

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 452

View: 4086

Introduction to Materials Chemistry will appeal to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in chemistry, materials science,and chemical engineering by leading them stepwise from the elementary chemistry on which materials science depends, through a discussion of the different classes of materials, and ending with a description of how materials are used in devices and general technology.

Biomimetic Materials Chemistry

Author: Stephen Mann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471185970

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 8380

* Provides new insights into materials science * Indicates the value of biology in materials science * Demonstrates how new interdisciplinary studies are influencing the fields of materials science and chemistry * Surveys this new field and shows what progress has been made as well as indicating the potential of these applications * Leading scientists review biomimetic approaches to the synthesis and processing of nanoparticles, thin patterned films, ceramics, and organic-inorganic composites * Focuses on molecule synthesis, templating, organized construction and microstructural processing of biomimetic materials related titles are: - Meyers: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology - Silver: Biocompatibility Vol.1: Polymers

Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials

Chemistry, Technology and Applications

Author: Calvo-flores,José A. Dobado,JoaquÃn Isac-GarcÃa,Francisco J. MartÃn-MartÃnez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118597869

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 8047

As naturally occurring and abundant sources of non–fossil carbon, lignin and lignans offer exciting possibilities as a source of commercially valuable products, moving away from petrochemical–based feedstocks in favour of renewable raw materials. Lignin can be used directly in fields such as agriculture, livestock, soil rehabilitation, bioremediation and the polymer industry, or it can be chemically modified for the fabrication of specialty and high–value chemicals such as resins, adhesives, fuels and greases. Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials presents a multidisciplinary overview of the state–of–the–art and future prospects of lignin and lignans. The book discusses the origin, structure, function and applications of both types of compounds, describing the main resources and values of these products as carbon raw materials. Topics covered include: Structure and physicochemical properties Lignin detection methods Biosynthesis of lignin Isolation methods Characterization and modification of lignins Applications of modified and unmodified lignins Lignans: structure, chemical and biological properties Future perspectives This book is a comprehensive resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in academia and industry working on new possibilities for the application of renewable raw materials. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Computational Materials Chemistry

Methods and Applications

Author: L.A. Curtiss,M.S. Gordon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402021178

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 7493

As a result of the advancements in algorithms and the huge increase in speed of computers over the past decade, electronic structure calculations have evolved into a valuable tool for characterizing surface species and for elucidating the pathways for their formation and reactivity. It is also now possible to calculate, including electric field effects, STM images for surface structures. To date the calculation of such images has been dominated by density functional methods, primarily because the computational cost of - curate wave-function based calculations using either realistic cluster or slab models would be prohibitive. DFT calculations have proven especially valuable for elucidating chemical processes on silicon and other semiconductor surfaces. However, it is also clear that some of the systems to which DFT methods have been applied have large non-dynamical correlation effects, which may not be properly handled by the current generation of Kohn-Sham-based density functionals. For example, our CASSCF calculations on the Si(001)/acetylene system reveal that at some geometries there is extensive 86 configuration mixing. This, in turn, could signal problems for DFT cal- lations on these systems. Some of these problem systems can be addressed using ONIOM or other “layering” methods, treating the primary region of interest with a CASMP2 or other multireference-based method, and treating the secondary region by a lower level of electronic structure theory or by use of a molecular mechanics method. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We wish to thank H. Jónsson, C. Sosa, D. Sorescu, P. Nachtigall, and T. -C.

Inorganic Materials Chemistry Desk Reference, Second Edition

Author: D. Sangeeta,John R. LaGraff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420041428

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 5237

The updated second edition of the popular Inorganic Materials Chemistry Desk Reference remains a valuable resource in the preparation of solid-state inorganic materials by chemical processing techniques. It also expands upon new chemical precursors available to materials scientists, the applications of those materials, and existing or emerging topics where materials chemistry plays an important role, such as in microelectronics, surface science, and nanotechnology. This edition places additional emphasis on additives, characterization techniques and structure-property relationships, and materials classifications based on type and applications, including electronics, biomaterials, thin films, and coatings. Other new topics include combinatorial chemistry, nanostructures and technology, surface materials chemistry, biomimetic processing, and novel forms of carbon. The authors discuss the role of materials chemistry in micro- and nano-fabrication, self-assembly, scanning probe microscopy, and carbon fullerenes. The new edition adds forty black and white figures, over 200 new definitions, and 50% more new chemical precursors and their properties. With a new and improved reference format, Inorganic Materials Chemistry Desk Reference continues to be a constructive resource to specialists conducting research in materials chemistry.

Inorganic Materials Chemistry

General Concept and Research Topics

Author: Ekambaram Sambandan

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595531733

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 1950

I would like to introduce my book to readers with emphasis on basic and research needed in inorganic materials chemistry. There are two main topics included in the book and these are inorganic and materials chemistry. There are several sub-topics on the two main topics. All the topics consist of basic chemistry, and research topics needed are included as and when required. It is essential to understand what you read and think about it to generate new ideas. Power of understanding the subject, thinking in successful direction and interest to work is required to succeed in these topics. I hope all the readers would certainly get into inorganic and materials chemistry field as a life career after reading this book. My sincere gratitude goes to my wife, Kalyani and my daughter, Nandhini for their encouragement in writing this book. Also, I want to acknowledge my professors, relatives, friends and so on for their support on my career. I can be reached at [email protected] for your comments and for the improvement of this book.

Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders, Third Edition

Author: Robert Burke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439849862

Category: Science

Page: 553

View: 5218

The third edition of a bestseller, Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders continues to provide the fundamentals of "street chemistry" required by emergency response personnel. Emergency response and hazmat expert Robert Burke takes the basics of chemistry appropriate for response personnel and puts it into understandable terms. The author has retained the style and format that made the previous editions so popular while updating the information to keep the book relevant. See What’s in the Third Edition: Expanded section on Ethanol and its hazards to responders Update of NFPA 472 Chemistry requirements Revised section on "hazmat elements" with more hazards and response issues Includes a focus on the importance of the "hazmat elements" of chemical families New incident examples New photographs and graphics The chapters are organized by the nine U.S. Department of Transportation's hazard classes. Almost every hazardous material presents more than one hazard; the DOT’s placarding and labeling system only identifies the most severe hazards. Therefore, the book provides additional information about hidden hazards for each hazard class. It discusses individual chemicals, their hazards and their physical and chemical characteristics, both as distinct chemicals and within chemical families. The book offers a concise presentation of the topics of most importance to emergency responders on a day-to-day basis. It provides the basic chemistry a responder needs to understand chemical terminology and communicate with others about the chemicals involved in hazardous materials incidents.

High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Chemistry IV

Proceedings of the International Symposium

Author: Elizabeth J. Opila

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 9781566773997

Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Page: 574

View: 9085

" ... papers presented at the Fourth International Symposium on High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Chemistry, held at the 203rd meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Inc., in Paris, France, April 30- May 2, 2003"--Preface.

Materials Chemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467253324

Category: Education

Page: 62

View: 8313

Facts101 is your complete guide to Materials Chemistry. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Nanoporous Materials: Chemistry and Applications

Author: Mark Donald Allendorf

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 1566775892

Category: Science

Page: 99

View: 7714

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Nanoporous Materials: Chemistry and Applications¿, held during the 211th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Chicago, Illinois, from May 6 to 11, 2007.

Hazardous Materials Chemistry

Field Operations Guide

Author: Armando S. Bevelacqua

Publisher: Delmar Pub

ISBN: 9781401880903

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 96

View: 9508

New to the second edition of Hazardous Materials Chemistry, the Field Operations Guide offers firefighters working in the field a reference for quickly identifying and responding to hazardous materials. By translating the classroom training into response in the field, responders can assist in critical decision-making at the scene of the incident using vital information, reference tables and figures drawn from the book - making this a valuable resource for any hazardous materials responder.

Molecules Into Materials

Case Studies in Materials Chemistry -- Mixed Valency, Magnetism and Superconductivity

Author: P. Day

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812700382

Category: Science

Page: 586

View: 4602

The last decade has seen the emergence and explosive growth of a new field of condensed matter science: materials chemistry. Transcending the traditional boundaries of organic, inorganic and physical chemistry, this new approach aims to create new molecular and lattice ensembles with unusual physical properties. One of its pioneers, the author has worked on structure-property relations in the inorganic and metal-organic solid state for over 40 years. His seminal work on mixed-valency compounds and inorganic charge transfer spectra in the 1960s set the scene for this new type of chemistry, and his discovery of transparent metal-organic ferromagnets in the 1970s laid the ground rules for much current work on molecular magnets. He has also published extensively on molecular metals and superconductors, especially on charge transfer salts combining conductivity with magnetism. This indispensable volume brings together for the first time a selection of his articles on all these topics, grouped according to theme. Each group is prefaced by a brief introduction for the general reader, putting the articles into their context in the evolution of the subject and describing the intellectual circumstances in which each project was conceived and executed.

Materials Chemistry

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Innovative Methods

Author: Klaus Friedrich,Gennady E. Zaikov,A. K. Haghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1771882522

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 5830

This book focuses on important aspects of materials chemistry by providing an overview of the theoretical aspects of materials chemistry, by describing the characterization and analysis methods for materials, and by explaining physical transport mechanisms in various materials. Not only does this book summarize the classical theories of materials chemistry, but also it exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. The chapters provide practical equations, figures, and references, providing suitable complement to the text. This book is designed to provide important information for scientists and engineers on experimental research in materials chemistry using modern methods. The methods and instrumentation described represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing.

Statics and Strength of Materials

Chemistry, Materials science

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490273670

Category: Education

Page: 43

View: 2249

Facts101 is your complete guide to Statics and Strength of Materials. In this book, you will learn topics such as Equilibrium of Coplanar Force Systems, Analysis of Structures, Friction, and Concurrent Spatial Force Systems plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.