Markets, Politics and the Environment

An Introduction to Planning Theory

Author: Barry Goodchild

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317217578

Category: Architecture

Page: 282

View: 3449

Markets, Politics and the Environment answers three groups of question: What is planning?’ and as part of this ‘What are its key features as a style of social practice and action?’ and ‘How does planning as a style of social practice relate to social and economic change? How, as part of the justification for planning, might claims of valid technical knowledge be constructed? What is meant by ‘rational’? What is the contribution of pragmatism as a supplement or replacement to rationalism? How might rationality and pragmatism be adapted to postmodernism and the requirements of diversity? Finally, how may concepts of planning be reoriented towards sustainable development as a collective duty? How might sustainable development be reworked in relation to planning as a means of managing and stimulating change? Each group of question is discussed in a separate chapter and is associated with different theories, debates and examples of practice. Markets, Politics and the Environment concludes that the full implications of sustainable development and climate change point in the direction of a different type of state- a green state whose future functioning can draw on planning theory but at present can only be conceived as a sketchy outline.

Planning and the Political Market

Public Choice and the Politics of Government Failure

Author: Mark Pennington

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0485006065

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 8665

Planning and the Political Market argues that the enthusiasm for planning as an essential component of environmental protection is misplaced. Drawing on the experience of Britain and other Western democracies, the author uses public choice theory to explore the practical experience of land use planning as an example of government failure. The book opens by outlining the institutional focus of public choice theory, examining the central questions of market and government failure and the theoretical case for government intervention in the environment. Having explored the principal impacts of planning the book goes on to analyse the institutional structures which have produced these policy outcomes. The analysis suggests that institutional incentives within the 'political market' have frequently led to policies which favour special interest groups and public sector bureaucracy. The book concludes with an assessment of the potential for a private property rights, free market alternative to increase community involvement and access.

Planning Theory

Author: Burchell, Robert W., and George Sternlieb

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412850657

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 4046

Originally published: Planning theory in the 1980's. New Brunswick, N.J.: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, [1978]

Creating Customer Value Through Strategic Marketing Planning

A Management Approach

Author: Edwin J. Nijssen,Ruud T. Frambach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792372721

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 8594

Creating and delivering superior customer value is essential for organizations operating in today's competitive environment. This applies to virtually any kind of organization. It requires a profound understanding of the value creation opportunities in the marketplace, choosing what unique value to create for which customers, and to deliver that value in an effective and efficient way. Strategic marketing management helps to execute this process successfully and to achieving sustainable competitive advantage in the market place. Creating Customer Value Through Strategic Marketing Planning discusses an approach that is both hands-on and embedded in marketing and strategy theory. This book is different from most other marketing strategy books because it combines brief discussions of the underlying theory with the presentation of a selection of useful strategic marketing tools. The structure of the book guides the reader through the process of writing a strategic marketing plan. Suggestions for using the tools help to apply them successfully. This book helps students of marketing strategy to understand strategic marketing planning at work and how to use specific tools. Furthermore, it provides managers with a practical framework and guidelines for making the necessary choices to create and sustain competitive advantage for their organizations.

An Introduction to Human-Environment Geography

Local Dynamics and Global Processes

Author: William G. Moseley,Eric Perramond,Holly M. Hapke,Paul Laris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118241053

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 960

This introductory level text explores various theoreticalapproaches to human-environment geography, demonstrating how localdynamics and global processes influence how we interact with ourenvironments. Introduces students to fundamental concepts in environmentalgeography and science Explores the core theoretical traditions within the field,along with major thematic issues such as population, food andagriculture, and water resources Offers an engaging and unique view of the spatial relationshipsbetween humans and their environment across geographical locationsaround the world Includes a variety of real-world policy questions andemphasizes geography’s strong tradition of field work byfeaturing prominent nature-society geographers in guest fieldnotes

Managing Complexity in the Public Services

Author: Philip Haynes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131781164X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 3281

The application of complexity theory to management and the social sciences has been a key development in theory and practice over the last decade. This approach questions the possibility of finding universal methods of practice, and proposes a pragmatic and humanistic management style that evolves out of a reflective method. The focus is on practitioners observing patterns of similarity and being adaptable in decision-making. Bringing complexity theory into management reveals the importance of organizational culture and effective communication because people, their values and their objectives are at the heart of this method. Information technology provides a framework for complex communication and knowledge use, but it cannot replace highly developed professional negotiations and cooperation. This book argues that the complexity of the public service world limits the usefulness of classical and rational scientific management approaches such as New Public Management. Excessive marketization threatens a collaborative approach and overly rigid approaches to performance management and strategic management can be dysfunctional. Managing Complexity in the Public Services 2nd Edition advances a method of management practice that copes with the stark realities of the complex and unpredictable public policy world. It develops pragmatic management practices from action research that will be valuable to both academics and practitioners. The result is a new value-based practice for the post-crisis public service world.

Economic Management and Transition Towards a Market Economy

An Asian Perspective

Author: Anthony T.H. Chin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810228903

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 666

View: 5617

Much attention has been focused in recent years on the transformation of the economies of Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. However, a growing demand for policy advice, technical assistance and expertise is also coming from Asian reforming countries such as China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. In addition, business communities abroad are increasingly interested in exploring investment and marketing opportunities in these reforming countries. Such developments are too important to overlook or ignore.The transformation of socialist economies towards market-based systems entails an unusually wide range of problems. Studies of related topics are complicated by the speed of the changes and the lack of clear historical precedents. Although the structural features of Asian reforming economies are in important ways different from those of the Eastern European economies, all socialist economies share similar fundamental conditions on the eve of economic reform which raise a similar set of reform issues.This volume brings together a rich collection of expertise and information in an attempt to shed some light on the transitional process in Asia. The contributions are by no means exhaustive. However, they provide the reader and analyst with an excellent starting point to the problems and prospects which are specific to Asian transforming economies.

The Planning Polity

Planning, Government and the Policy Process

Author: Mark Tewdwr-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134447892

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 2411

Planning is not a technical and value free activity. Planning is an overt political system that creates both winners and losers. The Planning Polity is a book that considers the politics of development and decision-making, and political conflicts between agencies and institutions within British town and country planning. The focus of assessment is how British planning has been formulated since the early 1990s, and provides an in-depth and revealing assessment of both the Major and Blair governments' terms of office. The book will prove to be an invaluable guide to the British planning system today and the political demands on it. Students and activists within urban and regional studies, planning, political science and government, environmental studies, urban and rural geography, development, surveying and planning, will all find the book to be an essential companion to their work.

Introduction to Politics and Society

Author: Shaun Best

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971313

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 4393

Introduction to Politics and Society draws on examples from popular political culture in order to convey how politics operates in the contemporary world. Examples illustrate the meaning of theories and show the relevance of central theoretical debates. Planned and developed with an eye to the needs of students, the book is an extraordinary resource for undergraduate teaching and study needs. It will be required reading for undergraduate students in sociology, politics and social policy.

Town and Country Planning in the UK

Author: Barry Cullingworth,Vincent Nadin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134603029

Category: Architecture

Page: 416

View: 9912

Town and Country Planning in the UK has become the Bible of British planning. In this new edition detailed consideration is given to: * the nature of planning and its historical evolution * central and local government, the EU and other agencies * the framework of plans and other instruments * development control * land policy and planning gain * environmental and countryside planning * sustainable development, waste and pollution * heritage and transport planning * urban policies and regeneration This twelfth edition has been completely revised and expanded to cover the whole of the UK. The new edition explains more fully the planning policies and actions of the European Union and takes into account the implications of local government reorganization, the 'plan-led system' and the growing interest in promoting sustainable development.

The Elgar Companion to Radical Political Economy

Author: Philip Arestis,Malcolm C. Sawyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781843768647

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 2119

'These valuable contributions will be very useful to students and nonspecialists wanting a clear introduction to specific topics or a convenient volume to browse to get a feel for a broader area of study. A welcome addition to any library.' – M. Perelman, Choice '. . . an excellent short encyclopedia of radical political economies. . . Even experienced scholars could read a number of the entries to refresh themselves or to introduce themselves to new areas of inquiry. Every university and college library should have a copy.' – William M. Dugger, Southern Economic Journal 'Elgar's companions are a joy to read from cover-to-cover. . . The volume is indexed and belongs in every library.' – William M. Dugger, Journal of Economic Issues '. . . this is a worthwhile volume deserving a browse by anyone with radical pretensions.' – Keith Cowling, The Economic Journal This major reference book has been designed to provide a comprehensive coverage of radical political economy. International in scope, The Elgar Companion to Radical Political Economy includes contributions from a very wide range of specialists who discuss topics, ideas and theories in the field. Radical political economy is a term used to encompass a range of different schools of thought. These include post Keynesian, Kaleckian, Marxian, Institutionalist, Sraffian and other approaches to economics which share the common theme of production, rather than the exchange focus of neoclassical and Austrian economics. Their concern with the generation and use of the surplus leads them to an interest in dynamics, income distribution, growth and development, and capital accumulation. With over 100 entries, the companion provides detailed information on a wide range of aspects of radical political economy as well as some important insights into its theoretical underpinning. A special feature of the book is its emphasis upon explaining the positive elements in radical political economy. As the first book of its kind devoted to radical political economy, the companion will be an essential reference source for scholars and students with an interest in the development of economic ideas.

The New Carbon Economy

Constitution, Governance and Contestation

Author: Peter Newell,Max Boykoff,Emily Boyd

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118315944

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 1822

The New Carbon Economy provides a critical understanding ofthe carbon economy. It offers key insights into the constitution,governance and effects of the carbon economy, across a variety ofgeographical settings. Examines different dimensions of the carbon economy from arange of disciplinary angles in a diversity of settings Provides ways for researchers to subject claims ofnewness and uniqueness to critical scrutiny Historicizes claims of the 'newness' of the carbon economy Covers a range of geographical settings including Europe, theUS and Central America

Urban and Environmental Planning in the UK

Author: Yvonne Rydin

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349268445

Category: Architecture

Page: 399

View: 6307

Urban and Environmental Planning in the UK is a comprehensively revised edition of the author's highly-successful The British Planning System . Like its predecessor it provides an innovative introduction to urban and environmental planning combining comprehensive coverage of institutions and procedures with detailed analysis of the economic and political context of planning, its historical development and of competing theoretical approaches. Extensive use is made throughout of case studies, summary charts and exhibits to bring the subject to life. The structure has been substantially changed and the content largely rewritten to provide more detailed coverage of the planning process and key policy areas and take account of political changes under Major and Blair.

Cooperative Stochastic Differential Games

Author: David W.K. Yeung,Leon A. Petrosjan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038727622X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 5776

Numerical Optimization presents a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the most effective methods in continuous optimization. It responds to the growing interest in optimization in engineering, science, and business by focusing on the methods that are best suited to practical problems. For this new edition the book has been thoroughly updated throughout. There are new chapters on nonlinear interior methods and derivative-free methods for optimization, both of which are used widely in practice and the focus of much current research. Because of the emphasis on practical methods, as well as the extensive illustrations and exercises, the book is accessible to a wide audience. It can be used as a graduate text in engineering, operations research, mathematics, computer science, and business. It also serves as a handbook for researchers and practitioners in the field. The authors have strived to produce a text that is pleasant to read, informative, and rigorous - one that reveals both the beautiful nature of the discipline and its practical side.

Strategies for International Industrial Marketing (RLE International Business)

The Management of Customer Relationships in European Industrial Markets

Author: Peter W Turnbull,Jean-Paul Valla

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135124280

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 4

View: 9168

This study considers the key strategic issues of the management of customer relationships in international industrial marketing. It is based on extensive original research by the International Marketing and Purchase Group. The book reports on that research, in particular pointing out the differences in approach by different national groups in Europe.

The Politics of Nature

Explorations in Green Political Theory

Author: Andrew Dobson,Paul Lucardie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134803001

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4654

This book presents a uniquely comprehensive and balanced survey of current green political ideas. It analyses the ability of these ideas to provide plausible answers to fundamental problems in political theory, concerning justice and democracy, individual rights and freedom, human nature and gender. The authors, who come from a range of different disciplines, explore the relationship between green ideas and other traditions including liberalism, anarchism, feminism and Christianity.

Community action and planning

Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Author: Gallent, Nick,Ciaffi, Daniela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321227

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7145

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy. This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille. It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.

Evaluation in Environmental Planning

Assessing Environmental, Social, Economic, and Political Trade-offs

Author: Donald M. McAllister

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262630870

Category: Architecture

Page: 308

View: 562

Evaluation—the process of obtaining, organizing, and weighing information on the consequences of alternatives—lies at the heart of the planning process. This book points out that no single theory or discipline can encompass the entire scope of evaluation, nor is there clearly any superior method of evaluation—each has its advantages and disadvantages. Evaluation and Environmental Planning takes a broad look at this value-laden and subjective realm, viewing it as a part of the larger democratic process. It addresses such issues as quantification, the treatment of equity and intangibles, the representation of future generations, technocratic planning, citizen participation, analytic as opposed to holistic assessments, and grand index formulations of social welfare, among others. The book describes and criticizes eight leading methodologies, providing many ideas for their improvement. Guidelines for conducting evaluations are suggested in the conclusion, which is followed by an Index. These are drawn from the author's position that planners should approach each evaluation as a separate case, selecting that set of techniques most suited to the particular situation. Drawing on eighteen years of experience in the field, McAllister takes the view that outstanding evaluations will result from exercising sound judgment based on knowing the strengths and weaknesses of the various methodologies, rather than following a uniform set of standardized procedures. Evaluation in Environmental Planning provides a fresh point of view that will be useful to the practicing professional, public officials, active citizens, and students in such fields as environmental, energy, land-use, urban, and regional planning; civil, environmental, and systems engineering; environmental and health sciences; land and regional economics; landscape architecture; recreation planning; and natural resources management.

Institutions in Transition

Vietnamese State Bank Reform

Author: Lisa Roman,Lisa Román

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792383840

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 9950

The ongoing transformation of centrally planned societies into market economies poses many difficult questions regarding large-scale institutional reform - How far to go, how fast, and in which order? Financial intermediation is one sector in which the gap between socialism and capitalism is particularly large, and the development of commercial banking has often proved to be a bottleneck in the reform process. Institutions in Transition explores the development of the Vietnamese state banks, focusing on the situation in the early 1990s. It highlights the lengthy process of altering the formal and informal rules governing the bank organizations. The prevailing socialist ideology implies that state ownership remains, enabling the government to intervene in banks' operations. The ideology's informal role is arguably even more important, because it leaves unclear how bankers should act when profit maximization conflicts with social responsibility. In the period of transition formal and informal rules are unclear. Uncertainty prevails as long as bankers and banking authorities have only partially converted to a new set of norms. Accordingly, the formal financial sector fails to flourish.