Market Risk Analysis, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470772816

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 6846

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments forms part three of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. This book is an in-depth, practical and accessible guide to the models that are used for pricing and the strategies that are used for hedging financial instruments, and to the markets in which they trade. It provides a comprehensive, rigorous and accessible introduction to bonds, swaps, futures and forwards and options, including variance swaps, volatility indices and their futures and options, to stochastic volatility models and to modelling the implied and local volatility surfaces. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Duration-Convexity approximation to bond portfolios, and portfolio immunization; Pricing floaters and vanilla, basis and variance swaps; Coupon stripping and yield curve fitting; Proxy hedging, and hedging international securities and energy futures portfolios; Pricing models for European exotics, including barriers, Asians, look-backs, choosers, capped, contingent, power, quanto, compo, exchange, ‘best-of’ and spread options; Libor model calibration; Dynamic models for implied volatility based on principal component analysis; Calibration of stochastic volatility models (Matlab code); Simulations from stochastic volatility and jump models; Duration, PV01 and volatility invariant cash flow mappings; Delta-gamma-theta-vega mappings for options portfolios; Volatility beta mapping to volatility indices.

Market Risk Analysis, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470997895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 1973

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments forms part three of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. This book is an in-depth, practical and accessible guide to the models that are used for pricing and the strategies that are used for hedging financial instruments, and to the markets in which they trade. It provides a comprehensive, rigorous and accessible introduction to bonds, swaps, futures and forwards and options, including variance swaps, volatility indices and their futures and options, to stochastic volatility models and to modelling the implied and local volatility surfaces. All together, the MARKET RISK ANALYSIS four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the accompanying CD-ROM. In this volume alone there are over 200 spreadsheets in 25 workbooks. Here are just some of he illustrative empirical examples and case studies in this volume: Duration-Convexity approximation to bond portfolios, and portfolio immunization; Pricing floaters and vanilla, basis and variance swaps; Coupon stripping and yield curve fitting; Proxy hedging, and hedging international securities and energy futures portfolios; Pricing models for European exotics, including barriers, Asians, look-backs, choosers, capped, contingent, power, quanto, compo, exchange, ‘best-of’ and spread options; Libor model calibration; Dynamic models for implied volatility based on principal component analysis; Calibration of stochastic volatility models (Matlab code); Simulations from stochastic volatility and jump models; Duration, PV01 and volatility invariant cash flow mappings; Delta-gamma-theta-vega mappings for options portfolios; Volatility beta mapping to volatility indices.

Market Risk Analysis

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470997994

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1652

View: 4555

Market Risk Analysis is the most comprehensive, rigorous and detailed resource available on market risk analysis. Written as a series of four interlinked volumes each title is self-contained, although numerous cross-references to other volumes enable readers to obtain further background knowledge and information about financial applications. Volume I: Quantitative Methods in Finance covers the essential mathematical and financial background for subsequent volumes. Although many readers will already be familiar with this material, few competing texts contain such a complete and pedagogical exposition of all the basic quantitative concepts required for market risk analysis. There are six comprehensive chapters covering all the calculus, linear algebra, probability and statistics, numerical methods and portfolio mathematics that are necessary for market risk analysis. This is an ideal background text for a Masters course in finance. Volume II: Practical Financial Econometrics provides a detailed understanding of financial econometrics, with applications to asset pricing and fund management as well as to market risk analysis. It covers equity factor models, including a detailed analysis of the Barra model and tracking error, principal component analysis, volatility and correlation, GARCH, cointegration, copulas, Markov switching, quantile regression, discrete choice models, non-linear regression, forecasting and model evaluation. Volume III: Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments has five very long chapters on the pricing, hedging and trading of bonds and swaps, futures and forwards, options and volatility as well detailed descriptions of mapping portfolios of these financial instruments to their risk factors. There are numerous examples, all coded in interactive Excel spreadsheets, including many pricing formulae for exotic options but excluding the calibration of stochastic volatility models, for which Matlab code is provided. The chapters on options and volatility together constitute 50% of the book, the slightly longer chapter on volatility concentrating on the dynamic properties the two volatility surfaces the implied and the local volatility surfaces that accompany an option pricing model, with particular reference to hedging. Volume IV: Value at Risk Models builds on the three previous volumes to provide by far the most comprehensive and detailed treatment of market VaR models that is currently available in any textbook. The exposition starts at an elementary level but, as in all the other volumes, the pedagogical approach accompanied by numerous interactive Excel spreadsheets allows readers to experience the application of parametric linear, historical simulation and Monte Carlo VaR models to increasingly complex portfolios. Starting with simple positions, after a few chapters we apply value-at-risk models to interest rate sensitive portfolios, large international securities portfolios, commodity futures, path dependent options and much else. This rigorous treatment includes many new results and applications to regulatory and economic capital allocation, measurement of VaR model risk and stress testing.

Financial Engineering

Strategien, Bewertungen und Risikomanagement

Author: Michael Bloss

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311053116X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 674

View: 6223

Dieses Buch zeigt einzelne Strategien, Bewertungen, das Risikocontrolling und den Financial-Engineering-Prozess auf und geht dabei explizit auf die verwendeten Derivate sowie die eingesetzten Kombinationsstrategien ein. Gegenüber der Vorauflage wurde das Augenmerk verstärkt auf die Modelle im Financial Engineering, die neuen Produktausgestaltungen und die veränderte Regulatorik gelegt.

Market Risk Analysis, Value at Risk Models

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047074507X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 3827

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Value-at-Risk Models forms part four of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. Building on the three previous volumes this book provides by far the most comprehensive, rigorous and detailed treatment of market VaR models. It rests on the basic knowledge of financial mathematics and statistics gained from Volume I, of factor models, principal component analysis, statistical models of volatility and correlation and copulas from Volume II and, from Volume III, knowledge of pricing and hedging financial instruments and of mapping portfolios of similar instruments to risk factors. A unifying characteristic of the series is the pedagogical approach to practical examples that are relevant to market risk analysis in practice. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Parametric linear value at risk (VaR)models: normal, Student t and normal mixture and their expected tail loss (ETL); New formulae for VaR based on autocorrelated returns; Historical simulation VaR models: how to scale historical VaR and volatility adjusted historical VaR; Monte Carlo simulation VaR models based on multivariate normal and Student t distributions, and based on copulas; Examples and case studies of numerous applications to interest rate sensitive, equity, commodity and international portfolios; Decomposition of systematic VaR of large portfolios into standard alone and marginal VaR components; Backtesting and the assessment of risk model risk; Hypothetical factor push and historical stress tests, and stress testing based on VaR and ETL.

Market Risk Analysis, Practical Financial Econometrics

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470771038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 426

View: 8977

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Practical Financial Econometrics forms part two of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. It introduces the econometric techniques that are commonly applied to finance with a critical and selective exposition, emphasising the areas of econometrics, such as GARCH, cointegration and copulas that are required for resolving problems in market risk analysis. The book covers material for a one-semester graduate course in applied financial econometrics in a very pedagogical fashion as each time a concept is introduced an empirical example is given, and whenever possible this is illustrated with an Excel spreadsheet. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Factor analysis with orthogonal regressions and using principal component factors; Estimation of symmetric and asymmetric, normal and Student t GARCH and E-GARCH parameters; Normal, Student t, Gumbel, Clayton, normal mixture copula densities, and simulations from these copulas with application to VaR and portfolio optimization; Principal component analysis of yield curves with applications to portfolio immunization and asset/liability management; Simulation of normal mixture and Markov switching GARCH returns; Cointegration based index tracking and pairs trading, with error correction and impulse response modelling; Markov switching regression models (Eviews code); GARCH term structure forecasting with volatility targeting; Non-linear quantile regressions with applications to hedging.

Risk Management in Commodity Markets

From Shipping to Agriculturals and Energy

Author: Helyette Geman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470740817

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3592

Commodities represent today the fastest growing markets worldwide. Historically misunderstood, generally under- studied and under- valued, certainly under- represented in the literature, commodities are suddenly receiving the attention they deserve. Bringing together some of the best authors in the field, this book focuses on the risk management issues associated with both soft and hard commodities: energy, weather, agriculturals, metals and shipping. Taking the reader through every part of the commodities markets, the authors discuss the intricacies of modelling spot and forward prices, as well as the design of new Futures markets. The book also looks at the use of options and other derivative contract forms for hedging purposes, as well as supply management in commodity markets. It looks at the implications for climate policy and climate research and analyzes the various freight derivatives markets and products used to manage shipping and freight risk in a global commodity world. It is required reading for energy and mining companies, utilities’ practitioners, commodity and cash derivatives traders in investment banks, CTA’s and hedge funds

Options Installment Strategies

Long-Term Spreads for Profiting from Time Decay

Author: Michael C. Thomsett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319998641

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 9190

An “installment strategy” in its most basic form, combines two options, one long-term position and one short-term. This strategy is designed as a conservative, no-cost method to either eliminate risk for future trading when stock is owned; or to fix the price for a future purchase of the underlying security. Portfolio managers and experienced individual traders face a chronic problem – risk versus time. This goes beyond the well-known time decay of options and expands to the ever-present market risk to an underlying security. How do you execute a successful, conservative strategy and eliminate or reduce market risk? In this book, a range of effective and creative strategies set out a conservative hedging system. This involves the combination of long-term long positions offset by short-term short positions in various configurations. Options Installment Strategies presents variations on the well-known calendar spread and demonstrates how specific strategies work well in short-term swings and even during extended periods of consolidation.

Portfolio Theory and Management

Author: H. Kent Baker,Greg Filbeck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199311404

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 7600

Portfolio management is an ongoing process of constructing portfolios that balances an investor's objectives with the portfolio manager's expectations about the future. This dynamic process provides the payoff for investors. Portfolio management evaluates individual assets or investments by their contribution to the risk and return of an investor's portfolio rather than in isolation. This is called the portfolio perspective. Thus, by constructing a diversified portfolio, a portfolio manager can reduce risk for a given level of expected return, compared to investing in an individual asset or security. According to modern portfolio theory (MPT), investors who do not follow a portfolio perspective bear risk that is not rewarded with greater expected return. Portfolio diversification works best when financial markets are operating normally compared to periods of market turmoil such as the 2007-2008 financial crisis. During periods of turmoil, correlations tend to increase thus reducing the benefits of diversification. Portfolio management today emerges as a dynamic process, which continues to evolve at a rapid pace. The purpose of Portfolio Theory and Management is to take readers from the foundations of portfolio management with the contributions of financial pioneers up to the latest trends emerging within the context of special topics. The book includes discussions of portfolio theory and management both before and after the 2007-2008 financial crisis. This volume provides a critical reflection of what worked and what did not work viewed from the perspective of the recent financial crisis. Further, the book is not restricted to the U.S. market but takes a more global focus by highlighting cross-country differences and practices. This 30-chapter book consists of seven sections. These chapters are: (1) portfolio theory and asset pricing, (2) the investment policy statement and fiduciary duties, (3) asset allocation and portfolio construction, (4) risk management, (V) portfolio execution, monitoring, and rebalancing, (6) evaluating and reporting portfolio performance, and (7) special topics.

The Performance of Hedge Funds: Risk, Return, and Incentives

Author: Patrick Vogel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638938638

Category:

Page: 36

View: 1826

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Allgemeines, Note: 1,3, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main (Lehrstuhl fur Volkswirtschaftswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Industrieokonomie Prof. Dr. Uwe Walz), Veranstaltung: Wettbewerbspolitik und Regulierung von Finanzintermediaren, 7 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Seminararbeit befasst sich, auf Basis des von Ackermann, McEnally und Ravenscraft (Ackermann et al.) verfassten Artikels The Performance of Hedge Funds: Risk, Return, and Incentives," mit der Analyse der Performance von Hedge Funds. Im Rahmen dieses Artikels werden Untersuchungen der Performance-Komponenten, Rendite und Risiko, mit Hilfe statistischer Verfahren beschrieben und deren Ergebnisse dargestellt. Ziel dieser Untersuchungen war es zum einen zu erforschen, ob Hedge Funds in der Lage sind den Markt bzw. vergleichbare Anlageformen konstant zu ubertreffen. Hierfur wurden Performance-Vergleiche zwischen Hedge Funds und reprasentativen Marktindices bzw. Mutual Funds vorgenommen. Zum anderen sollte der Einfluss bestimmter Hedge Funds Eigenschaften auf die Performance erforscht werden. Diese Zusammenhange wurden mittels einer multiplen Regression analysiert. Der Artikel von Ackermann et al. geht neben der Vorgehensweise und den Resultate der Untersuchungen auch auf moglicherweise auftretende Probleme und systematische Messfehler der Analyse von Hedge Funds Daten ein. In der vorliegenden Seminararbeit sollen die wichtigsten Gesichtspunkte des Artikels wiedergeben werden. Es wird daher in Kapitel 2 zunachst ein kurzer Uberblick uber die Anlageform Hedge Funds gegeben, bevor in Kapitel 3 auf die statistischen Untersuchungen von Ackermann et al. naher eingegangen wird. In Kapitel 4 sollen dann die Resultate der Untersuchungen vorgestellt und kurz mogliche Interpretationen dargestellt werden. Anschliessend werden in Kapitel 5 die systematischen Messfehler, welche bei der Analyse von Hedge Fu

Das Risiko und sein Preis

Skin in the Game

Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: Verlagsgruppe Random House GmbH

ISBN: 3641234522

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9027

Warum wir nur denen vertrauen sollten, die etwas zu verlieren haben Stehen wir für die Risiken ein, die wir verursachen? Zu viele der Menschen, die auf der Welt Macht und Einfluss haben, so Nassim Nicholas Taleb, müssen nicht wirklich den Kopf hinhalten für das, was sie tun und veranlassen. Intellektuelle, Journalisten, Bürokraten, Banker, ihnen vor allem wirft er vor, kein »Skin in the Game« zu haben. Weil sie den Preis nicht bezahlen müssen, wenn sie irren, fällen sie schlechte Entscheidungen. Taleb zeigt anhand vieler Beispiele, wie »Skin in the Game«, ein fundamentales Konzept des Risikomanagements, auf alle Bereiche unseres Lebens übertragen werden kann. Sein neues Buch, so provozierend und bahnbrechend wie »Der Schwarze Schwan«, fordert uns heraus, alles, was wir über Risiko und Verantwortung in Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zu wissen glauben, neu zu denken.

Rohstoffe - Der attraktivste Markt der Welt

Wie jeder von Öl, Kaffee und Co. profitieren kann

Author: Jim Rogers

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960920113

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6927

Jim Rogers ist eine Legende der Wall Street. Seit über 30 Jahren tradet der Börsenprofi so erfolgreich wie kaum ein anderer. Er kennt sich in den weltweiten Finanzmärkten aus und sieht die Trends der Zukunft, bevor andere sie entdecken. Den nächsten Bullenmarkt hat er bereits ausgemacht: Rohstoffe. Ob Gold, Zucker, Kaffee oder Nickel - jeder Rohstoff ist für Investoren und Trader interessant. Jim Rogers vermittelt in diesem Buch die Grundlagen des Rohstoffhandels. Dabei fließen seine Erfahrungen aus zwei Weltreisen und aus 30 Jahren professionellen Tradings ein. Jim Rogers nimmt den Leser bei der Hand und führt in Schritt für Schritt in die Welt des Rohstoffhandels ein. Er zeigt auf, inwiefern sich der Handel mit Rohstoffen von dem mit Immobilien, Aktien oder Fonds unterscheidet. Außderdem erklärt er, wo und wann man Rohstoffe richtig tradet und wie man mit Rohstoffen profitabel investiert. Das Wesentliche zum Thema Rohstoffe - in einem unglaublich unterhaltsamen Buch.

The Big Short - Wie eine Handvoll Trader die Welt verzockte

Author: Michael Lewis

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593393573

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 3539

"The Big Short" erzählt von der Erfindung einer monströsen Geldmaschine: Ein paar Hedgefond-Manager sehen das katastrophale Platzen der amerikanischen Immobilienblase nicht nur voraus, sondern sie wetten sogar im ganz großen Stil darauf. Den Kollaps des Systems befördern sie unter anderem mittels des sogenannten "shortings", Leerverkäufen von Aktien großer Investmentbanken. Doch zu jeder Wette gehört auf der anderen Seite auch einer, der sie hält. Lewis entlarvt anhand seiner Protagonisten ein System, das sich verselbständigt und mit moralischen Kategorien wie Habgier oder Maßlosigkeit längst nicht mehr zu fassen ist. Der Zusammenbruch der Finanzmärkte, so lernen wir in diesem Buch, war ein kurzer Moment der Vernunft: Der Wahnsinn hatte sich in den Jahren davor abgespielt.

Investment Risk Management

Author: H. Kent Baker,Greg Filbeck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190214082

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 9912

All investments carry with them some degree of risk. In the financial world, individuals, professional money managers, financial institutions, and many others encounter and must deal with risk. Risk management is a process of determining what risks exist in an investment and then handling those risks in the best-suited way. This is important because it can reduce or augment risk depending on the goals of investors and portfolio managers. The main purpose of Investment Risk Management is to provide an overview of developments in risk management and a synthesis of research involving these developments. The book examines ways to alter exposures through measuring and managing those exposures and provides an understanding of the latest strategies and trends within risk management. The scope of the coverage is broad and encompasses the most important aspects of investment risk management. Its 30 chapters are organized into six sections: (1) foundations of risk management, (2) types of risk, (3) quantitative assessment of risk, (4) risk and risk classes, (5) hedging risk and (6) going forward. The book should be of particular interest to sophisticated practitioners, investors, academics, and graduate finance students. Investment Risk Management provides a fresh look at this intriguing but complex subject.

Risikomanagement

Banken, Versicherungen und andere Finanzinstitutionen

Author: John Hull

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783868940435

Category: Financial institutional

Page: 616

View: 3747


Narren des Zufalls

die verborgene Rolle des Glücks an den Finanzmärkten und im Rest des Lebens

Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352750432X

Category:

Page: 352

View: 4109