Marginality and Condemnation

An Introduction to Critical Criminology

Author: Bernard Schissel,Carolyn Brooks

Publisher: Fernwood Publishing

ISBN: 9781552667347

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 3329

A newly updated version of this groundbreaking, critical introductory criminology textbook.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

An International Dilemma

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412949882

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 7893

This book provides case studies from countries around the world regarding the nature and scope of concerns related to race, ethnicity, crime and justice. The text centres primarily on English-speaking countries where they have encountered problems related to race, ethnicity, crime and justice. The book is designed to be used as either a main or supplementary text for courses focusing on race and crime, minorities and crime, and diversity in criminal justice. Additionally, it can also be used in sociology and ethnic studies courses that focus on race and crime.

Criminalization, Representation, Regulation

Thinking Differently about Crime

Author: Deborah Brock,Amanda Glasbeek,Carmela Murdocca

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607130

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 4845

What is a crime and how do we construct it? The answers to these questions are complex and entangled in a web of power relations that require us to think differently about processes of criminalization and regulation. This book draws on Foucault's concept of governmentality as a lens to analyze and critique how crime is understood, reproduced, and challenged. It explores the dynamic interplay between practices of representation, processes of criminalization, and the ways that these circulate to both reflect and constitute crime and "justice."

Youth Criminal Justice Policy in Canada

A Critical Introduction

Author: Shahid Alvi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441902733

Category: Social Science

Page: 88

View: 9158

In the past ten years, much has changed in terms of youth justice policies in Canada as well as in the way Canadian society has evolved. Canada has a new Act governing youth crime, and there are indications that the Act will be revised again to make it "tougher" on youth in conflict with the law, a development reflecting what many scholars are calling the "punitive turn" in youth justice policies in Canada and elsewhere. At the same time, Canadian child poverty rates (which are strongly correlated with criminality) have remained high, despite a commitment, made by governments in 1989 to eradicate the problem by the year 2000. Immigration patterns have changed, and unemployment rates for young Canadians remain almost twice as high as those for adults. In this volume, Youth Criminal Justice Policy in Canada: A Critical Introduction, the author addresses these and other developments in relation to youth crime in Canada from a critical criminological perspective.

An Introduction to Green Criminology and Environmental Justice

Author: Angus Nurse

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473952662

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8127

A comprehensive introduction to green criminology, this book is a discussion of the relationship between mainstream criminal justice and green crimes. Focused on environmental harm within the context of criminal justice this book takes a global perspective and Introduces students to different theoretical perspectives in green criminology Looks at the victims of environmental crime throughout Covers topics such as; wildlife crimes, animal abuse, the causes of environmental crime, regulation, exploitation, environmental activism, policing, prosecution and monitoring. Designed to help readers develop a thorough understanding of the principles of environmental justice and green criminology, as well as contemporary developments, this book will be excellent support to students of green criminology and environmental crime.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9355

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Überwachen und Strafen

die Geburt des Gefängnisses

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518387719

Category: Bürgerliche Gesellschaft - Disziplinierung - Geschichte

Page: 396

View: 6222


Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 8570

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Multiple Lenses

Voices from the Diaspora Located in Canada

Author: David Divine

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 459

View: 6720

Black Canadian Studies is the exploration of the range of histories, experiences, contributions, perceptions, feelings, convictions, triumphs, and obstacles awaiting to be overcome, of identified Black people of African descent resident in Canada. Black Canadian Studies revolves around the agency of Black people as the subject of investigation. Their stories, their interpretations, their pride, their independence, their self determination, their challenges, their triumphs, their shortfalls and sense of freedom and justice, are at the forefront of investigation. Multiple Lenses: Voices from the Diaspora Located in Canada is an essential introduction to an understanding of the experience of Black people in Canada over a four hundred year period. Through the lenses of history, law, literature, film, music, Black community organizations, media, sports, Black spirituality, party politics, labour markets, education and lived experience, renowned commentators explore through Canadian eyes, how Black people in Canada have identified themselves, and been identified over this period. What factors influenced that process? Black people in Canada are not part of "imagined communities" but real people with visceral connections, flesh and blood, striving to build lives under often unimaginable hardships. This book is dedicated to such Black people and their allies who, together, have fashioned meaning and hope in an often hostile environment.

Institutionalizing restorative justice

Author: Ivo Aertsen,Tom Daems,Luc Robert

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843921592

Category: Law

Page: 313

View: 9602

This new book aims to explore the key issues and debates surrounding the question of the incorporation andinstitutionalisation of restorative justice within existing penal and criminal justice systems, an increasingly pressing issuegiven the rapid spread of restorative justice worldwide at both national and international levels. In doing so it aims to build bridges between those concerned with the practical institutionalisation of restorative justice on the one hand, andthose engaged in more theoretical aspects of penal development and analysis on the other. It offers conceptual tools and a theoretical framework to help make senseof these developments, reflecting expertise drawn from analysis of developments in Europe, North America and Australasia.

Racisms in the new world order

realities of cultures, colours and identity

Author: Narayan Gopalkrishnan,Hurriyet Babacan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 233

View: 6623

Racism is a significant social problem that diminishes the social fabric of society, creates social tension and impacts on the life chances of the people involved. It impacts upon those who perpetuate it, on those who are at the 'receiving end', as well as on those who are not directly involved in the problem. Within the complexities of a globalized world, with its networks of actors and processes, racism is constantly changing its form and impacts. This book examines the contemporary forms of racisms evolving within this context, moving beyond the traditional idea of a single monolithic racism based on biology or culture.It offers new perspectives on theorising the new racisms and looks at the intersections with different forms of prejudice and discrimination such as sexism and ageism. The book places the discussion of racism within the contemporary discussions of the 'War on Terror' and the allied issues of 'Islamaphobia' and the 'New Antisemitism', excavating the many elements involved including the media and the State, using case studies from across the world to highlight these. The final section focuses on the challenges in developing a discourse on anti-racism as well as presents strategies towards a platform for action.

Juvenile Justice

Youth and Crime in Australia

Author: Chris Cunneen,Robert Douglas White

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195550504

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 4524

Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia explores the nature of juvenile crime and the responses of the juvenile justice system to it. The book introduces the main concepts and issues in juvenile justice and provides an overview of both the dynamics of youth crime and the institutions of social control. This new book builds on the earlier successful work Juvenile Justice: An Australian Perspective and presents an analysis of youth and crime in three parts: Part 1: "History, Theory, and Institutions", has chapters on the historical development of juvenile justice, the key theoretical approaches to explaining youth crime, the nature of youth crime, and the institutional responses to juvenile offending. Part 2: "Social dynamics of Juvenile Justice", has chapters on class and community, indigenous young people, gender and juvenile justice, and ethnic minority youth. Part 3: "The State, Punishment, and Community", has chapters on police, the courts and sentencing, detentioncentres and community corrections, youth crime prevention, and restorative justice. This comprehensive and well-crafted book is an indispensable text for students in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, criminal law, social work, and justice studies. It is also an important reference source for youth and community workers, justice department officials, members of the police, social scientitsts, social workers, and young people themselves.

Racial Profiling in Canada

Challenging the Myth of "a Few Bad Apples"

Author: Carol Tator,Frances Henry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780802087140

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 2375

Informed by a wealth of research and theoretical approaches from a wide range of disciplines, Racial Profiling in Canada makes a major contribution to the literature and debates on a topic of growing concern.

Seeing ourselves

exploring ethnicity, race and culture

Author: Carl E. James

Publisher: Thompson Educational Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 2564

Being equipped to confront issues related to racial and ethnic diversity is a crucial skill for Canadians. Completely reorganized and expanded, this new edition of Seeing Ourselves uses a collection of personal comments and essays, written by students from a wide variety of ethnic backgrounds, to examine what it means to participate in the cultural and ethnic "mosaic" that comprises Canada today. Carl James creates a dialogue with students and readers that probes the meaning of ethnicity, race and culture, both in terms of the meanings individuals bring to these concepts and how they are understood in Canadian society as a whole. The varied perspectives, detailed analyses and careful reflections will be invaluable to anyone seeking to understand the meaning and implications of ethnic diversity in Canadian society today. To facilitate classroom discussion, this edition also includes background information and new, up-to-date statistics on the Canadian population - immigration trends, ethnic composition, religious affiliation and other characteristics of Canadians.