Map Projection Transformation

Principles and Applications

Author: Qihe Yang,John Snyder,Waldo Tobler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748406678

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 3874

With the advance of science and technology, there have been breakthroughs in the field of classical research and methods of map projection. Among these, computer science and space science have had the greater influence upon the field of research and the formation of a working body of map projection, developing them in breadth and depth. This book reflects several aspects of the development of modern mathematical cartography, especially the theory and methods of map projection transformation. Map projection transformation is an area of research in mathematical cartography newly developed over the last 25 years. It is widely used in surveying and computer-assisted cartography, data processing for information systems, and the transformation of data from space, remote sensing, and other space sciences. The development of map projection transformation not only expands new areas of research on mathematical cartography, but it also further develops the applied area with the creation and application of map projection transformation software and mapping mathematics bases on the computer.

Small-Scale Map Projection Design

Author: Frank Canters

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203472095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 4965

The use of computers in cartography has made it a lot easier for map makers to transform data from one map projection to another and experiment with alternative representations of geographical data. Yet this has also created new challenges and opportunities for map projection scientists. Small Scale Map Projection Design focuses on numerical map projection research, and is written from the perspective of the map projection user. It demonstrates how advances in the measurement of map projection distortion and in the development of low error map projections can help map makers decide what type of map projection is best for their purpose, and shows how they can eventually design their own tailor-made map projections. A number of significant contributions have been made to the subject over recent decades, and these are reviewed along with a substantial amount of original, unpublished material. This theoretical material is tied to practical applications and issues such as map projection use, optimization and selection, which are far too often carried out with simple rules-of-thumb methods.

Choosing a Map Projection

Author: Miljenko Lapaine,E. Lynn Usery

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319518356

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 8926

This book offers a much-needed critical approach to the intelligent use of the wide variety of map projections that are rapidly and inexpensively available today. It also discusses the distortions that are immanent in any map projection. A well-chosen map projection is one in which extreme distortions are smaller than those in any other projection used to map the same area and in which the map properties match its purpose. Written by leading experts in the field, including W. Tobler, F.C. Kessler, S.E. Battersby, M.P. Finn, K.C. Clarke, V.S. Tikunov, H. Hargitai, B. Jenny and N. Frančula. This book is designed for use by laymen. The book editors are M. Lapaine and E.L. Usery, Chair and Vice-Chair, respectively, of the ICA Commission on Map Projections for the period 2011-2015.

Coordinate Systems and Map Projections

Author: D.H. Maling

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483287076

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 9258

A revised and expanded new edition of the definitive English work on map projections. The revisions take into account the huge advances in geometrical geodesy which have occurred since the early years of satellite geodesy. The detailed configuration of the geoid resulting from the GEOS and SEASAT altimetry measurements are now taken into consideration. Additionally, the chapter on computation of map projections is updated bearing in mind the availability of pocket calculators and microcomputers. Analytical derivation of some map projections including examples of pseudocylindrical and polyconic projections is also covered. Work undertaken in the USA and USSR on the creation of suitable map projections obtained through numerical analysis has been included. The book concludes with a chapter on the abuse and misrepresentation of map projections. An invaluable reference source for professional cartographers and all those interested in the fundamental problems of mapping the Earth.

Datums and Map Projections for Remote Sensing, GIS, and Surveying

Author: Jonathan Iliffe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849308840

Category: Science

Page: 150

View: 740

A practical guide for those working with spatially referenced data and the problems that may be associated with datums and map projections. The book focuses on solving the problems encountered when combining data from different sources, and explores possible short cuts.

Computational Science and Its Applications –- ICCSA 2009

International Conference, Seoul, Korea, June 29--July 2, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Osvaldo Gervasi,David Taniar,Beniamino Murgante,Antonio Laganà,Youngsong Mun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642024548

Category: Computers

Page: 967

View: 4103

The two-volume set LNCS 5592 and 5593 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2009, held in Seoul, Korea, in June/July, 2009. The two volumes contain papers presenting a wealth of original research results in the field of computational science, from foundational issues in computer science and mathematics to advanced applications in virtually all sciences making use of computational techniques. The topics of the fully refereed papers are structured according to the five major conference themes: computational methods, algorithms and scientific applications, high performance technical computing and networks, advanced and emerging applications, as well as information systems and information technologies. Moreover, submissions from more than 20 workshops and technical sessions contribute to this publication. These cover topics such as geographical analysis, urban modeling, spatial statistics, wireless and ad hoc networking, logical, scientific and computational aspects of pulse phenomena in transitions, high-performance computing and information visualization, sensor network and its applications, molecular simulations structures and processes, collective evolutionary systems, software engineering processes and applications, molecular simulations structures and processes, internet communication security, security and privacy in pervasive computing environments, and mobile communications.

Map ProjectionsTheory and Applications

Author: Frederick Pearson,II

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351433695

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 6965

About the Author: Frederick Pearson has extensive experience in teaching map projection at the Air Force Cartography School and Virginia Polytechnic Institute. He developed star charts, satellite trajectory programs, and a celestial navigation device for the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center. He is an expert in orbital analysis of satellites, and control and guidance systems. At McDonnell-Douglas, he worked on the guidance system for the space shuttle. This text develops the plotting equations for the major map projections. The emphasis is on obtaining usable algorithms for computed aided plotting and CRT display. The problem of map projection is stated, and the basic terminology is introduced. The required fundamental mathematics is reviewed, and transformation theory is developed. Theories from differential geometry are particularized for the transformation from a sphere or spheroid as the model of the earth onto a selected plotting surface. The most current parameters to describe the figure of the earth are given. Formulas are included to calculate meridian length, parallel length, geodetic and geocentric latitude, azimuth, and distances on the sphere or spheroid. Equal area, conformal, and conventional projection transformations are derived. All result in direct transformation from geographic to cartesian coordinates. For selected projections, inverse transformations from cartesian to geographic coordinates are given. Since the avoidance of distortion is important, the theory of distortion is explored. Formulas are developed to give a quantitative estimate of linear, area, and angular distortions. Extended examples are given for several mapping problems of interest. Computer applications, and efficient algorithms are presented. This book is an appropriate text for a course in the mathematical aspects of mapping and cartography. Map projections are of interest to workers in many fields. Some of these are mathematicians, engineers, surveyors, geodi

Advanced Surveying

Total Station, GIS and Remote Sensing

Author: Gopi

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 9788131700679

Category: Electronic books

Page: 386

View: 1429


GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed

Author: Task Committee on GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784474730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 136

View: 5539

Prepared by the Task Committee on GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed of ASCE. This report guides professionals in selecting the most advantageous applications of geographic information system (GIS) modules and distributed models for watershed runoff. Recent advances in technology offer hydrologic engineers, watershed managers, and data collection agencies unprecedented capabilities for storing and manipulating data. With the advent of Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Triangulated Irregular Networks (TIN), Digital Line Graphs (DLG), and GIS software, the use of watershed modeling among industry professionals has increased at an incredible rate. With this growth, it is increasingly difficult for practitioners to choose the most effective use of the technology. This report identifies state-of-the-art GIS hydrology analysis software and techniques, as well as GIS types and map projections. It covers data commonly required for hydrologic analysis, limitations of available data, and the integration of watershed hydrological analysis software and GIS techniques. The appendix highlights nine examples of watershed modeling systems, including the Watershed Modeling System (WMS), the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), and the Hydrologic Model CASC2D.

Plane and Geodetic Surveying

Author: Aylmer Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203630467

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 5322

Plane and Geodetic Surveying blends theory and practice, conventional techniques and GPS, to provide the ideal book for students of surveying. Detailed guidance is given on how and when the principle surveying instruments (theodolites, Total Stations, levels and GPS) should be used. Concepts and formulae needed to convert instrument readings into useful results are explained. Rigorous explanations of the theoretical aspects of surveying are given, while at the same time a wealth of useful advice about conducting a survey in practice is provided. An accompanying least squares adjustment program is available to download from the support materials pages at www.tandf.co.uk/builtenvironment. Developed from material used to teach surveying at Cambridge University, this book is essential reading for all students of surveying and for practitioners who need a 'stand-alone' text for further reading.

The Accuracy Of Spatial Databases

Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Sucharita Gopal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203490231

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 308

View: 5710

The book addresses the problem of accuracy of spatial databases, and comprises of papers drawn from a wide range of physical and human systems, taking approaches which vary from statistical to descriptive. Together they present both a comprehensive review of existing knowledge, techniques and experience, and an analysis of critical research needs in this area of spatial data handling.

OpenLayers 3 : Beginner's Guide

Author: Thomas Gratier,Paul Spencer,Erik Hazzard

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1782162372

Category: Computers

Page: 512

View: 5050

Whether you are a hobbyist or a professional web developer, if you wish to use maps on your website, then this book is for you. A basic understanding of JavaScript will be helpful, but is not necessary. If you've never worked with maps before, this book will introduce you to some common mapping topics and will guide you through the OpenLayers library. Experienced developers can also use this book as a reference to OpenLayers 3 components and to further enhance their knowledge.

GIS in Land and Property Management

Author: Martin P. Ralphs,Peter Wyatt

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134550936

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 9155

Economists, geographers and surveyors are beginning to recognise the powerful tool which a Geographical Information System (GIS) offers in effective property management. It provides a means of managing land and property information digitally and in a geographical context, and allows for rapid access to information and a means of analyzing that information in a geographical context. GIS in Land and Property Management shows how to use GIS, both in principle and in practice. It introduces digital mapping and GIS, along with a brief history of the development of GIS and LIS, all with an emphasis on property. In presenting the spectrum of GIS applications in property management it gives a number of case studies from a variety of market sectors, and it analyzes the issues to provide guidance and a number of recommendations for the implementation of GIS. At the same time common themes and issues are drawn out to present a coherent message for students and practitioners. The book is useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students on land management, built environment, economics and geography courses, and for property professionals, in both public and private sectors, looking to GIS as a property management decision aid.

Introduction to GPS

The Global Positioning System

Author: Ahmed El-Rabbany

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 9781580531832

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 7703

If you're looking for an up-to-date, easy-to-understand treatment of the GPS (Global Positioning System), this one-of-a-kind resource offers you the knowledge you need for your work, without bogging you down with advanced mathematics. It addresses all aspects of the GPS, emphasizes GPS applications, examines the GPS signal structure, and covers the key types of measurement being utilized in the field today.