Maintenance of Process Instrumentation in Nuclear Power Plants

Author: H.M. Hashemian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540337040

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 2621

This book provides a training course for I and C maintenance engineers in power, process, chemical, and other industries. It summarizes all the scattered literature in this field. The book compiles 30 years of knowledge gained by the author and his staff in testing the I and C systems of nuclear power plants around the world. It focuses on process temperature and pressure sensors and the verification of these sensors’ calibration and response time.

Automation and Instrumentation for Power Plants

Selected Papers from the IFAC Symposium, Bangalore, India, 15-17 December 1986

Author: M. Ramamoorty

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483298884

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 3405

An analysis of power systems, control hardware, modelling and simulation, instrumentation, and computers and distributed systems. The stability of plants and their interaction in a multi-machine system is also discussed, as well as an analysis of the values of LOFT ATWS EVENT for PWR and the new algorithm of on-line ELD for thermal power plants.

Power-plant Control and Instrumentation

The Control of Boilers and HRSG Systems

Author: David Lindsley

Publisher: IET

ISBN: 9780852967652

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 222

View: 6874

Intended as a practical guide to the design, installation, operation and maintenance of the systems used for measuring and controlling boilers and heat-recovery steam-generators used in land and marine power plants and in process industries.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

A Guide to Thermal Power Plants

Author: Swapan Basu,Ajay Debnath

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128011734

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 942

View: 3449

The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION

Author: K. KRISHNASWAMY,M. PONNI BALA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120348249

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 5424

The second edition of this text presents an overview of power generation and discusses the different types of equipment used in a steam thermal power generation unit. The book describes various conventional and non-conventional energy sources. It elaborates on the instrumentation and control of water-steam and fuel-air flue gas circuits along with optimization of combustion. The text also deals with the power plant management system including the combustion process, boiler efficiency calculation, and maintenance and safety aspects. In addition, the book explains Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system as well as turbine monitoring and control. This book is designed for the undergraduate students of electronics and instrumentation engineering and electrical and electronics engineering. New To This Edition • A new chapter on Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation is added, which elaborates how electricity is generated in a Nuclear Power Plant. Key Features • Includes numerous figures to clarify the concepts. • Gives a number of worked-out problems to help students enhance their learning skills. • Provides chapter-end exercises to enable students to test their understanding of the subject.

Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security

Author: Yastrebenetsky, Michael

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466651342

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 3823

Accidents and natural disasters involving nuclear power plants such as Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and the recent meltdown at Fukushima are rare, but their effects are devastating enough to warrant increased vigilance in addressing safety concerns. Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security evaluates the risks inherent to nuclear power and methods of preventing accidents through computer control systems and other such emerging technologies. Students and scholars as well as operators and designers will find useful insight into the latest security technologies with the potential to make the future of nuclear energy clean, safe, and reliable.

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Materials and Operational Aspects of Plant Life Management (PLIM)

Author: Philip G Tipping

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845699955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 944

View: 9164

Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

Steam Plant Operation 9th Edition

Author: Everett Woodruff,Herbert Lammers,Thomas Lammers

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071667962

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 736

View: 7138

The definitive guide for steam power plant systems and operation—fully updated For more than 75 years, this book has been a trusted source of information on steam power plants, including the design, operation, and maintenance of major systems. Steam Plant Operation, Ninth Edition, emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive energy plan utilizing all economical sources of energy, including fossil fuels, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources. Wind, solar, and biomass power are introduced in the book, and the benefits and challenges of these renewable resources for the production of reliable, cost-effective electric power are identified. Even with these new technologies, approximately 90% of electricity is generated using steam as the power source, emphasizing its importance now and in the future. In-depth details on coal-fired plants, gas turbine cogeneration, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources are included, as are the environmental control systems that they require. Potential techniques for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel–fired power plants also are presented. This practical guide provides common power plant calculations such as plant heat rate, boiler efficiency, pump performance, combustion processes, and collection efficiency for plant emissions. Numerous illustrations and clear presentation of the material will assist those preparing for an operator’s license exam. In addition, engineering students will find a detailed introduction to steam power plant technology. Steam Plant Operation, Ninth Edition, covers: Steam and its importance Boilers Design and construction of boilers Combustion of fuels Boiler settings, combustion systems, and auxiliary equipment Boiler accessories Operation and maintenance of boilers Pumps Steam turbines, condensers, and cooling towers Operating and maintaining steam turbines, condensers, cooling towers, and auxiliaries Auxiliary steam plant equipment Environmental control systems Waste-to-energy plants

Steam Generators for Nuclear Power Plants

Author: Jovica Riznic

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081009283

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 578

View: 9775

Steam Generators for Nuclear Power Plants examines all phases of the lifecycle of nuclear steam generators (NSGs), components which are essential for the efficient and safe operation of light water reactors (LWRs). Coverage spans the design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance, fitness-for-service, and long-term operation of these key reactor parts. Part One opens with a chapter that provides fundamental background on NSG engineering and operational experiences. Following chapters review the different NSG concepts, describe NSG design and manufacturing, and consider the particularities of SGs for VVER reactors. Part Two focuses on NSG operation and maintenance, starting with an overview of the activities required to support reliable and safe operation. The discussion then moves on to tubing vibration, followed by the water and steam cycle chemistry issues relevant to the NSG lifecycle. Finally, a number of chapters focus on the key issue of corrosion in NSGs from different angles. This book serves as a timely resource for professionals involved in all phases of the NSG lifecycle, from design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance, to fitness-for-service and long-term operation. It is also intended as a valuable resource for students and researchers interested in a range of topics relating to NSG lifecycle management. Fulfills the need for a detailed reference on steam generators for nuclear power plants Contains comprehensive coverage of all phases of the nuclear steam generator lifecycle, from design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance, to fitness-for-service and long-term operation in one convenient volume Presents contributions from key manufacturers and research institutes and universities

Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security

Author: Yastrebenetsky, Michael

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466651342

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 4533

Accidents and natural disasters involving nuclear power plants such as Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and the recent meltdown at Fukushima are rare, but their effects are devastating enough to warrant increased vigilance in addressing safety concerns. Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems for Safety and Security evaluates the risks inherent to nuclear power and methods of preventing accidents through computer control systems and other such emerging technologies. Students and scholars as well as operators and designers will find useful insight into the latest security technologies with the potential to make the future of nuclear energy clean, safe, and reliable.

Power Generation Handbook 2/E

Author: Philip Kiameh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071772324

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 736

View: 8196

THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO POWER GENERATION--FULLY REVISED Updated throughout to cover the latest technologies and applications, Power Generation Handbook, Second Edition, focuses on the basics of power generation using gas turbine, steam, wind, solar, co-generation, and combined-cycle power plants. Other essential topics such as calculations, efficient plant design, emission limits, monitoring, and the economics of power generation are discussed in detail. A real-world case study illustrates the material presented in this authoritative resource. Coverage includes: All components and subsystems of the various types of gas turbine, steam power, co-generation, combined-cycle, wind turbine, solar power, and generator plants Advantages, applications, performance, and economics of low-emission, high-efficiency power plants Selection, operation, and maintenance of gas turbines, steam turbines, valves, compressors, governing systems, combustors, de-aerators, feedwater heaters, transformers, generators, wind turbines and generators, and solar power stations Monitoring and control of all power station environmental emissions Power station performance monitoring and performance enhancement options

Automatic Control in Power Generation, Distribution and Protection

Proceedings of the IFAC Symposium, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, 15-19 September 1980

Author: J. F. Herbst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483150186

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 692

View: 466

Automatic Control in Power Generation, Distribution, and Protection covers the proceedings of the IFAC Symposium, held in Pretoria, Republic of South Africa on September 15-19, 1980. The book focuses on the methodologies, technologies, processes, and approaches involved in the adoption of automatic control in power generation, distribution, and protection. The selection first elaborates on decentralized and centralized automatic generation control; digital control methods for power station plants based on identified process models; and power generating unit mechanical and electrical system interaction during power system operating disturbances. The text then ponders on modern trends in power system protection; control of power generation and system control with emphasis on modern control theory; and electronics in future power systems. The manuscript takes a look at a specification for an operator load flow program in an energy management system; minimum MVAR generation as an effective criterion for reactive power dispatching; and influence of inaccurate input data on optimal short-term operation of power generation systems. The secondary voltage control of EDF network, directional protection for digital processor use, and securing high availability of protection relays and systems are also discussed. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the application of automatic control in power generation, distribution, and protection.

Nuclear Energy

An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes

Author: Raymond Murray,Keith E. Holbert

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124166369

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 1196

Nuclear Energy is one of the most popular texts ever published on basic nuclear physics, systems, and applications of nuclear energy. This newest edition continues the tradition of offering a holistic treatment of everything the undergraduate engineering student needs to know in a clear and accessible way. The book presents a comprehensive overview of radioactivity, radiation protection, nuclear reactors, waste disposal, and nuclear medicine. The seventh edition is restructured into three parts: Basic Concepts, Nuclear Power (including new chapters on nuclear power plants and introduction to reactor theory), and Radiation and Its Uses. Part Two in particular has been updated with current developments, including a new section on Reactor Safety and Security (with a discussion of the Fukushima Diiachi accident); updated information on naval and space propulsion; and revised and updated information on radioactive waste storage, transportation, and disposal. Part Three features new content on biological effects of radiation, radiation standards, and radiation detection. Coverage of energy economics integrated into appropriate chapters More worked examples and end of chapter exercises Updated final chapter on nuclear explosions for current geopolitical developments

Managing Modernization of Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nuclear power plants

Page: 117

View: 6042

The scope of this publication covers all of the management activities related to modernization of I & C systems in nuclear power plants, including the evaluation of all I & C systems to determine which can be successfully maintained and which need to be modernized. It also includes large, comprehensive modernization programmes that will modernize a large numer of I & C systems, and small modernization programmes that will modernize a very few I & C systems, and all of the possibilities inbetween. The scope covers highly integrated systems and projects as well as stand-alone systerns and projects.

Multimedia Forensics and Security

Foundations, Innovations, and Applications

Author: Aboul Ella Hassanien,Mohamed Mostafa Fouad,Azizah Abdul Manaf,Mazdak Zamani,Rabiah Ahmad,Janusz Kacprzyk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442708

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 4366

This book presents recent applications and approaches as well as challenges in digital forensic science. One of the evolving challenges that is covered in the book is the cloud forensic analysis which applies the digital forensic science over the cloud computing paradigm for conducting either live or static investigations within the cloud environment. The book also covers the theme of multimedia forensics and watermarking in the area of information security. That includes highlights on intelligence techniques designed for detecting significant changes in image and video sequences. Moreover, the theme proposes recent robust and computationally efficient digital watermarking techniques. The last part of the book provides several digital forensics related applications, including areas such as evidence acquisition enhancement, evidence evaluation, cryptography, and finally, live investigation through the importance of reconstructing the botnet attack scenario to show the malicious activities and files as evidences to be presented in a court.

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors

Author: Mario D Carelli,Daniel T Ingersoll

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857098535

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8678

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are an advanced, safe type of nuclear reactor technology that are suitable for small and medium sized applications including both power and heat generation. In particular, their use as individual units or in combination to scale-up capacity offer benefits in terms of siting, installation, operation, lifecycle and economics in comparison to the development of larger nuclear plant for centralised electricity power grids. Interest has increased in the research and development of SMRs for both developing countries as well as such additional cogeneration options as industrial/chemical process heat, desalination and district heating, and hydrogen production. This book reviews key issues in their development as well as international R&D in the field. Gives an overview of small modular reactor technology Reviews the design characteristics of integral pressurized water reactors and focuses on reactor core and fuel technologies, key reactor system components, instrumentation and control, human-system interfaces and safety Considers the economics, financing, licensing, construction methods and hybrid energy systems of small modular reactors Describes SMR development activities worldwide, and concludes with a discussion of how SMR deployment can contribute to the growth of developing countries

SOI Circuit Design Concepts

Author: Kerry Bernstein,Norman J. Rohrer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306470136

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 222

View: 1939

This book first introduces SOI device physics and its fundamental idiosyncrasies. It then walks the reader through realizations of these mechanisms, which are observed in common high-speed microprocessor designs. The book also offers rules of thumb and comparisons to conventional bulk CMOS to guide implementation and describes a number of unique circuit topologies that SOI supports.

Electronics Process Technology

Production Modelling, Simulation and Optimisation

Author: Wilfried Sauer,Martin Oppermann,Gerald Weigert,Sebastian Werner,Heinz Wohlrabe,Klaus-Jürgen Wolter,Thomas Zerna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 184628354X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 9640

This book provides a systemized presentation of new techniques and methods in electronics manufacture. It helps the reader reduce the cost and increase the reliability of electronic products by employing up-to-date technology. It also details the latest ideas for reducing the scale of electronic components and products to the nano-scale by organizing all the elements of the complicated modern electronics manufacturing process showing how they affect each other.

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems

Author: Bahman Zohuri,Patrick McDaniel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319134191

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 724

View: 8201

This book covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems, honing in on the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power systems. It includes all the necessary information regarding the fundamental laws to gain a complete understanding and apply them specifically to the challenges of operating nuclear plants. Beginning with definitions of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, pressure and specific volume, the book then explains the laws in detail, focusing on pivotal concepts such as enthalpy and entropy, irreversibility, availability, and Maxwell relations. Specific applications of the fundamentals to Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation are considered in-depth, in support of the book’s core goal- providing an examination of how the thermodynamic principles are applied to the design, operation and safety analysis of current and projected reactor systems. Detailed appendices cover metric and English system units and conversions, detailed steam and gas tables, heat transfer properties, and nuclear reactor system descriptions.