Ligand field theory and its applications

Author: B. N. Figgis,Michael A. Hitchman

Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh


Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 8767

A complete, up-to-date treatment of ligand field theory and its applications Ligand Field Theory and Its Applications presents an up-to-date account of ligand field theory, the model currently used to describe the metal-ligand interactions in transition metal compounds, and the way it is used to interpret the physical properties of the complexes. It examines the traditional electrostatic crystal field model, still widely used by physicists, as well as covalent approaches such as the angular overlap model, which interprets the metal ligand interactions using parameters relating directly to chemical behavior. Written by internationally recognized experts in the field, this book provides a comparison between ligand field theory and more sophisticated treatments as well as an account of the methods used to calculate the energy levels in compounds of the transition metals. It also covers physical properties such as stereochemistry, light absorption, and magnetic behavior. An emphasis on the interpretation of experimental results broadens the book's field of interest beyond transition metal chemistry into the many other areas where these metal ions play an important role. As clear and accessible as Brian Figgis's 1966 classic Introduction to Ligand Fields, this new book provides inorganic and bioinorganic chemists as well as physical chemists, chemical physicists, and spectroscopists with a much-needed overview of the many significant changes that have taken place in ligand field theory over the past 30 years.



Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120351347

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 8864

This book, divided into two parts, now in its second edition, presents the basic principles of group theory and their applications in chemical theories. While retaining the thorough coverage of the previous edition, the book in Part I, discusses the symmetry elements, point groups and construction of character tables for different point groups. In Part II, it describes the concept of hybridization to explain the shapes of molecules and analyzes the character tables to predict infrared and Raman active vibrational modes of molecules. It also brings into fore the molecular orbital theory and the techniques of group theory to interpret bonding in transition metal complexes and their electronic spectra. Finally, the book describes the crystal symmetry in detail as well as the Woodward–Hoffmann rules to determine the pathways of electrocyclic and cycloaddition reactions. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION • New sections on Direct Product, Group–sub-group Relationships, Effect of Descent in Octahedral Symmetry on Degeneracy, Jahn–Teller Distortion, Group–sub-group Relationships and Electronic Spectra of Complexes and Influence of Coordination on the Infrared Spectra of Oxoanionic Ligands, Space Groups • Revised sections on Projection Operator, SALC Molecular Orbitals of Benzene and π-Molecular Orbitals of 1, 3-Butadiene KEY FEATURES • Provides mathematical foundations to understand group theory. • Includes several examples to illustrate applications of group theory. • Presents chapter-end exercises to help the students check their understanding of the subject matter. The book is designed for the senior undergraduate students and postgraduate students of Chemistry. It will also be of immense use to the researchers in the fields where group theory is applied.

New Frontiers in Rare Earth Science and Applications

Author: Xu Guangxian

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323142729

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 3989

New Frontiers in Rare Earth Science and Applications, Volume I consists of extended abstracts of the lectures, papers, and posters presented at the International Conference on Rare Earth Development and Applications held in Beijing on September 10-14, 1985. This compilation discusses rare earth chemical and physical metallurgy, geology of rare earth mineralization in China, and study of hydroxamic acids for the floatation of rare earth minerals. The reactions of organolanthanoid complexes, use of lanthanide ions in the study of calmodulin structure, and influence of the weak magnetic field on red blood cell electrophorisis in mice bodies are also deliberated. This publication is a good source for researchers and scientists of disciplines related to earth science.

Molecular Electronic Structures of Transition Metal Complexes I

Author: David Michael P. Mingos,Peter Day,Jens Peder Dahl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364227370X

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 9412

J.P. Dahl: Carl Johan Ballhausen (1926–2010).- J.R. Winkler and H.B. Gray: Electronic Structures of Oxo-Metal Ions.- C.D. Flint: Early Days in Kemisk Laboratorium IV and Later Studies.- J.H. Palmer: Transition Metal Corrole Coordination Chemistry. A Review Focusing on Electronic Structural Studies.- W.C. Trogler: Chemical Sensing with Semiconducting Metal Phthalocyanines.- K.M. Lancaster: Biological Outer-Sphere Coordination.- R.K. Hocking and E.I. Solomon: Ligand Field and Molecular Orbital Theories of Transition Metal X-ray Absorption Edge Transitions.- K.B. Møller and N.E. Henriksen: Time-resolved X-ray diffraction: The dynamics of the chemical bond.

Inorganic Chemistry

Author: J. E. House

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123851114

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 7069

Inorganic Chemistry, Second Edition, provides essential information for students of inorganic chemistry or for chemists pursuing self-study. The presentation of topics is made with an effort to be clear and concise so that the book is portable and user friendly. The text emphasizes fundamental principles—including molecular structure, acid-base chemistry, coordination chemistry, ligand field theory, and solid state chemistry. It is organized into five major themes (structure, condensed phases, solution chemistry, main group and coordination compounds) with several chapters in each. There is a logical progression from atomic structure to molecular structure to properties of substances based on molecular structures, to behavior of solids, etc. The textbook contains a balance of topics in theoretical and descriptive chemistry. For example, the hard-soft interaction principle is used to explain hydrogen bond strengths, strengths of acids and bases, stability of coordination compounds, etc. Discussion of elements begins with survey chapters focused on the main groups, while later chapters cover the elements in greater detail. Each chapter opens with narrative introductions and includes figures, tables, and end-of-chapter problem sets. This new edition features new and improved illustrations, including symmetry and 3D molecular orbital representations; expanded coverage of spectroscopy, instrumental techniques, organometallic and bio-inorganic chemistry; and more in-text worked-out examples to encourage active learning and to prepare students for their exams. This text is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level students enrolled in the Inorganic Chemistry course. This core course serves Chemistry and other science majors. The book may also be suitable for biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, and other professionals who wish to learn more about this subject area. Concise coverage maximizes student understanding and minimizes the inclusion of details students are unlikely to use Discussion of elements begins with survey chapters focused on the main groups, while later chapters cover the elements in greater detail Each chapter opens with narrative introductions and includes figures, tables, and end-of-chapter problem sets

Practical Approaches to Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Robert R. Crichton,Ricardo O. Louro

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444563598

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1324

The book reviews the use of spectroscopic and related methods to investigate the complex structures and mechanisms of biological inorganic systems that contain metals. Each chapter presents an overview of the technique including relevant theory, clearly explains what it is and how it works and then presents how the technique is actually used to evaluate biological structures. Practical examples and problems are included to illustrate each technique and to aid understanding. Designed for students and researchers who want to learn both the basics, and more advanced aspects of bioinorganic chemistry. Many colour illustrations enable easier visualization of molecular mechanisms and structures Worked examples and problems are included to illustrate and test the reader’s understanding of each technique Written by a multi-author team who use and teach the most important techniques used today to analyse complex biological structures

Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Wai-Kee Li,Hung Kay Lee,Dennis Kee Pui Ng,Kendrew Kin Wah Mak,Yu-San Cheung,Thomas Chung Wai Mak

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198823908

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 7012

This book consists of over 422 problems and their acceptable answers on structural inorganic chemistry at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate level. The central theme running through these questions is symmetry, bonding and structure: molecular or crystalline. A wide variety of topics are covered, including Electronic States and Configurations of Atoms and Molecules, Introductory Quantum Chemistry, Atomic Orbitals, Hybrid Orbitals, Molecular Symmetry, Molecular Geometry and Bonding, Crystal Field Theory, Molecular Orbital Theory, Vibrational Spectroscopy, Crystal Structure, Transition Metal Chemistry, Metal Clusters: Bonding and Reactivity, and Bioinorganic Chemistry. The questions collected here originate from the examination papers and take-home assignments arising from the teaching of courses in Chemical Bonding, Elementary Quantum Chemistry, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, and X-Ray Crystallography by the book's two senior authors over the past five decades. The questions have been tested by generations of students taking these courses. The questions in this volume cover essentially all the topics in a typical course in structural inorganic chemistry. The text may be used as a supplement for a variety of inorganic chemistry courses at the senior undergraduate level. It also serves as a problem text to accompany the book Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry, co-authored by W.-K. Li, G.-D. Zhou, and T. C. W. Mak (Oxford University Press, 2008).

Lanthanides and Actinides in Molecular Magnetism

Author: Richard A. Layfield,Muralee Murugesu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527673490

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 8777

The first reference on this rapidly growing topic provides an essential up-to-date guide to current and emerging trends. A group of international experts has been carefully selected by the editors to cover all the central aspects, with a focus on molecular species while also including industrial applications. The resulting unique overview is a must-have for researchers, both in academia and industry, who are entering or already working in the field.

Electronic Conduction in Oxides

Author: N. Tsuda,Keiichiro Nasu,A. Fujimori,K. Siratori

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540669562

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 4010

This book is intended for postgraduate students, researchers and engineers engaged in research into oxide conductors. It presents an overview of electronic transport phenomena, including a discussion of high-Tc superconductivity and colossal magnetoresistance in two chapters, one of which reviews all the conducting oxides. In another nine chapters representative oxides are discussed in detail. Since electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions greatly influence conducting properties, two chapters are devoted to their explanation. More than 1200 references will serve as a useful guide to those entering into this vast field of research.

Symmetry And Spectroscopy Of Molecules

Author: K Veera Reddy

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122411423


Page: 700

View: 540

The Book Covers The Essential Basics Of The Group Theory That Are Required For All Sections Of Chemistry And Emphasizes The Necessity Of This Theory To Understand The Theoretical And Applied Aspects Of Molecular Spectroscopy. The Material In This Book Is Presented For A First And Final Year Postgraduate Level Students Of Indian Universities And The Subject Matter Covered In This Book Forms An Essential Part Of One Or Two Papers. This Text Is The Result Of A Long Felt Need For Developing Certain Novel Techniques For The Teaching Of This Course. No More Nightmares Of Group Theory And Spectroscopy! - Is The Ultimate Purpose Of This Book. A Window-Vision Has Been Provided In The Book While Presenting Most Of The Chapters And At Times A Pedagogical Approach Has Been Employed.Chapter 1 Is Presented As A Survey Into The World Of Symmetry Embodied In Nature And Man-Made Environment. Chapters 2 And 3 Journey Through The Basic Concepts Of Symmetry. A Chronology Of Concept-Learning Is Introduced In These Otherwise Highly Descriptive And Heavily Illustrative Chapters. A Number Of Exercises On Molecular Point Groups Is Presented In Chapter 3 With A Range Of Examples Drafted From Both Organic And Inorganic Molecules. The Structure And Symmetry Of Fullerene Molecules Are Presented In Some Detail For The First Time As A Class Room Example. The Background Provided For Non-Mathematical Chemistry Students In Chapters 4 And 5 Is Very Useful For The Advanced Aspects Of Group Theory. An Elaborate Treatment Given On Character Tables In Chapter 6 Serves As Thegate-Way For Many Applied Aspects Of Group Theory. Chapter 7 Contains Exclusive Details Onnormal Mode Analysis.The Information Presented In These Seven Chapters Will Be Vital To The Learning And Application Of All The Branches Of Spectroscopy. Chapter 8 Presents A Combined Treatment On Infrared And Raman Spectroscopies With Emphasis On Selection Rules And Application Of These Techniques To The Determination Of Molecular Structure Through The Use Of Group Theory. Group Theoretical Treatment Has Been Given While Discussing The Structure And Bonding Of Metal Complexes Presented In Chapters 9 And 11. The Formalisms Of Atomic Spectroscopy Are Presented In Chapter 10. Chapter 12 Deals With The Electronic Spectroscopy Of Metal Complexes That Enjoys The Fruits Of Group Theoretical Formulations.

Grundlagen der metallorganischen Komplexkatalyse

Author: Dirk Steinborn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834893757

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 9991

Die Katalyse ist als grundlegendes Prinzip zur Überwindung der kinetischen Hemmung chemischer Reaktionen von fundamentaler Bedeutung in der Chemie und die metallorganische Komplexkatalyse ist ein Eckpfeiler der modernen Chemie. Das trifft gleichermaßen für die Grundlagen- und angewandte Forschung wie für industrielle Anwendungen zu. Ausgehend von den Prinzipien der Katalyse und den katalytisch relevanten metallorganischen Elementarschritten werden wichtige metallkomplexkatalysierte Reaktionen behandelt, wobei das mechanistische Verständnis im Vordergrund steht. Besonderer Wert wird dabei auf aktuelle Entwicklungen gelegt. Asymmetrische Synthesen finden ausführlich Berücksichtigung und an ausgewählten Beispielen wird die katalytische Wirkung von Metalloenzymen aufgezeigt. Am Beispiel der Stickstofffixierung werden die drei großen Gebiete der Katalyse – die homogene, die heterogene und die enzymatische Katalyse – vergleichend betrachtet. In der 2. Auflage ist ein neues Kapitel zur Stickstofffixierung hinzugekommen. In diesem werden vergleichend die heterogen katalysierte Reaktion, die enzymatisch katalysierte Reaktion (Nitrogenasen) sowie die homogen katalysierte Reaktion gegenübergestellt.

Anorganische Chemie

Prinzipien von Struktur und Reaktivität

Author: James Huheey,Ellen Keiter,Richard Keiter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110307952

Category: Science

Page: 1340

View: 7217

This modern textbook stands out from other standard textbooks. The framework for the learning units is based on fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry, such as symmetry, coordination, and periodicity. Specific examples of chemical reactions are presented to exemplify and demonstrate these principles. Numerous new illustrations, a new layout, and large numbers of exercises following each chapter round out this new edition.

Introduction to Group Theory with Applications

Materials Science and Technology

Author: Gerald Burns

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483191494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 6928

Introduction to Group Theory with Applications covers the basic principles, concepts, mathematical proofs, and applications of group theory. This book is divided into 13 chapters and begins with discussions of the elementary topics related to the subject, including symmetry operations and group concepts. The succeeding chapters deal with the properties of matrix representations of finite groups, the vibrations of molecular and crystals, vibrational wave function, selection rules, and molecular approximations. These topics are followed by reviews of the basic of quantum mechanics, crystal field theory, atomic physics, hybrid functions, and molecular orbital theory. The last chapters describe the symmetry of crystal lattices, the band theory of solids, and the full rotation group. This book will be of value to undergraduate mathematics and physics students.

Electronic Absorption Spectroscopy and Related Techniques

Author: D. N. Sathyanarayana

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 9788173713712

Category: Absorption spectra

Page: 532

View: 5820

This book provides a conceptual and experimental basis for the interpretation of electronic absorption spectroscopy and related techniques. The basic theories, instrumentation and interpretation of the spectra of organic and coordination compounds for structural studies are presented step-by-step, in an easily understandable style. related topics of emission spectroscopes are covered as well.

Applications of Group Theory to Atoms, Molecules, and Solids

Author: Thomas Wolfram,Şinasi Ellialtıoğlu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470552

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 8811

The majority of all knowledge concerning atoms, molecules, and solids has been derived from applications of group theory. Taking a unique, applications-oriented approach, this book gives readers the tools needed to analyze any atomic, molecular, or crystalline solid system. Using a clearly defined, eight-step program, this book helps readers to understand the power of group theory, what information can be obtained from it, and how to obtain it. The book takes in modern topics, such as graphene, carbon nanotubes and isotopic frequencies of molecules, as well as more traditional subjects: the vibrational and electronic states of molecules and solids, crystal field and ligand field theory, transition metal complexes, space groups, time reversal symmetry, and magnetic groups. With over 100 end-of-chapter exercises, this book is invaluable for graduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, electrical engineering and materials science.

Mössbauer Spectroscopy and Transition Metal Chemistry

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Philipp Gütlich,Eckhard Bill,Alfred X. Trautwein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540884286

Category: Science

Page: 569

View: 552

concentrates on teaching techniques using as much theory as needed. application of the techniques to many problems of materials characterization. Mössbauer spectroscopy is a profound analytical method which has nevertheless continued to develop. The authors now present a state-of-the art book which consists of two parts. The first part details the fundamentals of Mössbauer spectroscopy and is based on a book published in 1978 in the Springer series 'Inorganic Chemistry Concepts' by P. Gütlich, R. Link and A.X. Trautwein. The second part covers useful practical aspects of measurements, and the application of the techniques to many problems of materials characterization. The update includes the use of synchroton radiation and many instructive and illustrative examples in fields such as solid state chemistry, biology and physics, materials and the geosciences, as well as industrial applications. Special chapters on magnetic relaxation phenomena (S. Morup) and computation of hyperfine interaction parameters (F. Neese) are also included. The book concentrates on teaching the technique using theory as much as needed and as little as possible. The reader will learn the fundamentals of the technique and how to apply it to many problems of materials characterization. Transition metal chemistry, studied on the basis of the most widely used Mössbauer isotopes, will be in the foreground.