Legal Aspects of Corrections Management

Author: Clair A. Cripe,Michael G. Pearlman,Daryl Kosiak

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449639402

Category: Law

Page: 616

View: 2885

This updated third edition of Legal Aspects of Corrections Management provides a current, informative, and reader-friendly discussion of the contemporary legal issues impacting corrections management. Through the use of case law, this text provides readers with a practical understanding of how the First, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments relate to the day-to-day issues of running a prison, jail, and other corrections programs, such as probation and parole. The authors' combined corrections experience included such positions as General Counsel, Regional Counsel, and Correctional Program Officer, as well as working within corrections facilities. Their work involved advising corrections staff and management on the legal issues associated with policies and procedures. The authors also have extensive teaching experience in corrections law, the criminal justice system, and criminology.

Criminal Law, Procedure, and Evidence

Author: Walter P. Signorelli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439854505

Category: Law

Page: 459

View: 2530

Constitutional principles are the foundation upon which substantive criminal law, criminal procedure law, and evidence laws rely. The concepts of due process, legality, specificity, notice, equality, and fairness are intrinsic to these three disciplines, and a firm understanding of their implications is necessary for a thorough comprehension of the topic. Criminal Law, Procedure, and Evidence examines the tensions produced by balancing the ideals of individual liberty embodied in the Constitution against society’s need to enforce criminal laws as a means of achieving social control, order, and safety. Relying on his first-hand experience as a law enforcement official and criminal defense attorney, the author presents issues that highlight the difficulties in applying constitutional principles to specific criminal justice situations. Each chapter of the text contains a realistic problem in the form of a fact pattern that focuses on one or more of the classic criminal justice issues to which readers can relate. These problems are presented from both the point of view of citizens caught up in a police investigation and from the perspective of police officers attempting to enforce the law within the framework of constitutional protections. Concepts discussed include Probable cause Search and seizure, stop and frisk, and the exclusionary rule Confessions and Miranda warnings The right to counsel Lineups Standards of proof Proportionate sentencing The right to confront accusers Providing a complete view of American legal principles, the book addresses distinct issues as well as the overlays and connections between the issues. It presents as a cohesive whole the interrelationships between constitutional principles, statutory criminal laws, procedural law, and common law evidentiary doctrines.

The Politics of Gay Rights

Author: Craig A. Rimmerman,Kenneth D. Wald,Clyde Wilcox

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226719986

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 2149

Few issues in American politics inspire such passion as that of civil rights for gays and lesbians. In this group of original essays, scholars and activists writing from a number of different perspectives provide a comprehensive overview of this heated debate. Contributors thoroughly investigate the politics of the gay and lesbian movement, beginning with its political organizations and tactics. The essays also address the strategies and ideology of conservative opposition groups, such as the Christian Right. They focus on key issues for public policy, including gays and lesbians openly serving in the military, anti-discrimination laws, and the ongoing crisis of AIDS. The book ends with chapters that discuss the ways in which the political struggle for gay rights has played out in various arenas—in Congress, in the courts, in state and local governments, and in electoral politics. Forcefully argued and accessibly written, this collection is an important contribution to the current discussion about civil rights for gays and lesbians.

Criminal Evidence

Author: Jefferson L. Ingram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351973045

Category: Law

Page: 1072

View: 1215

Criminal Evidence is a respected and trusted introduction to the rules of criminal evidence for criminal justice students and professionals. The first half of this book follows the Federal Rules of Evidence in its explanation of how evidence is collected, preserved, and presented in criminal court. The second half provides a selection of relevant criminal court cases that reinforce these basics and contextualize how these rules are currently practiced. This text offers readers a practical understanding of how concepts of evidence operate to convict the guilty and acquit the innocent. Part of the John C. Klotter Justice Administration Legal Series, this thirteenth edition provides many updates, including new references to recent Supreme Court cases, such as the decision on same-sex marriage, and a current version of the Federal Rules of Evidence. Student aids include chapter outlines, key terms and concepts lists, a table of cases cited, and online case study questions and glossary. Teacher resources include an instructor’s guide, test bank, and PowerPoint slides.

Biological Influences on Criminal Behavior

Author: Gail S. Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420043327

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 7686

In reviewing introductory texts available to criminologists, one is left with the impression that biological factors are irrelevant to the formulation of criminal behavior. Where biology is mentioned at all, it receives infinitesimal coverage. This dearth of attention could at one time be blamed on shoddy research and the legitimate fear that evidence gathered along this path would be used to support eugenics extremists. However, in the past 20 years, tremendously valuable work has been accomplished that legitimately correlates biological factors such as genetics, biochemistry, diet, and brain disease to criminal behavior. Biological Influences on Criminal Behavior fundamentally questions the way most criminologists attempt to explain, let alone ameliorate the problem of human criminal behavior. Written by Gail Anderson, a highly respected expert in forensics, who also brings a much-needed biological background to the task, this resource champions contemporary biological theory by introducing criminologists to areas of research they might not otherwise encounter. Dr. Anderson discusses basic biological concepts such as natural selection and evolution in relation to behavior, and considers genetic factors including patterns of inheritance, sex-linked traits, and propensities toward aggression. She explores studies on hormonal effects, as well as brain chemistry, and delves deeply into organic brain dysfunction. She also looks at investigations into fetal conditions and birth-related difficulties, as well as research on nutrition and food allergies. While it is steeped in scientific research, the material is presented in a way that does not require a scientific background. The author does not suggest that biology plays the major role in criminal behavior; however, her carefully researched work does prove that we can gain a far deeper and more useful understanding when we objectively assess all of the factors involved. A professor of forensic entomology in the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University, Gail S. Anderson has a Ph.D. in medical and veterinary entomology. She serves as a forensics consultant to the RCMP and city police across Canada. Among her many accolades, she was listed in TIME magazine as one of top five innovators worldwide in criminal justice and recently received the Derome Award from the Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences.

Protecting the Republic

The Education and Training of American Police Officers

Author: James O'Keefe

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130977786

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 5385

This practical book provides an insightful, real, and detailed analysis of police education and training. Its author, James O'Keefe, successfully ran the largest police academy in the world for ten years, and comprehensively looks at the logic, structure, and actual course content police offers should be studying to effectively meet and manage the complex challenges of the 21st century. His book addresses critical issues in law enforcement education, discusses why police officers do the things they do, advocates the need of elected officials in local and state government to understand how their police officials should be educated and trained, and explains the need for a “standard of training.” KEY TOPICS Chapter topics explore the modern day American Republic, and what makes policing in a democracy so crucial to freedom and human rights; Overview the key academic subjects that should be taught in terms of police science, law, and most importantly, behavioral science; review the education and training of law enforcement supervisors, managers, and executives with a wide ranging focus on leadership; and summarize the key organizational requirements to build a law enforcement organization to sustain the American Republic in a time of legitimate public safety threats. For use by municipal police academies across the country, local and state elected officials, attorneys involved in criminal and civil litigation, Executive Development Programs in municipal police department—and the American citizens they represent and protect.

The Impact of Regulatory Law on American Criminal Justice

Are There Too Many Laws?

Author: Vincent Del Castillo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611630640

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 846

The Impact of Regulatory Law on American Criminal Justice is designed to provide the reader with an overview of American criminal justice from the perspective of regulatory law enforcement. Government's responsibility to defend the life and property of its citizens from victimization is accomplished through a code of criminal law enforced by a criminal justice system. In addition to laws that protect citizens, the government also enacts laws that criminalize certain behaviors that are deemed to be inconsistent with the best interests of society. These are called regulatory laws, and their effect on the criminal justice system and society are the main focus of the book.Each of the book's three sections addresses one aspect of the overall problem. The first looks at the underlying motivations to enact regulatory laws, particularly those dealing with drugs, prostitution and firearms and the evolution of their enforcement over time. The effect of regulatory law enforcement on each part of the criminal justice system, the police, courts and corrections is examined in the second section of the book. The final section provides insight into the societal outcomes associated with the enforcement of regulatory laws.The book reveals a number of unanticipated consequences resulting from regulatory laws. Most notable is the criminal justice system's lack of resources to effectively enforce and process violations of law. Police do not have enough officers to fully enforce all laws. Yet, they make more arrests than the courts can adequately adjudicate. The judicial process is so overwhelmed that it must rely on plea negotiations in order to circumvent the lengthy trial process thereby reducing criminal charges and/or terms of incarceration. Also, more people are convicted than the correctional facilities can house. Even so, America incarcerates a higher proportion of its population than any other country.Other criminal justice consequences of regulatory law include police corruption, overcrowded prisons and the domination by prison gangs as well as high rates of recidivism. Societal costs of incarceration are numerous and have had a particularly profound effect on minorities and disadvantaged communities in terms of poverty, lost human potential, contagious diseases both in and out of prison, 1.5 million children of current inmates and the perpetuation of a social underclass.

Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation

A Multidisciplinary Approach, Third Edition

Author: Robert R. Hazelwood,Ann Wolbert Burgess

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420042378

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 8018

Less than half of all rapes believed to occur are reported to law enforcement, and of those assailants arrested even fewer are convicted of rape. This problem is now being addressed by all professions whose work brings them into contact with the victim or the offender. This Third Edition of Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach is just that: a multidisciplinary approach. It brings into focus the five different principals involved in rape investigation: the police investigator, the examining nurse, the forensic scientist, the crisis counselor, and the prosecutor. It demonstrates how each must work together for more effective handling of all kinds of sexual assault crimes. Extensive reorganization of this new edition divides the book into four sections: The victim. Look at rape and the contemporary issues of rape through the victim's perspective. This section also discusses Victim Care Services and the Comprehensive Sexual Assault Assessment Tool (CSAAT). The investigation. Examine situations you might encounter during an investigation such as types of offenders, motivations, false allegations and false confessions, profiling the offender, child molestation, and the maligned investigator. Forensics and court. Learn what constitutes physical evidence and how to recover it, trial preparation and trial tactic issues, and the forensic examination of sexual assault victims. Everything you need to prosecute a rape case successfully is presented in this section. Special populations. The world of rape has its special offenders. Focus on some of them -- juvenile sexual offenders, female sexual offenders, gerophiles, serial rapists and sexual sadists. This section also includes information on sexual predators in nursing homes. New areas of interest also include delayed reporting and mental retardation. Like both earlier editions, this third edition represents a major commitment by its authors to present the most current knowledge for the investigation and prosecution of rape cases.

Community-Based Corrections

A Text/Reader

Author: Shannon M. Barton-Bellessa,Robert D. Hanser

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412987466

Category: Social Science

Page: 631

View: 4681

Community Based Corrections: A Text/Reader is a text-reader that includes a collection of carefully selected, edited articles on community-based corrections that have previously appeared in a number of leading criminal justice academic journals. This book is a substitute for a 'standard' community-based corrections textbook, without becoming 'standard' because it will include text and original articles along with current research. The book is divided into eleven Sections that will include 15 pages of authored text and 3-4 significant research-based articles with a policy orientation. The articles will provide the reader with a grasp of the development and current status of research on the various community-based corrections topics. Ancillaries include instructor and student resource sites. Instructors will be provided test questions and PowerPoint slides. Materials on the student study site will include self-study quizzes and extra articles for each section of the book.

The Correctional Officer

A Practical Guide

Author: Gary F. Cornelius

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611634532

Category: Correctional institutions

Page: 432

View: 5464

The job of today¿s correctional officer is a demanding one, whether it is working in an adult prison or in a local jail. The correctional officer has the responsibility to safely confine criminal offenders, and, by doing so, properly keeps the public safe. This book is meant to give the reader, whether a student or a trainee, a clear, realistic understanding of what correctional officers do ¿¿ from patrolling cellblocks, preventing escapes and handling security issues to dealing with various types of offenders and their behaviors. The Correctional Officer is realistically written, features a glossary of commonly used corrections terms and has been updated in detail. Each chapter contains discussion questions to assist both the college instructor and corrections trainer

Cop Watch

Spectators, Social Media, and Police Reform

Author: Hans Toch

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781433811197

Category: Psychology

Page: 188

View: 3306

In Cop Watch: Spectators, Social Media, and Police Reform, renowned social psychologist Hans Toch takes stock of the vast changes in police procedures that have occurred over the last half-century by examining the evolving role of spectators to police-citizen interactions. This sympathetic and informed analysis details the concerns of both disgruntled citizens and unsettled police. Their interactions are played out on a broad stage, from 1960s riots and Kerner Commission findings, to 2011 accusations of police brutality in Seattle. In this unflinching examination of the power of the crowd and society to shape police practice, Toch provides a uniquely compelling look at the struggles and complexities of policing in a volatile world.

Dictionary of Prisons and Punishment

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Jamie Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134011903

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 6075

Contemporary prison practice faces many challenges, is developing rapidly and is become increasingly professionalized, influenced by the new National Offender Management Service. As well as bringing an increased emphasis on skills and qualifications it has also introduced a new set of ideas and concepts into the established prisons and penal lexicon. At the same time courses on prisons and penology remain important components of criminology and criminal justice degree courses. This will be the essential source of reference for the increasing number of people studying in, working in prisons and working with prisoners. This Dictionary is part a new series of dictionaries covering key aspects of criminal justice and the criminal justice system and designed to meet the needs of both students and practitioners: approximately 300 entries (of between 500 and 1500 words) on key terms and concepts arranged alphabetically designed to meet the needs of both students and practitioners entries include summary definition, main text and key texts and sources takes full account of emerging occupational and Skills for Justice criteria edited by a leading academic and practitioner in the prisons and penology field entries contributed by leading academic and practitioners in prisons and penology.

The Criminal Investigative Function -1st Ed

A Guide for New Investigators

Author: Joseph L. Giacalone

Publisher: Looseleaf Law Publications

ISBN: 1608850234

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 4110

A candid, real-world look at investigations, from crime scene to courtroom, shared by an ACTUAL investigator. No ivory tower theory. Just the real deal! A seasoned investigator taps his years of street experience to teach you the: - Core qualities that make for a great investigator - Important legalities that impact investigations - Crime scene protocols that must be followed - Best follow-up investigation strategies - Keys to dealing with eyewitnesses - Aspects of Interview and Interrogation - Steps in solving Major Crimes Each chapter includes summary questions for discussion and review.

The Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies

Author: Bruce Arrigo,Heather Bersot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868496

Category: Social Science

Page: 688

View: 7330

The Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies presents the enduring debates and emerging challenges in crime and justice studies from an international and multi-disciplinary perspective. Guided by the pivotal, although vastly under-examined, role that consumerism, politics, technology, and culture assume in shaping these debates and in organizing these challenges, individual chapters probe the global landscape of crime and justice with astonishing clarity and remarkable depth. A distinguished collection of experts examine the interdisciplinary field of international crime and justice. Their contributions are divided into thematic sections, including: theory, culture, and society industries of crime and justice: systems of policing, law, corrections and punishment the criminal enterprise global technologies media, crime, and culture green criminology political violence public health criminology the political economy of crime and justice. All the chapters include full pedagogy and instructional resources for easy referencing or classroom use. This Handbook will be useful for students, scholars and practitioners of law, medicine, history, economics, sociology, politics, philosophy, education, public health, and social policy.

Essentials of Nursing Law and Ethics

Author: Susan Westrick,Katherine Dempski

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763753025

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 2785

Essentials of Nursing Law and Ethics is an authoritative resource designed to meet the needs of both nursing students and practicing nurses. This reference is a compilation of two-page chapters covering topics from legal issues related to basic practice such as documentation, patient teaching, and confidentiality to more complex areas of end of life issues and advanced directives.In addition, Essentials of Nursing Law and Ethics includes those issues pertinent to the everyday practice of nurses including refusing patient assignment, sexual harassment in the workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Civil Liability in Criminal Justice

Author: Darrell L. Ross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351062646

Category: Law

Page: 560

View: 2378

The increasing litigation against criminal justice practitioners in the United States poses a significant problem for law enforcement and other personnel. Law enforcement and corrections professionals need to have a working knowledge of both criminal law and the civil law process to ensure that they are performing their duties within the limits of the law. Civil Liability in Criminal Justice, 7th Edition, provides valuable information and recommendations to current and future officers and correctional system employees, introducing them to civil liability and federal law, as well as recommending strategies that can be taken to minimize risks. Civil Liability in Criminal Justice is unique in its combination of applicable case law and related liability research, while still providing an overview of current case law in high-liability areas. This new edition, revised to include up-to-date United States Supreme Court cases, including liability trends on the use of force, arrest-related deaths, custodial suicides in detention, qualified immunity, and the outcomes of the Department of Justice and the application of Section 14141, additional context for liability issues, and extended coverage of collective bargaining and public perception, is a valuable resource for enhancing student knowledge and practitioner job performance. The text is suitable for undergraduate and graduate courses in Criminal Justice programs as well as for in-service and academy training. Ross offers an engaging, accessible introduction to this aspect of the US criminal justice system.

The Future of Correctional Rehabilitation

Moving Beyond the RNR Model and Good Lives Model Debate

Author: Ronen Ziv

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351601318

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 8565

In the aftermath of Martinson’s 1974 "nothing works" doctrine, scholars have made a concerted effort to develop an evidence-based corrections theory and practice to show "what works" to change offenders. Perhaps the most important contribution to this effort was made by a group of Canadian psychologists, most notably Donald Andrews, James Bonta, and Paul Gendreau, who developed a treatment paradigm called the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model, which became the dominant theory of correctional treatment. This approach was more recently challenged by a perspective developed by Tony Ward, Shadd Maruna, and others, called the Good Lives Model (GLM). Based in part on desistance research and positive psychology, this model proposes to rehabilitate offenders by building on the strengths offenders possess. GLM proponents see the RNR model as a deficit model that fixes dynamic risk factors rather than identifying what offenders value most, and using these positive factors to pull them out of crime. Through a detailed examination of both models’ theoretical and correctional frameworks, The Future of Correctional Rehabilitation: Moving Beyond the RNR Model and Good Lives Model Debate probes the extent to which the models offer incompatible or compatible approaches to offender treatment, and suggests how to integrate the RNR and GLM approaches to build a new and hopefully more effective vision for offender treatment. A foreword by renowned criminologist Francis T. Cullen helps put the material into context. This book will be of much interest to scholars and students studying correctional rehabilitation as well as practitioners working with offenders.

Corrections: A Text/Reader

Author: Mary Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 2910

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Cinematography: Theory and Practice

Image Making for Cinematographers and Directors

Author: Blain Brown

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317359275

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 422

View: 2996

The world of cinematography has changed more in the last few years than it has since it has in 1929, when sound recording was introduced. New technology, new tools and new methods have revolutionized the art and craft of telling stories visually. While some aspects of visual language, lighting and color are eternal, shooting methods, workflow and cameras have changed radically. Even experienced film artists have a need to update and review new methods and equipment. These change affect not only the director of photography but also the director, the camera assistants, gaffers, and digital imaging technicians. Cinematography: Theory and Practice covers both the artistry and craftsmanship of cinematography and visual storytelling. Few art forms are as tied to their tools and technology as is cinematography. Take your mastery of these new tools, techniques, and roles to the next level with this cutting-edge roadmap from author and filmmaker Blain Brown. Whether you are a student of filmmaking, just breaking into the business, currently working in the industry and looking to move up to the next level, or an experienced professional who wants to update their knowledge of tools and techniques, this book provides both a basic introduction to these issues as well as more advanced and in-depth coverage of the subject. The companion website features additional material, including lighting demonstrations, basic methods of lighting, using diffusion and other topics. Topics Include: Visual language Visual storytelling Continuity and coverage Cameras and digital sensors Exposure techniques for film and video Color in-depth Understanding digital images Waveform monitors, vectorscopes, and test charts Using linear, gamma, and log encoded video Image control and grading on the set The tools and basics of film lighting ASC-CDL, ACES and other new methods Optics and focus Camera movement Set operations Green screen, high speed and other topics