How to Solve It

A New Aspect of Mathematical Method

Author: G. Polya

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400828678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 9880

A perennial bestseller by eminent mathematician G. Polya, How to Solve It will show anyone in any field how to think straight. In lucid and appealing prose, Polya reveals how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out—from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Polya's deft—indeed, brilliant—instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of the problem.

Mathematics for Teachers: An Interactive Approach for Grades K-8

Author: Thomas Sonnabend

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495561665

Category: Mathematics

Page: 864

View: 3766

Mathematics for Teachers: An Interactive Approach for Grades K-8 actively involves students in developing and explaining mathematical concepts and how the topics relate to NCTM Standards and Curriculum focal points. The text includes coverage of reasoning, sets, arithmetic, geometry, measurement, algebra, statistics, and probability. The carefully organized, interactive lesson format promotes student involvement and gradually leads the student to a deeper understanding of mathematical ideas. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Teaching and Learning Algebra

Author: Doug French

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826452213

Category: Education

Page: 199

View: 8297

Algebra is widely recognized as a difficult aspect of the Mathematics currciculum--one that not all pupils see the point of. Yet an understanding of algebra provides the key to the great power and potential interest of Mathematics in general. Up to now, detailed advice and guidance on the teaching and learning of algebra has been difficult to find. Here, however, Doug French provides a comprehensive, authoritative and, above all, constructive guide to the subject.

Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers

Author: Tom Bassarear,Meg Moss

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305545052

Category: Mathematics

Page: 704

View: 960

MATHEMATICS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS, 6E offers future teachers a comprehensive mathematics course designed to foster concept development through examples, investigations, and explorations. In this text, intended for the one- or two-semester course required of Education majors, Bassarear demonstrates that there are many paths to solving a problem, and sometimes problems have more than one solution. The author presents real-world problems—problems that require active learning in a method similar to how archaeologists explore an archaeological find: they carefully uncover the site, slowly revealing more and more of the structure. Visual icons throughout the main text allow instructors to easily connect content to the hands-on activities in the corresponding Explorations Manual. With this exposure, future teachers will be better able to assess student needs using diverse approaches. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Proficiency and Beliefs in Learning and Teaching Mathematics

Learning from Alan Schoenfeld and Günter Törner

Author: Yeping Li,Judit N. Moschkovich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462092990

Category: Education

Page: 317

View: 8752

Efforts to improve mathematics education have led educators and researchers to not only study the nature of proficiency, beliefs, and practices in mathematics learn¬ing and teaching, but also identify and assess possible influences on students’ and teachers’ proficiencies, beliefs, and practices in learning and teaching mathematics. The complexity of these topics has fascinated researchers from various back¬grounds, including psychologists, cognitive or learning scientists, mathematicians, and mathematics educators. Among those researchers, two scholars with a similar background – Alan Schoenfeld in the United States and Günter Törner in Germany, are internationally recognized for their contributions to these topics. To celebrate their 65th birthdays in 2012, this book brought together many scholars to reflect on how their own work has built upon and continued Alan and Günter’s work in mathematics education. The book contains 17 chapters by 33 scholars from six different education systems. This collection describes recent research and provides new insights into these topics of interest to mathematics educators, researchers, and graduate students who wish to learn about the trajectory and direction of research on these issues.

Teaching Secondary and Middle School Mathematics

Author: Daniel J. Brahier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317412362

Category: Education

Page: 470

View: 683

Teaching Secondary and Middle School Mathematics combines the latest developments in research, standards, and technology with a vibrant writing style to help teachers prepare for the excitement and challenges of teaching secondary and middle school mathematics today. In the fully revised fifth edition, scholar and mathematics educator Daniel Brahier invites teachers to investigate the nature of the mathematics curriculum and reflect on research-based "best practices" as they define and sharpen their own personal teaching styles. The fifth edition has been updated and expanded with a particular emphasis on the continued impact of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and NCTM’s just-released Principles to Actions, as well as increased attention to teaching with technology, classroom management, and differentiated instruction. Features include: A full new Chapter 7 on selection and use of specific tools and technology combined with "Spotlight on Technology" features throughout clearly illustrate the practical aspects of how technology can be used for teaching or professional development. Foundational Chapters 1 and 2 on the practices and principles of mathematics education have been revised to build directly on Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Principles to Actions, with additional references to both documents throughout all chapters. A new Chapter 4 focuses on the use of standards in writing objectives and organizing lesson plan resources while an updated Chapter 5 details each step of the lesson planning process. A fully revised Chapter 12 provides new information on teaching diverse populations and outlines specific details and suggestions for classroom management for mathematics teachers. Classroom Dialogues" features draws on the author’s 35-year experience as an educator to present real-world teacher-student conversations about specific mathematical problems or ideas "How Would You React?" features prepares future teachers for real-life scenarios by engaging them in common classroom situations and offering tried-and-true solutions. With more than 60 practical, classroom-tested teaching ideas, sample lesson and activities, Teaching Secondary and Middle School Mathematics combines the best of theory and practice to provide clear descriptions of what it takes to be an effective teacher of mathematics.

Street-Fighting Mathematics

The Art of Educated Guessing and Opportunistic Problem Solving

Author: Sanjoy Mahajan,Carver A. Mead

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262265591

Category: Mathematics

Page: 152

View: 8713

In problem solving, as in street fighting, rules are for fools: do whatever works -- don't just stand there! Yet we often fear an unjustified leap even though it may land us on a correct result. Traditional mathematics teaching is largely about solving exactly stated problems exactly, yet life often hands us partly defined problems needing only moderately accurate solutions. This engaging book is an antidote to the rigor mortis brought on by too much mathematical rigor, teaching us how to guess answers without needing a proof or an exact calculation.In Street-Fighting Mathematics, Sanjoy Mahajan builds, sharpens, and demonstrates tools for educated guessing and down-and-dirty, opportunistic problem solving across diverse fields of knowledge -- from mathematics to management. Mahajan describes six tools: dimensional analysis, easy cases, lumping, picture proofs, successive approximation, and reasoning by analogy. Illustrating each tool with numerous examples, he carefully separates the tool -- the general principle -- from the particular application so that the reader can most easily grasp the tool itself to use on problems of particular interest. Street-Fighting Mathematics grew out of a short course taught by the author at MIT for students ranging from first-year undergraduates to graduate students ready for careers in physics, mathematics, management, electrical engineering, computer science, and biology. They benefited from an approach that avoided rigor and taught them how to use mathematics to solve real problems.Street-Fighting Mathematics will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Adding It Up

Helping Children Learn Mathematics

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Mathematics Learning Study Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309132848

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 5231

Adding It Up explores how students in pre-K through 8th grade learn mathematics and recommends how teaching, curricula, and teacher education should change to improve mathematics learning during these critical years. The committee identifies five interdependent components of mathematical proficiency and describes how students develop this proficiency. With examples and illustrations, the book presents a portrait of mathematics learning: Research findings on what children know about numbers by the time they arrive in pre-K and the implications for mathematics instruction. Details on the processes by which students acquire mathematical proficiency with whole numbers, rational numbers, and integers, as well as beginning algebra, geometry, measurement, and probability and statistics. The committee discusses what is known from research about teaching for mathematics proficiency, focusing on the interactions between teachers and students around educational materials and how teachers develop proficiency in teaching mathematics.

How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131979

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 5089

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

The Psychology of Learning Mathematics

Expanded American Edition

Author: Richard R. Skemp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136606254

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 2807

This classic text presents problems of learning and teaching mathematics from both a psychological and mathematical perspective. The Psychology of Learning Mathematics, already translated into six languages (including Chinese and Japanese), has been revised for this American Edition to include the author's most recent findings on the formation of mathematical concepts, different kinds of imagery, interpersonal and emotional factors, and a new model of intelligence. The author contends that progress in the areas of learning and teaching mathematics can only be made when such factors as the abstract and hierarchical nature of mathematics, the relation to mathematical symbolism and the distinction between intelligent learning and rote memorization are taken into account and instituted in the classroom.

Mathematical Problem Solving

Author: ALAN H. SCHOENFELD

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483295486

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 3174

This book is addressed to people with research interests in the nature of mathematical thinking at any level, to people with an interest in "higher-order thinking skills" in any domain, and to all mathematics teachers. The focal point of the book is a framework for the analysis of complex problem-solving behavior. That framework is presented in Part One, which consists of Chapters 1 through 5. It describes four qualitatively different aspects of complex intellectual activity: cognitive resources, the body of facts and procedures at one's disposal; heuristics, "rules of thumb" for making progress in difficult situations; control, having to do with the efficiency with which individuals utilize the knowledge at their disposal; and belief systems, one's perspectives regarding the nature of a discipline and how one goes about working in it. Part Two of the book, consisting of Chapters 6 through 10, presents a series of empirical studies that flesh out the analytical framework. These studies document the ways that competent problem solvers make the most of the knowledge at their disposal. They include observations of students, indicating some typical roadblocks to success. Data taken from students before and after a series of intensive problem-solving courses document the kinds of learning that can result from carefully designed instruction. Finally, observations made in typical high school classrooms serve to indicate some of the sources of students' (often counterproductive) mathematical behavior.

Mathematical Expeditions

Exploring Word Problems Across the Ages

Author: Frank J. Swetz

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421404370

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 1956

"A collection of over 500 culturally and historically diverse mathematical problems carefully chosen to enrich mathematics teaching from middle school through the college level."--Provided by publisher.

Proofs and Refutations

The Logic of Mathematical Discovery

Author: Imre Lakatos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316425339

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4461

Imre Lakatos's Proofs and Refutations is an enduring classic, which has never lost its relevance. Taking the form of a dialogue between a teacher and some students, the book considers various solutions to mathematical problems and, in the process, raises important questions about the nature of mathematical discovery and methodology. Lakatos shows that mathematics grows through a process of improvement by attempts at proofs and critiques of these attempts, and his work continues to inspire mathematicians and philosophers aspiring to develop a philosophy of mathematics that accounts for both the static and the dynamic complexity of mathematical practice. With a specially commissioned Preface written by Paolo Mancosu, this book has been revived for a new generation of readers.

Teaching Mathematics through Problem-Solving in K–12 Classrooms

Author: Matthew Oldridge

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1475843348

Category: Education

Page: 134

View: 480

“Teaching through problem-solving” is a commonly used phrase for mathematics educators. This book shows how to use worthwhile and interesting mathematics tasks and problems to build a classroom culture based on students’ reasoning and thinking. It develops a set of axioms about problem-solving classrooms to show teachers that mathematics is playful and engaging. It presents an aspirational vision for school mathematics, one which all teachers can bring into being in their classrooms.

Mathematical Problem Posing

From Research to Effective Practice

Author: Florence Mihaela Singer,Nerida F. Ellerton,Jinfa Cai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461462584

Category: Education

Page: 569

View: 9367

The mathematics education community continues to contribute research-based ideas for developing and improving problem posing as an inquiry-based instructional strategy for enhancing students’ learning. A large number of studies have been conducted which have covered many research topics and methodological aspects of teaching and learning mathematics through problem posing. The Authors' groundwork has shown that many of these studies predict positive outcomes from implementing problem posing on: student knowledge, problem solving and posing skills, creativity and disposition toward mathematics. This book examines, in-depth, the contribution of a problem posing approach to teaching mathematics and discusses the impact of adopting this approach on the development of theoretical frameworks, teaching practices and research on mathematical problem posing over the last 50 years. ​​

Problem Solving Through Recreational Mathematics

Author: Bonnie Averbach,Orin Chein

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 3547

Fascinating approach to mathematical teaching stresses use of recreational problems, puzzles, and games to teach critical thinking. Logic, number and graph theory, games of strategy, much more. Includes answers to selected problems. Free solutions manual available for download at the Dover website.