Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-use Planning

Author: Wenche E. Dramstad,David M. Gillilan,James D. Olson,Thomas Capnor Brown,Richard T. T. Forman

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559635141

Category: Architecture

Page: 80

View: 1716

Landscape ecology has emerged in the past decade as an important and useful tool for land-use planners and landscape architects. While professionals and scholars have begun to incorporate aspects of this new field into their work, there remains a need for a summary of key principles and how they might be applied in design and planning.This volume fills that need. It is a concise handbook that lists and illustrates key principles in the field, presenting specific examples of how the principles can be applied in a range of scales and diverse types of landscapes around the world.Chapters cover: patches -- size, number, and location edges and boundaries corridors and connectivity mosaics summaries of case studies from around the world

Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning

Author: Wenche Dramstad,James D. Olson,Richard T.T. Forman

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610914678

Category: Architecture

Page: 80

View: 7429

Landscape ecology has emerged in the past decade as an important and useful tool for land-use planners and landscape architects. While professionals and scholars have begun to incorporate aspects of this new field into their work, there remains a need for a summary of key principles and how they might be applied in design and planning.This volume fills that need. It is a concise handbook that lists and illustrates key principles in the field, presenting specific examples of how the principles can be applied in a range of scales and diverse types of landscapes around the world.Chapters cover: patches -- size, number, and location edges and boundaries corridors and connectivity mosaics summaries of case studies from around the world

Ecological Engineering

Bridging Between Ecology and Civil Engineering

Author: Hein van Bohemen

Publisher: Uitgeverij Æneas BV

ISBN: 9789075365719

Category: Ecological engineering

Page: 399

View: 7829


Ecological Corridors in Land Use Planning and Development Policies

National Approaches for Ecological Corridors of Countries Implementing the Pan-European Landscape and Biological Diversity Strategy

Author: R. H. Jongman,Dana Kamphorst

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287149367

Category: Biodiversity conservation

Page: 56

View: 5851

This study has been prepared in the framework of the work programme of the Committee of Experts for the Pan-European Ecological Network. It gives an overview of national approaches to realise ecological corridors through land use planning and development policies of countries implementing the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy.

Applied Landscape Ecology

Author: Francisco Castro Rego,Stephen C. Bunting,Eva Kristina Strand,Paulo Godinho-Ferreira

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119368243

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4858

An insightful guide to the concepts and practices of modern landscape ecology Elements of geography, conservation biology, soil science and other disciplines factor into landscape ecology's rich analyses of the ecological and environmental forces at play across different terrains. With its unique, organism-oriented approach to the subject, Applied Landscape Ecology considers the effects of ecological processes upon particular species and places its findings within the context of larger-scale concerns. Students, researchers, and practitioners alike will find this a rewarding and instructive read that offers practical and detailed information on the latest methods and technologies used in the field today. This essential resource: Takes an interdisciplinary approach to landscape ecology Examines the subject within the contexts of specific organisms Covers cutting-edge technologies and methods Represents a collaboration between an international team of landscape ecology experts Whether new to the practice or an established ecologist, anyone with an interest in this exciting and developing field should have a copy of Applied Landscape Ecology at their disposal.

Human Ecology

How Nature and Culture Shape Our World

Author: Frederick R. Steiner

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610917782

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 6306

Humans have always been influenced by natural landscapes, and always will be—even as we create ever-larger cities and our developments fundamentally change the nature of the earth around us. In Human Ecology, noted city planner and landscape architect Frederick Steiner encourages us to consider how human cultures have been shaped by natural forces, and how we might use this understanding to contribute to a future where both nature and people thrive. Human ecology is the study of the interrelationships between humans and their environment, drawing on diverse fields from biology and geography to sociology, engineering, and architecture. Steiner admirably synthesizes these perspectives through the lens of landscape architecture, a discipline that requires its practitioners to consciously connect humans and their environments. After laying out eight principles for understanding human ecology, the book's chapters build from the smallest scale of connection—our homes—and expand to community scales, regions, nations, and, ultimately, examine global relationships between people and nature. In this age of climate change, a new approach to planning and design is required to envision a livable future. Human Ecology provides architects, landscape architects, urban designers, and planners—and students in those fields— with timeless principles for new, creative thinking about how their work can shape a vibrant, resilient future for ourselves and our planet.

Stadtgrün / Urban Green

Europäische Landschaftsarchitektur für das 21. Jahrhundert / European Landscape Architecture for the 21st century

Author: Peter Cachola Schmal,Annette Becker

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3034611331

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

View: 5478

Die in jüngerer Zeit zu konstatierende Wiederentdeckung der Stadt hat die Sehnsucht der Menschen nach der Natur keineswegs verdrängt. Im Gegenteil: Es gilt, innerstädtische Lösungen zu finden, die diesen neu gewachsenen Bedürfnissen gerecht werden, und zwar Lösungen, die gleichzeitig den Anforderungen von Gestaltung, Ökologie, Soziologie und Ökonomie entsprechen. Die Publikation widmet sich dem Thema der innerstädtischen Freiraumgestaltung. Sie dokumentiert 20 aktuell realisierte Beispiele innerhalb Europas, zum überwiegenden Teil mit Grünpflanzungen, entworfen von international renommierten Landschaftsarchitekten, wie etwa Gustafson Porter, Field Operations, Michel Desvigne, Gross.Max, Latz + Partner und West 8. Die Projekte, realisiert zwischen 2004 und 2010, reichen vom innerstädtischen Privatgarten über Plätze, Straßen und Promenaden bis hin zu Großprojekten wie der Revitalisierung von Flussuferbereichen oder Grün-Masterplanungen für ganze Städte. Das städtische Grün leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zum ökologischen Stadtumbau. Die dokumentierten Projekte zeigen in beispielhafter Form, wie dies mit modernsten Materialien und Technologien gelingen kann.

Landscape Architecture: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Ian Thompson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503215

Category: Architecture

Page: 144

View: 9994

Landscape architecture plays an important role in shaping the places in which we live and work. But what is it? Landscape architects are involved, amongst other things, in the layout of business parks, the reclamation of derelict industrial sites, the restoration of historic city parks, and the siting and design of major pieces of infrastructure such as motorways, dams, power stations, and flood defences, as well as the planning of parks and gardens. Taking a historical perspective, Ian Thompson looks at both the roots of landscape architecture and the people that established it. This Very Short Introduction explores some of the misconceptions about landscape architecture and considers the discipline's origins in landscape gardening. Thompson takes a look at a number of areas, including the influence of Modernism, the difference between landscape design and landscape planning, and the way that planning legislation has driven the growth of the discipline. He also explores contemporary environmentalism, the debate as to whether landscape architecture is an art or a science, landscape architecture in the community, post-industrial projects, and its relationship with ecological urbanism. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Road Ecology

Science and Solutions

Author: Richard T.T. Forman

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559639330

Category: Architecture

Page: 481

View: 5692

Road Ecology links ecological theories and concepts with transportation planning, engineering, and travel behavior. With more than 100 illustrations and examples from around the world, it is an indispensable and pioneering work for anyone involved with transportation.

Site Analysis

Informing Context-Sensitive and Sustainable Site Planning and Design

Author: James A. LaGro, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118416260

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 7914

The process-oriented guide to context-sensitive siteselection, planning, and design Sustainable design is responsive to context. And each site has aunique set of physical, biological, cultural, and legal attributesthat presents different opportunities and constraints foralternative uses of the site. Site analysis systematicallyevaluates these on-site and off-site factors to inform the designof places—including neighborhoods and communities—thatare attractive, walkable, and climate-resilient. This Third Edition of Site Analysis is fullyupdated to cover the latest topics in low-impact,location-efficient design and development. This complete, user-friendly guide: Blends theory andpractice from the fields of landscapearchitecture, urban planning, architecture, geography, and urbandesign Addresses important sustainability topics, including LEED-ND,Sustainable Sites, STAR community index, and climateadaptation Details the objectives and visualization methods used in eachphase of the site planning and design process Explains the influence of codes, ordinances, and site planapproval processes on the design of the built environment Includes more than 200 illustrations and eight case studies ofprojects completed by leading planning and design firms Site Analysis, Third Edition is the ideal guide forstudents taking courses in site analysis, site planning, andenvironmental design. New material includes review questions at theend of each chapter for students as well as early-careerprofessionals preparing for the ARE, LARE, or AICP exams.

Landschaft konstruieren

Materialien, Techniken, Bauelemente

Author: Astrid Zimmermann

Publisher: Birkhauser

ISBN: 9783034607377

Category:

Page: 533

View: 8710

Landschaft konstruieren ist ein systematisch gegliedertes Grundlagenwerk zur technisch-konstruktiven Freiraumplanung mit allen relevanten Themen von den gangigen Materialien und Oberflachen uber die Konstruktion von Freiraumelementen bis hin zur Pflanzenverwendung. Ziel ist die fachgerechte Ausfuhrungsplanung durch Landschaftsarchitekten und Architekten sowie die fundierte Vorbereitung von Ausschreibungen."

Ecoregion-Based Design for Sustainability

Author: Robert G. Bailey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387225978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 223

View: 5492

Robert Bailey is an established authority on ecosystems, and his previous works, Ecosystem Geography and Ecoregions have sold well; Fully illustrated with color diagrams and maps; Includes a Glossary to define terms which may be unfamiliar to professionals working in this cross-disciplinary field; Provides a Resource Guide and a Sources and Recommended Reading section to aid readers who require additional information; Presents a modified approach to land management and conservation in a non-technical and engaging manner

Ecology and Design

Frameworks For Learning

Author: Bart Johnson,Kristina Hill

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559638135

Category: Architecture

Page: 530

View: 915

Professionals, faculty, and students are aware of the pressing need to integrate ecological principles into environmental design and planning education, but few materials exist to facilitate that development.Ecology and Design addresses that shortcoming by articulating priorities and approaches for incorporating ecological principles in the teaching of landscape design and planning. The book explains why landscape architecture and design and planning faculty should include ecology as a standard part of their courses and curricula, provides insights on how that can be done, and offers models from successful programs. The book: examines the need for change in the education and practice of landscape architecture and in the physical planning and design professions as a whole asks what designers and physical planners need to know about ecology and what applied ecologists can learn from design and planning develops conceptual frameworks needed to realize an ecologically based approach to design and planning offers recommendations for the integration of ecology within a landscape architecture curriculum, as an example for other design fields such as civil engineering and architecture considers the implications for professional practice explores innovative approaches to collaboration among designers and ecologistsIn addition to the editors, contributors include Carolyn Adams, Jack Ahern, Richard T. T. Forman, Michael Hough, James Karr, Joan Iverson Nassauer, David Orr, Kathy Poole, H. Ronald Pulliam, Anne Whiston Spirn, Sandra Steingraber, Carl Steinitz, Ken Tamminga, and William Wenk. Ecology and Design represents an important guidepost and source of ideas for faculty, students, and professionals in landscape architecture, urban design, planning and architecture, landscape ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology, civil and environmental engineering, and related fields.

Urban Land

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: N.A

View: 3763


Between landscape architecture and land art

Author: Udo Weilacher

Publisher: Birkhauser

ISBN: 9783764361204

Category: Earthworks (Art)

Page: 247

View: 2995

Die Landschaftsarchitektur der Gegenwart ist auf der Suche nach einer zeitgemd_en und eigenstdndigen Sprache. Werke von K nstlern wie Dani Karavan und Hannsjvrg Voth sowie von Landschaftsarchitekten wie Peter Latz, Adriaan Geuze und Peter Walker werden in dem gro_z gig illustrierten Buch anschaulich dargestellt. "Besonders aufschlu_reich sind die ausf hrlichen Interviews, in denen die Gestalter ihr Verhdltnis zur Landschaft, ihre Ideen und Pldne vorstellen." (NZZ) "Was die mit dem Originalmaterial der K nstler und Architekten dargestellten Arbeiten vereint, sind die Fragen nach den ewigen Dimensionen der gestalteten Landschaft: nach Harmonie und Romantik, nach Funktionalitdt und Vision, nach Ordnung und Chaos." (archithese)

Industrial Landscape Ecology

Design of an Industrial Park on a Brownfield Site in Calumet, Chicago, IL. : a Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ... for the Degree of Master of Landscape Architecture ...

Author: Alejandra Chiesa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Brownfields

Page: 212

View: 1416


Designing Greenways

Sustainable Landscapes for Nature and People, Second Edition

Author: Paul Cawood Hellmund,Daniel Smith

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597265959

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 2104

How are greenways designed? What situations lead to their genesis, and what examples best illustrate their potential for enhancing communities and the environment? Designing greenways is a key to protecting landscapes, allowing wildlife to move freely, and finding appropriate ways to bring people into nature. This book brings together examples from ecology, conservation biology, aquatic ecology, and recreation design to illustrate how greenways function and add value to ecosystems and human communities alike. Encompassing everything from urban trail corridors to river floodplains to wilderness-like linkages, greenways preserve or improve the integrity of the landscape, not only by stemming the loss of natural features, but also by engendering new natural and social functions. From 19th-century parks and parkways to projects still on the drawing boards, Designing Greenways is a fascinating introduction to the possibilities-and pitfalls-involved in these ambitious projects. As towns and cities look to greenways as a new way of reconciling man and nature, designers and planners will look to Designing Greenways as an invaluable compendium of best practices.

Applying landscape ecology in biological conservation

Author: Kevin J. Gutzwiller

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9780387986531

Category: Nature

Page: 518

View: 425

Landscape ecology and conservation biology are rapidly developing disciplines, and a current synthesis of principles and applications in these two fields is needed under one cover. Many managers are not applying principles of landscape ecology in efforts to conserve biota, yet the loss of biological diversity could be reduced if broad-scale processes and patterns were consistently considered in management and conservation decisions. Bringing together insights from leaders in landscape ecology and conservation biology, this book explains how our knowledge about landscape ecology can help us understand, manage and maintain biodiversity. Beyond explaining pertinent concepts of landscape ecology and biological conservation and describing examples of their use in management, research and planning, this book also distills principles for applying landscape ecology in conservation, identifies gaps in current knowledge and provides research approaches to fill those voids. The book is divided into five parts: the first part introduces the book and discusses what landscape ecology is and why it is important to biological conservation. The second deals with multiple scales, connectivity and organism movement. The third part discusses landscape change and how this affects biodiversity, and the fourth part covers conservation planning. The final part presents a synthesis that identifies overarching principles, pervasive constraints and realistic prospects for applying landscape ecology in biological conservation. Conservationists, land-use planners, and ecologists will find this book to be an essential resource. Foreword by Richard T.T. Forman.

Die Augen der Haut

Architektur und Die Sinne

Author: Juhani Pallasmaa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780982225196

Category: Architecture

Page: 110

View: 2086

Architektur kann inspirierend und einnehmend sein, sie kann sogar im Sinne Goethes -das Leben steigern-. Wie kommt es aber, dass architektonische Entwurfe am Zeichentisch oder am Computer-Bildschirm zwar meist recht gut aussehen, in der gebauten Realitat jedoch oft enttauschen? Die Antwort hierfur, behauptet Juhani Pallasmaa, findet sich in der Vorherrschaft des Visuellen, die alle Bereiche von Technologie- und Konsumkultur umfasst und so auch in die Architekturpraxis und -lehre Einzug gehalten hat. Wahrend unsere Erfahrung der Welt auf der Kombination aller funf Sinne beruht, berucksichtigt die Mehrheit der heute realisierten Architektur gerade mal einen den Sehsinn. Die Unterdruckung der anderen Erfahrungsbereiche hat unsere Umwelt sinnlich verarmen lassen und ruft Gefuhle von Distanz und Entfremdung hervor. Erstmalig 1996 (in englischer Sprache) veroffentlicht, ist "Die Augen der Haut" inzwischen zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie geworden, der weltweit zur Pflichtlekture an den Architekturhochschulen gehort. Das Buch besteht aus zwei Essays. Der erste gibt einen Uberblick uber die Entwicklung des okularzentrischen Paradigmas in der westlichen Kultur seit der griechischen Antike sowie uber dessen Einfluss auf unsere Welterfahrung und die Eigenschaften der Architektur. Der zweite Essay untersucht, welche Rolle die ubrigen Sinne bei authentischen Architekturerfahrungen spielen, und weist einen Weg in Richtung einer multisensorischen Architektur, welche ein Gefuhl von Zugehorigkeit und Integration ermoglicht. Seit der Erstveroffentlichung des Buchs hat die Rolle des Korpers und der Sinne ein gesteigertes Interesse in der Architekturphilosophie und Architekturlehre erfahren. Die neue, uberarbeitete und erganzte Ausgabe dieses wegweisenden Werks wird nicht nur Architekten und Studenten dazu anregen, eine ganzheitlichere Architektur zu entwerfen, sondern auch die Wahrnehmung des interessierten Laien bereichern. -Seit "Architektur Erlebnis" (1959) des danischen Architekten Steen Eiler Rasmussen hat es keinen derart pragnanten und klar verstandlichen Text mehr gegeben, der Studenten und Architekten in diesen kritischen Zeiten dabei helfen kann, eine Architektur des 21. Jahrhunderts zu entwickeln.- Steven Holl Juhani Pallasmaa ist einer der angesehensten finnischen Architekten und Architekturtheoretiker. In allen Bereichen seiner theoretischen und gestalterischen Tatigkeit welche Architektur, Grafik Design, Stadteplanung und Ausstellungen umfasst betont er stets die zentrale Rolle von Identitat, Sinneserfahrung und Taktilitat."