The Ethnological Imagination

A Cross-cultural Critique of Modernity

Author: Fuyuki Kurasawa

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816642403

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 837

Fuyuki Kurasawa unearths what he terms "the ethnological imagination," a substantial countercurrent of thought that interprets and contests Western modernity's existing social order through comparison and contrast to a non-Western other. Kurasawa traces and critiques the writings of some of the key architects of this way of thinking: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, Claude Levi-Strauss, and Michel Foucault. In the work of these thinkers, Kurasawa finds little justification for two of the most prevalent claims about social theory: the wholesale "postmodern" dismissal of the social-theoretical enterprise because of its supposedly intractable ethnocentrism and imperialism, or, on the other hand, the traditionalist and historicist revival of a canon stripped of its intercultural foundations. Kurasawa's book defends a cultural perspective that eschews both the false universalism of "end of history" scenarios and the radical particularism embodied in the vision of "the clash of civilizations." It contends that the ethnological imagination can invigorate critical social theory by informing its response to an increasingly multicultural world--a response that calls for a reconsideration of the identity and boundaries of the West.

The Cambridge Companion to Durkheim

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander,Philip Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521806725

Category: Political Science

Page: 426

View: 4148

An authoritative and comprehensive collection of essays redefining the relevance of Durkheim to the human sciences in the twenty-first century.

Visions of the Social

Society as a Political Project in France, 1750-1950

Author: Jean Terrier

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004207252

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 8897

Taking the example of France between the Enlightenment and the Second World War and focusing especially on the connection between social theories and political projects, this book provides an original analysis of French scholarly debates on the nature of society.

Science in Action

How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674792913

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 7126

From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 6405

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Individualism in Modern Thought

From Adam Smith to Hayek

Author: Lorenzo Infantino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317798317

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 2816

This book is a comprehensive survey of methodological individualism in social, political and economic thought from the Enlightenment to the 20th century. Exploring the works of such figures as de Mandeville, Smith, Marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Simmel, Weber, Hayek, Popper and Parsons, this study underlines the contrasts between methodological collectivism and methodological individualism. The detailed analysis offered here also reveals the theoretical presuppositions behind the collectivist and individualist traditions and the practical consequences of their applications. Infantino concludes in favour of individualism.

The Intellectual as Stranger

Studies in Spokespersonship

Author: Dick Pels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134625979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 6547

The Intellectual as Stranger explores the historical association between images of the intellectual and those of the stranger, or the outsider to society. Using detailed case-studies, Pels examines the ambiguous strangerhood of political intellectuals such as Marx, Durkheim, Sorel, Freyer and Hendrik de Man.

Les sciences sociales à l'épreuve de l'action

le savant, le politique et l'Europe

Author: Bénédicte Zimmermann

Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme

ISBN: 9782735110414

Category: Political sociology

Page: 331

View: 3437

Inspiré par le modèle weberien de réflexion sur le rapport entre le savant et le politique, l'ouvrage analyse les changements survenus entre les politiques d'action publique et les sciences sociales depuis la constitution de l'espace européen. Les contributions portent sur les institutions de la France et de l'Allemagne, deux vieilles nations européennes où l'État-nation a joué un rôle prépondérant. La constitution de l'Europe et, plus généralement, d'un ordre économique mondial ont profondément bouleversé les rapports traditionnels entre l'État et les experts chargés de penser l'action. C'est d'abord la primauté même de l'État qui est remise en question. Comment, par conséquent, penser autrement les actions politiques ? Selon quels nouveaux paradigmes ? Quel est alors le rôle spécifique des sciences sociales dans ce renouvellement du cours du monde ? Telles sont les questions abordées dans le volume par les historiens, politistes, économistes et sociologues.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion

Author: John Corrigan

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195170210

Category: Philosophy

Page: 522

View: 3119

This volume collects essays under four categories: religious traditions, religious life, emotional states, and historical and theoretical perspectives. They describe the ways in which emotions affect various world religions, and analyse the manner in which certain components of religious represent and shape emotional performance.

Republicanism in Theory and Practice

Author: Iseult Honohan,Jeremy Jennings

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134247699

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8286

Recent claims that civic republicanism can better address contemporary political problems than either liberalism or communitarianism are generating an intense debate. This is a sharp insight into this debate, confronting normative theory with historical and comparative analysis. It examines whether republican theory can address contemporary political problems in ways that are both valuable and significantly different in practice from liberalism. These expert authors offer contrasting perspectives on issues raised by the contemporary revival of republicanism and adopt a variety of methodological approaches to address the practical implications of republican thought within a coherent thematic framework. This book also *clarifies core themes and contested areas of republican thought, especially the notion of liberty, the specific political institutions needed to realize it, and the nature of solidarity among citizens. * shows how republicanism continued to influence the development of liberal thought in nineteenth century Britain * examines the development of alternative republican discourses, including the established political practice and ideology of the French republican tradition * applies republican perspectives to contemporary political concerns such as the creation of social trust and the expansion of public accountability * explores the implications of republican theory for policy areas including houses, education and marriage in diverse multicultural societies This book will be of great interest to researchers and students studying republicanism in political science history, social policy and education. In addition, it is a valuable resource for those concerned with citizenship, democratic theory, multiculturalism, nationalism and patriotism, and politics beyond the nation-state.

Sociology and Philosophy (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135174253

Category: Philosophy

Page: 98

View: 2992

First published in English in 1953, this volume represents a collection of three essays written by seminal sociologist and philsopher Emile Durkheim in which he puts forward the thesis that society is both a dynamic system and the seat of moral life. Each essay stands alone, but their connecting thread is the dialectic demonstration that a phenomenon, be a sociological or psychological one, is relatively independent of its matrix. The essays provide a valuable insight into Durkeheimian thought on sociological and philsophical matters and offer an excellent guide to Durkheim for students of both disciplines.

The Division of Labor in Society

Author: Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439118248

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 5848

Revised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader. When it was originally published, The Division of Labor in Society was an entirely original work on the nature of labor and production as they were being shaped by the industrial revolution. Emile Durkheim’s seminal work studies the nature of social solidarity and explores the ties that bind one person to the next in order to hold society together. This revised and updated second edition fluently conveys Durkheim’s arguments for contemporary readers. Leading Durkheim scholar Steve Lukes’s new introduction builds upon Lewis Coser’s original—which places the work in its intellectual and historical context and pinpoints its central ideas and arguments. Lukes explains the text’s continued significance as a tool to think about and deal with problems that face us today. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. The Division of Labor in Society is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.

Emile Durkheim

Sociologist and Moralist

Author: Stephen Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134869010

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6652

International scholarship over the last twenty years has produced a new understanding of Emile Durkheim as a thinker. It has contributed to reassembling what, for Durkheim, was always a whole: a sociological selection on morals and moral activism. This volume presents an overview of Durkheim's thought and is representative of the best of contemporary Durkheim scholarship.

1895 Durkheim

l'avènement de la sociologie scientifique

Author: Jean-Michel Berthelot

Publisher: Presses Univ. du Mirail

ISBN: 9782858162567

Category: Sociologie - Méthodologie

Page: 186

View: 7400

Il y a exactement un siècle, Emile Durdheim publiait Les règles de la méthode sociologique. A l'encontre de ses contemporains, il cherchait à y définir le programme d'une discipline susceptible d'appliquer la méthode des sciences expérimentales à l'analyse des faits sociaux. Froidement accueilli, diversement apprécizé, le livre de Durdheim est, dès sa parution objet de commentaires et de controverses. Jean-michel Berthelot s'attache à retrouver l'économie complexe d'un texte souvent méconnu, à restaurer et resituer le programme d'analyse des faits sociaux qu'il propose. Il s'efforce de saisir, à travers les lectures successives et les appréciations diverses dont a été l'objet l'ouvrage, une image composite, instruisant tout autant sur le tourment d'une discipline en construction que sur la polysémie d'un texte fondateur.