Max Scheler's Acting Persons

New Perspectives

Author: Stephen Frederick Schneck

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042015906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 181

View: 8124

This book gathers six trenchant new analyses of the idea of the person as raised by the German philosopher and social theorist Max Scheler (1874–1928). The issues raised in the volume are both timely and perennial, from considerations of postmodernity, phenomenology, and metaphysics, to sharp-edged comparisons with other thinkers, including Immanuel Kant, Martin Heidegger, Emmanuel Levinas, Eric Voegelin, Richard Rorty, and Hannah Arendt.

Early Modern Natural Law Theories

Context and Strategies in the Early Enlightenment

Author: T. Hochstrasser,P. Schröder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402015694

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 4832

The study of natural law theories is presently one of the most fruitful areas of research in the studies of early modern intellectual history, and moral and political theory. Likewise the historical significance of the Enlightenment for the development of 'modernisation' in many different forms continues to be the subject of controversy. This collection therefore offers a timely opportunity to re-examine both the coherence of the concept of an 'early Enlightenment', and the specific contribution of natural law theories to its formation. The works of major thinkers such as Grotius, Hobbes, Locke, Malebranche, Pufendorf and Thomasius are reassessed, and the appeal and importance of the discourse of natural jurisprudence both to those working inside conventional educational and political structures and to those outside - such as in the Huguenot diaspora - is evaluated. This volume will therefore be of importance to all those readers concerned to study the character of the debates in the period 1650-1750 surrounding moral and political agency, sovereignty and obligation, and the legitimation of religious toleration in the divergent states and patriotic contexts of Europe.

The Emergence of German Idealism

Author: Michael Baur,Daniel O. Dahlstrom

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 9780813209289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 3450

The Fourier Transform in Biomedical Engineering surveys and introduces the Fourier Transform as a useful and practical technique in the biomedical sciences. The material covered in this primer will educate the reader in the fundamentals of Fourier theory through the use of practical demonstrations and examples. This new text is intended to interest scientists in biomedicine, medical imaging, and related fields. The careful explanations and many examples provide the essential material for those who require an understanding of the significance of temporal and spatial spectral analysis. This book will also serve as a useful resource to medical technologists and physicians for whom a grasp of Fourier principles would aid in their understanding of instruments such as CT and MR scanners.

Love's Transcendence and the Problem of Theodicy

Author: Claudia Welz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161495618

Category: Philosophy

Page: 437

View: 6183

Since the problem of theodicy concerns all dimensions of human existence and cannot be reduced to a logical problem of consistency, it cannot be resolved by means of a theodicy, a rational defense of God before the tribunal of human reason. But how can we deal with 'the wound of negativity?' Claudia Welz explores responses that do not end up in a theodicy. Instead of asking about the origin and sense (or non-sense) of evil and suffering, she considers God's (non)phenomenality, the dialectics of God's givenness and hiddenness. Neither God nor evil is given 'as such;' rather, God and evil are determined for someone as something within specific contexts of experience. How does God appear in human life, and how is his phenomenal presence or non-presence related to the ambiguities of our lives? In the center of the book, Kierkegaard's and Rosenzweig's answers, their reasons for having no reason to defend God and their ethics of love are discussed 'between' German idealism and French phenomenology. Both of them follow Kant's practical turn of the problem of theodicy, oppose Hegel's theodicy through history and anticipate Levinas' idea to look for the traces of God's transcendence in human movements of self-transcendence. Moreover, they have remarkable contributions to the current debates on 'metaphysics of presence' and 'onto-theology.' In dialogue with Levinas, the presence of God's love is in question, in dialogue with Derrida God's presence as a gift, and in dialogue with Marion the gift of God's presence as a so-called 'saturated' self-giving phenomenon . In conclusion to these discussions, theology is developed as semiotic phenomenology of the Invisible.

Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill

Author: Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773564128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 704

View: 485

Jacobi's polemical tract Concerning the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Herr Moses Mendelssohn propelled him to notoriety in 1785. This work, as well as David Hume on Faith, or Idealism and Realism, Jacobi to Fichte, and the novel Allwill, is included in George di Giovanni's translation. In a comprehensive introductory essay di Giovanni situates Jacobi in the historical and philosophical context of his time, and shows how Jacobi's life and work reflect the tensions inherent in the late Enlightenment.

Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Germany, 1800-1914

Author: Helmut Walser Smith

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859735602

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9948

In the course of the nineteenth century, the boundaries that divided Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Germany were redrawn, challenged, rendered porous and built anew. This book addresses this redrawing. It considers the relations of three religious groups-Protestants, Catholics, and Jews-and asks how, by dint of their interaction, they affected one another. Previously, historians have written about these communities as if they lived in isolation. Yet these groups coexisted in common space, and interacted in complex ways. This is the first book that brings these separate stories together and lays the foundation for a new kind of religious history that foregrounds both cooperation and conflict across the religious divides. The authors analyze the influences that shaped religious coexistence and they place the valences of co-operation and conflict in deep social and cultural contexts. The result is a significantly altered understanding of the emergence of modern religious communities as well as new insights into the origins of the German tragedy, which involved the breakdown of religious coexistence.

Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

And Other Writings

Author: Immanuel Kant,Allen Wood,George Di Giovanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599641

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 2343

Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.

From Luther to Kierkegaard

A Study in the History of Theology

Author: Jaroslav Pelikan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 171

View: 1501

The great early church and Luther scholar, Dr. Jaroslav Pelikan, in this one of his earliest published works, offers in this volume an analysis of the relationship between philosophical thought and Lutheran theology since the time of the Reformation.

Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered

Author: Philip J. Rossi,Michael J. Wreen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 8745

"The essays, both philosophical and historical, demonstrate the continuing significance of a neglected aspect of Kant’s thought." —Religious Studies Review Challenging the traditional view that Kant's account of religion was peripheral to his thinking, these essays demonstrate the centrality of religion to Kant's critical philosophy. Contributors are Sharon Anderson-Gold, Leslie A. Mulholland, Anthony N. Perovich, Jr., Philip J. Rossi, Joseph Runzo, Denis Savage, Walter Sparn, Burkhard Tuschling, Nicholas P. Wolterstorff, and Allen W. Wood.

Versuch Einer Kritik Aller Offenbarung

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781533156440

Category:

Page: 184

View: 7388

Notice: This Book is published by Historical Books Limited (www.publicdomain.org.uk) as a Public Domain Book, if you have any inquiries, requests or need any help you can just send an email to [email protected] This book is found as a public domain and free book based on various online catalogs, if you think there are any problems regard copyright issues please contact us immediately via [email protected]

In Defense of Kant's Religion

Author: Chris L. Firestone,Nathan Jacobs

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253000718

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 5087

Chris L. Firestone and Nathan Jacobs integrate and interpret the work of leading Kant scholars to come to a new and deeper understanding of Kant's difficult book, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In this text, Kant's vocabulary and language are especially tortured and convoluted. Readers have often lost sight of the thinker's deep ties to Christianity and questioned the viability of the work as serious philosophy of religion. Firestone and Jacobs provide strong and cogent grounds for taking Kant's religion seriously and defend him against the charges of incoherence. In their reading, Christian essentials are incorporated into the confines of reason, and they argue that Kant establishes a rational religious faith in accord with religious conviction as it is elaborated in his mature philosophy. For readers at all levels, this book articulates a way to ground religion and theology in a fully fledged defense of Religion which is linked to the larger corpus of Kant's philosophical enterprise.

The Riddles of Philosophy

Author: Rudolf Steiner

Publisher: SteinerBooks

ISBN: 162151174X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8901

"Rudolf Steiner's Riddles of Philosophy: Presented in an Outline of Its History is not a history of philosophy in the usual sense of the word. It does not give a history of the philosophical systems, nor does it present a number of philosophical problems historically. Its real concern touches on something deeper than this, on riddles rather than problems. Philosophical concepts, systems and problems are, to be sure, to be dealt with in this book. But it is not their history that is to be described here. Where they are discussed they become symptoms rather than the objects of the search. The search itself wants to reveal a process that is overlooked in the usual history of philosophy. It is the mysterious process in which philosophical thinking appears in human history. Philosophical thinking as it is here meant is known only in Western civilization. Oriental philosophy has its origin in a different kind of consciousness, and it is not to be considered in this book. "What is new here is the treatment of the history of philosophic thinking as a manifestation of the evolution of human consciousness. Such a treatment requires a fine sense of observation. Not merely the thoughts must be observed, but behind them the thinking in which they appear. "To follow Steiner in his subtle description of the process of the metamorphosis of this thinking in the history of philosophy we should remember he sees the human consciousness in an evolution. It has not always been what it is now, and what it is now it will not be in the future. This is a fundamental conception of anthroposophy." --From the introduction by Fritz C. A. Koelln:

The Star of Redemption

Author: Franz Rosenzweig,Barbara E. Galli

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 029920720X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 459

View: 5505

The Star of Redemption is essential reading for anyone interested in understanding religion and philosophy in the twentieth century. Fusing philosophy and theology, the book assigns both Judaism and Christianity distinct but equally important roles in the spiritual structure of the world. Franz Rosenzweig finds in both biblical religions approaches to a comprehension of reality. The major themes and motifs of The Star—the birth, life, death, and the immortality of the soul; Eastern philosophies and Jewish mysticism; the relationship between God, world and humanity over time; and revelation as the real biblical miracle of faith and path to redemption—resonate meaningfully.