Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination

Moral Foundations for International Law

Author: Allen Buchanan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191522465

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 3640

This book articulates a systematic vision of an international legal system grounded in the commitment to justice for all persons. It provides a probing exploration of the moral issues involved in disputes about secession, ethno-national conflict, 'the right of self-determination of peoples,' human rights, and the legitimacy of the international legal system itself. Buchanan advances vigorous criticisms of the central dogmas of international relations and international law, arguing that the international legal system should make justice, not simply peace, among states a primary goal, and rejecting the view that it is permissible for a state to conduct its foreign policies exclusively according to what is in the 'the national interest'. He also shows that the only alternatives are not rigid adherence to existing international law or lawless chaos in which the world's one superpower pursues its own interests without constraints. This book not only criticizes the existing international legal order, but also offers morally defensible and practicable principles for reforming it. Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination will find a broad readership in political science, international law, and political philosophy. Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy and also work in applied political theory. The series contains works of outstanding quality with no restrictions as to approach or subject matter. Series Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan

Sovereign Equality and Moral Disagreement

Author: Brad Roth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195342666

Category: Law

Page: 303

View: 2940

The boundaries of the international order's pluralism remain variable, and relative convergences in both values and interests over time have led to the broadening of exceptions to sovereign prerogative, such as jus cogens, universal jurisdiction, and humanitarian intervention. With little prospect of these long term trends diminishing in either momentum or scope, this book weighs in to consider the enduring importance of sovereignty.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 6013

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Overcoming Poststructuralism

Rawls, Kratochwil and the Structure of Normative Reasoning in International Relations

Author: A. O'Loughlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113738073X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 281

View: 9183

Through the use of a poststructuralist perspective, Antony O'Loughlin challenges the most basic tenets of International Relations Theory and deploys Rawlsian ideas of public reason in conjunction with Kratochwil's conceptions of practical reason in order to put forward a theory that overcomes the challenges posed by poststructuralism.

Menschenrechte und Volkssouveränität in Europa

Gerichte als Vormund der Demokratie?

Author: Gret Haller,Klaus Günther,Ulfrid Neumann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593392836

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 3320

Was als Grund- und Menschenrechte gelten soll, muss von den Berechtigten immer wieder ausgehandelt werden. Wie das geschieht und wie spannungsreich dieser Prozess ist, zeigt dieser Band. International sind vor allem die Gerichte von Bedeutung, so der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte in Straßburg und der Europäische Gerichtshof in Luxemburg. Auf der nationalen Ebene geht es um die Zuteilung von Kompetenzen an verfassungsgebende Versammlungen, Parlamente und Gerichte. Deutlich wird, dass trotz aller Vereinheitlichungen in Europa eine große nationale Vielfalt besteht.

International Law for International Relations

Author: Basak Cali

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199558426

Category: Law

Page: 431

View: 9307

The breadth of international law and institutions in contemporary global politics means it is no longer possible to make sense of international politics without understanding international law. This is the ideal text for students of international relations who have not previously studied law.

The Philosophy of International Law

Author: Samantha Besson,John Tasioulas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199208581

Category: Law

Page: 611

View: 3015

This text contains 29 cutting-edge essays by philosophers and lawyers which address the central philosophical questions about international law. Its overarching theme is the moral and political values that should guide and shape the assessment and development of international law and institutions.

National Self-Determination and Justice in Multinational States

Author: Anna Moltchanova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048126910

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 1902

Substate nationalism, especially in the past fifteen years, has noticeably affected the political and territorial stability of many countries, both democratic and democratizing. Norms exist to limit the behavior of collective agents in relation to individuals; the set of universally accepted human rights provides a basic framework. There is a lacuna in international law, however, in the regulation of the behavior of groups toward other groups, with the exception of relations among states. The book offers a normative approach to moderate minority nationalism that treats minorities and majorities in multinational states justly and argues for the differentiation of group rights based on how group agents are constituted. It argues that group agency requires a shared set of beliefs concerning membership and the social ontology it offers ensures that group rights can be aligned with individual rights. It formulates a set of principles that, if adopted, would aid conflict resolution in multinational states. The book pays special attention to national self-determination in transitional societies. The book is intended for everyone in political philosophy and political science interested in global justice and international law and legal practitioners interested in normative issues and group rights

The Thin Justice of International Law

A Moral Reckoning of the Law of Nations

Author: Steven R. Ratner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191009113

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 8201

In a world full of armed conflict and human misery, global justice remains one of the most compelling missions of our time. Understanding the promises and limitations of global justice demands a careful appreciation of international law, the web of binding norms and institutions that help govern the behaviour of states and other global actors. This book provides a new interdisciplinary approach to global justice, one that integrates the work and insights of international law and contemporary ethics. It asks whether the core norms of international law are just, appraising them according to a standard of global justice derived from the fundamental values of peace and the protection of human rights. Through a combination of a careful explanation of the legal norms and philosophical argument, Ratner concludes that many international law norms meet such a standard of justice, even as distinct areas of injustice remain within the law and the verdict is still out on others. Among the subjects covered in the book are the rules on the use of force, self-determination, sovereign equality, the decision making procedures of key international organizations, the territorial scope of human rights obligations (including humanitarian intervention), and key areas of international economic law. Ultimately, the book shows how an understanding of international law's moral foundations will enrich the global justice debate, while exposing the ethical consequences of different rules.

Politics of International Law and International Justice

Author: Edwin Egede

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748684522

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 8107

A textbook introduction to international law and justice is specially written for students studying law in other departments, such as politics and IR. Students will engage with debates surrounding sovereignty and global governance, sovereign and diplomati

On Global Justice

Author: Mathias Risse

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 6580

Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.

Community and Collective Rights

A Theoretical Framework for Rights Held by Groups

Author: Dwight Newman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317782

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 7130

This book presents an argument for the existence of moral rights held by groups and a resulting account of how to reconcile group rights with individual rights and with the rights of other groups. Throughout, the author shows applications to actual legal and political controversies, thus tying the normative theory to actual legal practice. The author presents collective moral rights as an underlying normative explanation for various legal norms protecting group rights in domestic and international legal contexts. Examples at issue include rights held by indigenous peoples, by trade unions, and by religious and cultural minority groups. The account also bears on contemporary discussions of multiculturalism and recognition, on debates about reasonable accommodation of minority communities, and on claims for third generation human rights. The book will thus be relevant both to theorists and to legal and human rights practitioners interested in related areas.

Legal Republicanism

National and International Perspectives

Author: Samantha Besson,José Luis Martí

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199559163

Category: Law

Page: 347

View: 7219

Interest in republicanism as a political theory has burgeoned in recent years, but its implications for the understanding of law have remained largely unexplored. Legal Republicanism is the first book to offer a comprehensive, critical survey of the potential for creating republican accounts of fundamental issues in law and legal theory. Bringing together contributors with backgrounds in political and legal philosophy, the essays in the volume assess republicanism's historical traditions, conceptual coherence, and normative proposals. The collection offers a valuable insight into new debates taking place in republican political and legal theory. It also analyses potential republican approaches to concrete issues arising in areas of law such as criminal, constitutional and international law. Finally, the book includes comparisons between republican legal traditions and how they react to contemporary challenges. The book will be of value to political and democratic theorists, to legal philosophers and constitutional theorists, and all those interested in the legitimacy of decision-making in national and international settings.

Internationale Politische Theorie

Eine Einführung

Author: Regina Kreide,Andreas Niederberger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476054705

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 1698

Genese eines neuen Theoriefeldes der Philosophie. Internationale Politische Theorie ist ein relativ neuer Bereich in Philosophie und Politikwissenschaft, der aufgrund der politischen und globalen Entwicklungen (Globalisierung des Wirtschafts- und Finanzsystems, Finanzkrise, weltweite Prozesse der Demokratisierung, Staatenzerfall etc.) zunehmend an Bedeutung gewinnt. Der Einführungsband erklärt, was diese neue Theorierichtung auszeichnet, wie die Diskussion verschiedener Themen bislang verlief, welche gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen an die Politische Theorie und Philosophie gestellt werden, und welche Antworten die Internationale Politische Theorie darauf geben kann.

Report

Author: National Humanities Center (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 7069


Politische Legitimität und zerfallene Staatlichkeit

Author: Cord Schmelzle

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593504650

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 1494

Was geht verloren, wenn Staaten zerfallen? Das Auseinanderbrechen von staatlichen Institutionen ist heute eines der drängendsten Probleme der internationalen Politik. Mit Cord Schmelzles Studie liegt nun die erste Monografie vor, die dieses Phänomen aus Perspektive der politischen Theorie und Philosophie untersucht. Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Begriffe Legitimität und Staatlichkeit entwickelt der Autor eine neuartige Theorie der Rechtfertigung von Herrschaftsverhältnissen und des Wertes staatlicher Ordnungssysteme und fragt, wie die internationale Gemeinschaft auf Fälle von Staatszerfall reagieren sollte.

No Return, No Refuge

Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation

Author: Howard Adelman,Elazar Barkan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526903

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6580

Refugee displacement is a global phenomenon that has uprooted millions of individuals over the past century. In the 1980s, repatriation became the preferred option for resolving the refugee crisis. As human rights achieved global eminence, refugees' right of return fell under its umbrella. Yet return as a right and its practice as a rite created a radical disconnect between principle and everyday practice, and the repatriation of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) remains elusive in cases of forced displacement of victims by ethnic conflict. Reviewing cases of ethnic displacement throughout the twentieth century in Europe, Asia, and Africa, Howard Adelman and Elazar Barkan juxtapose the empirical lack of repatriation in cases of ethnic conflict, unless accompanied by coercion. The emphasis on repatriation during the last several decades has obscured other options, leaving refugees to spend years warehoused in camps. Repatriation takes place when identity, defined by ethnicity or religion, is not at the center of the displacing conflict, or when the ethnic group to which the refugees belong are not a minority in their original country or in the region to which they want to return. Rather than perpetuate a ritual belief in return as a right without the prospect of realization, Adelman and Barkan call for solutions that bracket return as a primary focus in cases of ethnic conflict.

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 4363

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Frieden und Gerechtigkeit in der Bibel und in kirchlichen Traditionen

Politisch-ethische Herausforderungen

Author: Sarah Jäger,Horst Scheffler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658208880

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 5003

Der Begriff des gerechten Friedens impliziert engen Zusammenhang von Frieden und Gerechtigkeit. Auch in biblischen Traditionen wird die Verknüpfung beider Begriffe deutlich. So umfasst der biblische Friedensbegriff Schalom stets auch Dimensionen der Gerechtigkeit. Das Zusammendenken von Frieden und Gerechtigkeit hat seine Wurzeln in der alttestamentlichen Tradition und zieht sich als roter Faden durch die kirchlichen Traditionen. Frieden und Gerechtigkeit können aber auch in einem Spannungsverhältnis stehen und zueinander in Widerspruch geraten. So kann die Umsetzung von Gerechtigkeit den Frieden gefährden (Kriege im Namen der Gerechtigkeit), und auch umgekehrt kann die Verwirklichung von Frieden als ungerecht empfunden werden.