Justice across Boundaries

Whose Obligations?

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495477

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8619

Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a broad array of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Justice across Boundaries

Whose Obligations?

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107538177

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 6068

Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a broad array of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Towards Justice and Virtue

A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521485593

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 5437

Constructs an account of the basic principles for moving towards just institutions and virtuous lives.

Justice at a Distance

Author: Loren E. Lomasky,Fernando R. Tesón

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107115868

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 8584

Justice at a Distance argues that global justice is largely caused by ill-designed local political structures, not because of insufficient aid.

Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894531

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 1888

Onora O'Neill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy (so widely relied on in bioethics) are philosophically and ethically inadequate; they undermine rather than support relationships based on trust. Her arguments are illustrated with issues raised by such practices as the use of genetic information by the police, research using human tissues, new reproductive technologies, and media practices for reporting on medicine, science and technology. The study appeals to a wide range of readers in ethics, bioethics and related disciplines.

A Question of Trust

The BBC Reith Lectures 2002

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 8592

Onora O'Neill's timely new work highlights a great paradox: in order to inspire trust, we, the public, require more accountability, more transparency. But the more we learn about our financial institutions, our politicians, our medical practitioners, our clergy, and many other people who have a direct effect on our lives, the less willing we are to trust them. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable in a modern democracy? Or do complex systems of accountability and control damage trust? O'nora O' Neill challenges current approaches to accountability, investigates sources of deception in our society and re-examines questions of press freedom. |L O'Neill presented these ideas this spring as a part of the BBC Radio 4's reith Lectures. Established in 1948, the Reith Lectures are presented to advance public understanding about significant issues of contemporary interest. Previous lecturers include Bertrand Russel, Robert Oppenheimer, and J.K. Galbraith.

Human Rights: Moral Or Political?

Author: Adam Etinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198713258

Category: Philosophy

Page: 528

View: 5971

Over the past decade or so, philosophical speculation about human rights has tended to fall into two streams. On the one hand, there are "Orthodox" theorists, who think of human rights as natural rights: moral rights that we have simply in virtue of being human. On the other hand, there are"Political" theorists, who think of human rights as rights that play a distinctive role, or set of roles, in modern international politics: setting universal standards of political legitimacy, serving as norms of international concern, and/or imposing limits on the exercise of national sovereignty.This edited volume explores this disagreement, its underlying sources, and related issues in the philosophy of human rights. Using the Orthodox-Political debate as a springboard for broader reflection, the volume covers a diverse range of questions about: the relevance of the history of human rightsto their philosophical comprehension; how to properly understand the relationship between human rights morality and law; how to balance the normative character of human rights - their description of an ideal world - with the requirement that they be feasible in the here and now; the role of humanrights in a world shaped by politics and power; and how to reconcile the individualistic and communitarian aspects of human rights.All chapters are accompanied by useful and probing commentaries, which help to create dialogues throughout the entire volume.

Acting on Principle

An Essay on Kantian Ethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107512433

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3213

'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published in 1975, the book is regarded as a classic account and defence of the Kantian ethical position. It addresses Kant's account of reasoning about action, in particular his controversial claim that the Categorical Imperative guides action and is basic to ethics and justice. This second edition offers a substantial new introduction and updated bibliography, and will be valuable for a wide readership in Kant studies and those studying ethics.

Bounds of Justice

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 9113

Argues for a concept of justice that takes account of boundaries, institutions and human diversity.

States, Nations and Borders

The Ethics of Making Boundaries

Author: Allen Buchanan,Margaret Moore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525756

Category: Philosophy

Page: 361

View: 4306

Examines the views of seven prominent ethical traditions on the making and unmaking of boundaries.

The Uninvited

Refugees at the Rich Man's Gate

Author: Jeremy Harding

Publisher: Profile Books Limited

ISBN: 9781861972118

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 465

Documentary journalism! Part one reports on the influx of refugees to Europe coming from Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, North Africa and part two gives an overview of the European asylum debate by looking at the situation of the growing numbers of illegal immigrants.

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780935587

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3386

Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.

Justice for Earthlings

Essays in Political Philosophy

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107028795

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 1864

David Miller explores what justice means for real people and challenges philosophical theories that ignore the facts of human life.

The Politics of the Human

Author: Anne Phillips

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110709397X

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 3829

An elegant and forceful argument that represents the claim to equality as central to the meaning of being human.

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Signal

ISBN: 9780771038518

Category:

Page: 464

View: 4532

Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo Sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.

A Theory of Justice

Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 623

View: 986

Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

Exploring the Boundaries of Big Data

Author: Bart van der Sloot,Dennis Broeders,Erik Schrijvers

Publisher: WRR Verkenningen

ISBN: 9789462983588

Category: Big data

Page: 286

View: 8132

Though the exact nature and delineation of Big Data is still unclear, it seems likely that Big Data will have an enormous impact on our daily lives. 'Exploring the Boundaries of Big Data' serves as preparatory work for The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy's advice to the Dutch government, which has asked the Council to address questions regarding Big Data, security and privacy. It is divided into five parts, each part engaging with a different perspective on Big Data: the technical, empirical, legal, regulatory and international perspective.

The First English Detectives

The Bow Street Runners and the Policing of London, 1750-1840

Author: J. M. Beattie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695164

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 4949

This is the first comprehensive study of the Bow Street Runners, a group of men established in the middle of the eighteenth century by Henry Fielding to confront violent offenders on the streets and highways around London.