Journalism and Democracy

An Evaluation of the Political Public Sphere

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415212804

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 958

The public sphere is said to be in crisis. Dumbing down, tabloidisation, infotainment and spin are alleged to contaminate it, adversely affecting the quality of political journalism and of democracy itself. There is a pervasive pessimism about the relationship between the media and democracy, and widespread concern for the future of the political process. Journalism and Democracy challenges this orthodoxy, arguing instead for an alternative, more optimistic evaluation of the contemporary public sphere and its contribution to the political process. Brian McNair argues not only that the quantity of political information in mass circulation has expanded hugely in the late twentieth century, but that political journalism has become steadily more rigorous and effective in its criticism of elites, more accessible to the public, and more thorough in its coverage of the political process. Journalism and Democracy combines textual analysis and extensive in-depth interviews with political journalists, editors, presenters and documentary makers. In separate chapters devoted to the political news agenda, the political interview, punditry, public access media and spin doctoring, McNair considers whether dumbing down is a genuinely new trend in political journalism, or a kind of moral panic, provoked by suspicion of mass involvement in culture.

Understanding Community Media

SAGE Publications

Author: Kevin Howley

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342859

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 6788

A text that reveals the value and significance of community media in an era of global communication With contributions from an international team of well-known experts, media activists, and promising young scholars, this comprehensive volume examines community-based media from theoretical, empirical, and practical perspectives. More than 30 original essays provide an incisive and timely analysis of the relationships between media and society, technology and culture, and communication and community. Key Features Provides vivid examples of community and alternative media initiatives from around the world Explores a wide range of media institutions, forms, and practices—community radio, participatory video, street newspapers, Independent Media Centers, and community informatics Offers cutting-edge analysis of community and alternative media with original essays from new, emerging, and established voices in the field Takes a multidimensional approach to community media studies by highlighting the social, economic, cultural, and political significance of alternative, independent, and community-oriented media organizations Enters the ongoing debates regarding the theory and practice of community media in a comprehensive and engaging fashion Intended Audience This core text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Community Media, Alternative Media, Media & Social Change, Communication & Culture, and Participatory Communication in the departments of communication, media studies, sociology, and cultural studies.

Practicing Democracy

Local Activism and Politics in France and Finland

Author: E. Luhtakallio

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230363512

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 3875

This book is about the mundane, local, every day practices that constitutes democracy. Focusing on France and Finland, the book defines politicization as the key process in understanding democracy in different cultural contexts and shows a nuanced picture of two opposite models of European politics.

Global Political Marketing

Author: Jennifer Lees-Marshment,Chris Rudd,Jesper Stromback

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135261393

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9176

There is increasing awareness of growing similarities in political marketing practices around the world. Global political marketing is a comprehensive analysis of why, how and with what affect parties use political marketing in a range of political systems - presidential, parliamentary, two and multi-party, and established and emerging democracies. Written by a team of 25 international expert authors, the volume explores the impact of systemic features such as the party and electoral system, analysing how parties use marketing through 14 detailed country studies. The book explores the notion that political marketing is used by parties to both sell and design political products, is by no means confined to the opposition, and that many opinions besides those of the voters are considered in product design, including ideological anchors, expert opinion and party members’ input. The authors also explore how other factors impact on political marketing effectiveness, such as the ability of governments to communicate delivery, stay in touch, the role of the media and party unity and culture. Finally the work discusses the democratic implications of market-oriented parties, highlighting the need for debate about the relationship between citizens and governments and the prospects for democracy in the 21st century. Including a practitioner perspective as well as rigorous academic analysis, this collection provides the first global comprehensive overview of how political parties market themselves, it will be of great interest to all scholars of political marketing, parties and elections and comparative politics.

Glasnost, Perestroika, and the Soviet Media

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415035511

Category: History

Page: 231

View: 4214

Soviet journalists are at the center of the tumultuous changes taking place in the USSR today. As Stalinist regimes across Eastern Europe are dismantled, the reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev have transformed Soviet political, social and economic life. Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media examines the implications of these changes for the Soviet news and television media. It traces the development of Soviet journalism through the writings of Marx and Lenin, the distortions of Stalin and Brezhnev, and the reforms of the Gorbachev era, culminating in the new press law, which provides greater freedom of the press and freedom of information. The discussion is accompanied by analysis of the content of Soviet print and television journalism, including chapters on Soviet news coverage of the superpower summits in Rejkyavik and Moscow, a comparison of Soviet and Western reporting of international affairs, and the impact of glasnost on Soviet media images ofwomen.

The Internet in China

Cyberspace and Civil Society

Author: Zixue Tai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135869901

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 6691

The Internet in China examines the cultural and political ramifications of the Internet for Chinese society. The rapid growth of the Internet has been enthusiastically embraced by the Chinese government, but the government has also rushed to seize control of the virtual environment. Individuals have responded with impassioned campaigns against official control of information. The emergence of a civil society via cyberspace has had profound effects upon China--for example, in 2003, based on an Internet campaign, the Chinese Supreme People's Court overturned the ruling of a local court for the first time since the Communist Party came to power in 1949. The important question this book asks is not whether the Internet will democratize China, but rather in what ways the Internet is democratizing communication in China. How is the Internet empowering individuals by fostering new types of social spaces and redefining existing social relations?

The Political Pundits

Author: Dan D. Nimmo,James E. Combs

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275935450

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 195

View: 8613

The Political Pundits surveys in detail the small, elite group of persons who comment on and analyze politics in newspapers and newsmagazines, on political media. Dan Nimmo and James E. Combs discuss the key political role pundits play, their methods and strategies, and the potential danger they present to American political life. American democracy is being transformed into a punditocracy, which replaces serious citizen debate with discussion guided by show business values. Punditry, Nimmo and Combs argue, produces symbolic rather than effective healing of political ills, political paternalism rather than political reflection, and, in the end, public disenchantment with politics.

The Handbook of Global Online Journalism

Author: Eugenia Siapera,Andreas Veglis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118313941

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 528

View: 6434

The Handbook to Global Online Journalism features acollection of readings from international practitioners andscholars that represent a comprehensive and state-of-the-artoverview of the relationship between the internet and journalismaround the world. Provides a state-of-the-art overview of current research andfuture directions of online journalism Traces the evolution of journalistic practices, businessmodels, and shifting patterns of journalistic cultures that haveemerged around the world with the migration of news online Written and edited by top international researchers andpractitioners in the area of online journalism Features an extensive breadth of coverage, including economics,organizational practices, contents and experiences Discusses developments in online news in a wide range ofcountries, from the USA to Brazil, and from Germany to China Contains original theory, new research data, and reviews ofexisting studies in the field

The Making of Citizens

Young People, News and Politics

Author: David Buckingham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134610580

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 8233

Based on research conducted in Britain and the US, The Making of Citizens traces the dynamic complexities of young people's interpretations of news, and their judgements about the ways in which key social and political issues are represented. Rather than bemoaning young people's ignorance, he argues that we need to rethink what counts as political understanding in contemporary societies, suggesting that we need forms of factual reporting that will engage more effectively with young people's changing perceptions of themselves as citizens. The Making of Citizens provides a significant contribution to the study of media audiences and a timely intervention in contemporary debates about citizenship and political education.

Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil

Author: Carolina Matos

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739138200

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 976

Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil is an investigation into the complexities of the relationship established between the media and the government in the aftermath of the Brazilian dictatorship. It examines the role of the mainstream press in the process of the democratization of the Latin American nation from 1984 to 2002 and questions to what extent the communications industry was able to offer contributions to the creation of wider democratic spaces for debate in the media's public sphere.Matos concludes that the commercial media did have a role in advancing the cause of democracy in Brazil, though limited by political and economic constraints. By focusing on the analysis of key post-dictatorship political and presidential campaigns, this book discusses the inherent tension between the media and the Brazilian state and shows how crucial the impact of these campaigns was in the formation of power hierarchies in society and politics. An important work that highlights the struggle for the wider inclusion social and political players in the media's ongoing dialogue on democratization,Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil provides a picture of the forms of media that have grown out of the diverse political interests of Brazilian society.

Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203192191

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4787

The reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev have brought tumultuous change to political, social and economic life in the Soviet Union. But how have these changes affected Soviet press and television reporting? Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media examines the changing role of Soviet journalism from its theoretical origins in the writings of Marx and Lenin to the new freedoms of the Gorbachev era. The book includes detailed analysis of contemporary Soviet media output, as well as interviews with Soviet journalists.

Die Gegen-Demokratie

Politik im Zeitalter des Misstrauens

Author: Pierre Rosanvallon

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868549269

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9081

Obgleich das demokratische Ideal uneingeschränkt bejaht wird, stehen die Systeme, die sich auf das Ideal berufen, immer heftiger in der Kritik. Doch diese Differenz ist nicht so neu, wie sie scheint: Historisch betrachtet ist die Demokratie immer schon als Versprechen und Problem zugleich in Erscheinung getreten. Denn der Grundsatz, Regierungen durch den Wählerwillen zu legitimieren, ging stets mit Misstrauensbekundungen der Bürger gegenüber den etablierten Mächten einher. Die Gegen-Demokratie ist nicht das Gegenteil von Demokratie, sie ist Bestandteil der parlamentarisch-repräsentativen Demokratie, somit permanenter Ausdruck von Misstrauen gegenüber den gewählten Institutionen. Gleichzeitig ist sie aber auch Ausdruck des politischen Engagements der Bürger_innen jenseits der Wahlurnen. Der Begriff Gegen-Demokratie hebt das Widersprüchliche des Misstrauens hervor, das einerseits die Wachsamkeit der Bürger_innen fördert und auf diese Weise dazu beiträgt, die staatlichen Instanzen für gesellschaftliche Forderungen empfänglicher zu machen, das andererseits aber auch destruktive Formen von Ablehnung und Verleumdung begünstigen kann. Das heißt: Die Gegen-Demokratie bestätigt nicht nur, sie kann auch widersprechen. Rosanvallon entfaltet die verschiedenen Aspekte von Gegen-Demokratie und schreibt ihre Geschichte. Nicht zuletzt plädiert er dafür, die ständige Rede von der Politikverdrossenheit zu überdenken. Denn es ist eher von einem Wandel als von einem Niedergang des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements zu sprechen. Verändert haben sich lediglich das Repertoire, die Träger und die Ziele des politischen Ausdrucks. Die Bürger_innen haben inzwischen viele Alternativen zum Wahlzettel, um ihre Sorgen und Beschwerden zu artikulieren. Die politische Form der Gegen-Demokratie sollte im Diskurs der Politikverdrossenheit nicht unterschätzt, sondern aktiv genutzt werden.

Television and the Public Sphere

Citizenship, Democracy and the Media

Author: Peter Dahlgren

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446265765

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 4780

In this broad-ranging text, Peter Dahlgren clarifies the underlying theoretical concepts of civil society and the public sphere, and relates these to a critical analysis of the practice of television as journalism, as information and as entertainment. He demonstrates the limits and the possibilities of the television medium and the formats of popular journalism. These issues are linked to the potential of the audience to interpret or resist messages, and to construct its own meanings. What does a realistic understanding of the functioning and the capabilities of television imply for citizenship and democracy in a mediated age?

The Plebeian Experience

A Discontinuous History of Political Freedom

Author: Martin Breaugh

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520816

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 3280

How do people excluded from political life achieve political agency? Through a series of historical events that have been mostly overlooked by political theorists, Martin Breaugh identifies fleeting yet decisive instances of emancipation in which people took it upon themselves to become political subjects. Emerging during the Roman plebs's first secession in 494 BCE, the plebeian experience consists of an underground or unexplored configuration of political strategies to obtain political freedom. The people reject domination through political praxis and concerted action, therefore establishing an alternative form of power. Breaugh's study concludes in the nineteenth century and integrates ideas from sociology, philosophy, history, and political science. Organized around diverse case studies, his work undertakes exercises in political theory to show how concepts provide a different understanding of the meaning of historical events and our political present. The Plebeian Experience describes a recurring phenomenon that clarifies struggles for emancipation throughout history, expanding research into the political agency of the many and shedding light on the richness of radical democratic struggles from ancient Rome to Occupy Wall Street and beyond.

The Vitality of Taiwan

Politics, Economics, Society and Culture

Author: S. Tsang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113700990X

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 6587

As a country, Taiwan is one of the most vibrant, exciting, colourful and entrepreneurial on earth. The contributors reveal what underpins the vitality of Taiwan, examining the relevance of its democratic politics, civil society and the presence of an existential threat from China, as well as the importance of its international business nexus.

»Love it or Loathe it«

Audience Responses to Tabloids in the UK and Germany

Author: Mascha K. Brichta

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839418852

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 4387

Popular newspapers like the British »The Sun« and the German »Bild« regularly invite controversy over their morals and methods, power and responsibility, political and social impact. At best, their reporting is rejected as trivial, vulgar and tasteless; at worst, it is deemed hazardous to the workings of democratic society. Yet, the papers are able to attract large audiences, and contribute significantly to the daily lives of millions of readers. This book looks at popular newspapers from an audience point of view. Examining the crucial relationship between news and entertainment, it provides timely empirical evidence for the values tabloids really have for readers and modern day Britain and Germany. Contradicting common myths and stereotypes, the book calls for fresh perspectives on the popular media and their audiences. With a foreword by Peter Dahlgren, Lund University, Sweden.