John, Jesus, and History, Volume 3

Glimpses of Jesus through the Johannine Lens

Author: Paul N. Anderson,Felix Just, S. J.,Tom Thatcher

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 0884140830

Category: Religion

Page: 524

View: 2145

A critical analysis of the historicity of the Gospel of John Since it began in 2002, the John, Jesus, and History Project has assessed critically the modern disparaging of John's historicity and has found this bias wanting. In this third volume, an international group of experts demonstrate over two dozen ways in which John contributes to an enhanced historical understanding of Jesus and his ministry. This volume does not simply argue for a more inclusive quest for Jesus—one that embraces John instead of programmatically excluding it. It shows that such a quest has already indeed begun. Contributors include Paul N. Anderson, Jo-Ann A. Brant, Peder Borgen, Gary M. Burge, Warren Carter, R. Alan Culpepper, James D. G. Dunn, Robert T. Fortna, Jörg Frey, Steven A. Graham, Colin J. Humphreys, Craig Keener, Andreas Köstenberger, Tim Ling, William Loader, Linda McKinnish Bridges, James S. McLaren, Annette Merz, Wendy E. S. North, Benjamin E. Reynolds, Udo Schnelle, Donald Senior, C.P., Tom Thatcher, Michael Theobald, Jan van der Watt, Robert Webb, Stephen Witetscheck, and Jean Zumstein. Features A state-of-the-art analysis of John’s contributions to the quest for the historical Jesus, including evaluative responses by leading Jesus scholars •An overview of paradigm shifts in Jesus scholarship and recent approaches to the Johannine riddles Detailed charts that illuminates John's similarities and differences form the Synoptic Gospels as well as the gospel's contributions to the historical Jesus research

Jesus Research

The Gospel of John in Historical Inquiry

Author: James H. Charlesworth,Jolyon G. R. Pruszinski

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567681351

Category: Religion

Page: 392

View: 8382

Most experts who seek to understand the historical Jesus focus only on the Synoptic Gospels of Mark, Matthew and Luke. However, the contributors of this volume come to an important consensus: that the Gospel of John preserves traditions that are independent of the Synoptics, and which are often as reliable as any known traditions for understanding the historical Jesus. As such, the contributors argue for the use of John's Gospel in Jesus research. The volume contains various critical approaches to historical inquiry in the Gospel of John, including new evaluations of the relationship between John and the Synoptics, literary and rhetorical approaches, comparative analysis of other early traditions, the judicious use of archaeological data, and historical interpretation of John's theological tendencies. Contributing scholars include Dale C. Allison, Jr., Paul N. Anderson, Harold W. Attridge, James H. Charlesworth, R. Alan Culpepper, Michael A. Daise, Craig S. Keener, George L. Parsenios, Petr Pokorný, Jan Roskovec, and Urban C. von Wahlde, who help to reassess fully the historical study of John's gospel, particularly with respect to the person of Jesus.

The Cradle, the Cross, and the Crown

An Introduction to the New Testament

Author: Andreas J. Köstenberger,L. Scott Kellum,Charles L Quarles

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 1433684012

Category: Religion

Page: 1168

View: 6729

The Cradle, the Cross, and the Crown guides serious New Testament students through the historical, literary, and theological dimensions of the biblical text, allowing them to better understand and share God’s “word of truth” (2 Tim 2:15). It offers a thorough introduction to all twenty-seven books of the New Testament and closely examines events such as Christ’s incarnation and virgin birth, his crucifixion and resurrection, and triumphant return. The second edition features updated bibliographies and footnotes, interpretation sections that cover different literary genres in the New Testament, an epilogue that canvasses the entire storyline of Scripture, and a variety of maps. All of these new features contribute to making this a life-long resource for students of Scripture.

Poetik und Intertextualität der Johannesapokalypse

Author: Stefan Alkier,Thomas Hieke,Tobias Nicklas

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161529665

Category: Religion

Page: 475

View: 9358

Although the Book of Revelation may seem to be a strange piece of writing to modern readers, it can be understood as a highly elaborate and in some respects unique ancient discourse of surprising literary quality and theological impact. The present volume discusses questions of the text's language, its style and poetic concept. It presents studies on the relation of time and space in the Book of Revelation and on the significance of books for its storyline and discusses the question as to whether Revelation could be labeled "fantastic literature." Several studies deal with the question of Revelation's intertextual relations: besides a focus on the text's relation to Old Testament and early Jewish literature, the question of the text's relation to the Fourth Gospel, to writings from the Hellenistic-Roman world and to important aspects of its reception history is discussed anew.

Jewish Identity in the Greco-Roman World

Author: Jörg Frey,Daniel R. Schwartz,Stephanie Gripentrog

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004158383

Category: Religion

Page: 435

View: 7705

The book addresses critical issues of the formation and development of Jewish identity in the late Second Temple period. How could Jewish identity be defined? What about the status of women and the image of 'others'? And what about its ongoing influence in early Christianity?

The Other Side: Apocryphal Perspectives on Ancient Christian “Orthodoxies”

Author: Candida R. Moss,Tobias Nicklas,Christopher Tuckett,Joseph Verheyden

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647540587

Category: Religion

Page: 269

View: 8693

Anyone who wishes to manage their sources adequately must work with categories that help to bring order to the transcribed material. In many cases, such categories simultaneously shape the way in which we evaluate our sources. Critical reflection of the chosen categories is therefore crucial for robust historical study. This rings especially true when certain categories are not viewed through neutral eyes, but through polemically judgemental eyes. One extreme case would be the category of “apocryphalness”. In some areas, associations like “fraudulent” versus and “secret” – interlinked to this term in Antiquity – are still shaping the way Christian apocrypha are considered to this day. Closely associated with this is the use of the adjectival categories like “(proto)-orthodox”, “majority church” versus those like “heretical” (again polemically pejorative).In their chapters, the contributors demonstrate not only how the set limits – as referred to the categories above – do indeed play a role, but more importantly, where these limits have been exceeded and where we must therefore work with new and different categories to understand the meaning of “apocryphal” writings and/or writings that have “become apocryphal” in terms of the history of an ancient Christianity perceived as multi-dimensional and dynamic. The following questions play a significant role in our understanding of this: In which contexts and by which groups are “newly apocryphal” writings used? Where do apocryphal writings or those “newly apocryphal” play a contextual role that would, nowadays, be perceived as “orthodox“? Which functions are assign thereto?

Die Geburt des Judentums aus dem Geist des Christentums

fünf Vorlesungen zur Entstehung des rabbinischen Judentums

Author: Peter Schäfer

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161502569

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 990

English summary: Peter Schafer discusses the repercussions of the emerging Christianity on contemporary rabbinic Judaism. The idea of a divine duality (Father and Son) or trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) in particular has left more noticeable traces in rabbinic sources than most scholars admit. The Son of Man from the book of Daniel and the highest angel called Metatron (who even assumes the epithet Lesser God) play an important role. Even the concept of the Messiah's vicarious suffering finds its way back into Judaism - although it had been usurped for centuries by Christian theology. One might not only speak of the Birth of Christianity from the Spirit of Judaism but as well of the Birth of Judaism from the Spirit of Christianity. German description: Peter Schafer befasst sich mit den Ruckwirkungen des sich herauskristallisierenden Christentums auf das zeitgenossische rabbinische Judentum, d.h. den Einflussen, die das zu sich selbst findende Christentum auf das Judentum ausubte.Nach der viel diskutierten Erzahlung vom verschwundenen Messiasbaby im Jerusalemer Talmud werden Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Rabbinen und diversen Haretikern bezuglich der Frage des einen Gottes oder einer moglichen Vielzahl von Gottern untersucht. Vor allem die im Christentum allmahlich konkrete Gestalt annehmende Idee einer gottlichen Zweiheit (Vater und Sohn) bzw. Dreiheit (Vater, Sohn und Heiliger Geist) hat im rabbinischen Judentum deutlichere Spuren hinterlassen als bisher meist angenommen. Daneben spielen Vorstellungen eine wichtige Rolle, die sich aus dem Menschensohn des Danielbuches im Judentum und im Christentum entwickelten; im babylonischen Talmud und in der fruhen judischen Mystik tritt uns dann die Gestalt eines hochsten Engels mit Namen Metatron entgegen, der sogar den Beinamen Kleiner Gott erhalt. Abschliessend wird ein klassischer rabbinischer Midrasch vorgestellt, der ganz unbefangen den Gedanken des stellvertretenden Suhneleidens des Messias (wieder) in das Judentum einfuhrt.Die Grenzen zwischen Rechtglaubigkeit und Haresie erweisen sich auch im Judentum als fliessend, und mehr als einmal drangt sich die haretische Uberlegung auf, ob man nicht nur von der Geburt des Christentums aus dem Geist des Judentums sprechen sollte, sondern umgekehrt auch von der Geburt des Judentums aus dem Geist des Christentums.

Die dreigestaltige Protennoia

(Nag-Hammadi-Codex XIII)

Author: Gesine Schenke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110173857

Category:

Page: 192

View: 9264

An die Seite des Corpus der Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller (GCS) stellte Adolf von Harnack die Monographienreihe der Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur (TU), die er bereits 1882 begründet hatte und die nunmehr als "Archiv für die ... Ausgabe der älteren christlichen Schriftsteller" diente.

Die vier Evangelien und das eine Evangelium von Jesus Christus

Studien zu ihrer Sammlung und Entstehung

Author: Martin Hengel

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161496639

Category: Religion

Page: 420

View: 3032

English summary: Why does the church have four different written Gospels, although according to Paul there was only one orally proclaimed Gospel from the very beginning? Martin Hengel attempts to answer this question by showing how the collection of the four Gospels developed in the 2nd century and by tracing their origins. The reading of these four Gospels, in addition to the texts of the Old Testament, during the church service played a decisive role in the collection and the affirmation of these Gospels as part of the church canon. The author also deals with the authors of the Gospels and the time in which they were written. He bases his study on the fact that Mark was the first to write a Gospel. It is very probable that Matthew, who wrote the later Gospel, was familiar with the earlier Gospel according to Luke and that he used this. The numerous minor agreements between Luke and Matthew against Mark make it reasonable to suppose this hypothesis to be correct.This is the substantially enlarged German version of the English book The Four Gospels and the One Gospel of Jesus Christ, translated by John Bowden, published by SCM Press in the year 2000. German description: Warum besitzt die Kirche vier verschiedene schriftliche Evangelien, obwohl es nach Paulus von Anfang an nur ein mundlich verkundigtes Evangelium gab? Martin Hengel beginnt seine Untersuchung mit der Verteidigung der Vierer-Sammlung durch Irenaus und die teilweise abweichende Haltung des Clemens Alexandrinus. Es folgen die Zeugnisse des 2. Jh.s sowie das Problem der handschriftlichen Uberlieferung. Besonders beachtet werden Hinweise auf ihre Autoren, die Reihenfolge ihrer Entstehung, ihre Uberschriften und ihr Gebrauch im Gottesdienst. Die Papiasnotizen richten den Blick auf das erste und zweite Evangelium. Ihr ungewohnlicher Titel geht auf Markus zuruck. Er schrieb das 'Urevanglium' und schuf damit eine neue literarische Gattung. Eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Sammlung und Durchsetzung der kanonisch gewordenen Evangelien spielen ihre Lesung im Gottesdienst neben den Texten des Alten Testaments. Wesentlich war auch die Entstehung vorbildlicher 'Gemeindebibliotheken' in einflussreichen Gemeinden wie Rom und die Verwendung der Codexform, die auf erste kleinere Sammlungen von Jesustradition in eNotizbuchern' zuruckgehen kann. Alle vier Evangelien sind 'kerygmatische Geschichtsschreibung', ihr Vorbild ist letztlich die 'heilsgeschichtliche' Erzahlung im Alten Testamtent. Dass die Kirche vier verschiedene Evangelien akzeptierte, druckt theologisch die Einheit in der Vielfalt ihrer Verkundigung aus. In einem Postskriptum behandelt Martin Hengel die Fragwurdigkeit der Q-Hypothese und die partielle Abhangigkeit des spateren Matthaus vom fruheren Lukas, die sich auch aus den minor agreements ergibt. Anstatt von einer 'Q-Quelle' sollte man besser von einer vielfaltigen 'Logientradition' sprechen, die allen drei Synoptikern vorlag.

Metaphorik und Christologie

Author: Jörg Frey,Jan Rohls,Ruben Zimmermann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110901226

Category: Religion

Page: 433

View: 2648

Metaphors are of particular significance for Christ's discourse in the New Testament and in the history of theology. The present studies examine the forms and functions of meta-phorical Christology in the New Testament, Christ metaphors in late classical antiquity, in Tauler's mysticism, in Luther's writings, or in the 19th century. Systematic papers discuss Christ's words as the "word of God", the relationship of meta-phor and experience, together with fundamental questions of the metaphoric nature of Christological discourse. Topics investigated also include Christ metaphors in lyric poetry and the significance of metaphor for the treatment of Christ's words in religious education.

Neue Studien zu den johanneischen Schriften

Author: Johannes Beutler

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3899719212

Category: Religion

Page: 287

View: 7256

The influence of the Old Testament and Early Judaism on the Fourth Gospel is the subject of various contributions of this book, as well as the influence of the Synoptic tradition. However, the author's interest also lies in the latest stratum of the Gospel of John. The interpretive model of relecturing allows the study of the relation between texts without the need to hypothesize about their authors and sources. At the same time, it is easier to consider the message of the Gospel in the past and in the present day in the light of the complete text. John invites his readers to not only have faith in Christ, but also to fearlessly profess their faith. Of the twenty contributions to this volume, originally published since 1998, three have been translated from Italian or Spanish, and five have remained in the original English.