Theological Reflection and the Pursuit of Ideals

Theology, Human Flourishing and Freedom

Author: Dr David Jasper,Professor Dale Wright,Professor Maria Antonaccio,Professor William Schweiker

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472400550

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 8453

Contemporary thought is marked by heated debates about the character, purpose and form of religious thinking and its relation to a range of ideals: spiritual, moral, aesthetic, political and ecological, to name the obvious. This book addresses the interrelation between theological thinking and the complex and diverse realms of human ideals. What are the ideals appropriate to our moment in human history, and how do these ideals derive from or relate to theological reflection in our time? In Theological Reflection and the Pursuit of Ideals internationally renowned scholars from a range of disciplines (physics, art, literary studies, ethics, comparative religion, history of ideas, and theology) engage with these crucial questions with the intention of articulating a new and historically appropriate vision of theological reflection and the pursuit of ideals for our global times.

Naturalism and Normativity

Author: Mario De Caro,David Macarthur

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508875

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 9686

Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that there must be a transcendent realm of norms. Naturalism and Normativity engages with both sides of this debate. Essays explore philosophical options for understanding normativity in the space between scientific naturalism and Platonic supernaturalism. They articulate a liberal conception of philosophy that is neither reducible to the sciences nor completely independent of them yet one that maintains the right to call itself naturalism. Contributors think in new ways about the relations among the scientific worldview, our experience of norms and values, and our movements in the space of reason. Detailed discussions include the relationship between philosophy and science, physicalism and ontological pluralism, the realm of the ordinary, objectivity and subjectivity, truth and justification, and the liberal naturalisms of Donald Davidson, John Dewey, John McDowell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education

Ethics, Politics and Religion

Author: David Lewin,Alexandre Guilherme,Morgan White

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472513363

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 9157

New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education seeks to build a bridge between philosophical reflection and socio-political action by developing a range of critical discussions in the areas of ethics, politics and religion. This volume brings together established authorities and a new generation of scholars to ask whether philosophy of education can contribute to political and social discourse, or whether it is destined to remain the marginal gadfly of mainstream ideology. The philosophy of education stands in danger of becoming a neglected field at precisely the moment we need to be able to reflect upon the increasingly apparent costs of the technocratic attitude to education. While many of the educational policy discussions of recent years seem far-reaching and radical, critical debate surrounding these initiatives remain largely at a populist level. New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education provides contemporary responses to philosophical issues that bear upon educational studies, policies and practices, contributing to the debate on the role of philosophy of education in an increasingly fractured intellectual milieu.

Pragmatism and the Philosophy of Religion

Author: Michael R. Slater

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316062147

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4617

In this book, Michael R. Slater provides a new assessment of pragmatist views in the philosophy of religion. Focusing on the tension between naturalist and anti-naturalist versions of pragmatism, he argues that the anti-naturalist religious views of philosophers such as William James and Charles Peirce provide a powerful alternative to the naturalism and secularism of later pragmatists such as John Dewey and Richard Rorty. Slater first examines the writings of the 'classical pragmatists' - James, Peirce, and Dewey - and argues for the relevance of their views for thinking about such topics as the nature of religion and the viability of natural theology. His final three chapters engage with the religious views of later pragmatists such as Rorty and Philip Kitcher, and with current philosophical debates over metaphysical realism, naturalism, and evidentialism. His book will be of particular interest to philosophers of religion, theologians, and specialists in American philosophy.

Encountering Religion

Responsibility and Criticism After Secularism

Author: Tyler Roberts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153549X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1627

Tyler Roberts encourages scholars to abandon rigid conceptual oppositions between "secular" and "religious" to better understand how human beings actively and thoughtfully engage with their worlds and make meaning. The artificial distinction between a self-conscious and critical "academic study of religion" and an ideological and authoritarian "religion," he argues, only obscures the phenomenon. Instead, Roberts calls on intellectuals to approach the field as a site of "encounter" and "response," illuminating the agency, creativity, and critical awareness of religious actors. To respond to religion is to ask what religious behaviors and representations mean to us in our individual worlds, and scholars must confront questions of possibility and becoming that arise from testing their beliefs, imperatives, and practices. Roberts refers to the work of Hent de Vries, Eric Santner, and Stanley Cavell, each of whom exemplifies encounter and response in their writings as they traverse philosophy and religion to expose secular thinking to religious thought and practice. This approach highlights the resources religious discourse can offer to a fundamental reorientation of critical thought. In humanistic criticism after secularism, the lines separating the creative, the pious, and the critical themselves become the subject of question and experimentation.

Zelot

Jesus von Nazaret und seine Zeit

Author: Reza Aslan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644039119

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 384

View: 3474

Das Christentum verehrt Jesus von Nazaret als sanften Hirten, dessen Reich nicht von dieser Welt sei. Aber entspricht dieses Bild der historischen Realität? Kann es den grausamen Kreuzestod plausibel erklären? Der amerikanische Religionswissenschaftler Reza Aslan meint: nein. Sein Buch, das in den USA für einen Skandal sorgte, versucht zu ergründen, wer Jesus war, bevor es das Christentum gab. Es ist das fesselnde, brillant erzählte Porträt eines Mannes voller Widersprüche, einer Epoche voll religiöser Inbrunst und blutiger Kämpfe und einer Weltreligion im Werden.

Wittgenstein and Plato

Connections, Comparisons and Contrasts

Author: Luigi Perissinotto,Begoña Ramón Cámara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137313447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 3109

Wittgenstein was a faithful and passionate reader of Plato's Dialogues as confirmed by writings and witnesses. Here well-known scholars of Wittgenstein and Plato illuminate the relationship between the two philosophers both philologically and philosophically, and provide new interpretation keys of two of the leading figures of Western thought.

A Parent's Guilt-Free Guide to Raising Jewish Kids

Understanding Judaism in the Modern World

Author: Rabbi Steven Carr Reuben

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781469121147

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 200

View: 5751

This book reveals the three key rules for raising Jewishly ethical children, and the three holidays that can help you teach them the most important values of Judaism. Designed for Jews and non-Jews alike, it is a non-judgmental guide to being a partner in transmitting Jewish culture, tradition, and identity to your children in an authentic and accessible way. Throughout this book you will find suggestions for creating a warm, personal Jewish lifestyle that can add to the richness and quality of your child-rearing experiences. It is a practical guide to raising children with a positive Jewish self-image.

Jewish Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century

Personal Reflections

Author: Hava Tirosh-Samuelson,Aaron W. Hughes

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004279628

Category: Religion

Page: 560

View: 5304

Jewish Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century showcases living Jewish thinkers who produce innovative ideas taking into consideration theology, hermeneutics, politics, ethics, science and technology, law, gender, and ecology.

Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Philosophy Between 500 and 1500

Author: Henrik Lagerlund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140209728X

Category: History

Page: 1422

View: 9612

This is the first reference ever devoted to medieval philosophy. It covers all areas of the field from 500-1500 including philosophers, philosophies, key terms and concepts. It also provides analyses of particular theories plus cultural and social contexts.

Der Tod und das Leben danach

Author: Samuel Scheffler

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874108X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 2570

Wie würden Sie reagieren, wenn Sie wüssten, dass 30 Tage nach Ihrem Tod die Erde und damit alles Leben auf ihr unwiederbringlich zerstört würden? Würde dieses Wissen die Art und Weise, wie Sie Ihr Leben führen, beeinflussen? Das ist das Gedankenexperiment, zu dem uns der amerikanische Philosoph Samuel Scheffler in seinem faszinierenden Buch einlädt. Er zeigt, dass ein solches Wissen weitreichende Folgen für unser Leben hätte – nichts wäre mehr wie zuvor! In ebenso luziden wie psychologisch verblüffenden Analysen, die immer wieder auf geniale Weise Beispiele aus der Populärkultur heranziehen, zeigt Scheffler, dass ein solches Wissen um den Untergang der Menschheit den Wert zahlreicher unserer Tätigkeiten in Frage stellen würde: Die langfristige medizinische Forschung nach einer Krebstherapie verlöre ihren Sinn, aber auch der Kampf gegen den Klimawandel oder der Einsatz für internationale Gerechtigkeit. Und würden wir noch Kunstwerke schaffen, Traditionen und Bräuche pflegen, uns verlieben, Kinder kriegen? Wohl kaum. Vielmehr steht zu befürchten, dass gesellschaftliche Regeln und Konventionen nicht mehr beachtet würden und anarchische Zustände drohten, wie Scheffler anhand des Romans Children of Men von P. D. James und seiner Verfilmung vorführt. Könnte es daher sein, dass uns das Überleben der Menschheit wichtiger ist als unser eigenes? Und was folgt daraus für unser Denken und Handeln in der Welt von heute? Ein kleines philosophisches Meisterwerk, das unser eigenes Leben in einem ganz anderen Licht erscheinen lässt.

The Jewish Philosophy Reader

Author: Daniel H. Frank,Oliver Leaman,Charles Harry Manekin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415168601

Category: Philosophy

Page: 618

View: 4602

A Chomprehensive anthology of classic writings on Jewish philosophy from the Bible to postmodernism.

Plato: A Guide for the Perplexed

Author: Gerald A. Press

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441104860

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 7497

It is widely agreed that Plato laid the foundations for the whole history of western thought and, well over 2000 years later, his work is still studied by every student of philosophy. Yet his thought and writings continue to evoke perplexity in readers; and perplexity (aporia) is itself a characteristic of many of his writings, a recurrent motif of his thought, and apparently an important stage one must pass through along the path to wisdom that Plato presents. /font Plato: A Guide for the Perplexed is a clear and thorough account of Plato's philosophy, his major works and ideas, providing an ideal guide to the important and complex thought of this key philosopher. The book offers a detailed review of all the major dialogues and explores the particular perplexities of the dialogue form. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of Plato's thought, the book also provides a cogent and reliable survey of the whole history of Platonic interpretation and his far-reaching influence. This is the ideal companion to the study of this most influential and challenging of philosophers.

Covenant & Polity in Biblical Israel

Biblical Foundations & Jewish Expressions

Author: Daniel J. Elazar

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412820516

Category: Religion

Page: 477

View: 4482

In this first volume of a trilogy, Daniel J. Elazar addresses political uses of the idea of covenant, the tradition that has adhered to that idea, and the political arrangements that flow from it, Among the topics covered are covenant as a political concept, the Bible as a political commentary, the post-biblical tradition, medieval covenant theory, and Jewish political culture.

Elliot N. Dorff

In Search of the Good Life

Author: Hava Tirosh-Samuelson,Aaron W. Hughes

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004279024

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 1322

Rabbi Elliot N. Dorff, the Sol and Anne Dorff Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Rector of American Jewish University in Los Angeles, is one of today’s leading Jewish ethicists. In Search of a Good Life presents influential essays by Dorff and explains his contribution to Jewish religious thought in the second half of the 20th century.