Japanese law in context

readings in society, the economy, and politics

Author: Curtis J. Milhaupt,J. Mark Ramseyer,Michael K. Young

Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr


Category: History

Page: 644

View: 864

This is a wide-ranging selection of 130 readings in Japanese law. The essays, extracted from previously published books and articles, cover subjects including historical context, the civil law tradition, the legal services industry, dispute resolution, constitutional law, contracts, torts, criminal law, family law, employment law, corporate law, and economic regulation. This unique collection of readings is accompanied by the texts of the Japanese constitution and other basic laws.

House and Home in Modern Japan

Architecture, Domestic Space, and Bourgeois Culture, 1880-1930

Author: Jordan Sand

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 9780674019669

Category: History

Page: 482

View: 9313

A house is a site, the bounds and focus of a community. It is also an artifact, a material extension of its occupants' lives. This book takes the Japanese house in both senses, as site and as artifact, and explores the spaces, commodities, and conceptions of community associated with it in the modern era. As Japan modernized, the principles that had traditionally related house and family began to break down. Even where the traditional class markers surrounding the house persisted, they became vessels for new meanings, as housing was resituated in a new nexus of relations. The house as artifact and the artifacts it housed were affected in turn. The construction and ornament of houses ceased to be stable indications of their occupants' social status, the home became a means of personal expression, and the act of dwelling was reconceived in terms of consumption. Amid the breakdown of inherited meanings and the fluidity of modern society, not only did the increased diversity of commodities lead to material elaboration of dwellings, but home itself became an object of special attention, its importance emphasized in writing, invoked in politics, and articulated in architectural design. The aim of this book is to show the features of this culture of the home as it took shape in Japan.

The Book of Korean Shijo

Author: Kevin O'Rourke

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 9780674008571

Category: Poetry

Page: 219

View: 7538

The Korean genre known as shijo is short song lyrics. Originally meant to be sung rather than recited, these short poems are light, personal, and very often conversational. The language is simple, direct, and devoid of elaboration or ornamentation. The shijo poet gives a firsthand account of his personal experience of life and emotion: the rise and fall of dynasties, friendship, love, parting, the pleasures of wine, the beauty and transience of life, the inexorable advance of old age. In this anthology of translations of 612 shijo, Kevin O'Rourke introduces the English reader to this venerable and witty style of verse. The anthology covers the entire range of shijo production from the tenth century to the modern era.

Burning and Building

Schooling and State Formation in Japan, 1750-1890

Author: Brian Platt

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 9780674013964

Category: Education

Page: 325

View: 1228

Among the earliest and most radical of the Meiji reforms was a plan for a centralized, compulsory educational system modeled after those in Europe and America. But commoners throughout Japan had established 50,000 schools with almost no guidance or support from the government. Consequently, the plan met with resistance, as local officials, teachers, and citizens pursued alternative educational visions. Their efforts ultimately led to the growth and consolidation of a new educational system, one with the imprint of local demands and expectations.

Localities at the Center

Native Place, Space, and Power in Late Imperial Beijing

Author: Richard David Belsky

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 0674019563

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 9994

A visitor to Beijing in 1900, Chinese or foreign, would have been struck by the great number of native-place lodges serving the needs of scholars and officials from the provinces. What were these native-place lodges? How did they develop over time? How did they fit into and shape Beijing's urban ecology? How did they further native-place ties? In answering these questions, the author considers how native-place ties functioned as channels of communication between China's provinces and the political center; how sojourners to the capital used native-place ties to create solidarity within their communities of fellow provincials and within the class of scholar-officials as a whole; how the state co-opted these ties as a means of maintaining order within the city and controlling the imperial bureaucracy; how native-place ties transformed the urban landscape and social structure of the city; and how these functions were refashioned in the decades of political innovation that closed the Qing period. Native-place lodges are often cited as an example of the particularistic ties that characterized traditional China and worked against the emergence of a modern state based on loyalty to the nation. The author argues that by fostering awareness of membership in an elite group, the native-place lodges generated a sense of belonging to a nation that furthered the reforms undertaken in the early twentieth century.

The United Nations in Japan's Foreign and Security Policymaking, 1945-1992

National Security, Party Politics, and International Status

Author: Liang Pan

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7192

This study focuses on postwar Japan's foreign policy making in the political and security areas, the core UN missions. The intent is to illustrate how policy goals forged by national security concerns, domestic politics, and psychological needs gave shape to Japan's complicated and sometimes incongruous policy toward the UN since World War II.

Death and social order in Tokugawa Japan

Buddhism, anti-Christianity, and the danka system

Author: Nam-lin Hur

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: History

Page: 550

View: 1600

Buddhism was a fact of life and death during the Tokugawa period (1600-1868): every household was expected to be affiliated with a Buddhist temple, and every citizen had to be given a Buddhist funeral. The enduring relationship between temples and their affiliated households gave rise to the danka system of funerary patronage. This private custom became a public institution when the Tokugawa shogunate discovered an effective means by which to control the populace and prevent the spread of ideologies potentially dangerous to its power--especially Christianity. Despite its lack of legal status, the danka system was applied to the entire population without exception; it became for the government a potent tool of social order and for the Buddhist establishment a practical way to ensure its survival within the socioeconomic context of early modern Japan. In this study, Nam-lin Hur follows the historical development of the danka system and details the intricate interplay of social forces, political concerns, and religious beliefs that drove this "economy of death" and buttressed the Tokugawa governing system. With meticulous research and careful analysis, Hur demonstrates how Buddhist death left its mark firmly upon the world of the Tokugawa Japanese.

A political explanation of economic growth

state survival, bureaucratic politics, and private enterprises in the making of Taiwan's economy, 1950-1985

Author: Yongping Wu

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: Political Science

Page: 410

View: 9238

Taiwan is a classic case of export-led industrialization. But unlike South Korea and Japan, where large firms have been the major exporters, before the late 1980s Taiwan's successful exporters were overwhelmingly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The SMEs became the engine of the entire economy, yet for many years the state virtually ignored the SMEs and their role as exporters. What factors account for the success of the SMEs and their benign neglect by the state? The key was a strict division of labor: state and large private enterprises jointly monopolized the domestic market. This gave the SMEs a free run in export markets. How did this industrial structure come into being? The author argues that it was an unintended consequence of the state's policy toward the private sector and its political strategies for managing societal forces. Indeed, Taiwan's unique industrial structure was shaped by both the witting and the unwitting interactions of the state and the private sector. Moreover, as the author shows, this industrial policy was a product of the internal politics of the economic bureaucracy, and the formulation and implementation of economic policy hinged on mechanisms for solving differences within the state.

Gendering Modern Japanese History

Author: Barbara Molony,Kathleen S. Uno

Publisher: Harvard University Press


Category: History

Page: 607

View: 6414

In the past quarter-century, gender has emerged as a lively area of inquiry for historians and other scholars. This text looks at the issue in the context of modern Japanese history, considering topics such as sexuality, gender prescriptions and same-sex and heterosexual relations.

Some Assembly Required

Work, Community, and Politics in China's Rural Enterprises

Author: Calvin Chen

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 7205

"The author argues that the resilience of these factories has as much to do with how authority is defined and exercised and how people interact and cooperate as it does with the ability to generate profits. How social capital was deployed and replenished at critical moments was central to the eventual rise and consolidation of these enterprises as effective, robust institutions. Without high levels of mutual respect, trust, and cooperation, company leaders would have found it nearly impossible to improve their firms' productivity, workplace stability, and long-term viability."--BOOK JACKET.

China upside down

currency, society, and ideologies, 1808-1856

Author: Manhong Lin

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 4574

Many scholars have noted the role of China's demand for silver in the emergence of the modern world. This book discusses the interaction of this demand and the early-nineteenth-century Latin American independence movements, changes in the world economy, the resulting disruptions in the Qing dynasty, and the transformation from the High Qing to modern China. Man-houng Lin shows how the disruption in the world's silver supply caused by the turmoil in Latin America and subsequent changes in global markets led to the massive outflow of silver from China and the crisis of the Qing empire. During the first stage of this dynastic crisis, traditional ideas favoring plural centers of power became more popular than they ever had been. As the crisis developed, however, statist ideas came to the fore. Even though the Qing survived with the resumption of the influx of Latin American silver, its status relative to Japan in the East Asian order slipped. The statist inclination, although moderated to a degree in the modern period, is still ascendant in China today. These changes--Qing China's near-collapse, the beginning of its eclipse by Japan in the East Asian order, and shifting notions of the proper relationship between state and market and between state and society--led to "China upside down."

From Foot Soldier to Finance Minister

Takahashi Korekiyo, Japan's Keynes

Author: Richard J. Smethurst

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 377

View: 7825

From his birth into the lowest stratum of the samurai class to his assassination at the hands of right-wing militarists, Takahashi Korekiyo (1854-1936) lived through tumultuous times that shaped the course of modern Japan. This engaging biography underscores the profound influence of the charismatic seven-time finance minister on the political and economic development of Japan by casting new light on his unusual background, unique talents, and singular experiences.

China made

consumer culture and the creation of the nation

Author: Karl Gerth

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 445

View: 5644

"Chinese people should consume Chinese products!" This slogan was the catchphrase of a movement in early twentieth-century China that sought to link consumption and nationalism by instilling a concept of China as a modern "nation" with its own "national products." From fashions in clothing to food additives, from museums to department stores, from product fairs to advertising, this movement influenced all aspects of China's burgeoning consumer culture. Anti-imperialist boycotts, commemorations of national humiliations, exhibitions of Chinese products, the vilification of treasonous consumers, and the promotion of Chinese captains of industry helped enforce nationalistic consumption and spread the message--patriotic Chinese bought goods made of Chinese materials by Chinese workers in factories owned and run by Chinese. In China Made, Karl Gerth argues that two key forces shaping the modern world--nationalism and consumerism--developed in tandem in China. Early in the twentieth century, nationalism branded every commodity as either "Chinese" or "foreign," and consumer culture became the place where the notion of nationality was articulated, institutionalized, and practiced. Based on Chinese, Japanese, and English-language archives, magazines, newspapers, and books, this first exploration of the historical ties between nationalism and consumerism reinterprets fundamental aspects of modern Chinese history and suggests ways of discerning such ties in all modern nations.

Eine Geschichte der Oper

Die letzten 400 Jahre

Author: Carolyn Abbate,Roger Parker

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406655432

Category: Music

Page: 735

View: 6287

Die Oper ist in vielerlei Hinsicht das außergewöhnlichste künstlerische Medium der letzten 400 Jahre: Opernhäuser, Ausstattung, Technik und nicht zuletzt die Künstler lassen sie zu einer nachgerade unerschwinglich teuren Kunstform werden – eine Kunstform, die zudem offenkundig unrealistisch ist. Und doch vermag nichts anderes menschliche Leidenschaften mit solch überwältigender Kraft, Dramatik und Gefühlsstärke auszudrücken wie gerade die Oper. Dieses Buch – seit langem die erste einbändige und zugleich umfassende Gesamtdarstellung zu diesem Thema – liest sich wie eine Ode an die Oper selbst. Seine beiden Autoren stellen zahlreiche Werke der bekanntesten Opernkomponisten vor: von Monteverdi, Händel und Mozart über Verdi, Wagner, Strauss und Puccini bis zu Berg und Britten. Sie bieten einen anschaulichen, oft amüsanten und stets informativen Überblick über die sozialen und politischen Hintergründe der jeweiligen Kompositionen, beziehen deren literarische Kontexte und die wirtschaftlichen Verhältnisse mit ein, unter denen sie entstanden sind, und vernachlässigen auch nicht die Polemiken, die das Operngeschehen über die Jahrhunderte kontinuierlich begleitet haben. Auch wenn inzwischen die beliebtesten und langlebigsten Werke aus einer längst vergangenen Epoche stammen, deren Lebensumstände uns heute völlig fremd sind – und auch wenn die zeitgenössische Oper heutzutage auf den Bühnen kaum eine Rolle spielt –, so hat die Oper doch nichts an Reiz, Lebendigkeit und Attraktion eingebüßt. Heute wie vor 400 Jahren lässt sie das Publikum Tränen vergießen, zischen, heftig debattieren oder in Begeisterungsstürme ausbrechen. In dieser Wirkungsmacht übertrifft sie jede andere Kunstform.

Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1973

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3164

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“