Introductory Quantum Optics

Author: Christopher Gerry,Peter Knight

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527354

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 9559

This book provides an elementary introduction to the subject of quantum optics, the study of the quantum mechanical nature of light and its interaction with matter. The presentation is almost entirely concerned with the quantized electromagnetic field. Topics covered include single-mode field quantization in a cavity, quantization of multimode fields, quantum phase, coherent states, quasi-probability distribution in phase space, atom-field interactions, the Jaynes-Cummings model, quantum coherence theory, beam splitters and interferometers, dissipative interactions, nonclassical field states with squeezing etc., 'Schrödinger cat' states, tests of local realism with entangled photons from down-conversion, experimental realizations of cavity quantum electrodynamics, trapped ions, decoherence, and some applications to quantum information processing, particularly quantum cryptography. The book contains many homework problems and an extensive bibliography. This text is designed for upper-level undergraduates taking courses in quantum optics who have already taken a course in quantum mechanics, and for first and second year graduate students.

An Introduction to Quantum Optics

Photon and Biphoton Physics

Author: Yanhua Shih

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439884625

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 3752

Authored by a highly regarded international researcher and pioneer in the field, An Introduction to Quantum Optics: Photon and Biphoton Physics is a straightforward overview of basic principles and experimental evidence for the quantum theory of light. This book introduces and analyzes some of the most exciting experimental research to date in the field of quantum optics and quantum information, helping readers understand the revolutionary changes occurring in optical science. Paints a picture of light in terms of general quantum interference, to reflect the physical truth behind all optical observations Unlike most traditional books on the subject, this one introduces fundamental classical and quantum concepts and measurement techniques naturally and gradually as it explores the process of analyzing typical experimental observations. Separating itself from other books with this uncommon focus on the experimental part of analysis, this volume: Provides a general overview of the optical coherence of light without quantization Introduces concepts and tools of field quantization and quantum optics based on the principles and rules of quantum mechanics Analyzes similarities and differences between classical and quantum coherence Concentrates on key research topics in quantum optics Explains photon and biphoton physics by examining the devices and experimental procedures used to test theories This book is basic enough for students, but it also covers a broad range of higher-level concepts that will benefit scientists and other professionals seeking to enhance their understanding of practical and theoretical aspects and new experimental methods of measurement. This material summarizes exciting developments and observations and then helps readers of all levels apply presented concepts and tools to summarize, analyze, and resolve quantum optical problems in their own work. It is a great aid to improve methods of discovering new physics and better understand and apply nontraditional concepts and interpretations in both new and historical experimental discoveries.

Quantum Optics

Including Noise Reduction, Trapped Ions, Quantum Trajectories, and Decoherence

Author: Miguel Orszag

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540727078

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 1483

In this second edition, there is an enlarged chapter on decoherence, as well as additional material dealing with elements of quantum computation, entanglement of pure and mixed states as well as a chapter on quantum copying and processors. These topics are presented in a unified and didactic manner. The presentation of the book is clear and pedagogical.

Grundlagen der Photonik

Author: Bahaa E. A. Saleh,Malvin Carl Teich

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527406777

Category: Optoelectronics

Page: 1406

View: 6694

Schon die erste Auflage des englischen Lehrbuchs 'Fundamentals of Photonics' zeichnete sich durch seine ausgewogene Mischung von Theorie und Praxis aus, und deckte in detaillierter Darstellung die grundlegenden Theorien des Lichts ab. Es umfasste sowohl die Themen Strahlenoptik, Wellenoptik, elektromagnetische Optik, Photonenoptik, sowie die Wechselwirkung von Licht und Materie, als auch die Theorie der optischen Eigenschaften von Halbleitern. Die Photonik-Technologie hat eine rasante Entwicklung genommen seit der Publikation der ersten Ausgabe von 'Fundamentals of Photonics' vor 15 Jahren. Die nun vorliegende Zweite Auflage des Marksteins auf dem Gebiet der Photonik trägt mit zwei neuen und zusätzlichen Kapiteln den neuesten technologischen Fortschritten Rechnung: Photonische Kristalle sowie Ultrakurzpuls-Optik. Zudem wurden alle Kapitel gründlich überarbeitet und viele Abschnitte hinzugefügt, so z.B. über Laguerre-Gauss Strahlen, die Sellmeier-Gleichung, Photonenkristall-Wellenleiter, photonische Kristallfasern, Mikrosphären-Resonatoren, Optische Kohärenz Tomographie, Bahndrehimpuls des Photons, Bohrsche Theorie, Raman-Verstärker, rauscharme Avalanche-Photodioden, Abstimmkurven und Dispersions-Management.

Field Propulsion System for Space Travel

Physics of Non-Conventional Propulsion Methods for Interstellar Travel

Author: Takaaki Musha,Yoshinari Minami

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608052702

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 150

View: 5076

This e-book presents an overview of field propulsion systems for the use of space travel and interstellar travel. Such systems include warp drive and antigravity schemes, and rely on momentum transfer from the spacecraft to the external force field and from there to other masses in the cosmos in order to satisfy conservation of momentum. This cannot be achieved by the conventional methods like chemical propulsion and electric propulsion. the e-book should be a valuable source of information for researchers interested in spaceflight and propulsion physics.

Probing Correlated Quantum Many-Body Systems at the Single-Particle Level

Author: Manuel Endres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 3319057537

Category: Science

Page: 165

View: 6885

How much knowledge can we gain about a physical system and to what degree can we control it? In quantum optical systems, such as ion traps or neutral atoms in cavities, single particles and their correlations can now be probed in a way that is fundamentally limited only by the laws of quantum mechanics. In contrast, quantum many-body systems pose entirely new challenges due to the enormous number of microscopic parameters and their small length- and short time-scales. This thesis describes a new approach to probing quantum many-body systems at the level of individual particles: Using high-resolution, single-particle-resolved imaging and manipulation of strongly correlated atoms, single atoms can be detected and manipulated due to the large length and time-scales and the precise control of internal degrees of freedom. Such techniques lay stepping stones for the experimental exploration of new quantum many-body phenomena and applications thereof, such as quantum simulation and quantum information, through the design of systems at the microscopic scale and the measurement of previously inaccessible observables.

Lectures on Light

Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Author: Stephen C. Rand

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191075280

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 8823

This book attempts to bridge in one step the enormous gap between introductory quantum mechanics and the research front of modern optics and scientific fields that make use of light. Hence, while it is suitable as a reference for the specialist in quantum optics, it will also be useful to the non-specialists from other disciplines who need to understand light and its uses in research. With a unique approach it introduces a single analytic tool, namely the density matrix, to analyze complex optical phenomena encountered in traditional as well as cross-disciplinary research. It moves swiftly in a tight sequence from elementary to sophisticated topics in quantum optics, including laser tweezers, laser cooling, coherent population transfer, optical magnetism, electromagnetically induced transparency, squeezed light, quantum information science and cavity quantum electrodynamics. A systematic approach is used that starts with the simplest systems - stationary two-level atoms - then introduces atomic motion, adds more energy levels, and moves on to discuss first-, second-, and third-order coherence effects that are the basis for analyzing new optical phenomena in incompletely characterized systems. Unconventional examples and original problems are used to engage even seasoned researchers in exploring a mathematical methodology with which they can tackle virtually any new problem involving light. An extensive bibliography makes connections with mathematical techniques and subject areas which can extend the benefit readers gain from each section. This revised edition includes over 40 new problems (for a total of 110 original problems with an instructor's solution manual), as well as completely new sections on quantum interference, Fano resonance, optical magnetism, quantum computation, laser cooling of solids, and irreducible representation of magnetic interactions. Literature references to current ultrafast science, nonlinear optics, x-ray and high-field physics topics have doubled at the end of chapters 5, 6, and 7; the subject index has also been significantly expanded.

Broadband Quantum Cryptography

Author: Daniel Rogers

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608450600

Category: Computers

Page: 97

View: 2321

Quantum cryptography is a rapidly developing field that draws from a number of disciplines, from quantum optics to information theory to electrical engineering. By combining some fundamental quantum mechanical principles of single photons with various aspects of information theory, quantum cryptography represents a fundamental shift in the basis for security from numerical complexity to the fundamental physical nature of the communications channel. As such, it promises the holy grail of data security: theoretically unbreakable encryption. Of course, implementing quantum cryptography in real broadband communications systems poses some unique challenges, including generating single photons, distilling random keys from the quantum key distribution process, and maintaining security at both the theoretical and practical level. Overall, quantum cryptography has a place in the history of secret keeping as a novel and potentially useful paradigm shift in the approach to broadband data encryption. Table of Contents: Introduction / Elements of Classical Cryptography / The Quantum Mechanics of Photons / Fundamentals of Quantum Key Distribution / Information Theory and Key Reconciliation / Components for Broadband QKD / A Survey of QKD Implementations / Conclusion - QKD in the Marketplace

Photons Nonlinear Optics

Author: D.N. Klyshko

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881246692

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 6940

This book provides an introduction to quantum optics for experimental physicists and for college students who have studied quantum mechanics. Its distinguishing feature is its emphasis on multimode fields with correlating different-frequency modes, notably on their phenomenological description and on the practical methods of generating them. The phenomena described in this book provide an opportunity to study nonrelativistic quantum electrodynamics and to master many important concepts of theoretical physics.

Principles of Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics

Author: Paul R. Berman,Vladimir S. Malinovsky

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837045

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 6786

Principles of Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics is an essential textbook for graduate students studying the interaction of optical fields with atoms. It also serves as an ideal reference text for researchers working in the fields of laser spectroscopy and quantum optics. The book provides a rigorous introduction to the prototypical problems of radiation fields interacting with two- and three-level atomic systems. It examines the interaction of radiation with both atomic vapors and condensed matter systems, the density matrix and the Bloch vector, and applications involving linear absorption and saturation spectroscopy. Other topics include hole burning, dark states, slow light, and coherent transient spectroscopy, as well as atom optics and atom interferometry. In the second half of the text, the authors consider applications in which the radiation field is quantized. Topics include spontaneous decay, optical pumping, sub-Doppler laser cooling, the Heisenberg equations of motion for atomic and field operators, and light scattering by atoms in both weak and strong external fields. The concluding chapter offers methods for creating entangled and spin-squeezed states of matter. Instructors can create a one-semester course based on this book by combining the introductory chapters with a selection of the more advanced material. A solutions manual is available to teachers. Rigorous introduction to the interaction of optical fields with atoms Applications include linear and nonlinear spectroscopy, dark states, and slow light Extensive chapter on atom optics and atom interferometry Conclusion explores entangled and spin-squeezed states of matter Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

Atoms, Molecules and Photons

An Introduction to Atomic- Molecular- and Quantum Physics

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540323465

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 3853

This introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics explains how our present model of atoms and molecules has been developed during the last two centuries by many experimental discoveries and from the theoretical side by the introduction of quantum physics to the adequate description of micro-particles. It illustrates the wave model of particles by many examples and shows the limits of classical description. The interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atoms and molecules and its potential for spectroscopy is outlined in more detail and in particular lasers as modern spectroscopic tools are discussed more thoroughly. Many examples and problems with solutions should induce the reader to an intense active cooperation.

Quantum optics

Author: D. F. Walls,Gerard J. Milburn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 351

View: 9768

Quantum Optics gives a comprehensive coverage of developments in quantum optics over the past twenty years. In the early chapters the formalism of quantum optics is elucidated and the main techniques are introduced. These are applied in the late chapters to problems such as squeezed states of light, resonance fluorescence, laser theory, quantum theory of four-wave mixing, quantum non-demolition measurements, Bell's inequalities, and atom optics. Experimental results are used to illustrate the theory throughout. This yields the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of experiment and theory in quantum optics in any textbook.

Optik

Author: Eugene Hecht

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110526654

Category: Science

Page: 1382

View: 8038

Leser schätzen dieses Lehrbuch vor allem wegen seines ausgewogenen didaktischen Konzepts. Leicht verständlich erklärt es die Mathematik der Wellenbewegung, behandelt ausführlich die klassischen und modernen Methoden der Optik und erkundet die Neuerungen und großen Entwicklungen bei z.B. Laser, Faseroptik, Holographie, Fourier-Optik und nichtlineare Optik. Ziel des Autors ist dabei, die Optik im Rahmen einiger weniger, übergreifender Konzepte zu vereinheitlichen, so dass Studierende ein in sich geschlossenes, zusammenhängendes Bild erhalten. Abgerundet wird das Buch durch zahlreiche, didaktisch hervorragend aufbereitete Abbildungen und viele aktuelle Fotos. Über 800 Übungsaufgaben verschiedener Schwierigkeitsgrade, die zu einem großen Teil mit vollständigen Lösungen vorliegen, ermöglichen dem Studierenden, sein Wissen selbständig zu überprüfen. Über 750 Abbildungen und über 800 Übungsaufgaben verschiedener Schwierigkeitsgrade, meist mit ausführlichen Lösungen. Das Standardwerk der Optik seit über 25 Jahren. Umfangreich wie kein zweites Buch, von der Ausbreitung des Lichts bis zur Überlagerung von Wellen.

Relativistische Quantenmechanik

Author: Armin Wachter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274847

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 7285

- Welche Probleme tauchen in relativistischen Erweiterungen der Schrödinger-Theorie auf, insbesondere wenn man an der gewohnten Ein-Teilchen-Wahrscheinlichkeitsinterpretation festhält? - Inwieweit können diese Schwierigkeiten überwunden werden? - Worin besteht die physikalische Notwendigkeit von Quantenfeldtheorien? Viele Bücher geben auf solch fundamentale Verständnisfragen nur unzureichend Antwort, indem sie das relativistisch-quantenmechanische Ein-Teilchenkonzept zugunsten einer möglichst frühen Einführung der Feldquantisierung relativ schnell abhandeln oder ganz weglassen. Im Gegensatz dazu betont das vorliegende Lehrbuch gerade diesen Ein-Teilchenaspekt (relativistische Quantenmechanik ‚im engeren Sinne’), diskutiert die damit einhergehenden Probleme und motiviert somit auf physikalisch verständliche Weise die Notwendigkeit quantisierter Felder. Die ersten beiden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit der ausführlichen Darlegung und Gegenüberstellung der Klein-Gordon- und Dirac-Theorie - immer mit Blick auf die nichtrelativistische Theorie. Im dritten Kapitel werden relativistische Streuprozesse behandelt und die Feynman-Regeln aus Propagatorverfahren heraus entwickelt. Dabei wird auch hier deutlich, warum man letztlich um eine quantenfeldtheoretische Begründung nicht herumkommt. Dieses Lehrbuch wendet sich an alle Studierenden der Physik, die an einer übersichtlich geordneten Darstellung der relativistischen Quantenmechanik ‚im engeren Sinne’ und deren Abgrenzung zu Quantenfeldtheorien interessiert sind.

Fundamentals of Photonics

Author: Bahaa E. A. Saleh,Malvin Carl Teich

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1200

View: 1600

Now in a new full-color edition, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Edition is a self-contained and up-to-date introductory-level textbook that thoroughly surveys this rapidly expanding area of engineering and applied physics. Featuring a logical blend of theory and applications, coverage includes detailed accounts of the primary theories of light, including ray optics, wave optics, electromagnetic optics, and photon optics, as well as the interaction of photons and atoms, and semiconductor optics. Presented at increasing levels of complexity, preliminary sections build toward more advanced topics, such as Fourier optics and holography, guided-wave and fiber optics, semiconductor sources and detectors, electro-optic and acousto-optic devices, nonlinear optical devices, optical interconnects and switches, and optical fiber communications. Each of the twenty-two chapters of the first edition has been thoroughly updated. The Second Edition also features entirely new chapters on photonic-crystal optics (including multilayer and periodic media, waveguides, holey fibers, and resonators) and ultrafast optics (including femtosecond optical pulses, ultrafast nonlinear optics, and optical solitons). The chapters on optical interconnects and switches and optical fiber communications have been completely rewritten to accommodate current technology. Each chapter contains summaries, highlighted equations, exercises, problems, and selected reading lists. Examples of real systems are included to emphasize the concepts governing applications of current interest.

Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Author: Vlatko Vedral

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199215707

Category: Computers

Page: 183

View: 5865

In addition to treating quantum communication, entanglement and algorithms, this book also addresses a number of miscellaneous topics, such as Maxwell's demon, Landauer's erasure, the Bekenstein bound and Caratheodory's treatment of the Second law of thermodyanmics.

Methods in Theoretical Quantum Optics

Author: Stephen Barnett,Paul M. Radmore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198563617

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 2986

This work presents the mathematical methods widely used by workers in the field of quantum optics. It deals with the physical assumptions which lead to the models and approximations employed, but the main purpose of the text is to give a firm grounding in those techniques needed to derive analytical solutions to problems.