Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences

Author: Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317674413

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 3954

Whilst the ‘health sciences’ are a broad and diverse area, and includes public health, primary care, health psychology, psychiatry and epidemiology, the research methods and data analysis skills required to analyse them are very similar. Moreover, the ability to appraise and conduct research is emphasised within the health sciences – and students are expected increasingly to do both. Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences presents a balanced blend of quantitative research methods, and the most widely used techniques for collecting and analysing data in the health sciences. Highly practical in nature, the book guides you, step-by-step, through the research process, and covers both the consumption and the production of research and data analysis. Divided into the three strands that run throughout quantitative health science research – critical numbers, critical appraisal of existing research, and conducting new research – this accessible textbook introduces: Descriptive statistics Measures of association for categorical and continuous outcomes Confounding, effect modification, mediation and causal inference Critical appraisal Searching the literature Randomised controlled trials Cohort studies Case-control studies Research ethics and data management Dissemination and publication Linear regression for continuous outcomes Logistic regression for categorical outcomes. A dedicated companion website offers additional teaching and learning resources for students and lecturers, including screenshots, R programming code, and extensive self-assessment material linked to the book’s exercises and activities. Clear and accessible with a comprehensive coverage to equip the reader with an understanding of the research process and the practical skills they need to collect and analyse data, it is essential reading for all undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health and medical sciences.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 6923

This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.

Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences

Author: Stephen Polgar,Shane A. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041947

Category: Medical

Page: 235

View: 2827

The sixth edition of this book has two overall aims: to introduce the fundamental principles of research methodology and explain how these principles are applied for conducting research in the health sciences and to demonstrate how evidence produced through research is applied to solving problems in everday health care.

Introduction to Health Research Methods

Author: Kathryn H. Jacobsen

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284094383

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 602

A step-by-step guide to conducting research in medicine, public health, and other health sciences, this clear, practical, and straightforward text demystifies the research process and empowers students (and other new investigators) to conduct their own original research projects.

Health Research Methodology

A Guide for Training in Research Methods

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 929061157X

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 3653

To accommodate requests from readers to incorporate recent developments on research methodology and experiences of past training courses the manual has been revised and reissued. A practical training manual covering the basic concepts and principles of s

Qualitative Research in Health Care

Author: Catherine Pope,Nicholas Mays

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111870312X

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 7026

This fully revised and updated edition of Qualitative Researchin Health Care offers a clear and accessible introduction toconducting and interpreting qualitative research, incorporating newexamples, references and chapters relevant for a comprehensiveintroduction to the subject. New chapters and references include: Synthesising qualitative research Secondary analysis of primary data Ethical issues Mixed research methods and integrating qualitative withquantitative techniques Consensus and other methods for eliciting public andprofessional views and preferences Conversation analysis

Public Health Research Methods

Author: Greg Guest,Emily E. Namey

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148332222X

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 3187

Public Health Research Methods, edited by Greg Guest and Emily Namey, provides a comprehensive foundation for planning, executing, and monitoring public health research of all types. The book goes beyond traditional epidemiologic research designs to cover state-of-the-art, technology-based approaches emerging in the new public health landscape. Written by experts in the field, each chapter includes a description of the research method covered, examples of its application in public health, clear instructions on how to execute the method, and a discussion of emerging issues and future directions. In addition, each chapter addresses the topic in the context of global health and health disparities. Such breadth provides readers with practical tools they can use in the field, as well as a current understanding of conceptual discussions. Illustrated with engaging case studies that enhance understanding of the concepts presented, Public Health Research Methods is a comprehensive, must-have reference ideal for researchers in all sectors—government, academia, and non-profit.

Applied Missing Data Analysis in the Health Sciences

Author: Xiao-Hua Zhou,Chuan Zhou,Danping Lui,Xaiobo Ding

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118573641

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 9607

A modern and practical guide to the essential concepts andideas for analyzing data with missing observations in the field ofbiostatistics With an emphasis on hands-on applications, Applied MissingData Analysis in the Health Sciences outlines the variousmodern statistical methods for the analysis of missing data. Theauthors acknowledge the limitations of established techniques andprovide newly-developed methods with concrete applications in areassuch as causal inference methods and the field of diagnosticmedicine. Organized by types of data, chapter coverage begins with anoverall introduction to the existence and limitations of missingdata and continues into traditional techniques for missing datainference, including likelihood-based, weighted GEE, multipleimputation, and Bayesian methods. The book’s subsequentlycovers cross-sectional, longitudinal, hierarchical, survival data.In addition, Applied Missing Data Analysis in the HealthSciences features: Multiple data sets that can be replicated using the SAS®,Stata®, R, and WinBUGS software packages Numerous examples of case studies in the field of biostatisticsto illustrate real-world scenarios and demonstrate applications ofdiscussed methodologies Detailed appendices to guide readers through the use of thepresented data in various software environments Applied Missing Data Analysis in the Health Sciences isan excellent textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-levelbiostatistics courses as well as an ideal resource for healthscience researchers and applied statisticians.

Applied Biostatistics for the Health Sciences

Author: Richard J. Rossi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470147644

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 4065

Biostatistics is quickly becoming one of the most important areas of statistics due to the tremendous increase in health care needs. This book successfully introduces the terminology, concepts, and correct uses and interpretation of biostatistics. It is ideal for practitioners as well as students going into health care fields. Pedagogical features include formulas highlighted in text boxes and chapter summaries that highlight key vocabulary and concepts for the chapter. An accompanying Web site provides both MINITAB® and Microsoft® Office Excel® data files data for the case studies and exercises that are contained in the text.

Biostatistics

A Methodology For the Health Sciences

Author: Gerald van Belle,Lloyd D. Fisher,Patrick J. Heagerty,Thomas Lumley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471602353

Category: Medical

Page: 896

View: 2064

A respected introduction to biostatistics, thoroughly updated andrevised The first edition of Biostatistics: A Methodology for the HealthSciences has served professionals and students alike as a leadingresource for learning how to apply statistical methods to thebiomedical sciences. This substantially revised Second Editionbrings the book into the twenty-first century for today’saspiring and practicing medical scientist. This versatile reference provides a wide-ranging look at basicand advanced biostatistical concepts and methods in a formatcalibrated to individual interests and levels of proficiency.Written with an eye toward the use of computer applications, thebook examines the design of medical studies, descriptivestatistics, and introductory ideas of probability theory andstatistical inference; explores more advanced statistical methods;and illustrates important current uses of biostatistics. New to this edition are discussions of Longitudinal data analysis Randomized clinical trials Bayesian statistics GEE The bootstrap method Enhanced by a companion Web site providing data sets, selectedproblems and solutions, and examples from such current topics asHIV/AIDS, this is a thoroughly current, comprehensive introductionto the field.

An Introduction to Statistical Analysis in Research

With Applications in the Biological and Life Sciences

Author: Kathleen F. Weaver,Vanessa C. Morales,Sarah L. Dunn,Kanya Godde,Pablo F. Weaver

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119299691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 616

View: 9620

Provides well-organized coverage of statistical analysis and applications in biology, kinesiology, and physical anthropology with comprehensive insights into the techniques and interpretations of R, SPSS®, Excel®, and Numbers® output An Introduction to Statistical Analysis in Research: With Applications in the Biological and Life Sciences develops a conceptual foundation in statistical analysis while providing readers with opportunities to practice these skills via research-based data sets in biology, kinesiology, and physical anthropology. Readers are provided with a detailed introduction and orientation to statistical analysis as well as practical examples to ensure a thorough understanding of the concepts and methodology. In addition, the book addresses not just the statistical concepts researchers should be familiar with, but also demonstrates their relevance to real-world research questions and how to perform them using easily available software packages including R, SPSS®, Excel®, and Numbers®. Specific emphasis is on the practical application of statistics in the biological and life sciences, while enhancing reader skills in identifying the research questions and testable hypotheses, determining the appropriate experimental methodology and statistical analyses, processing data, and reporting the research outcomes. In addition, this book: • Aims to develop readers’ skills including how to report research outcomes, determine the appropriate experimental methodology and statistical analysis, and identify the needed research questions and testable hypotheses • Includes pedagogical elements throughout that enhance the overall learning experience including case studies and tutorials, all in an effort to gain full comprehension of designing an experiment, considering biases and uncontrolled variables, analyzing data, and applying the appropriate statistical application with valid justification • Fills the gap between theoretically driven, mathematically heavy texts and introductory, step-by-step type books while preparing readers with the programming skills needed to carry out basic statistical tests, build support figures, and interpret the results • Provides a companion website that features related R, SPSS, Excel, and Numbers data sets, sample PowerPoint® lecture slides, end of the chapter review questions, software video tutorials that highlight basic statistical concepts, and a student workbook and instructor manual An Introduction to Statistical Analysis in Research: With Applications in the Biological and Life Sciences is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in research methods, biostatistics, statistics, biology, kinesiology, sports science and medicine, health and physical education, medicine, and nutrition. The book is also appropriate as a reference for researchers and professionals in the fields of anthropology, sports research, sports science, and physical education. KATHLEEN F. WEAVER, PhD, is Associate Dean of Learning, Innovation, and Teaching and Professor in the Department of Biology at the University of La Verne. The author of numerous journal articles, she received her PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from the University of Colorado. VANESSA C. MORALES, BS, is Assistant Director of the Academic Success Center at the University of La Verne. SARAH L. DUNN, PhD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of La Verne and is Director of Research and Sponsored Programs. She has authored numerous journal articles and received her PhD in Health and Exercise Science from the University of New South Wales. KANYA GODDE, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology and is Director/Chair of Institutional Review Board at the University of La Verne. The author of numerous journal articles and a member of the American Statistical Association, she received her PhD in Anthropology from the University of Tennessee. PABLO F. WEAVER, PhD, is Instructor in the Department of Biology at the University of La Verne. The author of numerous journal articles, he received his PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from the University of Colorado.

Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences

Author: N. Balakrishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470405090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 986

View: 2400

"Data collection holds an essential part in dictating the future of health sciences and public health, as the compilation of statistics allows researchers and medical practitioners to monitor trends in health status, identify health problems, and evaluate the impact of health policies and programs. Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences serves as a single, one-of-a-kind resource on the wide range of statistical methods, techniques, and applications that are applied in modern life and health sciences in research. Specially designed to present encyclopedic content in an accessible and self-contained format, this book outlines thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard applications to research in related disciplines such as biology, epidemiology, clinical trials, and public health. Uniquely combining established literature with cutting-edge research, this book contains classical works and more than twenty-five new articles and completely revised contributions from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, Second Edition. The result is a compilation of more than eighty articles that explores classic methodology and new topics."--Publisher's description.

Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare

Author: Immy Holloway,Kathleen Galvin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118874498

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 870

Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare FOURTH EDITION Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare is an invaluable resource for those who carry out qualitative research in the healthcare arena. It is intended to assist: Professionals and academics in the healthcare field who undertake or teach research in clinical or educational settings Postgraduates who are undertaking qualitative research and want to revise qualitative research approaches and procedures before going on to more specialist texts Undergraduates in their last year who wish to learn about qualitative perspectives or carry out a project using these approaches Fully updated from the earlier editions by Holloway and Wheeler, this new edition reflects recent developments in nursing research, and provides clear explanations of abstract ideas in qualitative research as well as practical procedures. Structured into four sections, the book looks at the initial stages, methods of data collection, qualitative approaches and analysis of collected data. It also contains a chapter on writing up and publishing qualitative research. With applied and practical examples throughout, Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare is essential reading for those who are looking for a comprehensive introduction to qualitative research.

A Handbook of Research Methods for Clinical and Health Psychology

Author: Jeremy Miles,Paul Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198527565

Category: Psychology

Page: 315

View: 5930

A practical guide to carrying out research in health psychology and clinical psychology. For both undergraduate and postgraduate students, the book will be essential in making them aware of the full range of techniques available to them, helping them to design scientifically rigorous experiments.

Statistical Research Methods

A Guide for Non-Statisticians

Author: Roy Sabo,Edward Boone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461487080

Category: Medical

Page: 214

View: 2593

This textbook will help graduate students in non-statistics disciplines, advanced undergraduate researchers, and research faculty in the health sciences to learn, use and communicate results from many commonly used statistical methods. The material covered, and the manner in which it is presented, describe the entire data analysis process from hypothesis generation to writing the results in a manuscript. Chapters cover, among other topics: one and two-sample proportions, multi-category data, one and two-sample means, analysis of variance, and regression. Throughout the text, the authors explain statistical procedures and concepts using a non-statistical language. This accessible approach is complete with real-world examples and sample write-ups for the Methods and Results sections of scholarly papers. The text also allows for the concurrent use of the programming language R, which is an open-source program created, maintained and updated by the statistical community. R is freely available and easy to download.

Introduction to Research and Medical Literature for Health Professionals

Author: Adjunct Associate Professor Department of Physician Assistant Studies School of Health Professions UT Health Science Center San Antonio J Glenn Forister,Distinguished Teaching Professor (Retired) Department of Physician Assistant Studies and Dean (Retired) School of Health Professions UT Health Science Center San Antonio San Antonio Texas J Dennis Blessing

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284090140

Category:

Page: 248

View: 7257

Introduction to Research and Medical Literature for Health Professionals, Fourth Edition is an essential resource to help students, faculty, and practitioners understand the research process, interpret data, comprehend results, and incorporate findings into practice. From choosing a research project and developing the research process design, to systematically gathering information, analyzing, interpreting data, differentiating among conflicting results, and finally understanding the overall evaluation, Introduction to Research and Medical Literature for Health Professionals, Fourth Edition will help students and practitioners develop research skills to acquire and contribute knowledge that benefits their patients.

Introduction to Statistical Time Series

Author: Wayne A. Fuller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317752

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 7486

The subject of time series is of considerable interest, especially among researchers in econometrics, engineering, and the natural sciences. As part of the prestigious Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, this book provides a lucid introduction to the field and, in this new Second Edition, covers the important advances of recent years, including nonstationary models, nonlinear estimation, multivariate models, state space representations, and empirical model identification. New sections have also been added on the Wold decomposition, partial autocorrelation, long memory processes, and the Kalman filter. Major topics include: * Moving average and autoregressive processes * Introduction to Fourier analysis * Spectral theory and filtering * Large sample theory * Estimation of the mean and autocorrelations * Estimation of the spectrum * Parameter estimation * Regression, trend, and seasonality * Unit root and explosive time series To accommodate a wide variety of readers, review material, especially on elementary results in Fourier analysis, large sample statistics, and difference equations, has been included.

Nursing and Healthcare Research at a Glance

Author: Alan Glasper,Colin Rees

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118778790

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 7207

Nursing and Healthcare Research at a Glance is perfect for nursing and healthcare students, as well as newly qualified practitioners and anyone looking for a refresher or introduction to research. Covering a broad range of topics gathered under key sections, this essential book combines informative diagrams and images to provide memorable information for students on one page, and accessible, clearly written text on the facing page. It includes information on a range of quantitative and qualitative research methods, the process of gaining ethical permission, conducting research with special groups including children, and successfully conducting reviews of the literature. Key features include: Clear and informative full colour illustrations throughout An emphasis on need-to-know research information for busy students and healthcare staff A wide range of research methods, currently used in modern healthcare research An impressive line-up of specialist and well-known experts in the field of health and nursing research This book provides quick access to the principles and reality of research and its implementation within the education and practice environment. It is essential reading for anyone in health service education and service settings with limited time who need to draw on research evidence.

Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1197

Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.