Introduction to Relativity

For Physicists and Astronomers

Author: John B. Kogut

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080924085

Category: Science

Page: 178

View: 2111

Introduction to Relativity is intended to teach physics and astronomy majors at the freshman, sophomore or upper-division levels how to think about special and general relativity in a fundamental, but accessible, way. Designed to render any reader a "master of relativity", everything on the subject is comprehensible and derivable from first principles. The book emphasizes problem solving, contains abundant problem sets, and is conveniently organized to meet the needs of both student and instructor. Simplicity: the book teaches space and time in relativity in a physical fashion with minimal mathematics Conciseness: the book teaches relativity by emphasizing the basic simplicity of the principles at work Visualization: space-time diagrams (Minkowski) illustrate phenomena from simultaneity to the resolution of the twin paradox in a concrete fashion Worked problems: two chapters of challenging problems solved in several ways illustrate and teach the principles Problem sets: each chapter is accompanied by a full set of problems for the student that teach the principles and some new phenonmena

Guide to Essential Math

A Review for Physics, Chemistry and Engineering Students

Author: Sy M. Blinder

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080559670

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 7469

This book reminds students in junior, senior and graduate level courses in physics, chemistry and engineering of the math they may have forgotten (or learned imperfectly) which is needed to succeed in science courses. The focus is on math actually used in physics, chemistry and engineering, and the approach to mathematics begins with 12 examples of increasing complexity, designed to hone the student's ability to think in mathematical terms and to apply quantitative methods to scientific problems. By the author's design, no problems are included in the text, to allow the students to focus on their science course assignments. - Highly accessible presentation of fundamental mathematical techniques needed in science and engineering courses - Use of proven pedagogical techniques develolped during the author’s 40 years of teaching experience - illustrations and links to reference material on World-Wide-Web - Coverage of fairly advanced topics, including vector and matrix algebra, partial differential equations, special functions and complex variables

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

In Chemistry, Materials Science, and Biology

Author: S. M. Blinder

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0121060519

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 5412

This book provides a lucid, up-to-date introduction to the principles of quantum mechanics at the level of undergraduates and first-year graduate students in chemistry, materials science, biology and related fields. It shows how the fundamental concepts of quantum theory arose from classic experiments in physics and chemistry, and presents the quantum-mechanical foundations of modern techniques including molecular spectroscopy, lasers and NMR. Blinder also discusses recent conceptual developments in quantum theory, including Schrödinger's Cat, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment, Bell's theorem and quantum computing. * Clearly presents the basics of quantum mechanics and modern developments in the field * Explains applications to molecular spectroscopy, lasers, NMR, and MRI * Introduces new concepts such as Schrödinger's Cat, Bell's Theorem, and quantum computing * Includes full-color illustrations, proven pedagogical features, and links to online materials

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 5155

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

The Physics of the Early Universe

Author: Eleftherios Papantonopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540227120

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 8323

The Physics of the Early Universe is an edited and expanded version of the lectures given at a recent summer school of the same name. Its aim is to present an advanced multi-authored textbook that meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers interested in, or already working on, problems in cosmology and general relativity, with emphasis on the early universe. A particularly strong feature of the present work is the constructive-critical approach to the present mainstream theories, the careful assessment of some alternative approaches, and the overall balance between theoretical and observational considerations. As such, this book will also benefit experienced scientists and nonspecialists from related areas of research.

Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie

Author: Steven S. Gubser

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827428486

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 1652

Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie bietet eine knappe und unterhaltsame Einführung in eines der meistdiskutierten Gebiete der modernen Physik. Die Stringtheorie gilt als eine „Theorie für Alles“, mit der sich sämtliche Grundkräfte der Natur beschreiben lassen. Bisher allerdings konnte sie experimentell nicht bestätigt werden, und unter Physikern wird sie sehr kontrovers diskutiert. Dieses Buch gibt Ihnen die Gelegenheit, sich ein eigenes Bild zu machen!

The Beauty of Physics: Patterns, Principles, and Perspectives

Author: A. R. P. Rau

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191019895

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1857

The beauty of physics lies in its coherence in terms of a few fundamental concepts and principles. Even physicists have occasion to marvel at the overarching reach of basic principles and their ability to account for features stretching from the microscopic sub-atomic world to the cosmological expanses of the Universe. While mathematics is its natural language, physics is mostly about patterns, connections, and relations between objects and phenomena, and it is this aspect that is emphasized in this book. Since science tries to connect phenomena that at first sight appear widely different, while boiling them down to a small set of essential principles and laws, metaphor and analogy pervade our subject. Consider the pendulum, its swing from one extreme to the other often invoked in social or economic contexts. In molecular vibrations, such as in the CO2 molecule, the quantum motions of electrons and nuclei are metaphorically the pendulums. In electromagnetic radiation, including the visible light we observe, there are not even any concrete material particles, only electric and magnetic fields executing simple harmonic motion. But, to a physicist, they are all "just a pendulum". The selection of topics reflects the author's own four-decade career in research physics and his resultant perspective on the subject. While aimed primarily at physicists, including junior students, this book also addresses other readers who are willing to think with symbols and simple algebra in understanding the physical world around us. Each chapter, on themes such as dimensions, transformations, symmetries, or maps, begins with simple examples accessible to all while connecting them later to more sophisticated realizations in more advanced topics of physics.

Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309183628

Category: Mathematics

Page: 138

View: 4909

Over three hundred years ago, Galileo is reported to have said, "The laws of nature are written in the language of mathematics." Often mathematics and science go hand in hand, with one helping develop and improve the other. Discoveries in science, for example, open up new advances in statistics, computer science, operations research, and pure and applied mathematics which in turn enabled new practical technologies and advanced entirely new frontiers of science. Despite the interdependency that exists between these two disciplines, cooperation and collaboration between mathematical scientists and scientists have only occurred by chance. To encourage new collaboration between the mathematical sciences and other fields and to sustain present collaboration, the National Research Council (NRC) formed a committee representing a broad cross-section of scientists from academia, federal government laboratories, and industry. The goal of the committee was to examine the mechanisms for strengthening interdisciplinary research between mathematical sciences and the sciences, with a strong focus on suggesting the most effective mechanisms of collaboration. Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences provides the findings and recommendations of the committee as well as case studies of cross-discipline collaboration, the workshop agenda, and federal agencies that provide funding for such collaboration.

Einführung in die Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: David Griffiths

Publisher: VCH

ISBN: 9783055016271

Category:

Page: 433

View: 658

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

The Universe in X-Rays

Author: Joachim E. Trümper,Günther Hasinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540344124

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6180

With contributions from leading scientists in the field, and edited by two of the most prominent astronomers of our time, this is a totally authoritative volume on X-ray astronomy that will be essential reading for everyone interested – from students to astrophysicists and physicists. All the aspects of this exciting area of study are covered, from astronomical instrumentation to extragalactic X-ray astronomy.

Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 9014

Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.

Die Wirklichkeit, die nicht so ist, ...

Eine Reise in die Welt der Quantengravitation

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644052514

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9683

Was ist Wirklichkeit? Existieren Raum und Zeit tatsächlich, wenn wir uns anschicken, die elementarsten Grundlagen unserer Existenz zu erforschen? Wie viel davon können wir überhaupt verstehen? Carlo Rovelli beschäftigt sich seit vielen Jahren damit, die Grenzen unseres Verstehens zu erweitern. In diesem Buch nimmt er uns mit auf eine Reise, die von dem Realitätsverständnis der griechischen Klassik bis zur Schleifenquantengravitation führt. Ein großer Physiker unserer Zeit macht sich auf, uns ein neues Welt-Bild zu zeichnen: mit einem physikalischen Universum ohne Zeit, einer Raumzeit, die aus Schleifen und Körnchen besteht und in der Unendlichkeit nicht existiert. Einer Kosmologie, die ohne Urknall und Paralleluniversen auskommt und hier zum ersten Mal von einem ihrer «Erfinder» für ein breites Publikum einfach und ausführlich erklärt wird. Ein Buch über «die großen Herausforderungen der gegenwärtigen Naturwissenschaften, die all unser Wissen über die Natur in Frage stellen» (Rovelli).