Introduction to Probability Models, ISE

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080920179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 800

View: 5931

Ross's classic bestseller, Introduction to Probability Models, has been used extensively by professionals and as the primary text for a first undergraduate course in applied probability. It provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes, and shows how probability theory can be applied to the study of phenomena in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. With the addition of several new sections relating to actuaries, this text is highly recommended by the Society of Actuaries. A new section (3.7) on COMPOUND RANDOM VARIABLES, that can be used to establish a recursive formula for computing probability mass functions for a variety of common compounding distributions. A new section (4.11) on HIDDDEN MARKOV CHAINS, including the forward and backward approaches for computing the joint probability mass function of the signals, as well as the Viterbi algorithm for determining the most likely sequence of states. Simplified Approach for Analyzing Nonhomogeneous Poisson processes Additional results on queues relating to the (a) conditional distribution of the number found by an M/M/1 arrival who spends a time t in the system; (b) inspection paradox for M/M/1 queues (c) M/G/1 queue with server breakdown Many new examples and exercises.

Introduction to Probability Models

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483276589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 568

View: 6713

Introduction to Probability Models, Fifth Edition focuses on different probability models of natural phenomena. This edition includes additional material in Chapters 5 and 10, such as examples relating to analyzing algorithms, minimizing highway encounters, collecting coupons, and tracking the AIDS virus. The arbitrage theorem and its relationship to the duality theorem of linear program are also covered, as well as how the arbitrage theorem leads to the Black-Scholes option pricing formula. Other topics include the Bernoulli random variable, Chapman-Kolmogorov equations, and properties of the exponential distribution. The continuous-time Markov chains, single-server exponential queueing system, variations on Brownian motion; and variance reduction by conditioning are also elaborated. This book is a good reference for students and researchers conducting work on probability models.

An Introduction to Probabilistic Modeling

Author: Pierre Bremaud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210461

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 528

Introduction to the basic concepts of probability theory: independence, expectation, convergence in law and almost-sure convergence. Short expositions of more advanced topics such as Markov Chains, Stochastic Processes, Bayesian Decision Theory and Information Theory.

Introduction to Statistics and Econometrics

Author: Takeshi Amemiya

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674462250

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5654

This outstanding text by a foremost econometrician combines instruction in probability and statistics with econometrics in a rigorous but relatively nontechnical manner. Unlike many statistics texts, it discusses regression analysis in depth. And unlike many econometrics texts, it offers a thorough treatment of statistics. Although its only mathematical requirement is multivariate calculus, it challenges the student to think deeply about basic concepts. The coverage of probability and statistics includes best prediction and best linear prediction, the joint distribution of a continuous and discrete random variable, large sample theory, and the properties of the maximum likelihood estimator. Exercises at the end of each chapter reinforce the many illustrative examples and diagrams. Believing that students should acquire the habit of questioning conventional statistical techniques, Takeshi Amemiya discusses the problem of choosing estimators and compares various criteria for ranking them. He also evaluates classical hypothesis testing critically, giving the realistic case of testing a composite null against a composite alternative. He frequently adopts a Bayesian approach because it provides a useful pedagogical framework for discussing many fundamental issues in statistical inference. Turning to regression, Amemiya presents the classical bivariate model in the conventional summation notation. He follows with a brief introduction to matrix analysis and multiple regression in matrix notation. Finally, he describes various generalizations of the classical regression model and certain other statistical models extensively used in econometrics and other applications in social science.

Introduction to Algorithms

Author: Thomas H. Cormen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533057

Category: Computers

Page: 1292

View: 1058

A new edition of the essential text and professional reference, with substantial new material on such topics as vEB trees, multithreaded algorithms, dynamic programming, and edge-based flow.

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123948428

Category: Mathematics

Page: 686

View: 8929

Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists provides a superior introduction to applied probability and statistics for engineering or science majors. Ross emphasizes the manner in which probability yields insight into statistical problems; ultimately resulting in an intuitive understanding of the statistical procedures most often used by practicing engineers and scientists. Real data sets are incorporated in a wide variety of exercises and examples throughout the book, and this emphasis on data motivates the probability coverage. As with the previous editions, Ross' text has tremendously clear exposition, plus real-data examples and exercises throughout the text. Numerous exercises, examples, and applications connect probability theory to everyday statistical problems and situations. Clear exposition by a renowned expert author Real data examples that use significant real data from actual studies across life science, engineering, computing and business End of Chapter review material that emphasizes key ideas as well as the risks associated with practical application of the material 25% New Updated problem sets and applications, that demonstrate updated applications to engineering as well as biological, physical and computer science New additions to proofs in the estimation section New coverage of Pareto and lognormal distributions, prediction intervals, use of dummy variables in multiple regression models, and testing equality of multiple population distributions.

All of Statistics

A Concise Course in Statistical Inference

Author: Larry Wasserman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387217363

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 3688

Taken literally, the title "All of Statistics" is an exaggeration. But in spirit, the title is apt, as the book does cover a much broader range of topics than a typical introductory book on mathematical statistics. This book is for people who want to learn probability and statistics quickly. It is suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and related disciplines. The book includes modern topics like non-parametric curve estimation, bootstrapping, and classification, topics that are usually relegated to follow-up courses. The reader is presumed to know calculus and a little linear algebra. No previous knowledge of probability and statistics is required. Statistics, data mining, and machine learning are all concerned with collecting and analysing data.

Introduction to the Theory of Computation

Author: Michael Sipser

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285401069

Category: Computers

Page: 504

View: 1496

Now you can clearly present even the most complex computational theory topics to your students with Sipser's distinct, market-leading INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E. The number one choice for today's computational theory course, this highly anticipated revision retains the unmatched clarity and thorough coverage that make it a leading text for upper-level undergraduate and introductory graduate students. This edition continues author Michael Sipser's well-known, approachable style with timely revisions, additional exercises, and more memorable examples in key areas. A new first-of-its-kind theoretical treatment of deterministic context-free languages is ideal for a better understanding of parsing and LR(k) grammars. This edition's refined presentation ensures a trusted accuracy and clarity that make the challenging study of computational theory accessible and intuitive to students while maintaining the subject's rigor and formalism. Readers gain a solid understanding of the fundamental mathematical properties of computer hardware, software, and applications with a blend of practical and philosophical coverage and mathematical treatments, including advanced theorems and proofs. INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E's comprehensive coverage makes this an ideal ongoing reference tool for those studying theoretical computing. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Statistical Methods for Psychology

Author: David Howell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111835489

Category: Psychology

Page: 792

View: 2171

STATISTICAL METHODS FOR PSYCHOLOGY surveys the statistical techniques commonly used in the behavioral and social sciences, particularly psychology and education. To help students gain a better understanding of the specific statistical hypothesis tests that are covered throughout the text, author David Howell emphasizes conceptual understanding. This Eighth Edition continues to focus students on two key themes that are the cornerstones of this book’s success: the importance of looking at the data before beginning a hypothesis test, and the importance of knowing the relationship between the statistical test in use and the theoretical questions being asked by the experiment. New and expanded topics--reflecting the evolving realm of statistical methods--include effect size, meta-analysis, and treatment of missing data. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Fundamentals of Wireless Communication

Author: David Tse,Pramod Viswanath

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521845274

Category: Computers

Page: 564

View: 3474

The past decade has seen many advances in physical layer wireless communication theory and their implementation in wireless systems. This textbook takes a unified view of the fundamentals of wireless communication and explains the web of concepts underpinning these advances at a level accessible to an audience with a basic background in probability and digital communication. Topics covered include MIMO (multi-input, multi-output) communication, space-time coding, opportunistic communication, OFDM and CDMA. The concepts are illustrated using many examples from real wireless systems such as GSM, IS-95 (CDMA), IS-856 (1 x EV-DO), Flash OFDM and UWB (ultra-wideband). Particular emphasis is placed on the interplay between concepts and their implementation in real systems. An abundant supply of exercises and figures reinforce the material in the text. This book is intended for use on graduate courses in electrical and computer engineering and will also be of great interest to practising engineers.

Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Author: William Mendenhall,Robert J. Beaver,Barbara M. Beaver

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133711677

Category: Mathematics

Page: 744

View: 6102

Used by hundreds of thousands of students since its first edition, INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS, Fourteenth Edition, continues to blend the best of its proven, error-free coverage with new innovations. Written for the higher end of the traditional introductory statistics market, the book takes advantage of modern technology--including computational software and interactive visual tools--to facilitate statistical reasoning as well as the interpretation of statistical results. In addition to showing how to apply statistical procedures, the authors explain how to describe real sets of data meaningfully, what the statistical tests mean in terms of their practical applications, how to evaluate the validity of the assumptions behind statistical tests, and what to do when statistical assumptions have been violated. The new edition retains the statistical integrity, examples, exercises, and exposition that have made this text a market leader--and builds upon this tradition of excellence with new technology integration. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Simulation Modeling and Analysis

Author: Averill Law

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077595963

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 804

View: 8798

Since the publication of the first edition in 1982, the goal of Simulation Modeling and Analysis has always been to provide a comprehensive, state-of-the-art, and technically correct treatment of all important aspects of a simulation study. The book strives to make this material understandable by the use of intuition and numerous figures, examples, and problems. It is equally well suited for use in university courses, simulation practice, and self study. The book is widely regarded as the “bible” of simulation and now has more than 100,000 copies in print.

Geographical Models with Mathematica

Author: Andre Dauphine

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081022301

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 6171

Geographical Models with Mathematica provides a fairly comprehensive overview of the types of models necessary for the development of new geographical knowledge, including stochastic models, models for data analysis, for geostatistics, for networks, for dynamic systems, for cellular automata and for multi-agent systems, all discussed in their theoretical context. The author then provides over 65 programs, written in the Mathematica language, that formalize these models. Case studies are provided to help the reader apply these programs to their own studies. Provides theoretical, stochastic and dynamic system models Covers data science, both in a spatial and spatio-temporal analysis Presents a microstructural understanding of the mechanical behavior of granular materials

Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models

Author: Wolfgang Härdle,Marlene Müller,Stefan Sperlich,Axel Werwatz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364217146X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 5850

The statistical and mathematical principles of smoothing with a focus on applicable techniques are presented in this book. It naturally splits into two parts: The first part is intended for undergraduate students majoring in mathematics, statistics, econometrics or biometrics whereas the second part is intended to be used by master and PhD students or researchers. The material is easy to accomplish since the e-book character of the text gives a maximum of flexibility in learning (and teaching) intensity.

Latent Variable Models

An Introduction to Factor, Path, and Structural Equation Analysis, Fifth Edition

Author: John C. Loehlin,A. Alexander Beaujean

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131728528X

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 1300

Latent Variable Models: An Introduction to Factor, Path, and Structural Equation Analysis introduces latent variable models by utilizing path diagrams to explain the relationships in the models. This approach helps less mathematically-inclined readers to grasp the underlying relations among path analysis, factor analysis, and structural equation modeling, and to set up and carry out such analyses. This revised and expanded fifth edition again contains key chapters on path analysis, structural equation models, and exploratory factor analysis. In addition, it contains new material on composite reliability, models with categorical data, the minimum average partial procedure, bi-factor models, and communicating about latent variable models. The informal writing style and the numerous illustrative examples make the book accessible to readers of varying backgrounds. Notes at the end of each chapter expand the discussion and provide additional technical detail and references. Moreover, most chapters contain an extended example in which the authors work through one of the chapter’s examples in detail to aid readers in conducting similar analyses with their own data. The book and accompanying website provide all of the data for the book’s examples as well as syntax from latent variable programs so readers can replicate the analyses. The book can be used with any of a variety of computer programs, but special attention is paid to LISREL and R. An important resource for advanced students and researchers in numerous disciplines in the behavioral sciences, education, business, and health sciences, Latent Variable Models is a practical and readable reference for those seeking to understand or conduct an analysis using latent variables.

Numerical Methods and Optimization

An Introduction

Author: Sergiy Butenko,Panos M. Pardalos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466577789

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 2317

For students in industrial and systems engineering (ISE) and operations research (OR) to understand optimization at an advanced level, they must first grasp the analysis of algorithms, computational complexity, and other concepts and modern developments in numerical methods. Satisfying this prerequisite, Numerical Methods and Optimization: An Introduction combines the materials from introductory numerical methods and introductory optimization courses into a single text. This classroom-tested approach enriches a standard numerical methods syllabus with optional chapters on numerical optimization and provides a valuable numerical methods background for students taking an introductory OR or optimization course. The first part of the text introduces the necessary mathematical background, the digital representation of numbers, and different types of errors associated with numerical methods. The second part explains how to solve typical problems using numerical methods. Focusing on optimization methods, the final part presents basic theory and algorithms for linear and nonlinear optimization. The book assumes minimal prior knowledge of the topics. Taking a rigorous yet accessible approach to the material, it includes some mathematical proofs as samples of rigorous analysis but in most cases, uses only examples to illustrate the concepts. While the authors provide a MATLAB® guide and code available for download, the book can be used with other software packages.

Probability Essentials

Author: Jean Jacod,Philip Protter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642556825

Category: Mathematics

Page: 254

View: 5014

This introduction can be used, at the beginning graduate level, for a one-semester course on probability theory or for self-direction without benefit of a formal course; the measure theory needed is developed in the text. It will also be useful for students and teachers in related areas such as finance theory, electrical engineering, and operations research. The text covers the essentials in a directed and lean way with 28 short chapters, and assumes only an undergraduate background in mathematics. Readers are taken right up to a knowledge of the basics of Martingale Theory, and the interested student will be ready to continue with the study of more advanced topics, such as Brownian Motion and Ito Calculus, or Statistical Inference.

The Signal and the Noise

Why So Many Predictions Fail, But Some Don't

Author: Nate Silver

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143125087

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 534

View: 5655

The founder of FiveThirtyEight.com challenges myths about predictions in subjects ranging from the financial market and weather to sports and politics, profiling the world of prediction to explain how readers can distinguish true signals from hype, in a report that also reveals the sources and societal costs of wrongful predictions.

Introductory Statistics

Author: Sheldon M. Ross

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012804361X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 828

View: 5873

Introductory Statistics, Fourth Edition, reviews statistical concepts and techniques in a manner that will teach students not only how and when to utilize the statistical procedures developed, but also how to understand why these procedures should be used. The text's main merits are the clarity of presentation, contemporary examples and applications from diverse areas, an explanation of intuition, and the ideas behind the statistical methods. Concepts are motivated, illustrated, and explained in a way that attempts to increase one's intuition. To quote from the preface, it is only when a student develops a feel or intuition for statistics that she or he is really on the path toward making sense of data. Ross achieves this goal through a coherent mix of mathematical analysis, intuitive discussions, and examples. Applications and examples refer to real-world issues, such as gun control, stock price models, health issues, driving age limits, school admission ages, use of helmets, sports, scientific fraud, and many others. Examples relating to data mining techniques using the number of Google queries or Twitter tweets are also considered. For this fourth edition, new topical coverage includes sections on Pareto distribution and the 80-20 rule, Benford's law, added material on odds and joint distributions and correlation, logistic regression, A-B testing, and more modern (big data) examples and exercises. Includes new section on Pareto distribution and the 80-20 rule, Benford’s law, odds, joint distribution and correlation, logistic regression, A-B testing, and examples from the world of analytics and big data Comprehensive edition that includes the most commonly used statistical software packages (SAS, SPSS, Minitab), ISM, SSM, and an online graphing calculator manual Presents a unique, historical perspective, profiling prominent statisticians and historical events to motivate learning by including interest and context Provides exercises and examples that help guide the student towards indpendent learning using real issues and real data, e.g. stock price models, health issues, gender issues, sports, and scientific fraud