Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319020994

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 9211

This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, and elsewhere. The exposition carefully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, and include straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material that motivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experience with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- and multi-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to form the core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximum Principle, financial models, dispersion and solutions, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems, and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes are an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the two most basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements.

Applied Partial Differential Equations

Author: J David Logan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319124935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 5986

This textbook is for the standard, one-semester, junior-senior course that often goes by the title "Elementary Partial Differential Equations" or "Boundary Value Problems". The audience consists of students in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences. The topics include derivations of some of the standard models of mathematical physics and methods for solving those equations on unbounded and bounded domains, and applications of PDE's to biology. The text differs from other texts in its brevity; yet it provides coverage of the main topics usually studied in the standard course, as well as an introduction to using computer algebra packages to solve and understand partial differential equations. For the 3rd edition the section on numerical methods has been considerably expanded to reflect their central role in PDE's. A treatment of the finite element method has been included and the code for numerical calculations is now written for MATLAB. Nonetheless the brevity of the text has been maintained. To further aid the reader in mastering the material and using the book, the clarity of the exercises has been improved, more routine exercises have been included, and the entire text has been visually reformatted to improve readability.

Applications of Lie Groups to Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468402749

Category: Mathematics

Page: 497

View: 2143

This book is devoted to explaining a wide range of applications of con tinuous symmetry groups to physically important systems of differential equations. Emphasis is placed on significant applications of group-theoretic methods, organized so that the applied reader can readily learn the basic computational techniques required for genuine physical problems. The first chapter collects together (but does not prove) those aspects of Lie group theory which are of importance to differential equations. Applications covered in the body of the book include calculation of symmetry groups of differential equations, integration of ordinary differential equations, including special techniques for Euler-Lagrange equations or Hamiltonian systems, differential invariants and construction of equations with pre scribed symmetry groups, group-invariant solutions of partial differential equations, dimensional analysis, and the connections between conservation laws and symmetry groups. Generalizations of the basic symmetry group concept, and applications to conservation laws, integrability conditions, completely integrable systems and soliton equations, and bi-Hamiltonian systems are covered in detail. The exposition is reasonably self-contained, and supplemented by numerous examples of direct physical importance, chosen from classical mechanics, fluid mechanics, elasticity and other applied areas.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with Applications

Author: E. C. Zachmanoglou,Dale W. Thoe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048613217X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 2916

This text explores the essentials of partial differential equations as applied to engineering and the physical sciences. Discusses ordinary differential equations, integral curves and surfaces of vector fields, the Cauchy-Kovalevsky theory, more. Problems and answers.

Introduction to Differential Equations

Author: Michael Eugene Taylor

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082185271X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 6796

The mathematical formulations of problems in physics, economics, biology, and other sciences are usually embodied in differential equations. The analysis of the resulting equations then provides new insight into the original problems. This book describes the tools for performing that analysis. The first chapter treats single differential equations, emphasizing linear and nonlinear first order equations, linear second order equations, and a class of nonlinear second order equations arising from Newton's laws. The first order linear theory starts with a self-contained presentation of the exponential and trigonometric functions, which plays a central role in the subsequent development of this chapter. Chapter 2 provides a mini-course on linear algebra, giving detailed treatments of linear transformations, determinants and invertibility, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and generalized eigenvectors. This treatment is more detailed than that in most differential equations texts, and provides a solid foundation for the next two chapters. Chapter 3 studies linear systems of differential equations. It starts with the matrix exponential, melding material from Chapters 1 and 2, and uses this exponential as a key tool in the linear theory. Chapter 4 deals with nonlinear systems of differential equations. This uses all the material developed in the first three chapters and moves it to a deeper level. The chapter includes theoretical studies, such as the fundamental existence and uniqueness theorem, but also has numerous examples, arising from Newtonian physics, mathematical biology, electrical circuits, and geometrical problems. These studies bring in variational methods, a fertile source of nonlinear systems of differential equations. The reader who works through this book will be well prepared for advanced studies in dynamical systems, mathematical physics, and partial differential equations.

An Introduction to Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

Author: J. David Logan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470225955

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 5703

An Introduction to Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations is a textbook on nonlinear partial differential equations. It is technique oriented with an emphasis on applications and is designed to build a foundation for studying advanced treatises in the field. The Second Edition features an updated bibliography as well as an increase in the number of exercises. All software references have been updated with the latest version of [email protected], the corresponding graphics have also been updated using [email protected] An increased focus on hydrogeology...

Basic Linear Partial Differential Equations

Author: Francois Treves

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150984

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 8750

Focusing on the archetypes of linear partial differential equations, this text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students employs nontraditional methods to explain classical material. Nearly 400 exercises. 1975 edition.

Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: William A. Adkins,Mark G. Davidson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461436184

Category: Mathematics

Page: 799

View: 5704

Unlike most texts in differential equations, this textbook gives an early presentation of the Laplace transform, which is then used to motivate and develop many of the remaining differential equation concepts for which it is particularly well suited. For example, the standard solution methods for constant coefficient linear differential equations are immediate and simplified, and solution methods for constant coefficient systems are streamlined. By introducing the Laplace transform early in the text, students become proficient in its use while at the same time learning the standard topics in differential equations. The text also includes proofs of several important theorems that are not usually given in introductory texts. These include a proof of the injectivity of the Laplace transform and a proof of the existence and uniqueness theorem for linear constant coefficient differential equations. Along with its unique traits, this text contains all the topics needed for a standard three- or four-hour, sophomore-level differential equations course for students majoring in science or engineering. These topics include: first order differential equations, general linear differential equations with constant coefficients, second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, power series methods, and linear systems of differential equations. It is assumed that the reader has had the equivalent of a one-year course in college calculus.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: David Borthwick

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319489364

Category: Mathematics

Page: 283

View: 4467

This modern take on partial differential equations does not require knowledge beyond vector calculus and linear algebra. The author focuses on the most important classical partial differential equations, including conservation equations and their characteristics, the wave equation, the heat equation, function spaces, and Fourier series, drawing on tools from analysis only as they arise. Within each section the author creates a narrative that answers the five questions: What is the scientific problem we are trying to understand? How do we model that with PDE? What techniques can we use to analyze the PDE? How do those techniques apply to this equation? What information or insight did we obtain by developing and analyzing the PDE? The text stresses the interplay between modeling and mathematical analysis, providing a thorough source of problems and an inspiration for the development of methods.

Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction to Theory and Applications

Author: Michael Shearer,Rachel Levy

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140086660X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 3418

This textbook provides beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates with an accessible introduction to the rich subject of partial differential equations (PDEs). It presents a rigorous and clear explanation of the more elementary theoretical aspects of PDEs, while also drawing connections to deeper analysis and applications. The book serves as a needed bridge between basic undergraduate texts and more advanced books that require a significant background in functional analysis. Topics include first order equations and the method of characteristics, second order linear equations, wave and heat equations, Laplace and Poisson equations, and separation of variables. The book also covers fundamental solutions, Green's functions and distributions, beginning functional analysis applied to elliptic PDEs, traveling wave solutions of selected parabolic PDEs, and scalar conservation laws and systems of hyperbolic PDEs. Provides an accessible yet rigorous introduction to partial differential equations Draws connections to advanced topics in analysis Covers applications to continuum mechanics An electronic solutions manual is available only to professors An online illustration package is available to professors

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

A Computational Approach

Author: Aslak Tveito,Ragnar Winther

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354022551X

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 7391

This is the softcover reprint of a popular book teaching the basic analytical and computational methods of partial differential equations. It includes coverage of standard topics such as separation of variables, Fourier analysis, and energy estimates.

Essential Partial Differential Equations

Analytical and Computational Aspects

Author: David F. Griffiths,John W. Dold,David J. Silvester

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 7811

This volume provides an introduction to the analytical and numerical aspects of partial differential equations (PDEs). It unifies an analytical and computational approach for these; the qualitative behaviour of solutions being established using classical concepts: maximum principles and energy methods. Notable inclusions are the treatment of irregularly shaped boundaries, polar coordinates and the use of flux-limiters when approximating hyperbolic conservation laws. The numerical analysis of difference schemes is rigorously developed using discrete maximum principles and discrete Fourier analysis. A novel feature is the inclusion of a chapter containing projects, intended for either individual or group study, that cover a range of topics such as parabolic smoothing, travelling waves, isospectral matrices, and the approximation of multidimensional advection–diffusion problems. The underlying theory is illustrated by numerous examples and there are around 300 exercises, designed to promote and test understanding. They are starred according to level of difficulty. Solutions to odd-numbered exercises are available to all readers while even-numbered solutions are available to authorised instructors. Written in an informal yet rigorous style, Essential Partial Differential Equations is designed for mathematics undergraduates in their final or penultimate year of university study, but will be equally useful for students following other scientific and engineering disciplines in which PDEs are of practical importance. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with the basic concepts of calculus and linear algebra.

Partial Differential Equations in Action

From Modelling to Theory

Author: Sandro Salsa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319312383

Category: Mathematics

Page: 686

View: 2950

The book is intended as an advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate course for students from various disciplines, including applied mathematics, physics and engineering. It has evolved from courses offered on partial differential equations (PDEs) over the last several years at the Politecnico di Milano. These courses had a twofold purpose: on the one hand, to teach students to appreciate the interplay between theory and modeling in problems arising in the applied sciences, and on the other to provide them with a solid theoretical background in numerical methods, such as finite elements. Accordingly, this textbook is divided into two parts. The first part, chapters 2 to 5, is more elementary in nature and focuses on developing and studying basic problems from the macro-areas of diffusion, propagation and transport, waves and vibrations. In turn the second part, chapters 6 to 11, concentrates on the development of Hilbert spaces methods for the variational formulation and the analysis of (mainly) linear boundary and initial-boundary value problems.The third edition contains a few text and formulas revisions and new exercises.

A First Course in Differential Equations

Author: J David Logan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441975928

Category: Mathematics

Page: 386

View: 1629

This concise and up-to-date textbook is designed for the standard sophomore course in differential equations. It treats the basic ideas, models, and solution methods in a user friendly format that is accessible to engineers, scientists, economists, and mathematics majors. It emphasizes analytical, graphical, and numerical techniques, and it provides the tools needed by students to continue to the next level in applying the methods to more advanced problems. There is a strong connection to applications with motivations in mechanics and heat transfer, circuits, biology, economics, chemical reactors, and other areas. Moreover, the text contains a new, elementary chapter on systems of differential equations, both linear and nonlinear, that introduces key ideas without matrix analysis. Two subsequent chapters treat systems in a more formal way. Briefly, the topics include: First-order equations: separable, linear, autonomous, and bifurcation phenomena; Second-order linear homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations; Laplace transforms; and Linear and nonlinear systems, and phase plane properties.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers Using Mathematica

Author: Kuzman Adzievski,Abul Hasan Siddiqi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466510579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 3826

With a special emphasis on engineering and science applications, this textbook provides a mathematical introduction to PDEs at the undergraduate level. It takes a new approach to PDEs by presenting computation as an integral part of the study of differential equations. The authors use Mathematica® along with graphics to improve understanding and interpretation of concepts. They also present exercises in each chapter and solutions to selected examples. Topics discussed include Laplace and Fourier transforms as well as Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction

Author: David Colton

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486438341

Category: Mathematics

Page: 308

View: 8105

This text offers students in mathematics, engineering, and the applied sciences a solid foundation for advanced studies in mathematics. Classical topics presented in a modern context include coverage of integral equations and basic scattering theory. Includes examples of inverse problems arising from improperly posed applications as well as exercises, many with answers. 1988 edition.

Mathematical Physics with Partial Differential Equations

Author: James R. Kirkwood

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123869110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 445

Suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students taking a course on mathematical physics, this title presents some of the most important topics and methods of mathematical physics. It contains mathematical derivations and solutions - reinforcing the material through repetition of both the equations and the techniques.