Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 6643

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

Introduction to Numerical Methods in Differential Equations

Author: Mark H. Holmes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387681213

Category: Mathematics

Page: 239

View: 8660

This book shows how to derive, test and analyze numerical methods for solving differential equations, including both ordinary and partial differential equations. The objective is that students learn to solve differential equations numerically and understand the mathematical and computational issues that arise when this is done. Includes an extensive collection of exercises, which develop both the analytical and computational aspects of the material. In addition to more than 100 illustrations, the book includes a large collection of supplemental material: exercise sets, MATLAB computer codes for both student and instructor, lecture slides and movies.

Introduction to Numerical Analysis

Author: J. Stoer,R. Bulirsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475722729

Category: Mathematics

Page: 660

View: 9373

On the occasion of this new edition, the text was enlarged by several new sections. Two sections on B-splines and their computation were added to the chapter on spline functions: Due to their special properties, their flexibility, and the availability of well-tested programs for their computation, B-splines play an important role in many applications. Also, the authors followed suggestions by many readers to supplement the chapter on elimination methods with a section dealing with the solution of large sparse systems of linear equations. Even though such systems are usually solved by iterative methods, the realm of elimination methods has been widely extended due to powerful techniques for handling sparse matrices. We will explain some of these techniques in connection with the Cholesky algorithm for solving positive definite linear systems. The chapter on eigenvalue problems was enlarged by a section on the Lanczos algorithm; the sections on the LR and QR algorithm were rewritten and now contain a description of implicit shift techniques. In order to some extent take into account the progress in the area of ordinary differential equations, a new section on implicit differential equa tions and differential-algebraic systems was added, and the section on stiff differential equations was updated by describing further methods to solve such equations.

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Kendall Atkinson,Weimin Han,David E. Stewart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118164520

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 6112

A concise introduction to numerical methodsand the mathematicalframework neededto understand their performance Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equationspresents a complete and easy-to-follow introduction to classicaltopics in the numerical solution of ordinary differentialequations. The book's approach not only explains the presentedmathematics, but also helps readers understand how these numericalmethods are used to solve real-world problems. Unifying perspectives are provided throughout the text, bringingtogether and categorizing different types of problems in order tohelp readers comprehend the applications of ordinary differentialequations. In addition, the authors' collective academic experienceensures a coherent and accessible discussion of key topics,including: Euler's method Taylor and Runge-Kutta methods General error analysis for multi-step methods Stiff differential equations Differential algebraic equations Two-point boundary value problems Volterra integral equations Each chapter features problem sets that enable readers to testand build their knowledge of the presented methods, and a relatedWeb site features MATLAB® programs that facilitate theexploration of numerical methods in greater depth. Detailedreferences outline additional literature on both analytical andnumerical aspects of ordinary differential equations for furtherexploration of individual topics. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations isan excellent textbook for courses on the numerical solution ofdifferential equations at the upper-undergraduate and beginninggraduate levels. It also serves as a valuable reference forresearchers in the fields of mathematics and engineering.

Differential Equations and Their Applications

An Introduction to Applied Mathematics

Author: Martin Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387978949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 2099

Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

A Computational Approach

Author: Aslak Tveito,Ragnar Winther

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354022551X

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 4614

This is the softcover reprint of a popular book teaching the basic analytical and computational methods of partial differential equations. It includes coverage of standard topics such as separation of variables, Fourier analysis, and energy estimates.

Introduction to Scientific Computing and Data Analysis

Author: Mark H. Holmes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319302566

Category: Computers

Page: 497

View: 1442

This textbook provides and introduction to numerical computing and its applications in science and engineering. The topics covered include those usually found in an introductory course, as well as those that arise in data analysis. This includes optimization and regression based methods using a singular value decomposition. The emphasis is on problem solving, and there are numerous exercises throughout the text concerning applications in engineering and science. The essential role of the mathematical theory underlying the methods is also considered, both for understanding how the method works, as well as how the error in the computation depends on the method being used. The MATLAB codes used to produce most of the figures and data tables in the text are available on the author’s website and SpringerLink.

Numerical Analysis in Modern Scientific Computing

An Introduction

Author: Andreas Hohmann,Peter Deuflhard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387215840

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 4755

This book introduces the main topics of modern numerical analysis: sequence of linear equations, error analysis, least squares, nonlinear systems, symmetric eigenvalue problems, three-term recursions, interpolation and approximation, large systems and numerical integrations. The presentation draws on geometrical intuition wherever appropriate and is supported by a large number of illustrations, exercises, and examples.

Scientific Computing and Differential Equations

An Introduction to Numerical Methods

Author: Gene H. Golub,James M. Ortega

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080516696

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 4452

Scientific Computing and Differential Equations: An Introduction to Numerical Methods, is an excellent complement to Introduction to Numerical Methods by Ortega and Poole. The book emphasizes the importance of solving differential equations on a computer, which comprises a large part of what has come to be called scientific computing. It reviews modern scientific computing, outlines its applications, and places the subject in a larger context. This book is appropriate for upper undergraduate courses in mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science; it is also well-suited to serve as a textbook for numerical differential equations courses at the graduate level. An introductory chapter gives an overview of scientific computing, indicating its important role in solving differential equations, and placing the subject in the larger environment Contains an introduction to numerical methods for both ordinary and partial differential equations Concentrates on ordinary differential equations, especially boundary-value problems Contains most of the main topics for a first course in numerical methods, and can serve as a text for this course Uses material for junior/senior level undergraduate courses in math and computer science plus material for numerical differential equations courses for engineering/science students at the graduate level

Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics

With Applications to Geophysics

Author: Dale R. Durran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441964120

Category: Mathematics

Page: 516

View: 2660

This scholarly text provides an introduction to the numerical methods used to model partial differential equations, with focus on atmospheric and oceanic flows. The book covers both the essentials of building a numerical model and the more sophisticated techniques that are now available. Finite difference methods, spectral methods, finite element method, flux-corrected methods and TVC schemes are all discussed. Throughout, the author keeps to a middle ground between the theorem-proof formalism of a mathematical text and the highly empirical approach found in some engineering publications. The book establishes a concrete link between theory and practice using an extensive range of test problems to illustrate the theoretically derived properties of various methods. From the reviews: "...the books unquestionable advantage is the clarity and simplicity in presenting virtually all basic ideas and methods of numerical analysis currently actively used in geophysical fluid dynamics." Physics of Atmosphere and Ocean

Introduction to Perturbation Methods

Author: Mark H. Holmes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461253470

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 7904

This introductory graduate text is based on a graduate course the author has taught repeatedly over the last ten years to students in applied mathematics, engineering sciences, and physics. Each chapter begins with an introductory development involving ordinary differential equations, and goes on to cover such traditional topics as boundary layers and multiple scales. However, it also contains material arising from current research interest, including homogenisation, slender body theory, symbolic computing, and discrete equations. Many of the excellent exercises are derived from problems of up-to-date research and are drawn from a wide range of application areas.

Numerical Partial Differential Equations: Finite Difference Methods

Author: J.W. Thomas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489972781

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 3049

What makes this book stand out from the competition is that it is more computational. Once done with both volumes, readers will have the tools to attack a wider variety of problems than those worked out in the competitors' books. The author stresses the use of technology throughout the text, allowing students to utilize it as much as possible.

A First Course in Ordinary Differential Equations

Analytical and Numerical Methods

Author: Martin Hermann,Masoud Saravi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 8132218353

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 6979

This book presents a modern introduction to analytical and numerical techniques for solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Contrary to the traditional format—the theorem-and-proof format—the book is focusing on analytical and numerical methods. The book supplies a variety of problems and examples, ranging from the elementary to the advanced level, to introduce and study the mathematics of ODEs. The analytical part of the book deals with solution techniques for scalar first-order and second-order linear ODEs, and systems of linear ODEs—with a special focus on the Laplace transform, operator techniques and power series solutions. In the numerical part, theoretical and practical aspects of Runge-Kutta methods for solving initial-value problems and shooting methods for linear two-point boundary-value problems are considered. The book is intended as a primary text for courses on the theory of ODEs and numerical treatment of ODEs for advanced undergraduate and early graduate students. It is assumed that the reader has a basic grasp of elementary calculus, in particular methods of integration, and of numerical analysis. Physicists, chemists, biologists, computer scientists and engineers whose work involves solving ODEs will also find the book useful as a reference work and tool for independent study. The book has been prepared within the framework of a German–Iranian research project on mathematical methods for ODEs, which was started in early 2012.

An Introduction to Scientific Computing

Twelve Computational Projects Solved with MATLAB

Author: Ionut Danaila,Pascal Joly,Sidi Mahmoud Kaber,Marie Postel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387491597

Category: Mathematics

Page: 294

View: 9878

This book demonstrates scientific computing by presenting twelve computational projects in several disciplines including Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Science, Computer Aided Design, Signal Processing and more. Each follows typical steps of scientific computing, from physical and mathematical description, to numerical formulation and programming and critical discussion of results. The text teaches practical methods not usually available in basic textbooks: numerical checking of accuracy, choice of boundary conditions, effective solving of linear systems, comparison to exact solutions and more. The final section of each project contains the solutions to proposed exercises and guides the reader in using the MATLAB scripts available online.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319020994

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 958

This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, and elsewhere. The exposition carefully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, and include straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material that motivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experience with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- and multi-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to form the core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximum Principle, financial models, dispersion and solutions, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems, and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes are an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the two most basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements.

Numerical Models for Differential Problems

Author: Alfio Quarteroni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847010710

Category: Mathematics

Page: 601

View: 4402

In this text, we introduce the basic concepts for the numerical modelling of partial differential equations. We consider the classical elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic linear equations, but also the diffusion, transport, and Navier-Stokes equations, as well as equations representing conservation laws, saddle-point problems and optimal control problems. Furthermore, we provide numerous physical examples which underline such equations. In particular, we discuss the algorithmic and computer implementation aspects and provide a number of easy-to-use programs. The text does not require any previous advanced mathematical knowledge of partial differential equations: the absolutely essential concepts are reported in a preliminary chapter. It is therefore suitable for students of bachelor and master courses in scientific disciplines, and recommendable to those researchers in the academic and extra-academic domain who want to approach this interesting branch of applied mathematics.

Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics

Initial and Initial Boundary-Value Problems

Author: Gary A. Sod

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521259248

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 914

Here is an introduction to numerical methods for partial differential equations with particular reference to those that are of importance in fluid dynamics. The author gives a thorough and rigorous treatment of the techniques, beginning with the classical methods and leading to a discussion of modern developments. For easier reading and use, many of the purely technical results and theorems are given separately from the main body of the text. The presentation is intended for graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering and physical sciences who have a basic knowledge of partial differential equations.

Numerical Methods for Wave Equations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Dale R. Durran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475730810

Category: Mathematics

Page: 466

View: 2420

Covering a wide range of techniques, this book describes methods for the solution of partial differential equations which govern wave propagation and are used in modeling atmospheric and oceanic flows. The presentation establishes a concrete link between theory and practice.

Numerical Approximation of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Sören Bartels

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319323547

Category: Mathematics

Page: 535

View: 7438

Finite element methods for approximating partial differential equations have reached a high degree of maturity, and are an indispensible tool in science and technology. This textbook aims at providing a thorough introduction to the construction, analysis, and implementation of finite element methods for model problems arising in continuum mechanics. The first part of the book discusses elementary properties of linear partial differential equations along with their basic numerical approximation, the functional-analytical framework for rigorously establishing existence of solutions, and the construction and analysis of basic finite element methods. The second part is devoted to the optimal adaptive approximation of singularities and the fast iterative solution of linear systems of equations arising from finite element discretizations. In the third part, the mathematical framework for analyzing and discretizing saddle-point problems is formulated, corresponding finte element methods are analyzed, and particular applications including incompressible elasticity, thin elastic objects, electromagnetism, and fluid mechanics are addressed. The book includes theoretical problems and practical projects for all chapters, and an introduction to the implementation of finite element methods.

Numerical Analysis and Optimization

An Introduction to Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Simulation

Author: Grégoire Allaire

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Mathematics

Page: 455

View: 9942

Based on the Author's teaching notes at the Ecole Polytechnique,iNumerical Analysis and Optimization/i familiarises students with existingmathematical models (often partial differential equations) and their methods ofnumerical solution and optimization. The role of modelling and scientificcomputing has increased dramatically over recent years, and new applications ofmathematical models have emerged in Biology, Environmental Science, Finance,Medicine, and Social Science, as well as the classical applications inChemistry, Mechanics and Physics.Including numerous exercises and examples, this is an ideal text for advancedundergraduates and graduates and researchers in Applied Mathematics,Engineering, Computer Science, and the Physical Sciences.