Introduction to Molecular Magnetism

From Transition Metals to Lanthanides

Author: Dante Gatteschi,Cristiano Benelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527335404

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 4291

This first introduction to the rapidly growing field of molecular magnetism is written with Masters and PhD students in mind, while postdocs and other newcomers will also find it an extremely useful guide. Adopting a clear didactic approach, the authors cover the fundamental concepts, providing many examples and give an overview of the most important techniques and key applications. Although the focus is one lanthanide ions, thus reflecting the current research in the field, the principles and the methods equally apply to other systems. The result is an excellent textbook from both a scientific and pedagogic point of view.

Introduction to Molecular Magnetism

From Transition Metals to Lanthanides

Author: Cristiano Benelli,Dante Gatteschi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527690557

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 3418

This first introduction to the rapidly growing field of molecular magnetism is written with Masters and PhD students in mind, while postdocs and other newcomers will also find it an extremely useful guide. Adopting a clear didactic approach, the authors cover the fundamental concepts, providing many examples and give an overview of the most important techniques and key applications. Although the focus is one lanthanide ions, thus reflecting the current research in the field, the principles and the methods equally apply to other systems. The result is an excellent textbook from both a scientific and pedagogic point of view.

Molecular Magnetic Materials

Concepts and Applications

Author: Barbara Sieklucka,Dawid Pinkowicz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527339531

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6684

A comprehensive overview of this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field of research. After a short introduction to the basics of magnetism and molecular magnetism, the text goes on to cover specific properties of molecular magnetic materials as well as their current and future applications. Design strategies for acquiring molecular magnetic materials with desired physical properties are discussed, as are such multifunctional materials as high Tc magnets, chiral and luminescent magnets, magnetic sponges as well as photo- and piezo-switching magnets. The result is an excellent resource for materials scientists, chemists, physicists and crystal engineers either entering or already working in the field.

Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism

Author: Amikam Aharoni

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198508090

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 2970

This second edition of Amikam Aharoni's Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism is a textbook for first year graduate and advanced undergraduate students in physics and engineering as well as a reference book for practising engineers and experimental physicists who work in the field of magnetism. For this edition, the author has updated the material especially of chapters 9 ('The Nucleation Problem') and 11 ('Numerical Micro-magnetics'), which now contain the state of the art required by students and professionals who work on advanced topics of ferromagnetism.

Introduction to Surface Magnetism

Author: Takahito Kaneyoshi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849366871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 4091

This book has been designed as an introductory text to surface magnetism for physics and material science students. General topics discussed include the physical characteristics of magnetically ordered systems, the structural aspects of surfaces, magnetic surfaces, the Weiss molecular field and other effective field theories, the scaling concept and scaling relations, ferro- and ferrimagnetism, and spin waves. Introduction to Surface Magnetism includes 85 figures and 6 tables to help summarize information presented in the book.

Molecular Nanomagnets

Author: Dante Gatteschi,Roberta Sessoli,Jacques Villain

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191620858

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 9122

Nanomagnetism is a rapidly expanding area of research which appears to be able to provide novel applications. Magnetic molecules are at the very bottom of the possible size of nanomagnets and they provide a unique opportunity to observe the coexistence of classical and quantum properties. The discovery in the early 90's that a cluster comprising twelve manganese ions shows hysteresis of molecular origin, and later proved evidence of quantum effects, opened a new research area which is still flourishing through the collaboration of chemists and physicists. This book is the first attempt to cover in detail the new area of molecular nanomagnetism, for which no other book is available. In fact research and review articles, and book chapters are the only tools available for newcomers and the experts in the field. It is written by the chemists originators and by a theorist who has been one of the protagonists of the development of the field, and is explicitly addressed to an audience of chemists and physicists, aiming to use a language suitable for the two communities.

Molecular Magnetism: From Molecular Assemblies to the Devices

Author: E. Coronado,Pierre Delhaès,D. Gatteschi,Joel Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401723192

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 324

Molecular Magnetism: From Molecular Assemblies to the Devices reviews the state of the art in the area. It is organized in two parts, the first of which introduces the basic concepts, theories and physical techniques required for the investigation of the magnetic molecular materials, comparing them with those used in the study of classical magnetic materials. Here the reader will find: (i) a detailed discussion of the electronic processes involved in the magnetic interaction mechanisms of molecular systems, including electron delocalization and spin polarization effects; (ii) a presentation of the available theoretical models based on spin and Hubbard Hamiltonians; and (iii) a description of the specific physical investigative techniques used to characterize the materials. The second part presents the different classes of existing magnetic molecular materials, focusing on the possible synthetic strategies developed to date to assemble the molecular building blocks ranging from purely organic to inorganic materials, as well as on their physical properties and potential applications. These materials comprise inorganic and organic ferro- and ferrimagnets, high nuclearity organic molecules and magnetic and metallic clusters, spin crossover systems, charge transfer salts (including fulleride salts and organic conductors and superconductors), and organized soft media (magnetic liquid crystals and Langmuir-Blodgett films).

Lanthanides and Actinides in Molecular Magnetism

Author: Richard A. Layfield,Muralee Murugesu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527673504

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 2118

The first reference on this rapidly growing topic provides an essential up-to-date guide to current and emerging trends. A group of international experts has been carefully selected by the editors to cover all the central aspects, with a focus on molecular species while also including industrial applications. The resulting unique overview is a must-have for researchers, both in academia and industry, who are entering or already working in the field.

Introduction to the Theory of Magnetism

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

Author: D. Wagner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483156680

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 3149

Introduction to the Theory of Magnetism is an introductory text on the theory of magnetism. The discussions are organized around diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and ferromagnetism. The exchange interaction and the resulting many-particle problem for a system of atomic spins are also considered, and the properties of this system are examined in several approximations. This book is comprised of three chapters and begins with a review of the fundamental effects of diamagnetism, paying particular attention to the Bohr-van Leeuwen theorem, the Fermi gas, Landau levels, and cyclotron resonance. The diamagnetism of atoms and ions and of electrons is also described, and the magnetic moment of a free electron gas produced by the intrinsic magnetic moment of the electrons is calculated. The next chapter is devoted to the classical theory of paramagnetism and covers the paramagnetism of free electrons, free atoms (rare earths), and atoms in a crystal. Paramagnetic resonance and the Zeeman effect of free atoms are highlighted. The third and last chapter focuses on ferromagnetism and ferromagnetic resonance, together with the molecular-field approximation, spin waves, high temperatures, and the band model. This monograph will be a valuable resource for students of physics.

Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics

An Introduction to Radiation-molecule Interactions

Author: D. P. Craig,T. Thirunamachandran

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486402147

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 5181

Self-contained, systematic introduction examines application of quantum electrodynamics to interpretation of optical experiments on atoms and molecules and explains the quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter.

Carbon Based Magnetism

An Overview of the Magnetism of Metal Free Carbon-based Compounds and Materials

Author: Tatiana Makarova,Fernando Palacio

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080460376

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 4925

Carbon Based Magnetism is the most complete, detailed, and accurate guide on the magnetism of carbon, the main element of living creatures. Written by the leading experts in the field, the book provides a comprehensive review of relevant experimental data and theoretical concepts related to the magnetism of metal-free carbon systems. These systems include carbon based compounds, namely organic radical magnetic systems, and magnetic materials based on carbon structures. The aim is to advance the understanding of the fundamental properties of carbon. This volume discusses all major modern hypotheses on the physical nature of magnetic ordering in carbon systems. The first chapters deal with magnetic ordering mechanisms in p-electron systems as well as molecular magnets with spins residing only in p-orbitals. The following chapters explore the magnetic properties of pure carbon, with particular emphasis on nanosized carbon systems with closed boundary (fullerenes and nanotubes) and with open boundary (structures with edge-localized magnetic states). The remaining chapters focus on newer topics: experimental observation and theoretical models for magnetic ordering above room temperature in pure carbon. The book also includes twenty three review articles that summarize the most significant recent and ongoing exciting scientific developments and provide the explanation. It also highlights some problems that have yet to be solved and points out new avenues for research. This book will appeal to physicists, chemists and biologists. The most complete, detailed, and accurate Guide in the magnetism of carbon Dynamically written by the leading experts Deals with recent scientific highlights Gathers together chemists and physicists, theoreticians and experimentalists Unified treatment rather than a series of individually authored papers Description of genuine organic molecular ferromagnets Unique description of new carbon materials with Curie temperatures well above ambient.

Introduction to Magnetic Materials

Author: B. D. Cullity,C. D. Graham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118211499

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 9941

Introduction to Magnetic Materials, 2nd Edition covers the basics of magnetic quantities, magnetic devices, and materials used in practice. While retaining much of the original, this revision now covers SQUID and alternating gradient magnetometers, magnetic force microscope, Kerr effect, amorphous alloys, rare-earth magnets, SI Units alongside cgs units, and other up-to-date topics. In addition, the authors have added an entirely new chapter on information materials. The text presents materials at the practical rather than theoretical level, allowing for a physical, quantitative, measurement-based understanding of magnetism among readers, be they professional engineers or graduate-level students.

Spin States in Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry

Influence on Structure and Reactivity

Author: Marcel Swart,Miquel Costas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118898303

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 1842

It has long been recognized that metal spin states play a central role in the reactivity of important biomolecules, in industrial catalysis and in spin crossover compounds. As the fields of inorganic chemistry and catalysis move towards the use of cheap, non-toxic first row transition metals, it is essential to understand the important role of spin states in influencing molecular structure, bonding and reactivity. Spin States in Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry provides a complete picture on the importance of spin states for reactivity in biochemistry and inorganic chemistry, presenting both theoretical and experimental perspectives. The successes and pitfalls of theoretical methods such as DFT, ligand-field theory and coupled cluster theory are discussed, and these methods are applied in studies throughout the book. Important spectroscopic techniques to determine spin states in transition metal complexes and proteins are explained, and the use of NMR for the analysis of spin densities is described. Topics covered include: DFT and ab initio wavefunction approaches to spin states Experimental techniques for determining spin states Molecular discovery in spin crossover Multiple spin state scenarios in organometallic reactivity and gas phase reactions Transition-metal complexes involving redox non-innocent ligands Polynuclear iron sulfur clusters Molecular magnetism NMR analysis of spin densities This book is a valuable reference for researchers working in bioinorganic and inorganic chemistry, computational chemistry, organometallic chemistry, catalysis, spin-crossover materials, materials science, biophysics and pharmaceutical chemistry.

Fundamentals of Magnetism

Author: Mario Reis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124058590

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7483

The Fundamentals of Magnetism is a truly unique reference text, that explores the study of magnetism and magnetic behavior with a depth that no other book can provide. It covers the most detailed descriptions of the fundamentals of magnetism providing an emphasis on statistical mechanics which is absolutely critical for understanding magnetic behavior. The books covers the classical areas of basic magnetism, including Landau Theory and magnetic interactions, but features a more concise and easy-to-read style. Perfect for upper-level graduate students and industry researchers, The Fundamentals of Magnetism provides a solid background of fundamentals with clear and in-depth explanations, in comparison to a brief overview before moving into more advanced topics. Many applications directly for the purpose of a deep understanding of magnetism and other non-cooperative phenomena help readers make the transition from theory to application and experimentation effortless. This book is the true ‘study’ of the fundamentals of magnetism, enabling readers to move into far more advance aspects of magnetism more easily. Offers accessible, self-contained content without needing to seek other sources on topics like Fermion fas; angular moment algebra, etc Includes over 60 pages devoted to an in-depth discussion of diamagnetism and paramagnetism, topics usually described in only few pages in other books Incorporates numerous applications including Molecular Magnets and other non-cooperative phenomena

Single-Molecule Magnets

Molecular Architectures and Building Blocks for Spintronics

Author: Malgorzata Holynska

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 3527343210

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 2336

Concise overview of synthesis and characterization of single molecule magnets Molecular magnetism is explored as an alternative to conventional solid-state magnetism as the basis for ultrahigh-density memory materials with extremely fast processing speeds. In particular single-molecule magnets (SMM) are in the focus of current research, both because of their intrinsic magnetization properties, as well as because of their potential use in molecular spintronic devices. SMMs are fascinating objects on the example of which one can explain many concepts. Single-Molecule Magnets: Molecular Architectures and Building Blocks for Spintronics starts with a general introduction to single-molecule magnets (SMM), which helps readers to understand the evolution of the field and its future. The following chapters deal with the current synthetic methods leading to SMMs, their magnetic properties and their characterization by methods such as high-field electron paramagnetic resonance, paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance, and magnetic circular dichroism. The book closes with an overview of radical-bridged SMMs, which have shown application potential as building blocks for high-density memories. Covers a hot topic – single-molecule magnetism is one of the fastest growing research fields in inorganic chemistry and materials science Provides researchers and newcomers to the field with a solid foundation for their further work Single-Molecule Magnets: Molecular Architectures and Building Blocks for Spintronics will appeal to inorganic chemists, materials scientists, molecular physicists, and electronics engineers interested in the rapidly growing field of study.

Introduction to Modern Optics

Author: Grant R. Fowles

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048613492X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8602

A complete basic undergraduate course in modern optics for students in physics, technology, and engineering. The first half deals with classical physical optics; the second, quantum nature of light. Solutions.

Magnetism and Transition Metal Complexes

Author: F. E. Mabbs,D. J. Machin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462846

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9313

This text presents a detailed view of the calculation methods involved in the magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Starting at an elementary level, it proceeds gradually through theory and calculations to offer sufficient background for original work in the field. No specialized knowledge of magnetism is assumed in the introductory chapters, which offer basic definitions and generalizations of magnetic behavior and briefly review both crystal field theory and perturbation theory. Succeeding chapters explore calculations of the magnetic properties of cubic and axially distorted complexes. Featuring the complete calculation for spin-orbit coupling and magnetic field perturbations for one d-configuration, the text also discusses derivations and results for other configurations. Other topics include the magnetism of polynuclear species, in which antiferromagnetic ordering occurs over small numbers of centers. Detailed calculations by the dipolar coupling approach are given, and the results are applied to a number of studies from the literature.

Lanthanides and Actinides in Molecular Magnetism

Author: Richard A. Layfield,Muralee Murugesu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527673490

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9943

The first reference on this rapidly growing topic provides an essential up-to-date guide to current and emerging trends. A group of international experts has been carefully selected by the editors to cover all the central aspects, with a focus on molecular species while also including industrial applications. The resulting unique overview is a must-have for researchers, both in academia and industry, who are entering or already working in the field.

Introduction to the Physics of Matter

Basic atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics

Author: Nicola Manini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319143824

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 2010

This book offers an up-to-date, compact presentation of basic topics in the physics of matter, from atoms to molecules to solids, including elements of statistical mechanics. The adiabatic separation of the motion of electrons and nuclei in matter and its spectroscopic implications are outlined for molecules and recalled regularly in the study of the dynamics of gases and solids. Numerous experiments are described and more than 160 figures give a clear visual impression of the main concepts. Sufficient detail of mathematical derivations is provided to enable students to follow easily. The focus is on present-day understanding and especially on phenomena fitting various independent-particle models. The historical development of this understanding, and phenomena such as magnetism and superconductivity, where interparticle interactions and nonadiabatic effects play a crucial role, are mostly omitted. A final outlook section stimulates the curiosity of the reader to pursue the study of such advanced topics in graduate courses.