Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition

Author: Elliott Mendelson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482237784

Category: Mathematics

Page: 513

View: 7729

The new edition of this classic textbook, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition explores the principal topics of mathematical logic. It covers propositional logic, first-order logic, first-order number theory, axiomatic set theory, and the theory of computability. The text also discusses the major results of Gödel, Church, Kleene, Rosser, and Turing. The sixth edition incorporates recent work on Gödel’s second incompleteness theorem as well as restoring an appendix on consistency proofs for first-order arithmetic. This appendix last appeared in the first edition. It is offered in the new edition for historical considerations. The text also offers historical perspectives and many new exercises of varying difficulty, which motivate and lead students to an in-depth, practical understanding of the material.

Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Fourth Edition

Author: Elliott Mendelson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412808302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 7782

The Fourth Edition of this long-established text retains all the key features of the previous editions, covering the basic topics of a solid first course in mathematical logic. This edition includes an extensive appendix on second-order logic, a section on set theory with urlements, and a section on the logic that results when we allow models with empty domains. The text contains numerous exercises and an appendix furnishes answers to many of them. Introduction to Mathematical Logic includes: propositional logic first-order logic first-order number theory and the incompleteness and undecidability theorems of Gödel, Rosser, Church, and Tarski axiomatic set theory theory of computability The study of mathematical logic, axiomatic set theory, and computability theory provides an understanding of the fundamental assumptions and proof techniques that form basis of mathematics. Logic and computability theory have also become indispensable tools in theoretical computer science, including artificial intelligence. Introduction to Mathematical Logic covers these topics in a clear, reader-friendly style that will be valued by anyone working in computer science as well as lecturers and researchers in mathematics, philosophy, and related fields.

DISCRETE MATHEMATICS AND GRAPH THEORY

Author: PURNA CHANDRA BISWAL

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120350618

Category: Mathematics

Page: 748

View: 4322

This textbook, now in its fourth edition, continues to provide an accessible introduction to discrete mathematics and graph theory. The introductory material on Mathematical Logic is followed by extensive coverage of combinatorics, recurrence relation, binary relations, coding theory, distributive lattice, bipartite graphs, trees, algebra, and Polya’s counting principle. A number of selected results and methods of discrete mathematics are discussed in a logically coherent fashion from the areas of mathematical logic, set theory, combinatorics, binary relation and function, Boolean lattice, planarity, and group theory. There is an abundance of examples, illustrations and exercises spread throughout the book. A good number of problems in the exercises help students test their knowledge. The text is intended for the undergraduate students of Computer Science and Engineering as well as to the students of Mathematics and those pursuing courses in the areas of Computer Applications and Information Technology. New to the Fourth Edition • Introduces new section on Arithmetic Function in Chapter 9. • Elaborates enumeration of spanning trees of wheel graph, fan graph and ladder graph. • Redistributes most of the problems given in exercises section-wise. • Provides many additional definitions, theorems, examples and exercises. • Gives elaborate hints for solving exercise problems.

Guide to Discrete Mathematics

An Accessible Introduction to the History, Theory, Logic and Applications

Author: Gerard O'Regan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319445618

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 7731

This stimulating textbook presents a broad and accessible guide to the fundamentals of discrete mathematics, highlighting how the techniques may be applied to various exciting areas in computing. The text is designed to motivate and inspire the reader, encouraging further study in this important skill. Features: provides an introduction to the building blocks of discrete mathematics, including sets, relations and functions; describes the basics of number theory, the techniques of induction and recursion, and the applications of mathematical sequences, series, permutations, and combinations; presents the essentials of algebra; explains the fundamentals of automata theory, matrices, graph theory, cryptography, coding theory, language theory, and the concepts of computability and decidability; reviews the history of logic, discussing propositional and predicate logic, as well as advanced topics; examines the field of software engineering, describing formal methods; investigates probability and statistics.

A Beginner's Guide to Discrete Mathematics

Author: W.D. Wallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817682866

Category: Mathematics

Page: 427

View: 4748

Wallis's book on discrete mathematics is a resource for an introductory course in a subject fundamental to both mathematics and computer science, a course that is expected not only to cover certain specific topics but also to introduce students to important modes of thought specific to each discipline . . . Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students. —Choice reviews (Review of the First Edition) Very appropriately entitled as a 'beginner's guide', this textbook presents itself as the first exposure to discrete mathematics and rigorous proof for the mathematics or computer science student. —Zentralblatt Math (Review of the First Edition) This second edition of A Beginner’s Guide to Discrete Mathematics presents a detailed guide to discrete mathematics and its relationship to other mathematical subjects including set theory, probability, cryptography, graph theory, and number theory. This textbook has a distinctly applied orientation and explores a variety of applications. Key Features of the second edition: * Includes a new chapter on the theory of voting as well as numerous new examples and exercises throughout the book * Introduces functions, vectors, matrices, number systems, scientific notations, and the representation of numbers in computers * Provides examples which then lead into easy practice problems throughout the text and full exercise at the end of each chapter * Full solutions for practice problems are provided at the end of the book This text is intended for undergraduates in mathematics and computer science, however, featured special topics and applications may also interest graduate students.

A Course on Mathematical Logic

Author: Shashi Mohan Srivastava

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461457467

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 5672

This is a short, modern, and motivated introduction to mathematical logic for upper undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics and computer science. Any mathematician who is interested in getting acquainted with logic and would like to learn Gödel’s incompleteness theorems should find this book particularly useful. The treatment is thoroughly mathematical and prepares students to branch out in several areas of mathematics related to foundations and computability, such as logic, axiomatic set theory, model theory, recursion theory, and computability. In this new edition, many small and large changes have been made throughout the text. The main purpose of this new edition is to provide a healthy first introduction to model theory, which is a very important branch of logic. Topics in the new chapter include ultraproduct of models, elimination of quantifiers, types, applications of types to model theory, and applications to algebra, number theory and geometry. Some proofs, such as the proof of the very important completeness theorem, have been completely rewritten in a more clear and concise manner. The new edition also introduces new topics, such as the notion of elementary class of structures, elementary diagrams, partial elementary maps, homogeneous structures, definability, and many more.

Essentials of Discrete Mathematics

Author: David J. Hunter

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449604420

Category: Computers

Page: 488

View: 3332

Essentials of Discrete Mathematics, Second Edition is the ideal text for a one-term discrete mathematics course to serve computer science majors as well as students from a wide range of other disciplines. It introduces students to the mathematical way of thinking, and also to many important modern applications. The material is organized around five types of thinking: logical, relational, recursive, quantitative, and analytical. This presentation results in a coherent outline that steadily builds upon mathematical sophistication. Graphs are introduced early and referred to throughout the text, providing a richer context for examples and applications. Students will encounter algorithms near the end of the text, after they have acquired the skills and experience needed to analyze them. The final chapter contains in-depth case studies from a variety of fields, including biology, sociology, linguistics, economics, and music. Clear and concise, Essentials of Discrete Mathematics presents a unified and complete picture of discrete mathematics that instructors can cover in a single semester.

Linear Algebra with Applications, Alternate Edition

Author: Gareth Williams

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763782491

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

View: 9982

Part of the new Digital Filmmaker Series! Digital Filmmaking: An Introductionis the first book in the newDigital Filmmaker Series. Designed for an introductory level course in digital filmmaking, it is intended for anyone who has an interest in telling stories with pictures and sound and won't assume any familiarity with equipment or concepts on the part of the student. In addition to the basics of shooting and editing, different story forms are introduced from documentary and live events through fictional narratives. Each of the topics is covered in enough depth to allow anyone with a camera and a computer to begin creating visual projects of quality.

Logic for Applications

Author: Anil Nerode,Richard A. Shore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461206499

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 5130

In writing this book, our goal was to produce a text suitable for a first course in mathematical logic more attuned than the traditional textbooks to the re cent dramatic growth in the applications oflogic to computer science. Thus, our choice oftopics has been heavily influenced by such applications. Of course, we cover the basic traditional topics: syntax, semantics, soundnes5, completeness and compactness as well as a few more advanced results such as the theorems of Skolem-Lowenheim and Herbrand. Much ofour book, however, deals with other less traditional topics. Resolution theorem proving plays a major role in our treatment of logic especially in its application to Logic Programming and PRO LOG. We deal extensively with the mathematical foundations ofall three ofthese subjects. In addition, we include two chapters on nonclassical logics - modal and intuitionistic - that are becoming increasingly important in computer sci ence. We develop the basic material on the syntax and semantics (via Kripke frames) for each of these logics. In both cases, our approach to formal proofs, soundness and completeness uses modifications of the same tableau method in troduced for classical logic. We indicate how it can easily be adapted to various other special types of modal logics. A number of more advanced topics (includ ing nonmonotonic logic) are also briefly introduced both in the nonclassical logic chapters and in the material on Logic Programming and PROLOG.

Essentials of Discrete Mathematics

Author: David J. Hunter

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284056244

Category: Computers

Page: 548

View: 7065

Written for the one-term course, the Third Edition of Essentials of Discrete Mathematics is designed to serve computer science majors as well as students from a wide range of disciplines. The material is organized around five types of thinking: logical, relational, recursive, quantitative, and analytical. This presentation results in a coherent outline that steadily builds upon mathematical sophistication. Graphs are introduced early and referred to throughout the text, providing a richer context for examples and applications. tudents will encounter algorithms near the end of the text, after they have acquired the skills and experience needed to analyze them. The final chapter contains in-depth case studies from a variety of fields, including biology, sociology, linguistics, economics, and music.

Finite Model Theory and Its Applications

Author: Erich Grädel,Phokion G. Kolaitis,Leonid Libkin,Maarten Marx,Joel Spencer,Moshe Y. Vardi,Yde Venema,Scott Weinstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540688048

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 4019

Finite model theory,as understoodhere, is an areaof mathematicallogic that has developed in close connection with applications to computer science, in particular the theory of computational complexity and database theory. One of the fundamental insights of mathematical logic is that our understanding of mathematical phenomena is enriched by elevating the languages we use to describe mathematical structures to objects of explicit study. If mathematics is the science of patterns, then the media through which we discern patterns, as well as the structures in which we discern them, command our attention. It isthis aspect oflogicwhichis mostprominentin model theory,“thebranchof mathematical logic which deals with the relation between a formal language and its interpretations”. No wonder, then, that mathematical logic, and ?nite model theory in particular, should ?nd manifold applications in computer science: from specifying programs to querying databases, computer science is rife with phenomena whose understanding requires close attention to the interaction between language and structure. This volume gives a broadoverviewof some central themes of ?nite model theory: expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero–one laws, together with selected applications to database theory and arti?cial intelligence, es- cially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The ?nal chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic,which emp- sizes the continuity in spirit and technique with ?nite model theory.

Invitation to Discrete Mathematics

Author: Ji%rí Matousek,Jaroslav Ne%set%ril

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198570430

Category: Mathematics

Page: 443

View: 6920

Invitation to Discrete Mathematics is an introduction and a thoroughly comprehensive text at the same time. A lively and entertaining style with mathematical precision and maturity uniquely combine into an intellectual happening and should delight the interested reader. A master example of teaching contemporary discrete mathematics, and of teaching science in general.

Discrete Mathematics

Author: Norman Biggs

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507178

Category: Computers

Page: 425

View: 5847

The long-awaited second edition of Norman Bigg's best-selling Discrete Mathematics includes new chapters on statements and proof, logical framework, natural numbers and the integers, in addition to updated chapters from the previous edition. Carefully structured, coherent and comprehensive, each chapter contains tailored exercises and solutions to selected questions and miscellaneous exercises are presented throughout. This is an invaluable text for students seeking a clear introduction to discrete mathematics, graph theory, combinatorics, number theory and abstract algebra.Key Features:* Contains nine new introductory chapters, in addition to updated chapters from the previous edition* Contains over 1000 individual exercises and selected solutions* Companion website www.oup.com/mathematics/discretemath contains hints and solutions to all exercisesContents:The Language of Mathematics1. Statements and proofs2. Set notation3. The logical framework4. Natural numbers5. Functions6. How to count 7. Integers8. Divisibility and prime numbers9. Fractions and real numbersTechniques10. Principles of counting11. Subsets and designs12. Partition, classification and distribution13. Modular arithmeticAlgorithms and Graphs14. Algorithms and their efficiency15. Graphs16. Trees, sorting and searching17. Bipartite graphs and matching problems18. Digraphs, networks and flows19. Recursive techniquesAlgebraic Methods20. Groups21. Groups of permutations22. Rings, fields and polynomials23. Finite fields and some applications24. Error-correcting codes25. Generating functions26. Partitions of a positive integer27. Symmetry and counting

Discrete mathematics

mathematical reasoning and proof with puzzles, patterns, and games

Author: Douglas E. Ensley,J. Winston Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471476023

Category: Mathematics

Page: 691

View: 8763

This book is written for students who are prepared to make a first departure from the ... path that leads from arithmetic to calculus in the typical mathematics curriculum. [It] is suitable for courses taught at several different levels. -Pref. for instructors.

Mathematical Logic

Author: Stephen Cole Kleene

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486317072

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 4939

Contents include an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of 1st order; formal number theory; surveys of the work by Church, Turing, and others, including Gödel's completeness theorem, Gentzen's theorem, more.

Automata Theory and its Applications

Author: Bakhadyr Khoussainov,Anil Nerode

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817642075

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 857

The theory of finite automata on finite stings, infinite strings, and trees has had a dis tinguished history. First, automata were introduced to represent idealized switching circuits augmented by unit delays. This was the period of Shannon, McCullouch and Pitts, and Howard Aiken, ending about 1950. Then in the 1950s there was the work of Kleene on representable events, of Myhill and Nerode on finite coset congruence relations on strings, of Rabin and Scott on power set automata. In the 1960s, there was the work of Btichi on automata on infinite strings and the second order theory of one successor, then Rabin's 1968 result on automata on infinite trees and the second order theory of two successors. The latter was a mystery until the introduction of forgetful determinacy games by Gurevich and Harrington in 1982. Each of these developments has successful and prospective applications in computer science. They should all be part of every computer scientist's toolbox. Suppose that we take a computer scientist's point of view. One can think of finite automata as the mathematical representation of programs that run us ing fixed finite resources. Then Btichi's SIS can be thought of as a theory of programs which run forever (like operating systems or banking systems) and are deterministic. Finally, Rabin's S2S is a theory of programs which run forever and are nondeterministic. Indeed many questions of verification can be decided in the decidable theories of these automata.

Handbook of Logic and Proof Techniques for Computer Science

Author: Steven G. Krantz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817642204

Category: Computers

Page: 245

View: 8172

Logic plays a central conceptual role in modern mathematics. However, mathematical logic has grown into one of the most recondite areas of mathematics. As a result, most of modern logic is inaccessible to all but the specialist. This new book is a resource that provides a quick introduction and review of the key topics in logic for the computer scientist, engineer, or mathematician.Handbook of Logic and Proof Techniques for Computer Science presents the elements of modern logic, including many current topics, to the reader having only basic mathematical literacy. Computer scientists will find specific examples and important ideas such as axiomatics, recursion theory, decidability, independence, completeness, consistency, model theory, and P/NP completeness. The book contains definitions, examples and discussion of all of the key ideas in basic logic, but also makes a special effort to cut through the mathematical formalism, difficult notation, and esoteric terminology that is typical of modern mathematical logic. TThis handbook delivers cogent and self-contained introductions to critical advanced topics, including:* Godel`s completeness and incompleteness theorems* Methods of proof, cardinal and ordinal numbers, the continuum hypothesis, the axiom of choice, model theory, and number systems and their construction* Extensive treatment of complexity theory and programming applications* Applications to algorithms in Boolean algebra* Discussion of set theory and applications of logicThe book is an excellent resource for the working mathematical scientist. The graduate student or professional in computer science and engineering or the systems scientist who needs to have a quick sketch of a key idea from logic will find it here in this self-contained, accessible, and easy-to-use reference.